Privacy Policy

This Privacy Policy explains what personal information I may collect through and/or in connection with this website (including, where applicable, its web feeds, if any) and how I may use, share, release, and/or otherwise disclose that information. Please read this policy before using the site. By accessing and/or using the aaronseverson.com website, you indicate your acceptance of the policy described below and of the Cookie Notice (which forms part of this Privacy Policy and is incorporated by reference herein; the Cookie Notice also constitutes the “cookie policy” for this website, for jurisdictions that explicitly require such a policy).

Please note that your use of any third-party websites or services, including those linked from the aaronseverson.com website and/or on which I may have accounts, is subject to those sites or services’ respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use, which may apply in addition to or instead of this policy and/or the Terms of Use of this website. My automotive website, Ate Up With Motor, has its own privacy policy, as does my professional writing/editing/writing consulting website, 6200 Productions, whose privacy policy also applies to my writing/editing/writing consulting services outside of Ate Up With Motor. Those policies are separate from this one. (Ate Up With Motor is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba Ate Up With Motor. 6200 Productions is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba 6200 Productions.)

EFFECTIVE DATE: This version of the Privacy Policy is effective Sunday, January 23, 2022. If this policy has changed since you last reviewed it, or if you received a notice indicating that the Privacy Policy has changed, you may want to jump directly to the “Recent Revisions” section at the bottom of this page, which summarizes recent changes in reverse order by date.

Variations in text style (e.g., different font weights, sizes, or colors) are used throughout this Privacy Policy to improve readability, but have no legal significance or effect.


IMPORTANT NOTE: In the event you make some separate written agreement with me pertaining to this website and/or its content (e.g., a contract for professional services, an advertising or endorsement agreement, or a license agreement for the use of my content) that includes provisions pertaining to the use, disclosure, and/or retention of certain information related to such agreement and/or the subject(s) thereof (e.g., confidentiality or nondisclosure provisions, and/or stipulations to not disclose certain information prior to a specific date/time), the terms of that agreement shall, where applicable, take precedence over this Privacy Policy.


Table of Contents

Who I Am

For purposes of this Privacy Policy, the terms “I,” “me,” and “my” shall be deemed to refer to Aaron Severson, the owner of this website, an individual U.S. citizen residing in Los Angeles, California, U.S.A. I, along with my web host, DreamHost® (which also hosts the mail servers for my aaronseverson.com email addresses — DreamHost services are subject to the DreamHost Privacy Policy and/or, where applicable, the Customer EU Data Processing Addendum to their General Terms of Service; DreamHost is a registered trademark of DreamHost, LLC), and many of the other third-party vendors and service providers I use in connection with this website, are located in the United States and are subject to U.S. law, which may differ from the laws of your area. For my contact information, see the “Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me” section toward the bottom of this page.

Credits and License for This Policy

Portions of this Privacy Policy were adapted from the Automattic Privacy Policy (which you can also find at their Legalmattic repository) under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license. Therefore, this policy is offered under the same license. If you elect to use or further adapt this policy, please credit Automattic as well as me (Aaron Severson). I also strongly recommend that you note the effective date shown above and include that date in your attribution if it is reasonably practical to do so. Recent changes to this policy are summarized in the “Recent Revisions” section below; see the change log at the bottom of the Automattic policy linked above (or check their repository) for their revision history — both this policy and the Automattic policy have been modified many times! (Automattic and Legalmattic are trademarks or registered trademarks of Automattic (or Automattic’s licensors).)

Information I Collect

I may collect information about you in three ways: automatically through this website; if and when you provide information to me; and from other sources. Each of these three types of data collection, and my use of that information, will be further explained below.

Notice to Parents Regarding Children Under 18; Not for Children

This website is not intended for or directed to children, and should not be accessed or used by children under 18. Except as otherwise required by law, in the event I receive any personal information through this website that I know to be from a child under the age of 18 (e.g., a message to the site’s administrative email address or a comment), it is my policy to promptly delete such information or, if complete deletion is not possible, to take whatever steps I reasonably can to de-identify or anonymize that information.

If you are a parent or legal guardian and believe that this website may have collected personal information about your minor child, or if you wish to exercise your right to remove or delete such information, please contact me via any of the methods described in “Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me” below.

Definitions

To help simplify and clarify the rest of this policy, the following definitions will be used throughout this document:

  • User(s) and visitor(s): For the purposes of this policy, I use the terms “visitor” and “user” synonymously to mean any individual who accesses and/or uses this website. This policy assumes that you, the reader, are such a visitor/user. This policy sometimes also refers to administrative user(s) (or site administrator(s) — these terms are used synonymously), which refers to me and/or any other users I have specifically authorized to access and manage the website’s various administrative functions; see “Data Related to Administrative Users” below.
  • Personal information/personally identifying information/personal data: Different jurisdictions have different definitions of “personal information,” “personally identifying information,” and “personal data” (although this policy treats all three terms synonymously), but in general, these terms describe any information that individually identifies or could be used to individually identify you and/or your “household” (another term that may have different legal definitions depending on the jurisdiction). Information doesn’t have to identify you by name to be considered personal information or personally identifying; information that describes, relates to, and/or could be linked to or associated with you and/or your household can also constitute personal information. In this policy, I also use the term “potentially personally identifying information” to describe information that might identify you and/or your household in certain contexts (and/or in combination with certain other information).
  • Gather and collect: This Privacy Policy treats the terms “gather” and “collect” synonymously.
  • Identifiers: “Identifiers” are pieces of personal information that specifically identify a particular individual, household, or device, such as (though not limited to) real names, postal mailing addresses, email addresses, driver’s license numbers, Social Security Numbers, unique device ID numbers, or the unique advertising ID that many modern operating systems (for desktop computers as well as mobile devices) automatically transmit to the websites and/or apps you use (although the latter identifier can often be reset, removed, and/or disabled; for details, consult the documentation for your specific device and operating system). Some jurisdictions also consider IP addresses to be identifiers.
  • Protected classifications: Some pieces of personal information are characteristics of one or more classifications that are protected by civil rights law and/or nondiscrimination laws, e.g., race, religion, gender, medical condition, and/or disability.
  • IP address: An Internet Protocol (IP) address is the numerical address of any device capable of accessing the Internet. If you use several different Internet-capable devices, their individual IP addresses are typically all different (although if you have several devices connected to the same router or tethered together, they might share the same IP address so long as they remain connected or tethered). An IP address usually has an associated “hostname,” which is a type of domain name (defined below) that identifies a specific device connected to the Internet. A visitor/user’s hostname is typically a combination of their IP address and the name of a server, network node, or data center of the Internet service provider mobile carrier, or other network provider that provides that IP address; mechanisms that collect, use, and/or share visitor/user IP addresses generally also collect, use, and/or share the associated hostnames, if any (although there are some exceptions). A given device’s IP address may change periodically (especially if the device is configured to use “dynamic” IP addresses assigned by the Internet service provider or mobile carrier, and/or if the device is used with several different Internet service providers/mobile carriers). It is possible to hide a device’s IP address and Internet service provider/mobile carrier by using a virtual private network (VPN) or proxy service; with such services, you first connect to a remote server provided by the VPN or proxy service and that server then connects to other Internet sites and/or resources, which “see” only the IP address of the proxy server. For the purposes of this policy, when I refer to IP addresses, I mean the IP address that actually connects to my website or that I otherwise receive, whether that is your device’s actual IP address or a proxy. (In many cases, I have no way to tell the difference.)
  • User agent information: A “user agent” is any software program, service, or system that allows a user to access and/or retrieve online content — for example, a web browser, an email client, or a web “crawler” of the kind used by search engines. User agents automatically reveal certain information about themselves — and therefore about the user — to any online resource they access, enabling that resource to deliver its content in a way the user agent can correctly handle. The information that may be revealed in this way naturally varies depending on the specific user agent involved. A web browser’s user agent information typically reveals, at a minimum, the browser type and version, the operating system in which the browser is running, and certain settings such as (though not limited to) preferred language and time zone; if you’re using a mobile browser, the user agent information may also reveal the specific type of mobile device you’re using. User agent information is typically not personally identifying by itself, but it is sometimes possible to identify an individual user based on their specific combination of user agent and device characteristics, a technique called “browser fingerprinting.”
  • Domain name and/or hostname: A domain name is the name of an online resource such as (without limitation) an email server or a website; for example, “aaronseverson.com” is a domain name. A domain name is usually associated with one or more IP addresses. When you access an online resource by its domain name, your device first connects to a Domain Name System (DNS) server, which is an online directory that contains the IP addresses associated with domain names, to look up the appropriate IP address so your device can connect to it. Certain domain names, known as “hostnames,” identify specific devices connected to the Internet and/or other network(s). (Websites and online services may use multiple servers, sometimes located in different places, and thus may have multiple hostnames.) When you access the Internet, your hostname — which the websites and online services you visit and/or use can usually see — is typically a combination of your IP address and the name of a server, network node, or data center of the Internet service provider, mobile carrier, or other network provider you’re currently using. The ownership of an Internet domain name must be registered, and the current contact information of the registered owner(s) must be available to the public, although some registrars and registry services offer anonymizing or proxy services that limit the public visibility of that information while still enabling the public to contact a domain’s registered owner.
  • Embedded content: Most web pages consist of many different elements, including not only the code that makes up each page, but also various images, other media files, fonts, and scripts. For this website, most of those elements are hosted on and are served (i.e., loaded and run in your browser or other user agent) by web servers owned by my web host and/or its subprocessors; this policy describes such elements as “local,” “locally served,” or “locally hosted” content (these terms are used synonymously). Certain elements of the website, such as (without limitation) images, scripts, fonts, and/or video players, may be hosted on and served by servers and/or services not owned or operated by my web host or their subprocessors, such as (again without limitation) third-party hosted libraries or content delivery network (CDN) servers; this policy describes such elements as “embedded content.” Whenever you access a portion of this website that includes embedded content, the site instructs your browser (or other user agent, as applicable) to request and load that content from its respective provider(s). Some types of embedded content (e.g., fonts) may be cached (stored) on your device for faster loading; additionally, your browser (or other user agent) may store certain associated data (e.g., the date and time the embedded content was loaded and/or last updated). With most modern web browsers, this process is completely automatic, although it can sometimes be managed through the browser’s advanced settings and/or the use of browser add-ons.
  • Visitor activity: For purposes of this policy, “visitor activity” refers to any information I may collect about my visitors’ online activity and/or actions, whether on this website or elsewhere online, e.g., web pages they’ve visited, links they’ve clicked, and/or search terms they have looked for.
  • Malicious activity: I define “malicious activity” as any activity or action intended to harm, abuse, compromise, or disrupt the functions of this website, its data, my web host, my embedded content providers, my visitors/users, my system(s) and/or device(s), my business, me, and/or others, or defraud or attempt to defraud me, my service providers and/or vendors, my visitors/users, and/or anyone else. (I consider spamming to be a form of malicious activity.).
  • Errors and suspicious activity: For purposes of this policy, “errors” means any visitor activity that generates an error message of some kind, e.g., when some of the images or elements that should appear on a particular page fail to load. “Suspicious activity” means any activity and/or action(s) that could be a sign of malicious activity. Of course, not all suspicious activity is actually malicious; often, it results from a harmless mistake or a technical glitch beyond anyone’s reasonable control.
  • Names: Unless otherwise specified, where I refer to “names” in this policy, it includes both real, legal names and pseudonyms/aliases. In general, I only require your legal name in certain circumstances (e.g., financial transactions or legal agreements). Otherwise, you are free to communicate with me using only a pseudonym or alias, although if you do so, I may have no way of associating those communications with information I may have about you under your real name and/or other pseudonyms or aliases. (Also, if your pseudonym or alias looks like a real name, I may have no way to know it isn’t one!)
  • Email address(es): Email is the main means by which I respond to visitor/user questions and inquiries, as well as how this website associates posted comments with the people who made them. For purposes of this policy, I assume that email addresses naturally include domain names even where I don’t expressly specify “domain names” in the list of information collected. (I may sometimes collect domain names that are not associated with a single email address.)
  • Email header information: All email messages include email headers (sometimes called “Internet headers”) that contain not only the sender and recipient email addresses, but also the names and IP addresses of the mail servers that sent and received the message, routing information, encryption and security protocols, and other technical details. (The precise details vary depending on your email client and provider.) Although email headers always include your email address, there are situations where I may have your email address, but not your email header information, usually because I have never actually exchanged any email messages with you.
  • Other contact information: This is a blanket term intended to encompass any type of contact information other than email addresses, e.g., someone’s telephone number(s) and/or postal mailing address(es).
  • Images and/or other media: “Images” is hopefully self-explanatory; for purposes of this policy, “other media” (or “other media files”) is a blanket term intended to encompass any audio, visual, audiovisual, and/or multimedia content that is not an individual image, including, but not limited to, films and/or other videos, audio recordings, broadcasts and/or streams, comic books, presentations, and/or slide shows.
  • Other documents/materials: This includes any type of physical or electronic document or material, e.g., books, magazines, letters sent via postal mail, newsletters, and/or clippings.
  • Metadata: Many types of data — particularly electronic data, documents, and communications — include and/or contain data that describes that data, often generically known as “metadata.” For example, the metadata of most electronic files typically includes (but is not necessarily limited to) data such as the filename, file size, type, creation date, and last modified date as well as technical details like bit rate and/or pixel dimensions. The information in telephone records (e.g., the phone numbers of the callers, the date and time of each call, the call durations) can also be considered metadata. (These are just a few examples.) Such data is not necessarily personally identifying in and of itself, but metadata sometimes includes personal information (e.g., the name and/or contact information of an electronic document’s author) and/or may constitute potentially personally identifying information (as defined above). (Note: “Metadata” is a registered trademark of Metadata LLC in the United States, although the word metadata has been in widespread use for years as a generic descriptive term for data about other data. I use the word metadata strictly in a generic descriptive sense; I am not affiliated in any way with Metadata LLC, and no affiliation or association with that company or its products or services is implied.)
  • Geolocation data: Geolocation data means information about an individual or household’s physical location and/or movements, such as (though not necessarily limited to) the fact that an individual is or was present in a particular geographical location or traveled between two or more geographical locations. I may receive geolocation data from you directly, e.g., when you tell me your location in a comment or other communication (or, obviously, if I meet or otherwise encounter you in person); if someone else directly or indirectly describes your location or movements to me; and/or if I (and/or my service providers, where applicable) determine, estimate, and/or infer your geographical location or movements based on other data (e.g., your IP address and/or hostname, the area code of your telephone number, and/or GPS coordinates in the metadata of your submitted images). Although some jurisdictions regard geolocation data as personal information, it doesn’t necessarily reveal where you live or work, and in some cases may not reflect your actual location at all, particularly if you use a VPN or proxy service.
  • Websites/URLs: “URL” (an acronym for Uniform Resource Locator) is the technical term for a web address. A website URL isn’t necessarily personally identifying, at least by itself, but the URLs of your social media profile(s), online resume/CV, and/or other such web page(s) would probably be considered personal information. (Those are just two obvious examples; there various possible scenarios in which a URL might contain and/or constitute personal information.) Where this policy refers to “websites/URLs” as a category of personal information, I mean URLs that may contain (or that link to) personally identifying information about individuals or households.
  • Referring site: When your browser or other user agent connects to some online resource — e.g., when you click a link or access embedded content on a web page or in an email message — that online resource can generally see the website or other online location, if any, from which the request originated, which is known as the “referring site” or “referer” [sic — some sources use the correct spelling, referrer, although the actual name of the HTTP header that conveys this information is (mis)spelled “referer”]. If the referer is the results of a search query (for example, when you click on a link from search engine results), the online resource you access can typically see not only the referring site, but also the specific search terms you were looking for. (Some privacy-focused search engines take steps to remove this referer information so the destination site can’t see it, but most popular search engines do not.)
  • Other personal information: This may include any information about an individual or household that could be considered personal information or personally identifying information. As noted above, some jurisdictions now regard nearly any piece of data about an individual or household as “personal information,” from the career history of a public figure to the fact that a website visitor once owned a car of a particular model.
  • Special: This policy uses this term to denote certain unusual categories of information not easily categorized, which may or may not be personally identifying.
  • Administrative dashboard/backend: Like most modern websites, this site has both a publicly visible/publicly accessible (“front-end”) portion and a “backend” administrative area that includes various controls for managing the site and its content. The WordPress content management system, which this website uses, describes the administrative backend as the “dashboard,” so this policy uses “administrative backend” and “dashboard” synonymously. The administrative dashboard is not normally accessible to visitors other than authorized administrative users, and I take various measures to guard against unauthorized access to it. (WordPress is a registered trademark of the WordPress Foundation in the United States and other countries.)
  • Cookies and similar technologies: A cookie is a small text file — a string of information — that a website or online service places (or “sets” — these terms are used synonymously) in your browser (or other user agent) or device and that your browser, other user agent, or device then provides to that site or service when you access it. (It is sometimes also possible for a website or service to detect cookies set by other sites/services.) Cookies may be used in many different ways, but the most common uses are to save your settings or preferences, to manage logins, and to help identify specific users or devices for analytics and/or advertising purposes. Most cookies are specific to each browser (or other user agent) and device; if you access a website using multiple browsers (and/or other user agents) and/or multiple devices, the website may place cookies in each browser (and/or other user agent) on each device. A cookie set by the website or service you are currently visiting is called a “first-party” cookie, while cookies set by other services or domains (e.g., the cookies set when you access an embedded video player) are known as “third-party” cookies. Some websites and/or online services may also use similar technologies, e.g., storing information in your browser’s web storage and/or plugins. Data items stored in your browser (or other user agent) and/or on your device in such ways aren’t cookies in the usual sense, but they may perform similar functions and may be used instead of or in addition to cookies. Such technologies are often used to manage functional details, e.g., settings and preferences, but are sometimes also used to help websites and/or services identify you. Online services may also use “web beacons,” which are small code blocks or tiny image files (sometimes called “tracking pixels” or “pixel tags”) that transmit certain information about you and your user agent (as defined above) to the service from which the web beacon is loaded. Web beacons (which are a form of embedded content) are sometimes also used instead of or in conjunction with cookies to identify users and track their behavior online. You can learn more about how cookies work and how you can manage or delete them in different browsers by visiting KnowCookies.com. You can find additional tools for controlling certain cookies and similar technologies used for behavioral advertising purposes (e.g., to show you personalized ads based on your online activity and/or interests) at YourAdChoices (for the U.S.) or rel=”nofollow noopener noreferrer”>Your Online Choices (for the EU and UK). (I am not affiliated in any way with these websites or the organizations that run them, and offer these links purely for your information. The names of these websites, and/or other related names, terms, slogans, logos, and/or icons, may be (or may incorporate) trademarks or registered trademarks; such marks are the property of their respective owners and are used here strictly for purposes of identification.)

Legal Bases for Collecting and Using Information

If you are located in a part of the world that is subject to data protection laws such as the European General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR, now sometimes called the EU GDPR to distinguish it from the similarly named regulations of other regions), the UK GDPR, or Brazil’s Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados Pessoais (LGPD), my legal grounds for collecting and using your information are that:

  1. The use is necessary in order for me to enter into a contractual agreement with you and/or fulfill my commitments and/or contractual obligations to you (e.g., to comply with the terms of a license for the use of your intellectual property, or to process and/or complete a purchase you have made), and/or:
  2. The use is necessary for compliance with a legal obligation (e.g., my need to maintain reasonable records of financial transactions for tax purposes); and/or:
  3. The use is necessary in order to protect your vital interests and/or those of another person; and/or
  4. I have a legitimate interest in using your information (e.g., to provide the functions of the website, to conduct research into the subjects of my content, to safeguard the integrity of this website and its data, to troubleshoot technical problems, and/or to appropriately respond to your inquiries regarding my work); and/or:
  5. You have given me your consent.

Because I am based in the United States, the information about you that I process if you use this website may be used, stored, and/or accessed by individuals operating outside your home country and/or the European Economic Area, including me, people who work for me, and/or third-party data processors. This is required for the purposes described in “Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection” below and throughout this Privacy Policy.

Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection

In each of the sections below, I indicate the categories of personal information I may collect and the categories of purposes for which I may collect that information.

Those possible purposes include:

  • Functionality: I use the information so that this website, or certain specific functions thereof, can work properly. For example (but without limitation), none of the pages or content on this website will load if the web server doesn’t have a valid IP address to which to transmit the necessary data.
  • Providing services: I use the information to perform some action(s) you have asked me to perform; respond to comments, inquiries, and/or other messages; provide services; and/or otherwise conduct the normal activities involved in running this website and/or its associated business operations. For example (but without limitation), I probably couldn’t send you a physical document without your mailing or delivery address.
  • Completing a transaction: I use the information to conduct or complete financial transactions.
  • Fulfilling a contractual obligation: I use the information to honor my obligations under my contractual agreements, whether with you, with some third party or parties, or both.
  • Legal compliance or audit: I use the information to ensure my compliance with applicable laws and/or regulations; so that I can demonstrate my legal and/or regulatory compliance to auditors or investigators if needed; and/or to otherwise fulfill my legal obligations (e.g., to respond to subpoenas and/or other court orders).
  • Research and publishing: I use the information in researching, creating, and/or publishing (and/or performing, broadcasting, exhibiting, and/or otherwise disseminating, as applicable) my content, my writing/editing/writing consulting work, and/or my other creative endeavors, and/or to help me decide what content, work, and/or creative endeavors to create and/or publish (and/or perform, broadcast, exhibit, and/or otherwise disseminate) in the future.
  • Security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement: I use the information to help me protect this website, its users/visitors, my data, my system(s) and/or device(s), my business, me, and/or others from malicious activity; safeguard my property, rights, security, and/or safety, and/or the property, rights, security, and/or safety of others and/or of the public at large; troubleshoot and/or resolve technical problems; and/or maintain and/or improve the quality and/or functionality of the site and/or my services.
  • Recruitment/hiring/employment or business partnerships: I use the information in recruiting/hiring employees, independent contractors, and/or interns; in entering or considering entering business partnerships or other professional relationships with someone; and/or in making other types of employment decisions and/or business decisions regarding professional relationships.
  • Advertising and other commercial purposes: I use the information to help me promote, pitch, and/or advertise my content, services, and/or other creative endeavors; otherwise monetize the site, my content, my writing/editing/writing consulting work, and/or my other creative endeavors; and/or achieve some other commercial purpose(s).

(I haven’t listed “communicating with you” as a separate category in the above list because achieving any or all of the above-listed purposes may involve communicating with you and/or third parties; listing that separately seemed redundant as well as potentially confusing.)

In many cases, information I collect may have several purposes or possible purposes. Obviously, not every individual piece of information in a particular category will necessarily be used or even useful for each listed purpose.

(Where the sections below list multiple purposes or possible purposes, separated by semicolons, the order does not signify any comparative priority or significance.)

In the sections below, certain categories of information are followed by a single asterisk (*), which indicates that I may collect such information in some circumstances and not in others. (For example, but without limitation, I generally don’t need your postal mailing address except for certain financial transactions and/or legal matters, or if you ask me to send you some physical letter or package, so I only collect mailing addresses from certain visitors, not from everyone.)

Keep in mind that the categories of information listed in each section below are just the types of information I may collect in the specific context(s) described in that section, which may or may not apply to you.

Please also note that while the listed categories are intended to encompass the types of personal information I typically collect in the specified contexts, I can’t anticipate every possible scenario. There may be circumstances in which I collect or receive a type personal information that’s not listed in the applicable section(s) below and/or that can’t be easily categorized. (For example, again without limitation, it would be difficult for me to list every category of information someone might conceivably send me in a comment or email communication!) For this reason, I have also listed “other personal information*” in many of these sections as a kind of catch-all category.

Additionally, please keep in mind that the categories listed in the “Categories of information gathered” bullet points of the sections below, which are based on my “Definitions” above, may differ from the categories of personal information defined by law in certain jurisdictions, e.g., California. (California law now defines a series of specific categories of personal information, which are not necessarily intuitive or easy for the average person to grasp without actually reading the applicable statutes or referring to a list of examples. To learn more about how the personal information I collect could be categorized under California law, see the “Categories of Personal Information Collected” subsection of the “CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice” section below.)

Cookies and Similar Technologies

The aaronseverson.com website and/or its embedded content providers (see “Embedded Content” below) may use cookies and/or similar technologies (e.g., storing data in your browser’s web storage) for a variety of purposes. Some cookies and stored data may be placed automatically while others are only set when you perform certain actions or use certain site functions.

For more specific information about the categories of cookies that may be used on this website, what purposes they serve, how long they normally last, and your options for managing them, see the Cookie Notice page or click the “Access Your Privacy and Cookie Preferences” button below and review the summaries under “Cookie Settings”:

(You can also access this button via the Privacy Tools page.) As noted in the preamble above, the Cookie Notice forms part of this Privacy Policy and constitutes the “cookie policy” for this website, for jurisdictions that explicitly require such a policy.

While the cookie descriptions presented in the Cookie Notice and the ones listed in the Cookie Settings menu accessed through the “Access Your Privacy and Cookie Preferences” button are intended to be identical (save for minor variations in formatting and text style), in the event of any substantive discrepancy between those versions, the Cookie Notice version shall govern and control.

Third-party websites or services (including, without limitation, ones I may use in connection with this website) may also use cookies and/or similar technologies. The use of cookies and/or similar technologies by third-party websites or services is subject to those sites or services’ respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use, and in most cases is outside of my control.

Information I Collect Automatically

Certificate Authority Checks

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses; domain names and/or hostnames; user agent information; visitor activity (referring site); geolocation data (estimated from IP addresses and/or hostnames, and/or inferred from other data)*; special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; fulfilling a contractual obligation; legal compliance or audit; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement
  • Data retention: Typically less than seven days.

To allow visitors (and me!) to connect to the site securely (that is, via encrypted connections), this website uses domain validation (DV) certificates issued by the Let’s Encrypt® certificate authority (CA), a service of the nonprofit Internet Security Research Group™. These certificates enable a web browser or other user agent to confirm that it has an SSL/TLS (Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security) connection to the correct domain, an important security measure. For a further explanation, see the Let’s Encrypt “How It Works” page.

When you access this website, your browser (or other user agent) may check whether the aaronseverson.com certificate is valid by briefly connecting to the servers of the Let’s Encrypt certificate repository to perform an Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) check (sometimes called an OCSP request or an OCSP query &mdash: these terms are synonymous). This OCSP check provides those servers with your IP address and/or hostname and user agent information; for obvious reasons, it also informs those servers that you have accessed the aaronseverson.com website. The Let’s Encrypt CA service may log and use such data as described in the Let’s Encrypt Privacy Policy. Any further questions about their use and/or retention of public repository log data should be directed to the certificate authority itself (e.g., via the contact information listed in their Privacy Policy), as it is outside of my control. (Internet Security Research Group and Let’s Encrypt are trademarks of Internet Security Research Group. All rights reserved.)

Most aspects of the setup, maintenance, and periodical renewals of my DV certificates are administered on my behalf by my web host, DreamHost®, which also provides technical support for any issues with those certificates. DreamHost also has administrative access to the certificates themselves, subject to the DreamHost Privacy Policy and General Terms of Service. (DreamHost is a registered trademark of DreamHost, LLC.)

Browser Tests

  • Categories of information gathered: User agent information; special: browser technical capabilities and/or settings; special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement
  • Data retention: Your current visit or current session.

Each time you visit this website, the site may perform certain automated tests to determine the specific technical capabilities of your browser (or other user agent), allowing the website to adjust the presentation and functionality of the site appropriately. The site’s administrative login page (which is off-limits except to authorized administrative users) may perform similar tests, e.g., testing whether the user’s browser will allow the cookies required to log into the site’s administrative dashboard. The site may also show you specific messages or other content based on the results of such tests, e.g., displaying a warning notification that your current browser is incompatible with certain site features.

The results of some such tests (which generally don’t contain any personally identifying information) are stored only in your device’s memory, and only for the length of your current visit. If any such test results are stored in your browser (or other user agent), whether in cookies and/or using other technologies (e.g., in web storage), that data normally expires and is automatically removed at the end of your current session — that is, when you next close your browser (or other user agent).

Online Tracking

As of January 29, 2012, I have discontinued the use of third-party web analytics services on this website. However, I may use Google Search Console tools and reports, which aid webmasters in analyzing and improving a website’s indexability and search performance. Unlike web analytics services, Google Search Console tools and reports focus primarily on the website’s search performance rather than the characteristics or behavior of individual visitors, although some of the available reports may present certain aggregate user information — e.g., how many Google search engine users saw and clicked on links to this website from search results and/or which search queries led those users to the site. Such aggregate user information is based on Google search engine and search service usage data, the collection of which is subject to the Google Privacy Policy and is outside of my control. (Google and other related marks are trademarks of Google LLC.)

Obviously, other websites or online services, including ones to which I may link and/or on which I have accounts, may use various web analytics services and/or tools, which in most cases is outside of my control. See the applicable website or service’s privacy policy for more information. The analytics tools used on my automotive website, Ate Up With Motor, and my professional writing/editing/writing consulting website, 6200 Productions, are described in those websites’ respective privacy policies. (Ate Up With Motor is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba Ate Up With Motor. 6200 Productions is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba 6200 Productions.)

Website Server, Error, and Security Logs

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses*; domain names and/or hostnames*; user agent information*; visitor activity; errors and suspicious activity*; names*; email addresses*; email header information*; geolocation data (estimated from IP addresses and/or hostnames, and/or inferred from other data)*; URLs/websites*; other personal information*; special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*; special: device identifiers*; special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*; special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*; special: other identifiers*; special: other technical details (some of which might be potentially personally identifying and/or constitute personal information in certain jurisdictions)*
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; providing services; fulfilling a contractual obligation; legal compliance or audit; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement
  • Data retention: Varies, but typically no more than about 90 days, except for recent data captured in backups or specific data for which I have some ongoing need.

Like most websites, the aaronseverson.com website has various logs (some of which I administer directly and some of which are administered by my web host) that may collect certain information (some of which may be considered personal information or potentially personally identifying information in at least some jurisdictions) about each computer or other device that (as applicable, but without limitation) accesses the site and/or its content; uses certain site features; is redirected from an outdated link to a current one; generates an error (e.g., attempting to access a nonexistent page or file); logs into, otherwise accesses, or attempts to log into or otherwise access the administrative dashboard and/or other administrative resources or controls; generates or attempts to generate authentication codes for multi-factor authentication (which may be used for administrative logins and/or certain other site functions); attempts to interact with the site in any unusual or suspicious way (e.g., trying to access the site’s administrative dashboard without authorization or run an unauthorized script); and/or performs certain other actions. (These examples are a representative sampling, but not an exhaustive list; I may also use or add other logs not specified here, and not all logs are necessarily in use at any given time.)

The information these logs record may include (but is not necessarily limited to) the IP address, hostname, and/or user agent information of the applicable device (and sometimes the referring site, if any), which sometimes makes it possible to determine, estimate, and/or infer certain other information (e.g., geographical location and/or device type). In some cases, the logs may also record device identifiers (e.g., the advertising identifier(s) and/or other universally unique identifiers of a smartphone, tablet computer, desktop computer, or other device). Most such logs include the date and time each logged event took place; certain types of events may also be assigned unique ID numbers and/or other identifiers for reference purposes. Additionally, if a logged event or action involves or appears to involve any of this website’s administrative users, and/or involves or appears to involve credentials I create to allow specific users to access certain resources (e.g., login credentials for FTP folder(s) associated with this website), certain logs may also record the username(s), user ID number(s), and/or other identifiers associated with such administrative user(s) and/or credentials. All these logs are part of the routine operations of the website and its related systems and are not connected to or associated with any third-party web analytics service.

Most of the routine website log data I and my web host collect is retained on a rolling basis — that is, we customarily retain only the most recently collected data. Typically, website log data is retained for no more than about 30 days (and often only a fraction of that time) before being automatically overwritten by newer data or otherwise deleted. Some security audit log data recorded by the Sucuri Security plugin (further described in the “Security Scans” section below) — which is provided by GoDaddy Media Temple, Inc. d/b/a Sucuri, a subsidiary of Go Daddy Operating Company, LLC (Sucuri) — may be stored both locally and on remote servers controlled by Sucuri, and is normally retained for about 90 days. (Sucuri, Sucuri Security, Sucuri Security Inc., and Sucuri Inc. are trademarks of Sucuri Inc. and may be registered in certain jurisdictions. GoDaddy is a registered trademark of Go Daddy Operating Company, LLC.) Certain website logs and/or log reports that contain only aggregate data, anonymous information (e.g., hit counters), and/or data pertaining to administrative resources or controls that are normally off-limits except to authorized administrative users may be retained for longer periods. For example (but without limitation), logs showing the last access dates of certain resources, or showing which administrative user last edited a particular post, may remain unchanged until that resource is accessed or edited again, or until I manually delete the logs.

Naturally, I and/or my web host may retain certain specific information from the website’s logs for longer periods if it is still needed for ongoing security, troubleshooting, and/or service improvement purposes, and/or for legal reasons. For example, but without limitation, if the logs indicate that a specific IP address has been used in repeated attempts to attack this website, I may take steps to block that IP address or otherwise impede future malicious activity from it. Certain security-related log data (e.g., records my website security features compile of administrative logins and/or failed attempts to log in as an administrative user) may be retained indefinitely unless manually deleted.

Also, some recent log data may be captured in backups created by me and/or my web host, which in some cases may be retained for a year or more.

Certain events may trigger automated email alerts to the site administrator, notifying me of potential threats, errors, or the status of some automated operation. The alerts may include some or all of whatever data the logs recorded. Such email alerts may be scanned for suspected spam, malware, and/or other suspicious activity, as explained in the “Security Scans” section below. I may retain these email alerts for as long as I need the information they contain.

Please keep in mind that, because my web host, DreamHost®, controls the servers on which this website runs, they have full access to the site’s server access and server error logs. (My access to those logs is read-only, so I cannot redact or remove any of that log data without the aid of my web host’s technical support staff, and I am not permitted to tamper or interfere with the normal functions of DreamHost servers or other systems.) In general, DreamHost has access to any data and/or files on any server or other system they control — except in cases where I have specially encrypted such file(s) and/or data — subject to the DreamHost Privacy Policy and/or, where applicable, the Customer EU Data Processing Addendum to their General Terms of Service. I may also share additional data with them if I deem it appropriate for purposes such as troubleshooting and/or security. (DreamHost is a registered trademark of DreamHost, LLC.)

I may also share, release, and/or otherwise disclose website log data as otherwise described in “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” below.

Security Scans

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses*; domain names and/or hostnames*; user agent information*; visitor activity*; errors and suspicious activity; names*; email addresses*; email header information*; other contact information (e.g., phone numbers)*; images and/or other media (including metadata)*; geolocation data (determined directly, estimated from IP addresses and/or hostnames, and/or inferred from other data)*; URLs/websites*; other personal information*; special: visitor mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*; special: device identifiers*; metadata*; special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*; special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*; special: other identifiers*; special: other technical details (some of which might be potentially personally identifying and/or constitute personal information in certain jurisdictions)*; special: fingerprint data*
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; providing services; fulfilling a contractual obligation [see below]; legal compliance or audit; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement
  • Data retention: Varies; potentially indefinite.

While no website, online service, Internet-accessible device, or data storage system can be 100 percent secure, I take reasonable measures to protect against unauthorized access, use, alteration, or destruction of personal information I collect through and/or in connection with this website.

I and my web host, DreamHost®, use a variety of security measures to protect this website and its data, including, but not limited to, scanning the site, site-related files, and/or the site database for malware and blocking suspicious and/or malicious activity. Some of these measures are purely automated, but in some cases, I may manually initiate additional security measures and/or request that my web host’s technical support staff take additional steps to investigate and/or block security threats and/or suspicious activity. (DreamHost is a registered trademark of DreamHost, LLC.)

Like the logs described in the “Website Server, Error, and Security Logs” section above, some of these security measures may collect certain information (some of which may be considered personal information or potentially personally identifying information in at least some jurisdictions) about any device(s) and/or individual(s) involved in suspicious and/or malicious activity. For example (but without limitation), if an unauthorized visitor attempted to execute an unusual or suspicious server request on this website (which might indicate an intrusion or hacking attempt), one or more security measures might record that visitor’s IP address; their user agent information; and other details about their device and/or browser or other user agent along with details about the action(s) they attempted to perform. In some cases, the data recorded may also include device identifiers (e.g., the advertising identifier(s) and/or and/or other universally unique identifiers of a smartphone, tablet computer, desktop computer, or other device). Certain events may be assigned unique ID numbers and/or other identifiers for reference purposes. If the activity in question involves or appears to involve any of this website’s administrative users, and/or involves or appears to involve credentials I create to allow specific users to access certain resources (e.g., the login credentials for certain FTP folder(s) associated with this website), the information collected may also include the username(s), user ID number(s), and/or other identifiers associated with such administrative user(s) and/or credentials. The specific information that my security measures may gather in connection with suspicious and/or malicious activity naturally varies depending on the context and the security measure(s) involved; there are too many possible scenarios to enumerate here.

Certain events may trigger automated email alerts to the site administrator, notifying me of potential security threats. These alerts may include some or all of the data described above. Such email alerts may also be scanned for suspected spam, malware, and/or other suspicious activity, as further explained below.

Among the security measures I may use on this website is the Sucuri Security plugin, provided by GoDaddy Media Temple, Inc. d/b/a Sucuri, a subsidiary of Go Daddy Operating Company, LLC (Sucuri), whose available features (not all of which are necessarily used on this website) include, but are not necessarily limited to, activity monitoring, notifications, security auditing tools, a security logging feature that allows certain security audit log data to be stored remotely to deter tampering, a remote scanning feature that can detect security vulnerabilities and some forms of malware and malicious activity involving this website, a remote firewall service intended to block certain forms of suspicious and/or malicious activity, a WordPress file integrity checker (which tests the files of this website’s WordPress installation by accessing a remote API service associated with the WordPress.org websites), and a blocklist-checking feature that warns if this website has been flagged for malicious activity by search engines and/or Internet security services (an obvious sign that a site may have been hacked and/or infected with malware). (A list of the features of the plugin (not all of which I necessarily use on this website) can be found in the “WordPress plugin & API Key” section of the Sucuri Security Terms of Service and the “Plugins” section of the Sucuri documentation.) Some data collected and/or processed by this plugin, the remote scanning feature, and/or other associated features and/or tools — which may sometimes include personal information such as (without limitation) IP addresses and/or hostnames that perform certain actions (e.g., adding or editing a post, updating or installing a plugin) and/or information in comments or other published content — may be processed and/or stored by Sucuri as well as me and/or my web host; data processed and/or stored by Sucuri is subject to the Sucuri Security Privacy Policy, the Sucuri Cookie Policy (“Our Use of Cookies, Web Beacons, and Similar Technologies”), and/or the Data Processing Addendum to their Terms of Service (which applies to personal data Sucuri services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to certain regional privacy and/or data protection laws), as applicable. Certain plugin components may be served by the Cloudflare® content delivery network, which is subject to the Cloudflare Privacy Policy, the Cloudflare Data Processing Addendum (which applies to personal data Cloudflare services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to certain regional privacy and/or data protection laws), and/or the Cloudflare Cookie Policy, as applicable. Communications with API servers, repositories, and/or content delivery networks associated with the WordPress.org websites are subject to the WordPress.org Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. Communications with any other third-party services are subject to the respective privacy policies of those services. (Sucuri, Sucuri Security, Sucuri Security Inc., and Sucuri Inc. are trademarks of Sucuri Inc. and may be registered in certain jurisdictions. GoDaddy is a registered trademark of Go Daddy Operating Company, LLC. Cloudflare is a trademark and/or registered trademark of Cloudflare, Inc. in the United States and other jurisdictions. WordPress is a registered trademark of the WordPress Foundation in the United States and other countries.)

Some other security measures I use on this website are provided by the free, open source version of the iThemes Security plugin. While most of this plugin’s features operate locally (that is, on the same server this website runs on), certain features may transmit information (which may include, but is not necessarily limited to, personal information and/or potentially personally identifying information about visitors involved in suspicious and/or malicious activity on this website) to iThemes servers, and/or send and/or receive security-related information (which may also include personal information and/or potentially personally identifying information about site visitors and/or other individuals) to and/or from external sources (for example, but without limitation, for the purposes of testing the files of this website’s WordPress installation via a remote API service associated with the WordPress.org websites). Because iThemes is now one of the Liquid Web family of brands, such features are subject to the Liquid Web Privacy Policy and/or, for the plugin’s security-related communications with other third parties, those entities’ respective privacy policies, such as (again without limitation) the WordPress.org Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. (iThemes and Liquid Web are trademarks of Liquid Web, LLC. WordPress is a registered trademark of the WordPress Foundation in the United States and other countries.)

I also use a variety of other tools and security measures to protect my device(s), software, and data. A representative sampling of providers of such tools and security measures is included among the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers that appear in the “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” section below. (Since the specific tools, devices, and security measures I use may change over time, those examples should not be regarded as an exhaustive list.)

In addition, my web host also hosts the email servers for many of my email addresses, and may use a variety of means to detect and/or prevent malicious activity and/or abuse involving those addresses and/or domains, including (though not necessarily limited to) scanning incoming, outgoing, and/or stored messages for suspected spam, malware, and/or other suspicious activity. My Internet service provider(s), mobile carrier(s), and/or other applicable service provider(s) may also use their own security tools to detect and/or prevent suspected spam, malware, and/or other suspicious activity involving my account(s) and/or connections. (For example, but without limitation, my current mobile carrier sometimes warns me that certain incoming voice calls and/or text messages could be associated with a scam of some kind.)

Some of the security measures I use to protect my device(s) may collect additional personal information under certain circumstances. For example (but without limitation), security features I use for my smartphone(s) might automatically photograph anyone attempting unsuccessfully to unlock the device, and/or remotely track the device’s location to help me find or recover the device in the event of loss or theft.

As noted above, the tools, devices, and security measures I use may change over time, so I may also use and/or add other security measures that have other features not specified here.

(Naturally, malware scanning services and other security tools may also provide me with additional security-related information, e.g., “signatures” of known malware types. Much of this information is of a technical nature and is not personally identifying, but it may sometimes include certain personal information; see the “Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes” section below.)

By their nature, some anti-malware scanners and other security tools routinely access almost any file or data on the systems or devices they protect. Since modern security tools sometimes incorporate web- or cloud-based scanning features, and/or may transmit samples of suspicious files or code to such services for analysis, this means a certain amount of personal information (e.g., names, contact information, and/or other personal details contained in scanned email messages or electronic documents) could be disclosed to the scanning service and/or other third parties in the course of a scan or security analysis. The likelihood and possible extent of such disclosure is difficult to predict or quantify, but it cannot be completely avoided without greatly compromising the security of my systems, devices, and data.

Special Note: I include “fulfilling a contractual obligation” among the possible purposes listed above for several reasons: First, my various contractual agreements may require me to take appropriate steps to secure my systems and/or data, obligations which the security measures described in this section help me to fulfill. Second, certain of the security scans and/or associated logs described in this section are operated and/or maintained by third parties (e.g., my web host and/or other service providers); in such cases, I may be contractually prohibited from interfering with the normal functions of those scans or with the data they collect. Third, the license agreements and/or terms of service for certain of my security tools may impose specific restrictions on my use of those tools and/or any associated data (e.g., prohibiting me from modifying the scanning functions of a malware detection application beyond what the application’s settings normally permit).

My retention of data related to security scans and/or other security measures varies depending the tools involved, whether they are operated by me or a third party, and the context. As noted in the “Website Server, Error, and Security Logs” section above, any security audit log data remotely stored by Sucuri via the Sucuri Security plugin is normally retained for about 90 days, while most other website security log data is typically retained for no more than about 30 days, although I may retain certain information for longer periods if it is still needed for ongoing security, troubleshooting, and/or service improvement purposes; for legal reasons; and/or if it pertains to administrative resources or controls that are normally off-limits except to authorized administrative users. Security data for my devices (e.g., malware scan results, system error logs, logs of traffic blocked by a firewall) may in some cases be retained for at least as long as I own that device and/or use the applicable security tool(s). I also typically retain indefinitely any correspondence regarding specific security threats or problems, although I generally only retain automated email alerts for as long as I need the information they contain. The retention and use of security-related data by my web host, Internet service provider(s), mobile carrier(s), and/or other third-party service providers varies, and is generally outside of my control. (As noted in the “Website Server, Error, and Security Logs” section above, DreamHost services are subject to the DreamHost Privacy Policy and/or, where applicable, the Customer EU Data Processing Addendum to their General Terms of Service.)

I may share information from security scans and/or other security measures with third parties, and/or publicly disclose such information, if I need technical assistance and/or consider such disclosure appropriate for my security and/or the security of others (e.g., to notify my web host’s technical support if I identify malware that might threaten the integrity of their web or email servers). I may also share, release, and/or otherwise disclose information from security scans and/or other security measures as otherwise described in “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” below.

Embedded Content

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses; domain names and/or hostnames; user agent information; visitor activity; errors and suspicious activity*; geolocation data (estimated from IP addresses and/or hostnames, and/or inferred from other data); special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*; special: device identifiers*; special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*; special: other identifiers*; special: other browser/user agent settings/configuration details/add-ons*
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; providing services; fulfilling a contractual obligation [see below]; research and publishing; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement
  • Data retention: Varies depending on the specific content provider; in most cases, I do not have access to the data collected by embedded content providers, and its retention is generally outside of my control.

As explained in the “Definitions” section above, this policy defines embedded content as content hosted on and served by some server or service other than my web host and/or its subprocessors. If you access a portion of this website that contains embedded content, your browser (or other user agent) requests that content from the respective content provider(s), which enables those embedded content provider(s) to collect information about you. Such information is collected and processed by the applicable embedded content providers, not by me, and is subject to such providers’ respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use, which in most cases are outside of my control.

You should generally assume that the information an embedded content provider collects when you access their content through a website or online service includes, at a minimum, your IP address and/or hostname, your user agent information, which specific embedded content you accessed (and/or requested, since the request may be recorded even if the content fails to load for whatever reason), and the website or URL from which you accessed and/or requested the embedded content. (Some embedded content providers claim to remove or discard the latter information.) In some cases, embedded content providers can also detect and/or otherwise determine other information, such as (without limitation) your country and/or geographical location (typically — though not necessarily always — estimated based on your IP address and/or hostname); the presence of certain cookies (e.g., the ones placed on your device when you log into a particular third-party website or online service); certain of your settings (e.g., your time zone and/or preferred language settings); whether your browser is using certain add-ons (e.g., ad blocker extensions); and/or device identifiers (e.g., the advertising identifier(s) and/or other universally unique identifiers of a smartphone, tablet computer, desktop computer, or other device). If you interact with the embedded content in some way — for example, if you play an embedded video or click on an embedded payment button — the embedded content provider usually logs that activity as well. Embedded content providers may combine some or all of this information with other information they gather about you over time and/or across other websites and/or online services you use; for example (but without limitation), an online video platform may add information about the embedded videos you watch on this website to information that platform has collected about videos you’ve watched on other websites and/or on the platform’s own website.

Some embedded content providers may also use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify you, and/or store information on your device that could be used for those purposes. For example (again without limitation), an embedded video player might place cookies on your device when the player loads; if you watch the video, portions of the content may also be stored (cached) in your browser to reduce playback interruptions, and certain associated information (e.g., your playback settings and/or how much of the video you’ve watch so far) may be saved in your browser’s web storage and/or plugins. Cookies and/or other information stored on your device in such ways are not necessarily personally identifying (and often have straightforward functional purposes), but some may be used to track you and/or to help identify you, and therefore may constitute potentially personally identifying information.

The Cookie Notice includes more information about the cookies I know the specified embedded content providers have used in at least some instances. Please note that some cookies may be set only in certain circumstances, providers may periodically add new cookies not listed and/or retire ones listed in my Cookie Notice, and content providers not currently listed in the Cookie Notice might begin using cookies in connection with their embedded content (and/or may already do so in circumstances I have not yet recognized), all of which is outside of my control.

Embedded content providers may use various third-party service providers to provide and/or in connection with their content. For example (but without limitation), a video hosting platform might use one or more third-party analytics services to track how many people view an embedded video, use one or more third-party ad services to show advertisements during playback of that video, and/or subcontract certain related data processing functions to third-party subprocessors. Those third parties may gather personal information about you, use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify you, and/or store information on your device that could be used for those purposes, in the same ways as the embedded content provider(s) for whom such third parties provide their services. Because the use of such third-party services is highly variable, may change over time, isn’t necessarily disclosed to me, and in most cases is entirely outside of my control, I have not attempted to fully enumerate such service providers. Where I recognize an embedded content provider’s use of specific third-party service providers based on the presence of their cookies, I have listed such service providers in the Cookie Notice, although given the above caveats, that should not be considered an exhaustive list — again, too many factors are simply outside of my control.

Since embedded content on this website is served through secure (encrypted) connections, your browser (or other user agent) may also contact the embedded content provider’s certificate authority to check the validity of their encryption certificate. (The “Certificate Authority Checks” section above describes how these certificate checks work, although embedded content providers may use different certificate authorities than the one used by this website.)

In some cases, you may be able to hide or disable certain types of embedded content on this website (for example, by using options I may provide through the Privacy Tools, or through your web browser or browser add-ons). Disabling embedded content may prevent that content from functioning, but will generally also prevent it from gathering information about you, at least as long as the content remains disabled. Please note that this does not remove any data the embedded content previously gathered about you or any cookies or potentially personally identifying information it may have placed on your device. If you re-enable the embedded content, or if you visit the website using a different device, browser, or other user agent on which that content is not disabled, the embedded content provider may again be able to gather information about you.

Special Note: The reason I include “fulfilling a contractual obligation” among the possible purposes listed above is that the terms of service or terms of use for most embedded content providers typically prohibit me from modifying their embedded content or interfering with the normal function of their servers, which prevents me from (for example, but without limitation) removing tracking features or attempting to block or “spoof” information their servers would otherwise collect.

Third-party embedded content on the aaronseverson.com website may include, but is not necessarily limited to:

  • Fonts from the Google Fonts API and/or scripts and/or other content from the Google Hosted Libraries, which are libraries of resources hosted on and served by a content distribution network (i.e., remote servers and data centers) operated by Google and/or its subprocessors, which may be located in the United States or elsewhere. The Google Fonts API does not place cookies on your device, but may collect certain information about your device and browser (or other user agent) (including, though not necessarily limited to, your IP address and/or hostname, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers) when you visit a page that uses one or more of those fonts (as well as recording which specific fonts your browser (or other user agent) requests). The Google Fonts API may also store (cache) certain information, e.g., font data and stylesheet requests, in your browser or other user agent’s web storage for faster loading. To learn more about how the service works (including how long stored information may remain on your device), see the “What does using the Google Fonts API mean for the privacy of my users?” section of the Google Fonts FAQ. The Google Hosted Libraries may use cookies and/or similar technologies and/or store potentially personally identifying information on your device in addition to collecting certain information about your device and browser (or other user agent) (including, though not necessarily limited to, your IP address and/or hostname, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers) and which specific content your browser (or other user agent) requests and/or accesses. Google asserts that the Google Hosted Libraries systems remove referring site information from the request logs (so that the logs indicate which content your browser (or other user agent) requested, but not the websites or online services you were visiting when your browser (or other user agent) sent those requests). For more information, see the “What does using the Google Hosted Libraries mean for the privacy of my users?” section of the Google Hosted Libraries Terms of Service. To learn more about what information these services (and/or certain other Google services I may periodically use and/or offer, e.g., embedded maps served by the Google Maps mapping service) may collect and how Google may use that information, see their “How Google uses information from sites or apps that use our services” page and the Google Privacy Policy. To learn more about how Google uses cookies and/or other technologies that may collect and/or process personal information, see the “Technologies” section of their Google Privacy & Terms site. (Those pages do not currently discuss the storage of data in your browser (or other user agent) using technologies other than cookies, e.g., in web storage.) Google API services are also subject, where applicable, to their Google Controller-Controller Data Protection Terms, the CCPA Addendum, and/or the LGPD Controller Addendum, which supplement the Google APIs Terms of Service and apply to the processing of personal data that may be subject to certain regional privacy and/or data protection laws. (Google, Google Maps, and other related marks and logos are trademarks of Google LLC.)
  • Fonts, styles, scripts, icons, and/or other content served by the BootstrapCDN service, which is now powered by the open source jsDelivr project (which is designed, developed, and maintained by Prospect One and Dmitriy Akulov). As with any embedded content provider, this service presumably gathers certain information about your device and browser (or other user agent) (e.g., your IP address and/or hostname, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers) when you access portions of the site containing content loaded from the BootstrapCDN service, as well as recording which specific content your browser (or other user agent) requests and/or accesses and the website or URL from which your browser (or other user agent) requested and/or accessed that content. To learn more about what data the service may collect and how that data may be used, see the jsDeliver Privacy Policy for cdn.jsdelivr.net. That policy states that the service does not use cookies, but may use various third-party service providers, a current list of which appears in the “Content Delivery” section of the Privacy Policy for cdn.jsdelivr.net; such third parties may collect and/or process data for and/or on behalf of the BootstrapCDN service and/or any other content delivery network powered by the jsDelivr project. (You should consult their privacy policy for further details, as the specific service providers the jsDelivr projects uses may change periodically and is entirely outside of my control.)
  • Scripts and/or other content served by the jQuery® CDN, a content delivery network provided by the OpenJS Foundation® nonprofit organization and powered by StackPath, and/or the jQuery API service. As with any embedded content provider, those services presumably gather certain information about your device and browser (or other user agent) (e.g., your IP address and/or hostname, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers) when you access portions of the site that use content from the CDN and/or the API service, as well as recording which specific content your browser (or other user agent) requests and/or accesses and the website or URL from which your browser (or other user agent) requested and/or accessed that content. To learn more about what data these services may collect and how that data may be used, see the OpenJS Foundation Privacy Policy. The cookie policy links in that policy and the ones that appear on the CDN and API services’ respective home pages all currently point to the cookie policy of a different organization; it is unclear if this is intentional or an error, so I don’t know if the CDN and/or API services use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify you and/or store potentially personally identifying information on your device. The CDN service is presumably also subject to the StackPath Privacy Statement and/or Data Processing Addendum (which applies to personal data StackPath services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to certain regional privacy and/or data protection laws); you may also wish to consult the StackPath “GDPR” and “CCPA: California Privacy Rights” pages. (jQuery and OpenJS Foundation are trademarks or registered trademarks of the OpenJS Foundation in the United States and/or other countries. StackPath is a trademark of StackPath, LLC.)
  • Certain scripts, images, and/or other content served by the Cloudflare® CDN (content delivery network). To learn more about what data the Cloudflare services may collect from visitors to websites that use those services (whom Cloudflare policies generally describe as “end users”) and how that data may be used, see the “Cloudflare’s commitment to GDPR compliance” page, the Cloudflare Privacy Policy, the Cloudflare Data Processing Addendum (which applies to personal data Cloudflare services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to certain regional privacy and/or data protection laws), and/or the Cloudflare Cookie Policy, as applicable. (Cloudflare is a trademark and/or registered trademark of Cloudflare, Inc. in the United States and other jurisdictions.)
  • Certain icons, fonts, and/or other content (whether on the administrative dashboard, the publicly visible/publicly accessible portions of the site, or both) served by the Font Awesome content delivery networks, which may collect certain information about your device and browser (or other user agent) (e.g., your IP address and/or hostname, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers), as well as recording which specific content your browser (or other user agent) requests and/or accesses and the website or URL from which your browser (or other user agent) requested and/or accessed that content. To learn more about what data the Font Awesome content delivery networks may collect and how that data may be used, see the Font Awesome Privacy Policy. (They do not currently appear to have a cookie policy, and their Privacy Policy does not discuss the use of cookies or similar technologies except in the context of the Font Awesome website.) Font Awesome may use Cloudflare® CDN services to provide the Font Awesome content delivery networks; see the Cloudflare Privacy Policy, the Cloudflare Data Processing Addendum (which applies to personal data Cloudflare services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to certain regional privacy and/or data protection laws), and/or the Cloudflare Cookie Policy, as applicable, to learn more about how information collected by Cloudflare services may be used. (Font Awesome is a trademark of Fonticons, Inc. Cloudflare is a trademark and/or registered trademark of Cloudflare, Inc. in the United States and other jurisdictions.)
  • The payment or donation buttons that certain themes and/or plugins place on the administrative dashboard (not normally accessible to site visitors) incorporate content served by PayPal® served by PayPal® services. Accessing a portion of the site containing such content may enable the PayPal services to collect certain information about your device and browser (or other user agent) (e.g., your IP address and/or hostname, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers) as well as recording which specific content your browser (or other user agent) requests and/or accesses and the website or URL from which your browser (or other user agent) requested and/or accessed that content. The embedded content may also use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify you and/or store potentially personally identifying information on your device, and may be able to determine whether you are currently logged into a PayPal account. Naturally, if you use a PayPal button to initiate a payment or purchase, the PayPal services may collect various additional information pertaining to that transaction (e.g., payment information and login details for your PayPal account, if any), and will set additional cookies and/or store additional information on your device for that purpose. For more information about what data PayPal services may collect and how that data may be used, visit the “Legal Agreements for PayPal Services” page to review the PayPal Privacy Statement and Statement on Cookies and Tracking Technologies that apply in your location (the Statement on Cookies and Tracking Technologies that applies to each region is linked from within the applicable PayPal Privacy Statement). (Please note that the terms may different depending on where you are.) See the “Financial Transactions Policy” section below to learn more about what information I may collect in connection with PayPal transactions with me that pertain directly to this website. (PayPal.com, PayPal, and all logos related to the PayPal services are either trademarks or registered trademarks of PayPal, Inc. or its licensors. In addition, all page headers, custom graphics, button icons, and scripts related to the PayPal services are service marks, trademarks, and/or trade dress of PayPal.)
  • Embedded video players (whether posted, shared, and/or otherwise displayed by me and/or displayed by certain themes and/or plugins on portions of the administrative dashboard, which is not normally visible or accessible to site visitors other than logged-in administrative users) for content hosted on the YouTube video platform, which is owned by Google LLC. The embedded video player may use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify you and/or store potentially personally identifying information on your device as well as collecting certain information about your device and browser (or other user agent) (e.g., your IP address and/or hostname, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers), the website or URL through which you accessed the embedded player, the specific video(s) and/or other content loaded through that player, and potentially also other information (such as, without limitation, whether you are currently logged into a Google account). In some cases, embedded video players may also use your IP address and/or hostname, geographical location (typically but not always estimated from your IP address and/or hostname), and/or other information (e.g., whether you are currently logged into a Google account) to determine whether or not you can view a specific video — for example (but without limitation), if the video is age-restricted, unavailable in certain locales, password-protected, and/or only accessible from certain IP addresses. If you play a video through the embedded player, the video platform may also show you ads, and may use cookies and/or other information stored on your device (and/or other information the embedded player, the YouTube platform, and/or Google have gathered about you) for that purpose. Naturally, the YouTube platform may also record your interactions with the embedded video player (e.g., any adjustments you make to the playback settings and/or if you pause playback), and may associate that activity with your YouTube history and/or other Google account data. To learn more about what information the YouTube platform and other Google services may collect through and/or in connection with embedded video players and how Google may use that information, see their “How Google uses information from sites or apps that use our services” page and the Google Privacy Policy. For additional information about how Google uses cookies and/or other technologies that may collect and/or process personal information, see the “Technologies” section of their Google Privacy & Terms site. (Those pages do not currently discuss the storage of data in your browser (or other user agent) using technologies other than cookies, e.g., in web storage.) For more information about Google advertising, see the “Advertising” section of their Google Privacy & Terms site, which also discusses the use of cookies by Google advertising services. The “Product Controls” section of their Google Business Data Responsibility site offers additional information about sharing of data from the YouTube platform. (Google, YouTube, and other related marks and logos are trademarks of Google LLC.)
  • Embedded video players (whether posted, shared, and/or otherwise displayed by me and/or displayed by certain themes and/or plugins on portions of the administrative dashboard, which is not normally visible or accessible to site visitors) for content hosted on the Vimeo video platform. The embedded video player may use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify you and/or store potentially personally identifying information on your device as well as collecting certain information about your device and browser (or other user agent) (e.g., your IP address and/or hostname, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers), the website or URL through which you accessed the embedded player, the specific video(s) and/or other content loaded through that player, and potentially also other information (such as, without limitation, whether you are currently logged into a Vimeo account). In some cases, embedded video players may also use your IP address and/or hostname, geographical location (typically but not always estimated from your IP address and/or hostname), and/or other information (e.g., whether you are currently logged into a Vimeo account) to determine whether or not you can view a specific video — for example (but without limitation), if the video is age-restricted, unavailable in certain locales, password-protected, and/or only accessible from certain IP addresses. If you play a video through the embedded player, the video platform may also show you ads, and may use cookies and/or other information stored on your device (and/or other information the embedded player and/or the Vimeo platform have gathered about you) for that purpose. Naturally, the Vimeo platform may also record your interactions with the embedded video player (e.g., any adjustments you make to the playback settings and/or if you pause playback), and may associate that activity with other data about your use of Vimeo services (e.g., your Vimeo viewing history, if any). See the Vimeo Privacy Policy to learn more about what information the Vimeo platform collects and how that information may be used. For more information about the cookies and/or similar technologies the platform may use and how Vimeo users can control the use of third-party analytics and/or advertising cookies in connection with embedded Vimeo video players, see the Vimeo Cookie Policy. The “Vimeo Videos” section of the Cookie Notice for this website provides additional information about certain third-party advertising and/or analytics partners the Vimeo platform uses or has used, although this should not be regarded as an exhaustive list, since the specific partners that platform uses may change or vary, and are entirely outside of my control. (Vimeo and the Vimeo logos are trademarks of Vimeo.com, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.)
  • Embedded Tweets and/or other content I may post, share, and/or otherwise display from the Twitter social media platform. Embedded Twitter content may use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify you and/or store potentially personally identifying information on your device as well as collecting certain information about your device and browser (or other user agent) (e.g., your IP address and/or hostname, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers), the specific content your browser (or other user agent) requests and/or accesses, the website or URL from which your browser (or other user agent) requested and/or accessed that content, and potentially also other information (such as, without limitation, whether you are currently logged into a Twitter account). Embedded Twitter content may also show you ads, and may use cookies and/or other information stored on your device (and/or other information the Twitter services may have gathered about you) for that purpose. Naturally, the Twitter services will also record any interaction you may have with the embedded content. See the Twitter Privacy Policy and the Twitter Help Center page “Our use of cookies and similar technologies” to learn more about what information Twitter services collect and how that information may be used. The “Twitter for Websites — ads info and privacy” page and the Privacy section of the Twitter Developer Platform Documentation provide additional information about what data the Twitter services may collect through Twitter content integrated into other websites and your options for controlling the use of that data. (TWITTER, TWEET, RETWEET and the Twitter logo are trademarks of Twitter, Inc. or its affiliates.)
  • Certain backend (i.e., administrative dashboard) features (which are not normally visible or accessible to site visitors other than logged-in administrative users) served by the SEO firm Yoast BV, which provides one or more plugins I may use on the site. It appears that certain plugin components include embedded content served by Yoast that may collect certain data about the device and browser (or other user agent) of an administrative user who accesses such such content (e.g., their IP addresses and/or hostnames, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers), as well as presumably recording which specific content their browser (or other user agent) requests and/or accesses and the website or URL from which their browser (or other user agent) requested and/or accessed that content; I am uncertain to what extent (if any) that embedded content may also use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify administrative users and/or store potentially personally identifying information on their devices. My efforts to obtain more details from the developers proved unsuccessful, and I finally found a means to disable the applicable component entirely. See the Yoast Privacy Policy and their “Yoast and your privacy (GDPR)” page to learn more about how Yoast may use personal information they collect. Some versions of the Yoast SEO plugin have incorporated search tools and/or internal search integration features powered by the Algolia search platform, which I assume is subject to the Algolia Privacy Policy, their “Cookies” policy, and/or the Data Processing Addendum to the Algolia Terms of Service, as applicable. Recent versions of the Yoast SEO plugin also incorporate optional functionality provided by Ryte GmbH, some of which may be served remotely; I disabled the Ryte integration, although it was enabled by default. My efforts to determine what personal information (if any) the Ryte features may collect were also fruitless, although I assume any data that service does collect is subject to the Ryte Privacy Policy. A subsequent Yoast SEO update also added an optional integration with tools provided by Semrush, an SEO and Internet marketing firm (which I have disabled, although as with the Ryte integration, the Semrush integration is turned on by default in current versions of the Yoast SEO plugin). I have so far been unable to determine what personal information (if any) the Semrush integration features may collect, although I assume any data those features do collect is subject to the Semrush Privacy Policy, Cookie Policy, and/or Data Processing Addendum, as applicable. A subsequent Yoast SEO plugin update added an optional integration with the Wincher rank tracker service, which assesses the keyword rankings of a website’s published content for SEO purposes. The nature of the integration (which I have disabled, and whose use would require a Wincher account I don’t currently have) makes it unlikely that it would collect personal information about site visitors (other than information already contained in the permalinks and/or metadata of the site’s published content, and of course data related to site administrators’ creation and/or use of a Wincher account in connection with the service), but any such data the Wincher service did collect would presumably be subject to the Wincher Privacy Policy. (Yoast is a trademark of Yoast BV, a Dutch limited liability company, registered both in the U.S. and in Europe. Algolia is a trademark of Algolia. Ryte is a trademark or registered trademark of Ryte GmbH. Semrush and SEMRush are trademarks or registered trademarks of Semrush Inc. in the U.S. and other countries. All rights reserved. Wincher is a trademark of Wincher International AB. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.)
  • Blog feeds placed by certain themes and/or plugins on portions of the administrative dashboard (which is not normally visible or accessible to site visitors other than logged-in administrative users) via the FeedBurner services, which are web feed management services owned by Google LLC. If you access areas of the dashboard containing these blog feeds, the services may collect certain data about your device and browser (or other user agent) (including, though not necessarily limited to, your IP address and/or hostname, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers); likely records the website or URL through which you accessed the services; may use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify you and/or store potentially personally identifying information on your device; can usually determine whether you are currently logged into a Google account; and may use various means to track your use of the services (e.g., which feeds you’ve viewed and which posts you last viewed on a particular feed). The FeedBurner services may also show you ads (the use of which is controlled by the respective publishers of content viewed through the feeds; some publishers do not include ads in their feeds, but others do), and may use cookies and/or other information stored on your device (and/or other information the services and/or Google have gathered about you) for that purpose. Again, these feeds are normally only visible to (and thus can only collect information about) logged-in administrative users, not site visitors who are not logged into this website’s administrative dashboard. To learn more about what information the FeedBurner services and/or other associated Google services collect and how Google may use that information, see their “How Google uses information from sites or apps that use our services” page and the Google Privacy Policy. For additional information about how Google uses cookies and/or other technologies that may collect and/or process personal information, see the “Technologies” section of their Google Privacy & Terms site. (Those pages do not currently discuss the storage of data in your browser (or other user agent) using technologies other than cookies, e.g., in web storage.) For more information about Google advertising, see the “Advertising” section of their Google Privacy & Terms site, which also discusses the use of cookies by Google advertising services. (Google, FeedBurner, and other related marks and logos are trademarks of Google LLC.)
  • Administrative dashboard menus that may load icons and/or other images from the Gravatar API via secure.gravatar.com. Although I have disabled support for user avatars, some administrative dashboard menus may still use them. The loading of such icons and/or other images allows the Gravatar service to collect certain data about the user’s device and browser (or other user agent) (e.g., their IP address and/or hostname, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers), and in some cases also their hashed email address, which the Gravatar service uses to check for a current Gravatar or WordPress.com account. The service presumably records which specific icons and/or other images the user’s browser (or other user agent) requests and/or accesses as well as the website or URL from which the browser (or other user agent) requested and/or accessed them, and may also use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify users and/or store potentially personally identifying information on their devices. (I believe I have limited the Gravatar service to backend administrative pages not normally accessible to site visitors, and I am endeavoring to remove it there as well.) The Gravatar service — like the WordPress.com services, with which it’s now apparently being integrated — is a venture of Automattic and is subject to the Automattic Privacy Policy, the Automattic Cookie Policy, and the WordPress.com Terms of Service. (Automattic, Gravatar, WordPress.com, their respective logos, and all other graphics and logos used in connection with those services are trademarks or registered trademarks of Automattic (or Automattic’s licensors). WordPress and the WordPress logos are registered trademarks of the WordPress Foundation in the United States and other countries.)
  • Some components of the Sucuri Security plugin described in the “Security Scans” section above are served remotely (and/or involve communication with a remote server) and thus qualify as embedded content. As noted in the “Security Scans” section above, the plugin and its associated services are provided by GoDaddy Media Temple, Inc. d/b/a Sucuri, a subsidiary of Go Daddy Operating Company, LLC (Sucuri). In the course of monitoring the site for possible malicious activity, the plugin may log and/or transmit to Sucuri certain personal information about visitors and/or logged-in administrative users who perform certain actions (e.g., adding or editing a post, updating or installing a plugin). Such information may include, but is not necessarily limited to, those users’ IP addresses and/or hostnames as well as the specific action(s) they performed. Embedded content incorporated into the plugin’s dashboard controls may also allow Sucuri to collect certain data about the device and browser (or other user agent) of an administrative user who accesses the plugin controls (e.g., the user’s IP address, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers) — and of course which specific content the user’s browser (or other user agent) accesses and/or requests — and/or may use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify such users and/or store potentially personally identifying information on their devices. The Sucuri Security plugin and its various services are subject to the Sucuri Security Privacy Policy, the Sucuri Cookie Policy (“Our Use of Cookies, Web Beacons, and Similar Technologies”), and/or the Data Processing Addendum to their Terms of Service (which applies to personal data Sucuri services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to certain regional privacy and/or data protection laws), as applicable. Certain plugin components may be served by the Cloudflare® content delivery network described above, which is subject to the Cloudflare Privacy Policy, the Cloudflare Data Processing Addendum (which applies to personal data Cloudflare services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to certain regional privacy and/or data protection laws), and the Cloudflare Cookie Policy. (Sucuri, Sucuri Security, Sucuri Security Inc., and Sucuri Inc. are trademarks of Sucuri Inc. and may be registered in certain jurisdictions. GoDaddy is a registered trademark of Go Daddy Operating Company, LLC. Cloudflare is a trademark and/or registered trademark of Cloudflare, Inc. in the United States and other jurisdictions.)
  • Images and/or other content from Creative Commons, such as (without limitation) the various logos, buttons, and/or icons associated with Creative Commons licenses and/or public domain dedications. Accessing a portion of the site that contains images and/or other embedded content hosted on and/or served by a website or online service operated by Creative Commons Corporation allows Creative Commons to collect certain information about your device and browser (or other user agent) (e.g., your IP address and/or hostname, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers) as well as which specific images and/or content your browser (or other user agent) requests and/or accesses and the website or URL from which your browser (or other user agent) requested and/or accessed the images and/or content; such embedded content may also use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify you and/or store potentially personally identifying information on your device. Please note that this only applies to images and/or content hosted on and/or served by websites and/or online services operated by Creative Commons Corporation, not to Creative Commons images and/or content that is locally hosted on this website or that is hosted on and/or served by some other third-party website or online service not operated by Creative Commons. To learn more about about what information Creative Commons may collect and how that information may be used, see the Creative Commons Privacy Policy and Creative Commons Cookies Notice. (Creative Commons, CC, the CC in a circle logo, CCPlus, CC+, the CC+ in a circle logo, CC0, all other Creative Commons license and public domain dedication marks, and their associated buttons and icons are trademarks or registered trademarks of Creative Commons.)
  • Certain content served by by the WordPress.org websites and/or their associated API servers, content delivery networks (CDNs), and/or repositories, which may include domains such as (though not necessarily limited to) api.w.org, ps.w.org, s.w.org, and/or ts.w.org. This website periodically communicates with WordPress.org websites and/or associated associated API servers, content delivery networks (CDNs), and/or repositories to check for updates, announcements, warnings, and/or other information related to the WordPress content management system; to install, remove, and/or update plugins, themes, and/or other add-ons available through the WordPress.org websites; to serve certain elements of and/or content on the site’s administrative dashboard; and/or to check the integrity of the website’s WordPress files (which the site’s security features may do from time to time, as noted in the “Security Scans” section above). Any personal information collected through and/or in connection with such communications (which could include, without limitation, users’ IP addresses and/or hostnames, user agent information, and device identifiers, and in some cases might also involve the use of cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify users and/or store potentially personally identifying information on their devices) is typically that of logged-in administrative users rather than site visitors. However, in some cases, certain images, scripts, and/or other content on the publicly visible/publicly accessible portions of this website may be also served by and/or otherwise loaded from the WordPress.org websites and/or their associated servers, CDNs, and/or repositories, which may allow the WordPress.org websites to also collect certain information about the devices and browsers (or other user agents) of visitors who are not logged-in administrators (e.g., their IP addresses and/or hostnames, user agent information, and possibly also device identifiers); record which specific content visitors’ browsers (or other user agents) request and/or access and the website or URL from which their browsers (or other user agents) requested and/or accessed that content; use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify visitors; and/or store potentially personally identifying information on visitors’ devices. To learn more about how the WordPress.org websites use the information they gather, see the WordPress.org Privacy Policy; for more information about their use of cookies, see their Cookie Policy. (WordPress and the WordPress logos are registered trademarks of the WordPress Foundation in the United States and other countries.)

Not all of the above embedded content is necessarily used on the site at any given time, and from time to time, I may post or otherwise use embedded content hosted on and served by other third-party websites or services not listed above — for example (but without limitation), an embedded player showing an externally hosted video or audio file, or an embedded map provided by some external mapping service. To learn more about what personal information such third-party websites or services may collect and how that information may be used, you should review those sites or services’ respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms.

Please note that the types of information embedded content providers may collect (and/or may place on your device) and the technologies they may use to identify and/or track users are constantly evolving in ways that are outside my control (and sometimes beyond my technical understanding). This means that my embedded content providers may also use and/or add other information-gathering and/or tracking technologies to their embedded content beyond what I can reasonably hope to describe or specify in this section. Additionally, some or all of my embedded content providers may use various subcontractors, subprocessors, vendors, subsidiaries, affiliates, and/or partners to process information related to their services, which is also outside of my control and generally beyond my reasonable ability to enumerate here.

I do not have access to the data embedded content providers may gather about website visitors/users in the manner described in this section, nor do I usually have any control over those providers’ use or retention of that data. Some embedded content providers may use the information they collect about you through your access to or interaction with that content for a variety of commercial purposes, e.g., showing you advertising and/or providing information about your online habits to the provider’s clients and customers. The only way I could completely avoid the possibility of such commercial use would be to cease using or offering embedded content and the functionality it provides.

Obviously, other websites or online services, including ones to which I may link and/or on which I have accounts, may also use embedded content, possibly including other types of content and/or content from providers not specified here, which in most cases is outside of my control. See those websites or services’ respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use for more information. Embedded content used on my automotive website, Ate Up With Motor, and/or my professional writing/editing/writing consulting website, 6200 Productions, is described in those websites’ respective privacy policies; again, you can find links to those policies near the top of this page. (Ate Up With Motor is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba Ate Up With Motor. 6200 Productions is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba 6200 Productions.)

Advertising

Advertisements (including sponsored links), if any that appear on the publicly visible/publicly accessible portions of this website are locally served — that is, the advertisement content is hosted on my website server along with the other site content rather than being served by some external provider. I do not permit my advertisers to use scripts, cookies, web beacons, or other such technologies to collect information about you through the publicly visible/publicly accessible portions of the site. (Advertisements, banners, or donation boxes on the site’s administrative dashboard may sometimes collect personal information, but since the dashboard is only accessible to logged-in administrative users, such information-gathering normally only affects site administrators, not other site visitors.) However, if you click on advertising links or otherwise patronize my advertisers’ businesses, they may gather and use information about you — potentially for various commercial purposes — as described in their respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use, which is outside of my control. Such advertisers may also be able to tell that you clicked on an ad on this website.

The developers of some of the plugins, themes, and/or other add-ons I use on this website may sometimes display advertisements, donation boxes, or other commercial messages on portions of the site’s administrative dashboard, which is not normally visible or accessible to visitors other than logged-in administrative users. For example, the settings menu for a particular plugin might display an advertisement for a premium version of that plugin or for the developer’s other products or services. Such dashboard advertisements may set cookies and/or incorporate embedded content and/or other information-gathering mechanisms, which may gather information about administrative users who access that content (e.g., their IP addresses and/or hostnames, user agent information, and/or browser settings and/or add-ons) in the manner described in the “Embedded Content” section above. The collection, use, and retention of such data is controlled by the applicable developers and/or their respective service providers and is typically outside of my control. Because these advertisements are usually not publicly visible or accessible, this information-gathering normally affects only site administrators, NOT other site visitors.

Subscribing via Web Feed (Atom and RSS)

Web feeds are a form of web syndication, using protocols such as the Atom Syndication Format or RSS to access online content. In essence, web feeds regularly check for updates on the linked site or resource and automatically display any new content in your feed management app or service (or, for web browser-based feed management add-ons, in a specific area of your browser), allowing you to easily keep track of new content on the linked site or resource. If I configure the aaronseverson.com website to allow such web feed syndication, you may “subscribe” via web feed if you are equipped to do so, and the website may provide buttons and/or other tools to facilitate that “subscription” process. The content displayed through a web feed is the same content shown to other visitors to this website, just formatted and delivered in a somewhat different way to suit the technical parameters of the web feed.

If you “subscribe” in this manner, the connections your web feed management app or service makes to this website to check for and display updates will be automatically recorded in the website logs as described in the “Website Server, Error, and Security Logs” section above, just as if you visited the site directly. It is sometimes possible to determine from the log data if certain individual log entries pertain to a web feed user or to a visitor who directly accessed the site through their browser (and the log data may reveal the type of web feed involved, if any), but otherwise, the types of information I gather from web feed users and my use and retention of that information are generally the same as if you visit the site directly. I don’t receive notifications when someone subscribes or unsubscribes via web feed, nor do web feeds provide me with information such as your name or email address. (There are services that provide such information about subscribers, but I don’t currently use any of them in connection with this website.)

If the website content you view through a web feed contains any third-party embedded content (e.g., an embedded video player), the provider of that content may be able to gather personal information about you as described in the “Embedded Content” section above, just as if you were accessing that content by visiting this website directly.

Some third-party apps and services for managing web feeds may themselves use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify you, store potentially personally identifying information on your device, and/or employ other means to monitor the content you access via web feed. The details are specific to the app or service involved, and are outside of my control.

Information You Provide to Me

Through your access to and/or use of this website, you may provide me with personal information in a number of different ways, described in the sections below.

For obvious reasons, I cannot provide certain services or functionality if you don’t provide me with at least a certain amount of accurate information — for example, I can’t respond to your inquiries if I don’t have a valid email address or other contact information for you. I typically also need your legal name and certain other personal information for financial transactions (see the “Financial Transactions Policy” section below), for communications pertaining to financial and/or legal matters (e.g., copyright notices), and for certain privacy-related requests.

Otherwise, you’re under no obligation to share personal information with me beyond what I collect automatically.

Consents and Agreements

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses*; domain names and/or hostnames*; user agent information*; visitor activity*; errors and suspicious activity*; names*; email addresses*; email header information*; other contact information (e.g., phone numbers, postal mailing addresses, and/or other street addresses)*; other documents/materials (including metadata)*; geolocation data (estimated from IP addresses and/or hostnames, and/or inferred from other data)*; URLs/websites*; other personal information*; special: details of legal agreements (where applicable)*; special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*; special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*; special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*; special: other identifiers*
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; providing services; completing a transaction; fulfilling a contractual obligation; legal compliance or audit; research and publishing; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement; recruitment/hiring/employment or business partnerships; advertising and other commercial purposes
  • Data retention: Typically indefinite.

When you use this website and/or certain site functions, you may be asked to give your consent for my gathering and/or use of your personal information; save your privacy preferences (e.g., your cookie settings); and/or accept certain legal terms (e.g., the Terms of Use). Some site functions and/or content may not be available unless you agree to the Privacy Policy and/or other applicable terms.

Certain consent and privacy preference settings may be stored in your browser (or other user agent) using cookies and/or similar technologies (see the “Cookies and Similar Technologies” section above). Other consents, preferences, and/or agreements may be recorded in the website database and/or other records, and may be associated with other information I have gathered and/or that you submit to me (e.g., your comment(s) and/or form submission(s)). If you withdraw your consent(s), change your privacy preferences, and/or update or otherwise modify your consent(s) and/or agreement(s) (e.g., to indicate your acceptance of a revised version of this Privacy Policy), those changes may be stored and/or recorded in similar ways.

Where I compile records of user consents, agreements, and/or privacy preferences, those records are usually retained indefinitely unless a user requests deletion of their data (after which I may still retain certain records for audit and compliance purposes and/or for other legal reasons). However, I may periodically delete stored consents, agreements, and/or privacy preferences if they appear to have come from bots rather than human users, or, in some cases, if that information was recorded in connection with some plugin, service, or tool I no longer use (in which case the recorded information may no longer be usable).

Consents, agreements, and/or privacy preferences stored in your browser (or other user agent) using cookies and/or similar technologies are normally retained only for as long as the applicable cookies and/or stored information remain in your browser (or other user agent); if the cookies and/or stored information expire or are removed, you may be asked for your consent, agreement, and/or preferences again. (In general, I do not separately compile or maintain records of consents, agreements, or privacy preferences stored using cookies and/or similar technologies, although if you have ALSO entered into an agreement with me or given me specific consents in other ways, such separate agreements and/or consents may be retained as described above.) The Cookie Notice lists the normal durations of the cookies I use, although as that Notice explains, your actions and/or your browser (or other user agent) settings may affect how long cookies and/or stored information remain in your browser (or other user agent).

I may share, release, and/or otherwise disclose saved consent and/or agreement data in connection with a related dispute or legal action, and/or as otherwise described in “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” below. (Naturally, the ways I use, share, release, and/or otherwise disclose such data may depend on the nature and purpose(s) of the specific consent(s) and/or agreement(s) in question.)

Age Verification

  • Categories of information gathered: Visitor activity; errors and suspicious activity*; other personal information (birth dates/ages); special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*; special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; providing services; legal compliance or audit; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement
  • Data retention: None, although age verification cookies (which do not contain your birth date or age, just whether or not you’ve passed the verification test) may remain on your device for up to 14 days.

Before you access certain content on this website, you may be asked to enter your birth date to verify that you are at least 18 years old. The birth date you enter is used only to calculate your age, perform a single logical test (are you at least 18, yes or no), and then place a cookie (see the “Cookies and Similar Technologies” section above) in your browser (or other user agent) that indicates whether or not you have passed this age verification test. If you fail the verification test, the website may place a cookie in your browser (or other user agent) to prevent you from trying again to access any age-restricted content.

Each time you access age-restricted content on this site, the website will check for these cookies. If you delete the age verification cookies or if they expire, you may be prompted to enter your birth date again.

The website does not retain either the birth date you enter or the age the verification system calculates, and I do not use that information for any other purpose. (If you access or somehow indicate to me that you’ve accessed age-restricted content on this site — for example, if you leave a comment on an age-restricted post — I will reasonably assume that you are over 18, but the age verification system itself does not store or tell me your actual age or date of birth.)

If you have questions about the age verification system, please contact me via any of the methods described in “Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me” below.

Comments

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses*; domain names and/or hostnames*; user agent information*; visitor activity; errors and suspicious activity*; names; email addresses; email header information*; other contact information (e.g., phone numbers, postal mailing addresses, and/or other street addresses)*; images and/or other media (including metadata)*; other documents/materials (including metadata)*; geolocation data*; URLs/websites*; other personal information*; special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*; special: device identifiers*; special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*; special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*; special: other identifiers*
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; providing services; legal compliance or audit; research and publishing; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement; recruitment/hiring/employment or business partnerships; advertising and other commercial purposes
  • Data retention: Typically indefinite, although I promptly delete spam and/or abuse, comments the submitter asks me to delete, and/or comments on or in reply to a comment or other content that has been deleted. IP addresses and/or user agent information of published comments may be redacted after publication.

Note: Although the comment function includes a box for your name, you are perfectly free to comment using only a pseudonym. However, without a valid email address, I won’t be able to contact you with any questions about your comment and I may not be able to associate that comment with other personal information I possess about you (so, for example, the comment won’t be included if you use the data retrieval tools on the Privacy Tools page).

Comments you submit are usually moderated, meaning they are not published until I approve them. Any comment you submit may also be subjected to certain automated tests for security purposes, to discourage spamming, and/or to filter out comments submitted by automated bots rather than human users. For example (but without limitation), if your IP address or hostname was previously used in spamming this website; if your IP address, hostname, and/or user agent appear on ban lists/blacklists I have obtained; if your comment contains hyperlinks, common spam keywords (e.g., the names of certain well-known prescription pharmaceuticals), and/or suspicious code; and/or if you posted the comment using an automated script rather than the normal comment form, your comment may be flagged as spam or automatically deleted. Also, if your comment contains hyperlinks, certain types of HTML and/or other code, emojis, and/or special characters, they may be removed, whether automatically “stripped” prior to publication or manually deleted by me.

Each time a comment is submitted, the website automatically forwards that comment as an email notification to the site administrator so that I can review the comment and decide whether or not to approve and publish it. If the author of the post or page on which the comment was submitted is an administrative user other than the site administrator (or has an email address different from the primary site administration email address), the comment is also forwarded as an email notification to that author. As noted in “Security Scans” above, this means that any information in your comment may be scanned for scanned for suspected spam, malware, and/or other suspicious activity by me and/or my web host, Internet service provider(s), mobile carrier(s), and/or other applicable service provider(s).

By submitting a comment, you are expressly authorizing me to publish and use the comment as described in the Comment Policy section of the Terms of Use. If your comment is approved and published, any information you entered in the “Name” and “Comment” fields (and/or the “Website” field, if I have enabled it) will become publicly visible. The email address you enter in the “Email” field will not be published with your comment, nor will your IP address or hostname, although any contact information you include in the “Comment” field may be, as may any images and/or other media files you include and the metadata of those files. (See the “Data in Submitted Images” section below.) If the site’s “Recent Comments” Widget(s) are enabled, your name/pseudonym and a link to your comment may also be visible on the home page and other areas of the website as well as the specific post or page you commented on; the contents of published comments may also appear in search results of the website’s search function and/or to users who have subscribed to this website’s web feeds (as described in “Subscribing via Web Feed (Atom and RSS)” above). If I have enabled the option that allows visitors to request email notifications of replies or follow-up comments, copies of your published comment may also be emailed to visitors who have requested such notifications. Once your comment is published, I cannot control and take no responsibility for what third parties may do with any publicly visible personal information that comment contains!

As explained in the “Commenting” subsection of the Cookie Notice, when you submit a comment, you may have the option to save your name, email, and URL for use in future comments. Doing so places a set of cookies in your browser (or other user agent) to store that information. These cookies are specific to your current device and browser (or other user agent) — that is, they work only in the browser or other user agent in which you set them, and only on your current device — and normally expire in just under one year unless otherwise deleted. These cookies are not set at all unless you select the appropriate option when submitting a comment, and you can delete the cookies from your browser (or other user agent) at any time.

When you submit a comment, you may also have the option to request email notifications each time a reply and/or follow-up comment is posted. If you have previously requested such notifications and wish to stop receiving them, please contact me via email at admin (at) aaronseverson (dot) com or leave a comment elsewhere on the site asking me to disable the notifications or remove that comment.

If you submit a valid email address with your comment, I may email you at that address prior to or instead of publishing the comment, particularly if I have questions or need to clarify some aspect of your comment. For example (but without limitation), if you have submitted two very similar comments, I might email you to ask which one you prefer me to publish, and if your comment contains what appears to be particularly sensitive information, I typically try to double-check that you wish to publish that information before approving the comment.

From time to time, I may gather additional information about you in connection with your submitted comment(s). For example (but without limitation), I might look up your name in a search engine to better understand who you are and the context of your comment. In many cases, such additional information comes from sources available to the public, but I may sometimes also seek additional nonpublic information about you, which may from a variety of sources, depending on the specific context and circumstances. Naturally, if you offer corrections and/or clarifications of my content, I will also take steps to verify that information and, if I deem it appropriate, incorporate the factual substance of such correction(s) and/or clarification(s) into the applicable content (and/or make a note for my future reference).

Although the website automatically collects the IP address and user agent information of anyone who submits a comment (information I need for security and troubleshooting purposes and to distinguish human users from automated “bots”), I typically redact that information after a comment is published. I retain the email address originally submitted with each comment (which is stored in the website database as part of that comment) in case I need to contact the person who submitted it with any questions or issues related to the comment; email addresses are also my primary means of associating comments with the people who submitted them in the event I receive a request to access, delete, and/or correct personal information.

If you would like to edit or remove any of your published comments, please let me know by leaving another comment or emailing me at admin (at) aaronseverson (dot) com, specifying the comment(s) in question and explaining what you want me to do. (I may ask you to clarify or confirm your request before making the change or deletion, especially if I’m not sure exactly what you want me to do or if I need to take additional steps to verify your identity.)

The deletion of a comment (whether at your request or at my discretion) typically also deletes its associated information, although I may retain that information if I still need it for some specific purpose (e.g., for security or troubleshooting, for legal reasons, or because it contains information pertaining to my content and/or research), and copies of the comment and its associated information may remain for a time in backups or archives created by me and/or my web host. Keep in mind that even if a previously published comment is deleted, any publicly visible information in that comment (and/or any image(s) or other media it may have included) may have been accessed and/or used by third parties prior to its removal, which is outside of my control.

Obviously, if you’ve left multiple comments and/or communicated with me in other ways, I may still retain your email address and/or other information in connection with your other comments/messages even if certain of your individual comments are deleted.

I may also share, release, and/or otherwise disclose personal information I receive through and/or in connection with user comments as otherwise described in “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” below.

Contact Forms

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses*; domain names and/or hostnames*; user agent information*; visitor activity; errors and suspicious activity*; names; email addresses; email header information*; other contact information (e.g., phone numbers, postal mailing addresses, and/or other street addresses)*; images and/or other media (including metadata)*; other documents/materials (including metadata)*; geolocation data*; URLs/websites*; other personal information*; special: details of legal agreements (where applicable)*; special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*; special: device identifiers*; special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*; special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*; special: other identifiers*
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; providing services; completing a transaction; fulfilling a contractual obligation; legal compliance or audit; research and publishing; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement; recruitment/hiring/employment or business partnerships; advertising and other commercial purposes
  • Data retention: Typically indefinite, although I promptly delete obvious spam and/or abuse, duplicates, blank or unreadable submissions, and/or any submission containing suspicious code and/or suspicious links. Form submission data I retain is normally removed from the website server(s) to local and/or offline storage after receipt (although in some cases it may be captured in routine database backup files created by me and/or my web host, which may remain on the server(s) for longer periods) and I may sometimes redact certain portions that I no longer need. I must retain privacy requests submitted via the California Privacy Request Form to the extent necessary to comply with applicable law and/or regulations. See also the “Additional Information About Data Retention” section below.

This section applies to messages you send me via any contact or feedback forms I may offer on the aaronseverson.com website, including, though not limited to, privacy requests submitted via the California Privacy Request Form on the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page.

Special Note on Legal Names vs. Pseudonyms/Aliases: I need your legal name for communications that pertain to legal matters, and for certain privacy-related requests. For most other inquiries, you are free to submit forms using a pseudonym, although if you want me to reply, I do need a valid email address or other contact information. (If you enter a valid email address, the website will also automatically email you a copy of your submission for your records.)

This website may perform certain automated tests on form submissions in order to filter out submissions made by automated bots and discourage spamming and other malicious activity. For example (but without limitation), if your IP address or hostname was previously used in spamming this website; if your IP address, hostname, and/or user agent appear on ban lists/blacklists supplied by my security and/or anti-spam plugins; if your submission contains hyperlinks, common spam keywords (e.g., the names of certain well-known prescription pharmaceuticals), and/or suspicious code; if you submit the form using an automated script; if you incorrectly answer a captcha or math challenge; and/or if you fill in certain “honeypot” fields not intended to be completed by human users, your submission may be flagged as spam and/or automatically deleted. If your form submission contains HTML and/or other code, emojis, and/or special characters, they may be automatically removed. This automatic filtering is in addition to human moderation of form submissions; I routinely delete submissions that appear to be spam or contain suspicious code.

Because the website forwards new form submissions to me as email notifications, your submitted information may also be scanned for suspected spam, malware, and/or other suspicious activity, as described in the “Security Scans” section above.

When I receive your submission, I may gather additional information about you to verify your identity and/or help me better understand the context of your inquiry. For example (but without limitation), if you send me a message containing a business offer or advertising inquiry, I might look up your company name and/or visit your website to learn more about the nature of your business. In many cases, such additional information comes from sources available to the public, but I may sometimes also seek additional nonpublic information about you, which may from a variety of sources, depending on the specific context and circumstances.

If I reply to your submission, I will normally do so via the email address you submitted unless you indicate that you wish me to respond in some other way.

If you use the California Privacy Request Form on the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page to submit a request to exercise your privacy rights under California law (see “Your California Privacy Rights” below for more information about these rights), or if you submit a California privacy request on behalf of someone else for whom you are acting as an authorized agent, I will contact you to discuss the next steps involved in processing your request, which may require me to verify your identity.

For contact or feedback form submissions OTHER than California Privacy Request Forms, I may publish your message or portions of it under the following circumstances:

  • If your message includes corrections, clarifications, and/or suggestions pertaining to my content, my writing/editing/writing consulting work, and/or my other creative endeavors, I may incorporate the factual substance of your corrections, clarifications, and/or suggestions into the applicable content, work, or creative endeavor(s) (e.g., to correct or clarify factual or typographical errors you identified).
  • If your message provides significant assistance with the management of this website, my content, my other creative endeavors, and/or some related matter(s), I may elect to publicly acknowledge and/or thank you by name or applicable pseudonym, unless you ask me not to or I reasonably surmise that you prefer not to be acknowledged or identified.
  • If your message includes questions and/or comments about me, my content, and/or this website, or pertains to a technical problem with the site, and unless you specifically request otherwise, I may publish excerpts of your question or report on the aaronseverson.com website to publicly respond to your question(s) and/or comment(s), and/or to support other users with similar concerns. I will redact any information that appears to be personally identifying other than your name or pseudonym (unless you ask or authorize me to include other personally identifying information). If I have published your message (or an excerpt of it) in this manner and you wish me to amend or further redact it (for example, to remove your name and substitute a pseudonym), I will make a reasonable effort to accommodate your request provided that it does not infringe upon the rights of others or attempt to impersonate some other individual or organization. If you wish me to completely unpublish a message you submitted that I have published or excerpted in this way, please let me know and I will endeavor to do so at my earliest opportunity.
  • In the event your message identifies a technical problem that I am unable to fix, I may publish or otherwise communicate the substance of your reported issue (but NOT your name or other personal information) on this website in other public forums (e.g., the WordPress.org support forums), and/or to other third parties to help me troubleshoot and/or resolve the problem you identified. (WordPress is a registered trademark of the WordPress Foundation in the United States and other countries.)
  • If you ask or authorize me to publish your message (or some portion of it), I may do so as I deem appropriate.

I may share or otherwise disclose information related to California privacy requests to the extent required and/or otherwise permitted by applicable law and/or regulations for administrative and/or compliance purposes; to fulfill a legal obligation (e.g., to respond to a subpoena or other court order); and/or to publish aggregate information about requests I receive, as described in “Reports and Aggregate Statistics” below.

Otherwise, I may share, release, and/or otherwise disclose personal information I receive through and/or in connection with form submissions as described in “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” below.

Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses*; domain names and/or hostnames*; user agent information*; visitor activity*; errors and suspicious activity*; names; email addresses*; email header information*; other contact information (e.g., phone numbers, postal mailing addresses, and/or other street addresses)*; images and/or other media (including metadata)*; other documents/materials (including metadata)*; geolocation data*; URLs/websites*; other personal information*; special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*; special: device identifiers*; special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*; special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*; special: other identifiers*; special: identifiers and/or other information specific to third-party services (as applicable)*
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; providing services; completing a transaction; fulfilling a contractual obligation; legal compliance or audit; research and publishing; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement; recruitment/hiring/employment or business partnerships; advertising and other commercial purposes
  • Data retention: Varies, but potentially indefinite; see “Additional Information About Data Retention” below.

This section refers to messages or communications I receive about or in connection with this website OTHER than through comments or contact or feedback form submissions (such as, without limitation, support requests sent via email, site-related inquiries sent via postal mail, and/or site-related telephone calls and/or text messages).

Special Note: In general, you’re perfectly free to contact me using a pseudonym unless your communication(s) pertain to a legal matter, a specific financial transaction, or certain privacy-related requests, in which case I may need your legal name. Obviously, some modes of communication are better suited than others for anonymity.

The types of personal information I collect in connection with such messages can vary significantly depending on the specific mode of communication. For example (but without limitation), a text message is unlikely to include your IP address, hostname, or user agent information, but will almost certainly reveal your phone number, and a voice mail message will obviously record your voice (which in some cases may be automatically transcribed). Email messages typically include a variety of potentially personally identifying metadata in the email headers and any file attachments (including, though not limited to, any attached images and/or other media — see “Data in Submitted Images” below). If you contact me via a third-party website or service, e.g., a social media platform, the message will likely include your account name, profile picture, and potentially information in your public profile and/or that you make visible or otherwise accessible to me; the messages themselves might also be publicly visible. With some third-party services, individual settings may also affect what information is shared and/or accessible in connection with messages and/or other communications.

As noted in the “Comments” section above, when you contact me, I may sometimes gather additional information about you to help me better understand who you are and the context of your message. For example (but without limitation), if I receive a telephone call from an unfamiliar number, I might look up the number in a search engine or reverse telephone lookup service, and if you email me a business proposition, I might visit your website to learn more about your business before replying. In many cases, such additional information comes from sources available to the public, but I may sometimes also seek additional nonpublic information about you, which may from a variety of sources, depending on the specific context and circumstances.

If I reply to your message, I will normally do so via the same means you used to contact me unless you indicate that you wish me to respond in some other way. In some cases (e.g., if I receive messages related to one of my other websites through the admin address for this one, or if you send me site-related email through one of my personal accounts or addresses), I may, if possible, forward the message to an appropriate administrative account or address and respond from there instead.

Keep in mind that messages exchanged via third-party sites or services are subject to those sites or services’ respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use, which are outside of my control, and which may apply in addition to or, in some cases, instead of this Privacy Policy and the Terms of Use of this website. For example, if you send me a commercial inquiry related to this website via a third-party messaging service, this Privacy Policy will govern how I use and/or retain that inquiry and the information it contains, but the applicable messaging service’s policies will govern how that service uses and/or retains information from and/or related to that communication. This includes (without limitation) calls and/or texts made or received using the Google Voice communications service and/or any messages sent or received via my account(s) on the Gmail email service. (Although I now strive to limit my use of third-party email services for site-related business, some messages related to this website (such as, without limitation, notifications, call and/or voice mail transcripts, texts, and/or other messages made or received via the Google Voice service, and/or notifications or other messages pertaining to other Google services I may use) may occasionally be sent or received via and/or remain archived in those accounts.) Those and other Google services are subject to any applicable Google terms and policies, including, but not necessarily limited to, the Google Terms of Service; other service-specific additional terms and policies (e.g., the various terms and policies that apply to the use of the Google Voice service, which are summarized in the Google Voice “Additional Terms of Service” help page); the Google Privacy Policy; and, where applicable, the Google Telephony Services Privacy Disclosure. (Google, Gmail, Google Voice, Google Workspace, and other related marks and logos are trademarks of Google LLC.) Obviously, I may also communicate with people via various other third-party services; these are just a few representative examples.

As explained in the “Security Scans” section above, messages I send or receive may be scanned for suspected spam, malware, and/or other suspicious activity by me and/or (as applicable) my web host, Internet service provider(s), mobile carrier(s), and/or other applicable service provider(s). This may include messages I receive through a third-party website or service if I have message notifications forwarded to me via some other means. (With some services, notifications include only the fact that a new message was received from a particular sender; other services include some or all of the message in the notification.) I (and/or my applicable service providers) may also perform other types of automated tests on messages I receive — for example (but without limitation), I may automatically filter, flag, and/or categorize certain types of messages to help me better organize and manage my inbox(es).

If you communicate with me by some means or medium that is shared by (and thus accessible to) multiple users, and/or that is publicly accessible — for example (but without limitation), via an email discussion group or group chat, on social media, and/or by transmitting electronic files via shared FTP folder(s) — those communications and any personal information they contain may be visible or otherwise accessible to anyone with access to the shared medium. I cannot control and take no responsibility for what third parties may do with any personal information in shared and/or publicly accessible communications, so you should exercise caution when sharing sensitive information in such ways.

I may publish your messages or other communications, or portions thereof, under the same circumstances as described in the “Contact Forms” section above. Obviously, information that pertains to my content, writing/editing/writing/consulting work, and/or other creative endeavors (for example, if I interview or consult with you in connection with an article I’m writing) may be published and/or otherwise disclosed in that context. Otherwise, I may share, release, and/or otherwise disclose personal information I receive through and/or in connection with inquiries, messages, and support requests as described in “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” below.

See the “Additional Information About Data Retention” section below to learn more about my typical data retention practices. The data retention and data use policies of any third-party websites or services you may use to contact me are generally outside of my control.

Other Information You Provide to Me

In certain cases, you may provide me with personal information through and/or pertaining to this website in ways not specifically mentioned above. For example (but without limitation), if you send me an inquiry about this Privacy Policy via postal mail, it will likely include your mailing address as well as any information in your inquiry itself; if for some reason you visit my home and connect your mobile device to my personal wireless network (which is not available to the general public), my wireless router may log certain information about your device and/or its Internet connections. Any images and/or other media you provide to me may contain a variety of personal information; see “Data in Submitted Images” below. (These are just a few of the many possibilities, not an exhaustive list.)

My use and retention of personal information you provide to me in such ways will depend on the nature of the information and the context in which I received it, although in general, I only share, release, and/or otherwise disclose such information as described in “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” below. See the “Additional Information About Data Retention” section below to learn more about my typical data retention practices.

Data in Submitted Images

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses*; domain names and/or hostnames*; user agent information*; visitor activity*; errors and suspicious activity*; names*; email addresses*; email header information*; other contact information*; images and/or other media (including metadata); other documents/materials (including metadata)*; geolocation data (provided by the creator/rights holder/repository, determined from metadata, and/or inferred from other data)*; URLs/websites*; other personal information*; special: camera and/or mobile phone types/models (determined from metadata or inferred from other data)*; special: device identifiers*; metadata; special: other identifiers*; special: identifiers and/or other information specific to third-party services (as applicable)*; special: other visible and/or audible information that may be personally identifying and/or potentially personally identifying (e.g., a pictured car’s license plate and/or vehicle identification numbers)*
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; providing services; fulfilling a contractual obligation; legal compliance or audit; research and publishing; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement; recruitment/hiring/employment or business partnerships; advertising and other commercial purposes
  • Data retention: See below.

Photographs and other images or media I collect for use on this website, in connection with my content and/or other creative endeavors, and/or for some related purpose(s) — whether submitted by you in connection with a comment or other communication; created by me; or obtained from some other source — may contain an assortment of personal information.

First, the identifiable image and/or recognizable likeness of any individual person (and/or their audible voice, e.g., in a video or audio recording, broadcast, or other media) is usually considered to be personal information about that individual. Images or other media may also contain and/or make it possible to infer other types of personal information.

Second, digital media files usually contain metadata (e.g., Exif information) added by the camera or device that originally generated the file and/or by any software used to edit it, some of which may include and/or constitute personal information and/or potentially personally identifying information. At a minimum, metadata normally includes the filename, type, size, creation date/time, and the date/time of the most recent modification of that file. For digital photos, metadata typically also includes the make and model of the camera/device, camera and image settings (e.g., shutter speed, F-stop, color profile, whether the flash fired), and sometimes the type and version of any editing software used. Depending on the type of camera/device, the software used, and the individual settings, the metadata could also include personal information and/or potentially personally identifying information, e.g., the photographer’s name and/or the location where the photo was taken, based on GPS coordinates (a common option on modern GPS-equipped cameras and mobile devices). Video and/or audio recording devices and/or editing software may add various metadata to other types of digital media files. The number of potential variations is too great to detail here, so you should consult the documentation and settings for your individual device and software.

Naturally, if you submit an image or other media file to me, you are providing me with any information contained in the image or media file and its metadata, as well as any other information you provide to me about the image or media file, its subject(s) and/or setting(s), and/or the context in which it was created. If the image or media file is published on this website, this information may be included, making it available to the public. I cannot control and take no responsibility for what third parties may do with any personal information a published image/other media file or its metadata may contain.

If I use your images and/or other media on this website, I may also ADD metadata to the file(s) and/or alter the filename(s) to indicate your copyright and license information (e.g., “© 2018 John Doe; used with permission”). This helps me to keep track of the provenance of the images and/or media files I use.

I typically also gather additional information about the images and/or other media I use and any subject(s) and/or setting(s) they depict or illustrate so that I can correctly identify and describe them (and/or so I can understand and/or accurately describe the circumstances under which the images and/or other media were created — e.g., where and when a particular photograph was taken). Such information may come from a variety of sources (which may include sources available to the public and/or nonpublic sources) depending on the nature of the images and/or media files and the context in which I obtained them.

If you submit an image or other media file to me, you are free to remove or redact any personally identifying metadata it may contain — and/or to obscure personal information in the image or media itself — prior to submitting it to me. (Certain types of metadata (e.g., file extensions) are necessary for an electronic file to function properly, but other metadata can be edited or redacted, either through your computer’s file system or by using appropriate editing tools.)

In some cases, I may be able, upon your request, to remove or obscure personal information from the images or other media files you submit to me or from specifically previously submitted ones. I may also elect to remove certain data on my own initiative and/or do so incidentally in the process of preparing the images/media files for use (e.g., by creating a resized copy of an image that omits some or all of the original image file’s metadata). However, please note that this is not always feasible. Also, if the image is owned by someone else, I might need the rights holder’s advance permission to alter it.

If I remove or obscure information from an image or other media file that has already been published on this website, copies of the original version (with personally identifying information intact) may remain for a time in cached pages and/or backup files created by me and/or my web host. Again, please keep in mind that any personal information contained in the earlier version of the image or media file may already have been accessed and/or used by third parties during the time it was available to the public, which is outside of my control.

I typically retain indefinitely offline copies and archival backups of the photos, images, and other media files I create and/or collect for publication on this website and/or for use in connection with my content and/or other creative endeavors, including, where possible, the associated work files and editing stages, if any, for images or files I have modified. However, I may delete, destroy, or discard certain specific images and/or other media files if they are duplicates; if I deem them unusable (e.g., photos that are out of focus, badly cropped, or too dark to see clearly); if the files are damaged or corrupt; if I have agreed and/or have some contractual or legal reason to delete them (e.g., if I have agreed to delete all copies of a particular image); or if I elect to not use them (or to discontinue using them) for some other reason. If I have contact information and/or other relevant data pertaining to the creator(s) and/or subject(s) of a particular photograph, image, or other media file, I customarily retain that data for at least as long as I retain the file itself.

If you have questions about image-related data, please contact me via any of the methods described in “Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me” below.

Data Related to Administrative Users

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses; domain names and/or hostnames*; user agent information; visitor activity; errors and suspicious activity; names; email addresses; email header information*; other contact information (e.g., phone numbers, postal mailing addresses, and/or other street addresses)*; images and/or other media (including metadata)*; other documents/materials (including metadata)*; geolocation data*; URLs/websites*; other personal information*; special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*; special: device identifiers*; metadata*; special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*; special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*; special: other identifiers*; special: other technical details (some of which might be potentially personally identifying and/or constitute personal information in certain jurisdictions)*
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; providing services; legal compliance or audit; research and publishing; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and technical improvement; recruitment/hiring or business partnerships
  • Data retention: Varies, but potentially indefinite.

In the (currently unlikely) event that I authorize some other person(s) to become an authorized administrative user of this website, I may collect a variety of personal information from such person(s), both as part of the user registration process and in connection with such users’ subsequent access to and/or use of the site’s administrative dashboard.

Registered administrative users select several usernames (which may include their real name and/or a pseudonym): a permanent username that is used for login purposes and cannot be changed; a nickname, which can be changed at any time after registration; and a public display name (which can be the permanent username, the nickname, or the user’s real first and/or last names). Each administrative user also receives a unique user ID number within the website’s database. Naturally, each administrative user must select, generate, or be assigned a suitable login password. I may also ask or require administrative users to use multi-factor authentication, which requires the user to enter an authentication code (usually sent via email and/or text, generated via an authenticator app, or selected from a pre-generated list of backup codes) in addition to a password and username or email address in order to log into the administrative dashboard.

Each registered user has a user profile in which they may enter contact information, the URLs of a personal website and/or various social media profiles, and a short “About Yourself” biography. Only the contact email is required; it is not normally publicly visible (unless the user makes it so), although the external links, social media profiles, and/or biographical information may be. Additionally, I may require other administrative users to provide me with various other personal information, which is not necessarily recorded in their user profile. (It is extremely unlikely that I would authorize someone to become an administrative user if I did not have ample information about them, including (though not limited to) their legal name and contact information!) I may also collect administrative users’ ages and/or dates of birth to confirm that they are at least 18 years old; I do not knowingly permit any persons younger than 18 to access the site’s administrative dashboard.

This website uses a variety of cookies to manage logins and user credentials for administrative users; these cookies are described in the Cookie Notice. Additionally, the website and/or my web host may log certain information about each administrative login or login attempt, and about any actions a user performs on the site while logged in. For example (but without limitation), the website may record an administrative user’s username, user ID number, IP address, hostname, user agent information, and/or geolocation data each time the user logs into the administrative dashboard, edits a post, or installs or updates a plugin or other site component. The specific information gathered in such ways naturally varies depending on the specific context, but is generally similar to the types of information described in the “Website Server, Error, and Security Logs” and “Security Scans” sections above.

Naturally, I may use an administrative user’s email address and/or other contact information to communicate with that user. Administrative users may also receive a variety of automated email notifications related to this website. For example (but without limitation), an administrative user might receive automated emails containing multi-factor authentication codes for login purposes; confirmation emails pertaining to new user registration; confirmations of password changes and/or changes in certain other settings; notifications of new comments submitted on posts or pages of which the administrative user is the author and/or that are awaiting moderation; notifications of certain site changes (e.g., a notification that a plugin or theme has automatically updated) and/or automated tasks or events (e.g., scheduled backups); error notifications (e.g., warnings that a scheduled event event has failed to complete or that an outgoing email message was rejected by the recipient’s mail server or otherwise failed to go through); and/or security alerts. (These are just a few representative examples, not an exhaustive list of all the automated emails an administrative user might receive, which may also vary depending on the user’s specific administrative role.)

Some of the information administrative users provide and certain actions they perform may become publicly visible, generally in self-evident ways. (For example, but without limitation, most new published posts and/or comments will become publicly visible, as may user profile information.) Other information I collect from and/or about administrative users is always accessible to me, and in some cases may also be accessible to other administrative users, if any. (For example, but without limitation, administrative users may have access to the information contained in the user profiles of other users, and may have sufficient administrative permissions to access and/or change user login credentials and/or user settings, just as I do.)

As noted in “Embedded Content” and “Advertising” above, some portions of the administrative dashboard may contain advertising and/or embedded content placed there by third parties in connection with this website’s plugins, themes, and/or other components. Some of this advertising and/or embedded content may use cookies and other technologies, and/or otherwise gather personal information about about users who access the administrative dashboard — potentially in ways that do not apply to and/or that I do not permit on the publicly facing portions of the website.

My retention of information I collect from and about administrative users varies depending on the context. Profile information and login credentials are normally retained for as long as the user uses those details (and may remain in backup files for a time after being changed or removed). If someone is a registered administrative user, I will retain their contact information for at least as long as they have continued access to the website’s administrative dashboard, and potentially indefinitely (especially if I have some ongoing personal or professional relationship with them independent of their role as an administrative user). The retention of log data is described in the “Website Server, Error, and Security Logs” and “Security Scans” sections above. Comments an administrative user posts will be treated like any other comments on the site; retention of other content posted or submitted by another administrative user may depend on what legal relationship, if any, I have with that user.

Excepting my own personal information — which of course I may use and/or disclose in any manner I deem appropriate — I may disclose information collected from and/or about administrative users as described in “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” below. Other administrative users must also accept and agree to abide by this Privacy Policy as well as any additional confidentiality, nondisclosure, and/or other legal agreements I may require, which shall be determined at my sole discretion.

(The additional information I may collect in connection with my professional relationships with independent contractors, employees, and/or business partners is beyond the scope of this section. The “Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring or Business Partnerships” section below describes the types of information I may collect in those contexts.)

Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses*; domain names and/or hostnames*; user agent information*; visitor activity*; errors and suspicious activity*; names; email addresses; email header information*; other contact information (e.g., phone numbers, postal mailing addresses, and/or other street addresses); images and/or other media (including metadata)*; other documents/materials (including metadata); geolocation data*; URLs/websites*; other personal information; special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*; special: device identifiers*; special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*; special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*; special: other identifiers*; special: identifiers and/or other information specific to third-party services (as applicable)*
  • Purpose(s): Providing services; fulfilling a contractual obligation; legal compliance or audit; research and publishing; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement; recruitment/hiring/employment or business partnerships
  • Data retention: Potentially indefinite, although I may delete or discard unsolicited offers or inquiries, spam, inquiries or applications that I believe to be fraudulent or submitted by bots, and/or information I have some legal or contractual obligation to delete or discard; see below for more details.

From time to time, I may seek to recruit and/or hire temporary or permanent employees, independent contractors, and/or interns to help me provide my services and/or perform specific tasks and/or functions for me. In some cases, I may enter into or contemplate entering into some other type of professional relationship with some other individual(s) or entity: for example (but without limitation), a professional collaboration, formal business partnership, or joint venture (JV).

Please note that the inclusion of this section DOES NOT necessarily mean that I am hiring, soliciting partnership or JV proposals, or likely to do so in the immediately foreseeable future. The purpose of this section is to describe my policy for handling information in such situations.

In such situations, I may collect (to the extent permitted by applicable law and/or regulations) a broad range of personal information about any individual(s) or entity I hire or contemplate hiring and/or with whom I enter into or contemplate entering into any professional relationship or business venture, such as (without limitation) contact information; resumes/CVs; education information; professional certifications and/or licensure information; employment history; professional references and/or information about current and/or previous clients, customers, and/or business ventures; professional portfolios and/or other samples; skill or aptitude test results; government-issued identification; information about their authorization to work in my locale; salary or compensation information and/or history; tax-related information; and/or the various types of information revealed in a typical background check or investigation. (This is not an exhaustive list; the types of information I collect may vary depending on the context, and applicable law and/or regulations may dictate what types of information I must and/or must not collect or consider.) Obviously, I may also make various inferences based on the information I collect, e.g., my judgment of a candidate or applicant’s suitability for a specific role or whether a proposed venture is in my interests.

The information I collect may come directly from the applicable individual(s) or entity — with whom I may of course communicate via email, phone, and/or various other means as I deem appropriate in the particular circumstances — and/or from third-party sources such as (again without limitation) staffing agencies/employment agencies, fingerprinting and/or background check services, current and/or past colleagues and/or coworkers, current and/or past clients and/or customers, current and/or past business partners, professional references, current and/or past instructors and/or students, subject matter experts, public records, news reports, and/or other information or records available to the public.

My retention of such data varies depending on the context in which I received it. I may promptly delete unsolicited offers or solicitations as spam, although I typically retain inquiries to which I respond, even if I decline them. If I advertise a job opening, I may indefinitely retain applications I receive, whether or not the opening is filled, although I may discard applications that appear to be fraudulent or that were obviously generated by bots rather than people. My retention of applications or related information I receive through third parties such as (without limitation) staffing agencies/employment agencies, and/or information I receive in connection with an offer of partnership or other business proposal, may be subject to certain contractual requirements (e.g., an obligation to return or destroy certain information after a specific period of time). Applicable law and/or regulations may also govern whether and for how long I retain employment, hiring, application, and/or related information. The retention of related data by third parties (such as, without limitation, staffing agencies/employment agencies and/or other vendors or service providers) is subject to the respective policies of such third parties, and in many cases is outside of my control.

I may share information pertaining to any individual(s) or entity I hire or contemplate hiring and/or with whom I enter into or contemplate entering into any professional relationship or business venture as I deem reasonable and appropriate (and to the extent permitted by applicable law and/or regulations and/or any relevant contractual obligations) for me to make informed hiring, employment, and/or business decisions. For example (but without limitation), I might share a job applicant’s information with a service that conducts background checks for me, discuss a prospective independent contractor’s work and professional reputation with their previous clients, or seek financial and/or legal advice regarding a possible partnership or other business venture. I may also share, release, and/or otherwise disclose such information as otherwise described in “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” below.

Financial Transactions Policy

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses*; domain names and/or hostnames*; user agent information*; visitor activity*; errors and suspicious activity*; names; email addresses; email header information*; other contact information (e.g., phone numbers, postal mailing addresses, and/or other street addresses)*; images and/or other media (possibly including metadata)*; geolocation data*; URLs/websites*; other personal information*; special: amounts and other transaction-specific details and/or other financial information, e.g., transaction IDs, checks, and/or tax forms*; special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*; special: device identifiers*; special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*; special: other identifiers*; special: identifiers and/or other information specific to third-party services (as applicable)* (Please note that payment processors, banks, other financial institutions, and/or other applicable vendors and/or third-party services may also collect other types of information not listed here.)
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; providing services; completing a transaction; fulfilling a contractual obligation; legal compliance or audit; research and publishing; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement; advertising and other commercial purposes
  • Data retention: Typically indefinite; see below.

The following policy applies to financial transactions with me that pertain to the aaronseverson.com website, such as (without limitation) the purchase of advertisements on this website.

Please note that this policy applies only to transactions pertaining directly to the aaronseverson.com website, and then only to transactions you enter into with me, NOT to your transactions with third-party vendors, retailers, or services that are outside of my direct control. For example (but without limitation), if you purchase a copy of some work I have written through an online bookseller, the bookseller’s policies will apply, NOT this Financial Transactions Policy. Transactions related to my professional writing/editing/writing consulting business, 6200 Productions, will be subject to its separate Financial Transactions Policy, while transactions related to my automotive website, Ate Up With Motor, will be subject to the Ate Up With Motor Financial Transactions Policy, not this one. (6200 Productions is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba 6200 Productions. Ate Up With Motor is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba Ate Up With Motor.) You should refer to those separate policies where applicable; while the policies are generally similar, they are not identical.

If your transaction is pursuant to a separate written agreement with me (e.g., a contract for professional services, an advertising or endorsement agreement, or a license agreement for the use of my content), the terms of that agreement shall, where applicable, take precedence over the terms of this Financial Transactions Policy. Similarly, if a transaction involves one or more third-party services (e.g., payment processors, marketplaces, auction services) that impose or otherwise require specific policies with respect to transactions conducted on and/or otherwise involving their services, those policies shall — to the extent such service(s) may require and where applicable — take precedence over the terms of this Financial Transactions Policy. For example (but without limitation), if a particular transaction is conducted through an online marketplace that requires such transactions to be returnable or refundable under certain conditions, such requirements shall take precedence over the policy described in “Refunds and Returns” below.

Transaction-Related Information Gathering

If you enter into a financial transaction with me that pertains directly to the aaronseverson.com website — whether to make a payment to me or for me to pay you for goods, services, or some other purpose — I may collect certain personal information from you, such as (without limitation) your name, company name (if applicable), email address, billing address and/or other contact information, transaction details, payment information, invoice numbers and/or other transaction identifiers, your applicable taxpayer identification number, and/or (where applicable) relevant tax documents such as (again without limitation) Form 1099-MISC and/or Form W-9.

If your transaction is via a third-party payment processing service or other service provider (e.g., a money transfer or electronic funds transfer service), much of this information, including payment details such as bank account and/or credit card numbers, may be collected and processed by the payment processor or service provider rather than by me. For other types of transactions, that information may be collected and processed directly by me and/or the applicable bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s). (For example (but without limitation), if you make a payment to me by check, the check will necessarily include the routing and account numbers so that the applicable bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s) can process the deposit and the transfer of funds.)

Transactions conducted via PayPal® services are subject to the PayPal User Agreement, the PayPal Privacy Statement, the Statement on Cookies and Tracking Technologies (which is linked from within the applicable PayPal Privacy Statement), and any other applicable PayPal policies, terms, and/or conditions. (These may differ depending on where you are, so visit the “Legal Agreements for PayPal Services” page and select your location using the drop-down menu to see the versions of these agreements and documents that apply to you. I am located in the United States and thus am subject to the U.S. versions.) The PayPal services may use cookies and/or similar technologies in the payment button and/or the shopping cart to collect information about, track, and/or identify users, in addition to whatever information the services may collect to log you into your PayPal account (if any) and/or complete any applicable transaction(s). I do not have access to user data gathered by PayPal services except for the information I receive in connection with a completed PayPal transaction, which is described in the following paragraph.

If a transaction is completed via PayPal services, I may receive a standard transaction report (which is sent to me via email as well as being stored in my PayPal account) that contains various personal information, typically including (though not necessarily limited to) a unique transaction ID number, your name, email address, mailing address, and shipping address (if different); the date and amount(s) of the payment(s) (and of course what each payment was for); whether or not you are a “Verified” PayPal user; and any notes or additional instructions that may have been specified. If the payment(s) were for a PayPal invoice, a copy of that invoice will be appended to the report. This transaction report does NOT include bank account or credit card numbers — the PayPal services do not provide and I do not have access to any credit card, bank account, or other financial institution account information you use with your PayPal transactions or have associated with your PayPal account. The receipts, payment confirmations, and/or other transaction-related notices I receive when I make payments and/or purchases via that service may contain personal information similar to that found in the transaction reports for payments I receive via PayPal services. (PayPal.com, PayPal, and all logos related to the PayPal services are either trademarks or registered trademarks of PayPal, Inc. or its licensors. In addition, all page headers, custom graphics, button icons, and scripts related to the PayPal services are service marks, trademarks, and/or trade dress of PayPal.)

In some cases, I may seek additional information about you in connection with your transaction, either from you directly and/or from third-party sources. Some examples might include (without limitation) looking up your address in a mapping or navigation service to clarify delivery instructions for a courier or other delivery provider; checking with the applicable postal service to verify your postal code; inquiring whether payments made from a business account or business email address are for the business or for the individual; and/or investigating suspected fraud and/or other security issues. (These are just a few representative examples, not an exhaustive list.) Such additional information may come from a variety of sources (which may include sources available to the public and/or nonpublic sources) depending on the specific context and circumstances.

If I enter into and/or complete a transaction with you via and/or otherwise involving a third-party service, the applicable service may provide me with additional information about you and/or other individual(s) or entities involved with that transaction (e.g., your profile picture, if any, on that service), as further described in “Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties” below.

I may use the personal information I collect in connection with transactions for billing/invoicing; so that I can process and/or complete the applicable transaction(s); to respond to your transaction-related questions, inquiries, and/or comments; for my administrative, bookkeeping, accounting, tax reporting, and/or legal compliance purposes; to troubleshoot and/or resolve technical problems, and/or for service improvement purposes; for fraud prevention and/or other security purposes; and/or to fulfill my contractual obligations to the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), other financial institution(s), and/or service provider(s), and/or to other relevant third parties (e.g., my agent(s) and/or manager(s), if any). (In particular, my service agreements with my payment processor(s), bank(s), and/or other financial institution(s) typically require me to cooperate with their investigations and to respond promptly to their requests for relevant information.) Naturally, transaction-related information may also help me to achieve various other business and/or commercial purposes, such as (without limitation) deciding whether to continue offering a particular product or service; measuring the effectiveness of my advertising and/or marketing efforts; setting prices; determining what products, services, and/or content to offer in the future; and/or making my own purchasing decisions. While such purposes typically involve aggregate transaction data (e.g., total sales, revenues, returns, and/or conversions) rather than personal information pertaining to individual transactions, I may also consider and/or otherwise use information related to specific transactions if I deem it relevant — for example (again without limitation), taking specific customer feedback and/or certain past client experiences into account when weighing a particular business or commercial decision, or describing my experience with a specific transaction as part of a review of the applicable vendor(s).

Consent to Electronic Communication Delivery

By entering into a financial transaction with me that pertains to this website, you affirm your consent to electronically receive any and all communications related to your transaction (including, without limitation, any related agreements, disclosures, notices, policies, tax documents, transaction confirmations, and/or transaction reports).

Such communications currently have the following hardware and software requirements:

  • A device with an Internet connection.
  • A current web browser that supports 128-bit or stronger encryption.
  • A valid email address.
  • An email client capable of reading both plain text and HTML email.
  • Software capable of opening files in DOC, DOCX, PDF, XLS, and XLSX formats.
  • Storage space sufficient to store the communications, and/or a printer on which you can print them.

I will notify you in the event of any material change to these requirements.

You are responsible for promptly notifying me of any change to your email address that may affect your ability to electronically receive communications related to your transaction. You acknowledge and agree that in the event I electronically send you a transaction-related communication that you do not receive because your email address is incorrect, invalid, or out of date, or because the communication is blocked by your Internet service provider or spam filters, I shall be deemed to have provided you with the communication.

You have the right to withdraw your consent to electronically receive communications by notifying me via any of the methods described in the Customer Service Information subsection below. In the event you do not consent or withdraw your consent to electronically receive communications, I reserve the right to cancel your transaction, restrict or refuse future transactions with you, and/or limit your acceptable payment types.

After consenting to receive communications electronically, you may request to receive paper copies of any communications I previously sent you electronically by contacting me via any of the methods described in the Customer Service Information subsection below. Depending on the nature of the communications, I reserve the right to charge you a fee for such paper copies up to but not exceeding the actual cost of postage or shipping. No such fee will apply to paper copies of tax documents I am required by law to send you.

Acceptable Payment Types

I accept payments via PayPal services for the purchase of advertising on the aaronseverson.com website. I do not accept payments via PayPal services for my professional writing/editing/writing consulting services or for the licensing of my content. (PayPal is a registered trademark of PayPal, Inc.)

Unless I indicate otherwise, payments for my professional services, the licensing of my content, and/or other types of transactions should be by check, money order, bank draft/cashier’s check/teller’s check, or electronic funds transfer, payable to Aaron Severson.

I do not accept cryptocurrency payments of any kind.

Please note that U.S. law requires me to promptly report to the appropriate federal agency or agencies certain large transactions (or related transactions whose total exceeds certain dollar amounts) paid with cash and/or, in some cases, certain other monetary instruments (e.g., money orders, bank drafts/cashier’s checks/teller’s checks, and/or traveler’s checks). Such reports must include a variety of personal information about the payer and (where applicable) each other person on whose behalf the payer conducted the transaction(s), including (though not limited to) their verified name and address, occupation, date of birth, and U.S. taxpayer identification number (if any). Failure to promptly report such transactions where required, omitting required information, furnishing inaccurate information, and/or attempting to evade the reporting requirements may be subject to substantial civil and criminal penalties. (Where I am required to report a payer’s transaction(s) in this way, I am also required to notify the payer in writing that I have done so.)

Currency

Payments to me should be in U.S. funds, with any exceptions to be discussed in advance and subject to my prior approval.

Some payment processors, including many PayPal services, will automatically convert payments or funds transfers to the recipient’s preferred currency, or at least give you the option to do so. If your transaction is via PayPal services, you may assume any non-U.S. funds will be appropriately converted unless the applicable PayPal service warns or notifies you otherwise. (PayPal is a registered trademark of PayPal, Inc.)

For other types of transactions drawn on non-U.S. funds, e.g., international wire transfers, please contact me in advance so that we can discuss appropriate arrangements for currency conversion.

Please note that my above-noted legal obligation to promptly report certain large transactions (or related transactions) paid with cash and/or certain other monetary instruments also applies to payments involving non-U.S. currency or currencies.

Taxes

For certain types of transactions, I may be required to collect and/or withhold tax (e.g., sales or use tax) from you and pay it directly to the applicable tax agency or agencies. Please note that you may owe tax (e.g., sales/use tax, VAT, GST, and/or other taxes) on transactions with me even if I do not collect and/or withhold such tax from you. Any applicable taxes you may owe that I do not collect and/or withhold from you are your sole responsibility, as are any tax returns and/or other documents you may be required to submit to the applicable tax agency or agencies in connection with such transactions.

Returned Check Fees

Payments you make to me by check or bank draft that are rejected or returned by my bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s) for insufficient funds or for any other reason shall be subject to a $35 returned check fee. (This fee is to cover the fees my bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s) charge me in such circumstances.) I reserve the right to waive this returned check fee at my sole discretion.

Refunds and Returns

The following refund and return policy shall apply to payments you make to me that pertain directly to the aaronseverson.com website:

  • Advertising Purchases: You may cancel your ad on aaronseverson.com for a full refund within five days of your payment. If you choose to cancel your ad after five days but prior to the expiration date, I will credit the prorated remainder of the commitment period toward a future ad, but cannot provide a cash refund except where I are required to do so by the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), other financial institution(s), and/or other applicable third-party service(s) or as otherwise required by law. Notwithstanding the foregoing, I reserve the right to refuse and/or refund (in whole or in part) any individual advertising purchase or purchases at my sole discretion.
  • Other Purchases: Purchases of goods or services other than advertising are fully refundable prior to the delivery by me of the applicable good(s) and/or the performance by me of the applicable service(s). In the event you purchase tangible good(s) (e.g., a printed book) from me, you may return the purchased good(s) for a full refund, less any applicable shipping costs, within 21 days of the date of your payment or the period allowed by the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), other financial institution(s), and/or other applicable third-party service(s), whichever is greater. Except as otherwise required by the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), other financial institution(s), and/or other applicable third-party service(s) or otherwise required by law, purchases of digital goods and/or services other than advertising (e.g., the purchase of an ebook and/or payment(s) for my writing/editing/writing consulting services) are nonrefundable once the applicable good(s) and/or service(s) have been delivered and/or performed (as applicable) by me, and I reserve the right to calculate refunds for services I have partly performed, but not yet wholly completed, on a pro rata basis, depending on the nature of the service and the percentage or proportion I have already performed or otherwise completed. Notwithstanding the foregoing, I reserve the right to refuse and/or refund (in whole or in part) any individual purchase or purchases, and/or any applicable shipping costs, at my sole discretion.
  • Other Types of Transactions: For transactions that do not fit into any of the above categories (including, though not limited to, payment(s) of license fees and/or royalties for the reuse of my content), eligibility for refunds or returns shall be determined on a case-by-case basis and shall be at my sole discretion, except as otherwise required by the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), other financial institution(s), and/or other applicable third-party service(s) or otherwise required by law. I reserve the right to refuse and/or refund (in whole or in part) any individual transaction or transactions, at my sole discretion.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, payments you make to me that pertain directly to the aaronseverson.com website shall be eligible for refunds and/or returns to the extent required by the policies of the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), other financial institution(s), and/or other applicable third-party service(s) or as otherwise required by law. For example (but without limitation), if payment for a transaction is made via a third-party payment processor, that payment processor’s policies may require me to offer refunds and/or returns for that transaction, even if I otherwise treat such transactions as nonrefundable.

Information Sharing

By making a payment (by whatever means), you grant me express permission to disclose information associated with your transaction(s), including, where appropriate, copies of any applicable invoices, checks and/or receipts, transaction reports (if applicable), shipping and/or delivery information (if any), and/or relevant tax information and/or tax documents:

  1. To the applicable email, telephony, and/or other communications service provider(s), for purposes of transaction-related communications; and/or:
  2. To the applicable postal service(s), common carrier(s), and/or shipping agency (or agencies), for purposes of sending, receiving, and/or tracking the status of transaction-related correspondence, shipments, and/or deliveries; and/or:
  3. To the applicable person(s) or entity, in the event the transaction is for or on behalf of some other person(s) or entity (e.g., a purchase you make as a gift for someone else); and/or:
  4. To my legal counsel, bookkeeper(s), accountant(s), tax preparer(s), and/or tax attorney(s), as I deem reasonably necessary to my routine business operations, for legal compliance and/or audit purposes, and/or for my legal protection; and/or:
  5. To my employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, business partners, vendors, and/or service providers (as applicable) that need to know the information in order to complete your transaction, support my routine business operations, and/or otherwise provide services for me and/or on my behalf; and/or:
  6. To the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), other financial institution(s), and/or money transfer or electronic funds transfer service(s); their respective legal counsel, auditors, and/or fraud protection services (for example, if I must provide information in connection with a dispute or fraud investigation); and/or as otherwise required by my contractual agreements (if any) with such payment processor(s), bank(s), financial institution(s), and/or service(s); and/or:
  7. To any applicable federal, state, local, or other tax agency (whether within or outside the United States), where I deem it reasonably necessary to ensure my compliance with applicable tax laws and/or regulations (e.g., to calculate or estimate applicable tax rates and/or in connection with tax returns, filings, withholding, and/or estimated tax payments), and/or in connection with audits or other official investigations; and/or:
  8. As otherwise required by law (e.g., to comply with applicable government reporting or disclosure requirements; as part of and/or in connection with a customs inspection; in connection with a civil or criminal trial or other official investigation or proceeding; and/or if I have received a subpoena or other court order requiring me to disclose certain information); and/or:
  9. As otherwise described in “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” below.

Where applicable, I may also disclose in any or all of the above-listed ways personal information related to payments I make to you (and/or transactions with which I am involved in some other way) that pertain directly to the aaronseverson.com website. If the information pertains to my purchase of site-related goods, products, services, and/or content (and/or some other, similar, comparable, and/or related transaction(s)), I may also use and/or disclose relevant portions of that information in connection with customer service, support, warranty, and/or insurance matters, and/or share, release, and/or otherwise disclose relevant information as part of and/or in connection with reviews and/or other commentary regarding the applicable transaction(s). For example (but without limitation), if I post a review of a recent site-related purchase, I might mention my experience with the specific salesperson or customer service representative who assisted me, and filing a warranty claim or support ticket for a recent purchase might require submitting receipts or other proofs of purchase.

By making a payment, you also grant me express permission to communicate with you regarding your transaction via email and/or postal mail (e.g., to acknowledge, complete, and/or address questions and/or issues related to your transaction), and/or, if you call or text me regarding your transaction and/or ask me to call or text you, to communicate with you regarding your transaction by telephone and/or via text message.

As explained in the “Security Scans” section of the Privacy Policy, messages and/or notifications that I send or receive, including transaction-related notifications and/or messages, may be scanned for suspected spam, malware, and/or other suspicious activity by me and/or (as applicable) my web host, Internet service provider(s), mobile carrier(s), and/or other applicable service provider(s).

Data Retention

I generally must indefinitely retain records of my business-related financial transactions — including ones I refuse and/or refund — for bookkeeping and compliance purposes. See the “Additional Information About Data Retention” section below to learn more about my typical data retention practices. The retention of transaction-related data by third parties (e.g., applicable tax agencies, bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s), and/or payment processor(s)) is subject to the respective policies of such third parties, and in many cases is outside of my control.

Customer Service Information

If you have questions about this Financial Transactions Policy, would like further information, need help with a transaction, or have a complaint, you can reach me via email at admin (at) aaronseverson (dot) com or by telephone at (310) 909-7846‬. IMPORTANT NOTE: Calls or messages to this number — which is provided by the Google Voice communications service — may be transcribed and/or recorded, and transcriptions, recordings, call notifications (including notifications of missed calls), texts, and/or other messages may be transmitted via email. All communications made or received through this number are subject to any applicable Google terms and policies — including, but not limited to, the ones listed in the Google Voice “Additional Terms of Service” help page; the Google Privacy Policy; and, where applicable, the Google Telephony Services Privacy Disclosure — as well as to this Privacy Policy. (Google, Google Voice, Google Workspace, and other related marks and logos are trademarks of Google LLC. I am not affiliated with or endorsed by Google in any way.)

Alternatively, you can contact me via postal mail at:

Aaron Severson
Attn: Customer Service
11100 National Bl. #3
Los Angeles, CA 90064
USA

You may also submit questions or complaints via any other contact method I may reasonably designate or make available to you for that purpose — for example (but without limitation), the contact information listed on an invoice I submit to you or that is specified in an applicable written agreement or other business communication with me.

If you have a complaint, you can also contact the Complaint Assistance Unit of the Division of Consumer Services of the California Department of Consumer Affairs in writing at 1625 North Market Bl., Suite N 112, Sacramento, CA 95834, or by telephone at (800) 952-5210 (or TTY (800) 735-2929 for the hearing impaired).

Information I Receive from Other Sources

Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses*; domain names and/or hostnames*; user agent information*; visitor activity*; errors and suspicious activity*; names*; email addresses*; email header information*; other contact information (e.g., phone numbers, postal mailing addresses, and/or other street addresses)*; images and/or other media (possibly including metadata)*; geolocation data*; URLs/websites*; other personal information*; special: amounts and other transaction-specific details and/or other financial information, e.g., transaction IDs and/or payment amounts*; special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*; special: device identifiers*; special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*; special: other identifiers*; special: identifiers and/or other information specific to third-party services (as applicable)* (Please note that payment processors, banks, other financial institutions, and/or other applicable vendors and/or third-party services may also collect other types of information not listed here.)
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; providing services; completing a transaction; fulfilling a contractual obligation; legal compliance or audit; research and publishing; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement; advertising and other commercial purposes
  • Data retention: Typically indefinite; see below.

As noted in the “Financial Transactions Policy” section above, I may receive information about you from third parties in connection with your transactions with me (e.g., transaction reports). See that section for more details.

If I offer goods, products, services, and/or content through some third-party vendor or service (e.g., if I offer a book I’ve written through a third-party publisher, or offer goods and/or products through an online marketplace or auction service), that vendor or service may provide me with information about completed transactions, which in some cases may include personal information about individuals or households who purchase my goods, products, services, and/or content (rather than just aggregate statistics such as total sales). Similarly, such vendors and/or services may provide me with information about people who interact with my offered goods, products, services, and/or content (or the listings for them) in some other way: for example (but without limitation), by leaving comments, ratings, and/or reviews; adding my product to a wish list; preordering a product or service that is not yet available; bidding on an item offered at auction; and/or asking me a question. The type of information I may receive in such ways naturally varies depending on the specific vendor(s) and/or service(s) involved and the nature of the interaction, but could conceivably include any information about applicable person(s) and/or entities that is publicly visible (e.g., username/account name, profile picture, and/or public profile information) and/or that the person or entity makes visible or otherwise accessible to me.

In the same way, if I purchase goods, products, services, and/or content through a third-party vendor or service, conduct some other financial transaction(s) via such means, and/or am otherwise involved with such transaction(s) in connection with and/or otherwise involving the aaronseverson.com website, the applicable vendor(s) and/or service(s) may provide me with additional personal information about other individual(s) or entities involved in or otherwise connected with the transaction — for example (but without limitation), the seller’s profile picture and/or geographical location, and/or the name of the individual salesperson who processed my order.

Depending on the nature of the transaction, I might also receive additional transaction-related personal information from other third-party vendors and/or service providers. For example (but without limitation), applicable bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s) might inform me that a payment has been declined or disputed, a shipping service might provide me with status updates about the delivery of a package, or a fulfillment service might warn me that certain ordered items are back-ordered or no longer available. The types of information I may receive in such cases, and the vendors and/or service providers that might provide it, naturally depend on the context and the nature of the transaction.

Where I receive personal information in such contexts, I may use that information so that I can (if applicable) process and complete the relevant transaction(s) (and/or resolve transaction-related problems); to respond to transaction-related questions, inquiries, and/or comments; for my administrative, bookkeeping, accounting, tax reporting, and/or legal compliance purposes; to troubleshoot and/or resolve technical problems, and/or for service improvement purposes; for fraud prevention and/or other security purposes; and/or to fulfill my contractual obligations to the applicable third-party vendor(s) and/or service provider(s), and/or to other relevant third parties (e.g., my agent(s) and/or manager(s), if any). As noted in the “Financial Transactions Policy” section above, if the information pertains to my purchase of site-related goods, products, services, and/or content (and/or some other, similar, comparable, and/or related transaction(s)), I may also use and/or disclose relevant portions of that information in connection with customer service, support, warranty, and/or insurance matters, and/or share, release, and/or otherwise disclose relevant information as part of and/or in connection with reviews and/or other commentary regarding the applicable transaction(s). For example (but without limitation), if I post a review of a recent site-related purchase, I might mention my experience with the specific salesperson or customer service representative who assisted me, and filing a warranty claim or support ticket for a recent purchase might require submitting receipts or other proofs of purchase.

As noted in the “Financial Transactions Policy” section above, transaction-related information may also help me to achieve various other business and/or commercial purposes. While such purposes typically involve aggregate transaction data (e.g., total sales, revenues, returns, and/or conversions) rather than personal information pertaining to individual transactions, I may also consider and/or otherwise use information related to specific transactions if I deem it relevant — for example (again without limitation), taking specific customer feedback and/or certain past client experiences into account when weighing a particular business or commercial decision.

I typically retain such information indefinitely; it isn’t necessarily separable from transaction records I must retain for bookkeeping and compliance purposes, and some services retain such information (and may continue to make it available to me) indefinitely, whether or not I separately retain it. (See the “Additional Information About Data Retention” section below to learn more about my typical data retention practices.) I may share, release, and/or otherwise disclose such information as indicated above and/or as otherwise described in “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” below. The retention of data by third-party vendors or service providers is subject to the respective policies of such third parties, and in many cases is outside of my control.

Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses*; domain names and/or hostnames*; user agent information*; visitor activity*; errors and suspicious activity*; names*; email addresses*; email header information*; other contact information (e.g., phone numbers, postal mailing addresses, and/or other street addresses)*; images and/or other media (including metadata)*; geolocation data (determined directly, estimated from IP addresses and/or hostnames, and/or inferred from other data)*; other personal information*; special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*; special: device identifiers*; metadata*; special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*; special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*; special: other identifiers*; special: identifiers and/or other information specific to third-party services (as applicable)*; special: other technical details (some of which might be potentially personally identifying and/or constitute personal information in certain jurisdictions)*
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; providing services; fulfilling a contractual obligation [see below]; legal compliance or audit; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement; recruitment/hiring/employment or business partnerships
  • Data retention: Varies, but potentially indefinite.

Some of the security measures I use to secure this website, its data, and/or my system(s) and/or device(s) may periodically supply me with ban lists/blacklists/block lists of IP addresses, domain names and/or hostnames, email addresses, user agents, and/or other such information that may be associated with malicious activity, e.g., spamming and/or attempts to transmit or otherwise propagate malicious code. I may also obtain similar information and/or lists from a variety of sources (which may include sources available to the public and/or nonpublic sources). (A representative sampling of such sources is included among the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers that appear in the “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” section below, although since security-related information and/or alerts may come from many different sources, those examples should not be regarded as an exhaustive list.)

Naturally, my security software and/or services also maintain regularly updated lists of virus signatures and other detection data to help identify and prevent malicious activity. I may also receive alerts and/or other security-related information from various sources regarding data breaches and/or suspected intrusion attempts that could potentially expose my online credentials and/or other personal information to unauthorized persons and/or malicious actors.

Such security-related information is not necessarily personally identifying (for example, the IP addresses and/or hostnames included on spam block lists are typically for email servers rather than individual users), but certain information may be personally identifying or potentially personally identifying (e.g., email addresses associated with spamming, and/or telephone numbers used by telemarketers or as part of scams or other malicious activity).

In some cases, I may perform WHOIS, RDAP (Registration Data Access Protocol), and/or similar lookups on certain IP addresses, domain names, and/or hostnames, especially if they have been used for suspicious and/or malicious activity directed at and/or otherwise involving this website and/or me. Such lookups may enable me to determine information such as (though not limited to) the registered owner of a particular domain registration; the geographical location of a particular IP address or hostname; and/or the Internet service provider or other network operator with which a particular IP address, hostname, or range of IP addresses is associated. My firewalls and/or other security applications, software, and/or services may provide me with similar information about any online servers or resources to which my devices and/or systems connect or attempt to connect (and/or that connect or attempt to connect to my devices and/or systems). For example (but without limitation), the NetGuard firewall app can look up such information (via IPinfo API services and/or other WHOIS/RDAP lookup services) to help me understand and control the Internet connections my mobile apps make and/or attempt to make. (IPinfo is a trademark or registered trademark of IDB LLC in the United States and/or other countries.)

As noted in the “Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Professional Partnerships” section above, if I hire, contemplate hiring, or enter into or contemplate entering into a business partnership or other professional relationship with some individual(s) or entity, I may conduct and/or commission background checks on such individual(s) or entity to help me make informed decisions regarding any potential security risks a particular individual or entity might present.

My retention of such data varies. Much of the information I collect of this kind is managed automatically by my security tools, which regularly update the associated data, adding new information and sometimes changing or removing older data. Also, I periodically make manual changes to that information, e.g., when I whitelist an email address that was wrongly flagged for spam or blacklist an email address or domain that has sent me suspicious emails.

Special Note: The reason I include “fulfilling a contractual obligation” among the possible purposes listed above is that certain sources from which I obtain security information may impose contractual limits on how I collect and handle that information (e.g., terms of service prohibiting me from altering security update data or interfering with the normal update process) and/or may not permit me to pick and choose which data I do or do not add.

In many cases, such data is already available to the public. I may also share, release, and/or otherwise disclose such information if I need technical assistance and/or otherwise consider such disclosure appropriate for my security and/or the security of others. For example (but without limitation), I might submit to the maintainers of these lists or databases certain email addresses, domain names, and/or hostnames that have been used in malicious activity directed at me, or post information on support forums in order to obtain help or advice in preventing and/or remediating certain malicious activity.

I may also share, release, and/or otherwise disclose such information in connection with legal action involving malicious activity, and/or as otherwise described in “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” below.

Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources

  • Categories of information gathered: IP addresses*; domain names and/or hostnames*; user agent information*; visitor activity*; errors and suspicious activity*; names; email addresses*; email header information*; other contact information (e.g., phone numbers, postal mailing addresses, and/or other street addresses)*; images and/or other media (including metadata)*; other documents/materials (including metadata)*; geolocation data (provided by sources and/or inferred from other data)*; URLs/websites*; other personal information*; special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*; special: device identifiers*; metadata*; special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*; special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*; special: other identifiers*; special: identifiers and/or other information specific to third-party services (as applicable)*
  • Purpose(s): Functionality; providing services; fulfilling a contractual obligation; legal compliance or audit; research and publishing; security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement; recruitment/hiring/employment or business partnerships; advertising and other commercial purposes
  • Data retention: Varies depending on context; see below.

  • I may sometimes receive personal information related to this website and/or its visitors from other third-party sources. The following are some representative examples:

    As noted in the “Comments”; “Contact Forms”; and “Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests” sections above, I may sometimes gather additional information about individuals who contact me, in addition to any information those individuals provide to me.

    As noted in the “Data in Submitted Images” section above, when I gather photographs, other images, and/or other media intended for use on this website or for some related purpose (whether those images were created by me or obtained from others), I typically look for additional information about the subjects of those images. This information, which may come from a variety of sources, may sometimes include personal information and/or potentially personally identifying information, such as (without limitation) biographical details about the famous owners of a particular object shown in a photograph.

    If I use an image or other content you have offered under a Creative Commons license or other, similar license, I we may gather certain information about you, typically from sources already available to the public, for the purposes of properly attributing that content and otherwise complying with the applicable license terms. (Where I deem it appropriate, I sometimes do the same with content that is in the public domain in my jurisdiction, e.g., works created by U.S. federal employees in the context of their official duties.) This may include any creator information listed on the hosting service, archive, or repository from which I obtained the content as well as other relevant information I may find in various print or online sources. (Creative Commons, CC, the CC in a circle logo, CCPlus, CC+, the CC+ in a circle logo, CC0, all other Creative Commons license and public domain dedication marks, and their associated buttons and icons are trademarks or registered trademarks of Creative Commons.)

    As noted in the “Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Professional Partnerships” section above, if I hire, contemplate hiring, or enter into or contemplate entering into a business partnership or other professional relationship with some individual(s) or entity, I may collect a range of personal information about them so that I can make informed hiring, employment, and/or business decisions. I may seek such information from a variety of sources (which may include sources available to the public and/or nonpublic sources) in addition to any information provided by the applicable individual(s) or entity.

    Similarly, I may collect a range of personal information about any individual(s) or entity (e.g., editors, publishers, prospective clients or employers, and/or other third parties) for whom I provide or contemplate providing (and/or to whom I offer or contemplate offering) my writing/editing/writing consulting services; to whom I license, sell, and/or otherwise offer (or contemplate licensing, selling, and/or otherwise offering) my content and/or other creative work; and/or for whom I otherwise work, provide services, and/or contemplate working and/or providing services, to help me make informed decisions about my professional engagement(s), business dealings, and/or work. Such information may come from a variety of sources (which may include sources available to the public and/or nonpublic sources) in addition to any information provided by the applicable individual(s) or entity.

    If I have any employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, and/or business partners, their collaboration(s) with me and/or the services they provide for me and/or on my behalf may entail and/or include their providing me with personal information about relevant people. The types of personal information that I might receive in such ways will naturally vary depending on the nature of the collaboration and/or specific services involved. For example (again without limitation), a tax preparer is unlikely to provide me with photos of living individuals, but I might hire a researcher or photographer for that express purpose.

    In some cases, third-party vendors and/or service providers also may provide me with personal information about specific individuals and/or households. For example (but without limitation), a messaging service might notify me that someone listed in my phone’s contacts has joined that service, is typing, and/or has seen a particular message; my mobile phone bill might reveal that a certain person I called uses the same carrier I do; or a hotel where I am staying might accept business-related messages and/or packages addressed to me while I am out, which would necessarily involve hotel staff collecting certain information from the sender(s) and communicating that information to me when I return. The precise nature and extent of the information that might be provided to me in such ways naturally depend on the specific circumstances and the nature of the service(s) involved.

    In particular (again without limitation), social media platforms typically offer a variety of information and insights about the people who interact with me and/or the content I post on those platforms, and/or whose content I view and/or otherwise interact with on a particular platform or platforms — for example (but without limitation), sending notifications when someone “likes” or comments on my content, or providing insights such as (again without limitation) summaries of how many people have viewed or otherwise interacted with a specific post. Again, the precise nature and extent of such information and/or insights obviously vary depending on the specific platform and context, and at least some of the information may be in aggregate form (e.g., statistics and graphs showing trends in interactions over time), but it may include (or at least make readily available to me) any information about applicable person(s) and/or entities that is publicly visible (e.g., the username/account name, profile picture, and/or public profile information of someone who comments on one of my posts or marks it as a favorite) and/or that the person or entity makes visible or otherwise accessible to me. Such information may include, but is not necessarily limited to, details about an individual or entity’s connections with other users of that social media platform and/or about the individual or entity’s other activity on that platform (e.g., other posts on which they have just commented), and in some cases may also reveal a variety of other personal information. Obviously, it is the nature of social media that much of the information posted and/or shared on such platforms may be visible or otherwise accessible to some or all of the other users of that platform, and in some cases also to the public, which is not necessarily within my control. For example (again without limitation), anyone who can see a particular social media post can typically also see who has “liked” and/or commented on that post.

    Also, where I use vendors and/or service providers to purchase, access, and/or otherwise obtain published works and/or other information and/or resources available to the public that contain and/or otherwise incorporate personal information about individuals or households — for example (again without limitation), if I order a copy of a book or magazine from a bookseller; use a streaming service offered through one of my public libraries to watch a documentary; read a news report or historical article published on or offered through another website or an app or online service; that discusses the lives and/or work of notable people related to the class’s subject matter; and/or download a photo containing recognizable people from a repository of images and other media files available under free licenses — the applicable vendor(s) and/or service provider(s) could also be said to be providing me with personal information.

    I may also receive personal information about someone through their employees, independent contractors, interns, agents or other authorized representatives, business partners, vendors, and/or service providers. For example (but without limitation), if I call someone’s office, their assistant or secretary might disclose their employer’s current whereabouts and/or schedule so that we can arrange a call or meeting, or I might speak directly to someone’s bookkeeper(s), accountant(s), and/or tax preparer(s) regarding payment- and/or tax-related questions. Naturally, if someone elects to communicate with me through some agent or other authorized representative, that agent or representative may provide me with whatever personal information the person(s) for whom they are acting instruct and/or authorize them to share. Someone’s vendors and/or service providers (even ones I do not use myself) might also provide me with personal information about someone who uses their services. For example (again without limitation), if someone sends me a package via a shipping service or courier, the shipping label and/or waybill might indicate the sender’s account number as well as their name and return address, or the email service of someone to whom I have sent an email message might warn me that my message could not be delivered because the recipient’s mailbox is full. Furthermore, in some jurisdictions, the simple fact that someone uses a particular vendor or service may constitute personal information. Again, the details and extent of any personal information I might receive in such ways may vary considerably depending on the specific context and circumstances.

    From time to time, site visitors and/or personal and/or professional acquaintances (which may include, but obviously are not limited to, other members of a given household and/or family) may provide me with personal information about some individual and/or household, whether directly or indirectly. For example (but without limitation), another site visitor might provide me with your contact information for some specific purpose, send me a clipping of a newspaper interview with you, or submit photographs and/or other media in which you are visible. If you own an interesting or unusual car, someone might provide me with pictures of and/or information about it, either for my general interest or for use on my Ate Up With Motor website and/or in connection with my other automotive writing. (Ate Up With Motor is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba Ate Up With Motor.)

    Published works (e.g., books, magazines, newspapers, CDs, DVDs, broadcast radio and/or television programs, streaming media, other publicly accessible online content, and/or theatrical movies) I use and/or access in connection with this website, its content, and/or my other creative endeavors (and/or advertising and/or promotional materials related to such published works) often contain and/or otherwise incorporate an assortment of personal information, both about the subjects of the work and about the people who created, produced, and/or published it. I may also gather additional information about the people described, depicted, and/or involved with such published works, such as (without limitation) seeking to identify pictured individuals not named in a photo caption, determine the names of contributors not credited in the work itself, and/or obtain the contact information of an editor or publisher. Such information may come from a variety of sources (which may include sources available to the public and/or nonpublic sources).

    Similarly, if I install or update any software (e.g., apps, fonts, plugins, themes, and/or add-ons) — particularly software offered under open source licenses — that software, the installation files and/or source code, and/or the associated documentation (and/or the website or other source from which I obtained them) may provide me with personal information about the developer/development team (e.g., names, contact information, digital signatures). If you’re a software developer, I may collect or have collected information about you in such contexts. Software licenses typically prohibit altering or deleting the credits, copyright notices, and/or other developer information contained in the software, even where the license otherwise permits modification.

    I routinely gather a wide variety of information related to the content I create and/or edit (and/or on which I consult and/or otherwise collaborate), whether for this website or in connection with my business and/or my other creative endeavors (professional or otherwise), which often includes information about people involved with and/or otherwise relevant to such content and/or creative endeavors. The process of researching, creating, and/or editing such content and/or creative endeavors (and/or consulting on others’ content and/or creative endeavors) routinely involves discussing and/or sharing such information with third parties such as (without limitation) subject matter experts, other writers, historians, biographers, researchers, instructors and/or coaches, academics, scientists and/or engineers, journalists, critics, reviewers, enthusiasts, collectors, librarians and/or other library staff, archivists, translators, designers, artists, architects, photographers, filmmakers, videographers, podcasters, other media creators, playwrights, musicians and/or composers, actors and/or other performers, producers, developers, editors, publishers, publicists and/or promoters, public relations representatives and/or other press contacts, observers, eyewitnesses, and/or other knowledgeable parties (and/or, in the case of I perform, propose to perform, and/or consider performing for others, the applicable client(s), employer(s), and/or prospective client(s) or employer(s)), as well as looking up names and/or other relevant personal details in sources such as (as applicable, but without limitation) books; magazines and/or journals; reports, white papers, and/or other such documents; press releases and/or promotional materials; newspapers and/or other news reports; films and/or other videos; plays and/or theatrical productions; audio recordings; broadcasts of whatever type; public records; and/or online or offline electronic resources such as (again without limitation) websites, search engines, library catalogs, repositories, and/or databases. My research, writing, and/or editing process may sometimes also include inviting comment from and/or presenting questions to the public regarding related topics. If you are or were somehow involved with the subject(s) of my content and/or other creative endeavors, if you are or were otherwise relevant to such content and/or creative endeavors, and/or if you are a public figure, some of the information I gather may be about you, your work, and/or your career. In many cases, this information is drawn from sources that are or were already available to the public, but it may also include nonpublic information obtained from a variety of sources. It may also include images, such as (without limitation) publicity photos or official portraits, and/or other media, such as (again without limitation) films and/or other videos, audio interviews, and/or podcasts. In some cases, I may look for your contact information so I can ask you questions related to my content, request an interview, and/or let you know about content in which you were mentioned. (Naturally, certain information I gather in connection with content I write, edit, and/or otherwise research may also come from you if I communicate with you in connection with my research and/or if you have disclosed the information publicly and/or in some other context known to me.)

    Much, though not necessarily all, of the content I create and/or edit (and/or on which I consult and/or otherwise collaborate) for this website and/or in the course of my business and/or my other creative endeavors (professional or otherwise) is intended for eventual publication (and/or public performance, broadcast, and/or exhibition, as applicable). If that content is published, performed, broadcast, exhibited, and/or otherwise distributed by third parties — for example (but without limitation), if another website, a magazine, or some other publication runs one of my articles or stories, or if a publisher agrees to publish a book I’ve written — the applicable third party or parties may provide me with additional personal information pertaining to such content and/or the people who read, comment on, inquire about, and/or otherwise interact with that content. For example (again without limitation), a website that runs one or more of my articles might communicate to me comments or questions the website receives about the content, or otherwise share with me details about the content’s readership and/or reception; a magazine interested in publishing a fictional story I’ve written might ask me to change certain character names that could be misconstrued as referring to specific real people; and a publisher who receives an inquiry from an overseas publisher about translating a book I’ve written into other languages will likely inform me of the particulars of that offer. For obvious reasons, what personal information (if any) I may receive in such contexts may vary considerably depending on the specific context and circumstances. Such information may be provided to me directly and/or through my agents, representatives, and/or other intermediaries.

    (Again, the above scenarios are just some representative examples, not an exhaustive list. The disclosures in the “CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice” section below will give you a sense of what kinds of personal information I may collect. Please note that the definitions and categories listed in that section are based on California law; other jurisdictions may have different definitions of what constitutes personal information, and/or may categorize it differently.)

    My retention of such information varies depending on the nature of the information and the context in which I received it. I normally retain indefinitely my research notes and other information relevant to my past, current, or possible future content and/or creative endeavors, including image-related information. (Obviously, I can’t and don’t retain or remember every fact I see, read, or hear, but I do typically retain my notes in some form or other, although I may delete or discard certain research notes, materials, and/or information that I deem unusable, elect not to use, and/or no longer need.) Since software licenses typically prohibit redacting or altering any of the developer credits or copyright information, I usually retain that information for at least as long as I continue using the applicable software. On some social media platforms, certain types of information, insights, and/or notifications can be muted or hidden, but cannot normally be deleted, and may still remain in the social media platform’s files even if the applicable content and/or users have been removed, whether or not I separately retain such information. See the “Additional Information About Data Retention” section below to learn more about my typical data retention practices. The retention of data by third parties (e.g., my vendors and/or service providers) is subject to the individual policies of the applicable third parties, and in most cases is outside of my control.

    Obviously, information I gather for my content, writing/editing/writing consulting work, and/or other creative endeavors may be published and/or otherwise disclosed in that context; other information not already available to the public generally will not be except as otherwise described in “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” below.

    Combining Information From Multiple Sources

    To achieve the purposes described in “Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection” above, I may combine information I collect about you from multiple sources and/or over time. For example (but without limitation), if I communicate with you directly regarding an article or other content I create and/or edit in which you’re mentioned, I may combine the information you provide to me with information I have collected about you from third-party sources, and/or that you’ve shared in other public forums. In some cases, I may combine information about you from multiple devices you use (e.g., if you submit comments to this website from several different computers and/or mobile devices) and/or from across the Internet (e.g., if I observe that you use the same username or nickname across multiple websites and/or online services I visit and/or otherwise use).

    Additional Information About Data Retention

    In addition to the data retention practices described in the various sections above, I typically retain indefinitely:

    • Information pertaining to my content, my professional writing/editing/writing consulting work, and/or my other creative endeavors, including — except as otherwise stipulated by a specific client or employee agreement and/or other applicable legal requirement(s) — research notes, drafts, and/or other relevant data, which may sometimes include information about or in some way connected with visitors to this website. (I may delete or discard certain drafts and/or research notes, materials, and/or information that I deem unusable, elect not to use, and/or no longer need.) I generally also retain (again without limitation) calendar and/or journal entries and related notes (e.g., a calendar entry pertaining to a business meeting or phone call and/or my notes on what was discussed during that meeting or call).
    • Information pertaining to any financial transactions and/or legal agreements involving this website, including (but not limited to) records of purchases or payments I make or receive in connection with the website or related matters. (Obviously, my financial and legal records often necessarily include some personal information.) I must also retain my tax records for bookkeeping and compliance purposes. (Vendors and/or service providers involved in a given transaction (e.g., the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), and/or other financial institution(s)) may also retain certain information related to that transaction, which is generally outside of my control.)
    • The contact information and other details of individuals with whom I repeatedly or regularly correspond and/or otherwise communicate regarding this website and/or related matters. (Naturally, if I regularly communicate with someone and/or have (or previously had) some type of business and/or personal relationship with them, I will likely add them to my contacts, potentially including other personal details — for example (but without limitation), their job title (if any), their birthday, the name of their spouse/partner, and/or the email address and phone number of their secretary or assistant — if I possess such information.)
    • Names (including, though not limited to, business names, product names, and/or domain names) I’ve entered into my spell-checking dictionaries (which I retain for what I hope are obvious reasons!).
    • Copies of published works (e.g., books, magazines, newspapers, CDs, DVDs, software) that I own or for which I have a perpetual license, along with (where applicable) associated documentation and/or notes and any inventories, catalogs, databases, lists, and/or other tools that I may create and/or utilize to manage my collection(s) of such works. (I may dispose of copies that are duplicates, that are damaged or otherwise unusable, and/or that I no longer need; naturally, copies that I have borrowed or rented are eventually returned as appropriate.)
    • Information pertaining to my licenses/authorizations for the use of intellectual property owned by others, including any relevant contact information. (I may discard this information if I discontinue using that intellectual property, e.g., if I uninstall a particular app or other software.)
    • Information pertaining to site-related technical and/or legal questions.
    • Information pertaining to site-related disputes and/or legal issues.

    Even where it is my customary practice to indefinitely retain certain information, my retention of individual communications/messages may vary based on the medium and/or format of those communications/messages:

    • Email: I typically retain indefinitely most site-related emails, excepting obvious spam, mass mailings, messages and/or attachments that contain suspicious code, and/or certain automated notification/alert emails (which I may delete if they are no longer needed and/or relevant).
    • Communications/messages via third-party services (including, without limitation, calls and/or texts made or received through the Google Voice communications service, social media platforms, and/or other communications services): Most site-related communications/messages that I send and/or receive via third-party services are retained indefinitely in some form, although in such cases, I may, to the extent possible, retain local and/or off-line copies in addition to (or instead of) leaving the original communication/message(s) on the applicable third-party service. For example (but without limitation), if I receive messages via the Google Voice communications service, I may remove the original messages from my account on that service, but retain the notification emails and/or other local copies of those messages. Recordings of calls (if any) made via the Google Voice service or other third-party services, and/or voice mail messages received through such services, may be retained for as long as I reasonably need those recordings, except as otherwise required by law and/or the applicable service’s terms of use/terms of service. Please note that in some cases, third-party services may retain records of messages sent via those services even if the users who sent and/or received those messages delete their copies and/or their accounts, which is outside of my control. (Google, Google Voice, and other related marks are trademarks of Google LLC.)
    • Other activity history on third-party websites and/or services: Many third-party websites and/or online services (including, though not limited to, social media platforms, marketplace services, and payment services) compile and maintain fairly comprehensive histories of user actions and/or activity involving that service, which sometimes include certain personal information (e.g., records of comments made on a social media platform, or of recent payments made or received). Such third-party websites and/or online services don’t necessarily offer the option to selectively edit or delete such information; doing so may be a cumbersome and/or time-consuming task even where the option is available (e.g., requiring the user to scroll through years worth of activity to find specific items); and the site or service may retain the information even if the user’s copy of their history is partially or completely deleted. For that reason, my activity history on many of the third-party websites and/or services I use can normally be considered to be retained indefinitely, although I may sometimes delete or otherwise remove certain activity history if I have some compelling reason to do so and if the applicable site or service allows such deletion or removal.
    • Text messages: My retention of site-related text messages and/or other, similar non-voice direct messages that I send and/or receive via my phone(s) is highly variable. (My older smartphone(s) could be set to automatically delete older messages after a certain period of time — I normally set that interval to 60 days — unless they were deliberately saved, but not all the devices and apps I currently use provide that functionality, at least not in the same global manner.) Depending on the nature and context of the specific message(s), I may delete them immediately, retain them indefinitely, or something in between; in some cases, I may set messages to automatically delete themselves after a certain period of time, and/or retain only a certain number of messages in any particular text “conversation.” In any event, even if I delete a text message or messages, any included information and/or attachments for which I have some ongoing need may be transferred to other records before the deletion of the original message(s). (For example, if you send me a text message asking me to contact you via postal mail, I typically will separately record your mailing address in order to comply with and retain records of your request.) Text messages may also be captured in periodic phone backups, which I may retain for a year or more. Please note that my mobile carrier(s) and/or other service providers may also retain records of text messages sent or received via my phone(s), which is outside of my control.
    • Phone calls: Records of calls I make or receive via my phone(s) (i.e., NOT via the Google Voice communications service or some other third-party service) are typically included in my phone bills and/or other phone usage records, which I customarily retain indefinitely. (My phone service provider(s) and/or mobile carrier(s) may also retain such records, which is outside of my control.) My retention of call logs or records on my phone(s) is typically determined on a case-by-case basis and is highly variable. Recordings of phone calls (if any) and/or voice mail messages may be retained for as long as I reasonably need them, except as otherwise required by law (and/or, in the case of voice mail messages, the policies of the applicable phone company or mobile carrier). (Google, Google Voice, and other related marks are trademarks of Google LLC.)
    • Postal mail and/or physical documents: I promptly discard most mass mailings and unsolicited business inquiries (“junk mail”) I receive via postal mail or other physical means. Where I receive legitimate business correspondence or business documents (e.g., copies of contracts or receipts) by mail or some other physical means, I typically retain them. (This includes, where applicable, data disks and/or other physical data storage media containing business documents and/or related materials.) However, where possible, I may scan, photograph, or photocopy them (and/or retain the electronic versions, if I have received both electronic and physical copies) in addition to (and in some cases instead of) retaining the original physical copies. Naturally, if I have agreed and/or have some contractual or legal obligation to return or destroy specific business documents, I will do so as appropriate.

    Personal information I may collect in connection with this website that is not specified above or mentioned elsewhere in this Privacy Policy is normally retained only as long as I reasonably need that information, which is determined on a case-by-case basis depending on the nature of the information and how and why I received it. In some cases, my retention of certain information may be dictated by applicable law and/or regulations and/or other legal obligations (e.g., a contractual obligation to return or destroy certain information after a specific period of time). In particular (but without limitation), I must retain information pertaining to certain privacy-related requests to the extent necessary to comply with applicable law and/or regulations. (For example (again without limitation), if you send me a request to exercise your rights under the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA), I am legally required to retain records of that request and how I responded to it for at least 24 months.)

    In all cases (even circumstances where I typically retain information indefinitely), I may delete, discard, or destroy specific messages, communications, documents, files, records, and/or data (of any type, format, and/or medium) if:

    • They are duplicates, and/or:
    • I reasonably believe that they are substantially redundant of other data I still retain (e.g., an “order shipped” notification for an order for which I also have a delivery receipt), and/or:
    • They are unreadable, inaccessible, and/or otherwise unusable, and/or:
    • They are corrupted, contaminated, or otherwise damaged, particularly if I reasonably believe that the corruption, contamination, or damage poses a danger to health, safety, security, and/or the integrity of other data and/or property, and/or:
    • I have agreed and/or have some contractual or legal obligation to delete, discard, or destroy them, and/or:
    • I have some other compelling reason to do so.

    Even where it is my normal practice to retain personal information about site visitors, I periodically remove certain personal information from the website’s online database(s) and/or mail servers, transferring the data to local and/or offline storage for greater security and/or redacting portions of the data that I no longer need.

    Special Note on Subpoenas, Court Orders, and Preservation Requests: In certain cases, I may be legally compelled to retain and preserve certain data, even data I would not otherwise retain, pursuant to a subpoena, a valid court order, or a preservation request from a government or law enforcement agency. In such event, I will preserve the specified information (and may disclose it to the requesting party) to the extent required by applicable law, which in some cases may also require me to keep the order or request confidential.

    The retention of data by third parties (e.g., my vendors and/or service providers) is subject to the respective policies of such third parties, and in many cases is outside of my control.

    Reports and Aggregate Statistics

    From time to time, I may compile aggregate statistical information about users of this website. For example, I may create reports on trends in the usage of the website, e.g., total page views, the average number of unique visitors per month, the most popular pages on the site, and/or the average time visitors spend on the site. The data contained in such reports and/or statistics will be de-identified, anonymized, pseudonymized, redacted, and/or aggregated such that it could not reasonably be used to identify specific person(s) and/or household(s) (other than me, if I am somehow included in that information and elect not to de-identify, anonymize, pseudonymize, redact, and/or aggregate my own information).

    I may also, to the extent permitted — and/or required — by applicable law and/or regulations, publish aggregate information about requests I receive pursuant to the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA), (as described in “Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA)” below) and/or other privacy laws (e.g., how many requests of a particular type I received in a given period).

    I may publish such reports and/or aggregate statistics and/or otherwise share them with third parties such as (as applicable, but without limitation) my current and/or prospective advertisers, clients, employers, and/or commercial partners (e.g., with prospective buyers in connection with the possible sale of this website); my employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, and/or business partners, if any; and/or my vendors and/or service providers.

    Information Captured by Service/Software/App/Device Telemetry

    Many modern electronic services, software programs, apps, and devices, from operating systems to office software and even printers/print drivers, now incorporate surveillance mechanisms (often called “telemetry”) that gather information about the use of that service/software/app/device and then transmit that data to the manufacturer/developer and/or other third parties. The information collected by these mechanisms can sometimes include personal information or potentially personally identifying information about me and/or other individuals and/or households.

    Here are some examples of how this might occur:

    • If some service/app/software/device crashes while I am accessing a file or website containing personal information, details about that file or website and its contents might be captured and transmitted as part of a crash report.
    • If any websites, online services, or apps I access use the familiar reCAPTCHA human verification service, which is provided by Google, the reCAPTCHA service may collect detailed information about my activity on those websites, services, or apps. Google provides no way to opt out of this data collection, which with recent versions of the reCAPTCHA service is not limited to interactions with the reCAPTCHA interface itself. (Google and other related marks and logos are trademarks of Google LLC.)
    • Security features incorporated into my web browsers and/or devices might capture personal information contained in the filenames, metadata, and/or contents of files I download from or upload to the Internet and share that data with third parties to determine if those files are associated with known malware.
    • My antivirus software and/or other security services/software/apps might capture personal information in scanned email messages and/or other electronic files and communicate that data to third parties for threat analysis purposes.
    • The telemetry of my office software might capture text on which I use the software’s spelling and grammar checking features and transmit that information to the software manufacturer for service improvement purposes.
    • Providers of mapping or navigation services/software/apps, particularly ones with access to my mobile phone’s location data, might build profiles of my movements and/or frequent destinations that include the geographical locations and/or addresses of people I meet or visit.
    • Providers of services, apps, or software with access to device microphone(s) might overhear and/or record my calls and/or conversations, particularly if the service, app, or software has voice activation and/or voice command features.
    • Certain services/apps/software/devices might record what I type while using that service/app/software/device and make that information available to the manufacturer and/or other third parties for various purposes.

    • If some service/app/software/device crashes while I am accessing a file or website containing personal information, details about that file or website and its contents might be captured and transmitted as part of a crash report.
    • If a website or online service I access uses the familiar reCAPTCHA human verification service, which is provided by Google, the reCAPTCHA service may collect detailed information about my activity on that site or service, which may include (without limitation) taking snapshots of my browser window and any personal information that may be visible there. Google provides no way to opt out of this data collection, which with recent versions of the reCAPTCHA service is not limited to interactions with the reCAPTCHA interface itself. (Google and other related marks and logos are trademarks of Google LLC.)
    • Security features incorporated into my web browsers and/or devices might capture personal information contained in the filenames, metadata, and/or contents of documents or other files I download from or upload to the Internet.
    • My antivirus software and/or other security services/software/apps might capture personal information in scanned email messages and/or other electronic files.
    • My office software might record the filenames and/or other metadata of files I access, and/or capture any text on which I use the software’s spelling and/or translation features.
    • Mapping or navigation services/software/apps I use, particularly ones with access to my mobile phone’s location data, might record the geographical locations and/or addresses of people I meet or visit.
    • Services/apps/software/devices with access to device microphone(s) might overhear and/or record my calls or other conversations.
    • Certain services/apps/software/devices might record what I type while using that service/app/software/device.

    Again, these examples are just a small sampling of the possible scenarios. The specifics of device and software telemetry vary widely, and manufacturers/developers are not always forthcoming about the details of their information-gathering.

    Such surveillance can be difficult or impossible to escape. Certain services/software/apps/devices, like malware detection services, cannot adequately perform their intended functions without full access to device/system data. Some information-gathering features, like the telemetry incorporated into recent versions of the Microsoft® Windows® operating system (Microsoft and Windows are trademarks of the Microsoft group of companies) can’t be completely disabled without modifications that would violate the license agreement or terms of service. Even where it is theoretically possible to disable the telemetry features of a specific service/software/app/device, doing so may require advanced technical knowledge and/or special tools. Also, my work and research sometimes involves my using devices, software, and/or apps controlled by third parties — e.g., the computers offered to patrons of public libraries — that may incorporate telemetry or other surveillance mechanisms that I cannot disable or with which I am not familiar.

    While I have made an effort to block and/or minimize such surveillance — for my privacy and security as well as yours — the bottom line is that some of the services/software/apps/devices I use retain at least the potential to collect and transmit personal information about me, the subjects of my writing/editing/writing consulting work, and/or the people with whom I interact in the course of operating this website.

    The examples of third-party vendors and service providers listed in the “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” section below include a representative sampling of services, software, apps, and/or electronic devices I may use that could gather personal information related to this website and/or its visitors through telemetry and/or other integrated information-gathering/surveillance features. Please note that this is NOT an exhaustive list. I may sometimes use services, software, apps, and/or devices not listed (obviously, it’s not practical for me to list every service, device and/or piece of software I might conceivably use!); certain services/software/apps/devices that did not previously incorporate information-gathering/surveillance features might add them in subsequent updates; and certain services/software/apps/devices may incorporate surveillance features that are not readily apparent to me.

    As noted in the “Security Scans” section above, the likelihood and possible extent of any disclosure of personal information in such ways is difficult to predict or quantify, but it cannot be completely avoided without greatly compromising my security, the functionality of the tools and devices I use, and my ability to operate this website and/or provide my services.

    Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information

    I may share, release, and/or otherwise disclose personal information I collect through and/or in connection with this website:

    • To publish and/or respond to your submitted comments (including, as applicable, any images, other media files, and/or links they may contain), as described in the “Comments” section above. As explained in that section, this may include emailing copies of your comment to other users who have requested email notifications of replies/follow-up comments, and/or emailing you directly (at the email address you provided with your comment) prior to or instead of publishing your comment(s).
    • To respond (publicly and/or privately) to your messages, inquiries, and/or support requests, as described in the “Contact Forms” and “Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests” sections above.
    • To appropriately credit someone for the use of their images, other media, fonts, themes, plugins, and/or other content or intellectual property — particularly where such credit is required by the applicable license terms. As noted in “Data in Submitted Images” above, this may include (without limitation) adding copyright and license information to the applicable filename(s) and/or metadata to ensure that the attribution is clear. If you want to modify or remove your credit information, please contact me!
    • To publicly acknowledge and/or thank someone for their assistance, whether with the management of this website, my content, my other creative endeavors, and/or some related matter(s), except where they have specifically asked me not to or where their communications with me reasonably suggest that they prefer not to be acknowledged or identified. Such acknowledgments will typically be limited to their name/pseudonym, the nature of their assistance, and (where applicable) the date(s), although in some cases, certain other personal information may be obvious or implicit in the nature of the assistance provided.
    • As part of and/or in connection with my content and/or other creative endeavors; content I write and/or edit for others; and/or content and/or other creative endeavors on which I consult and/or otherwise collaborate — if the person(s) to whom the information pertains are the subject(s) of and/or otherwise pertinent to such content and/or creative endeavor(s). (This may include, without limitation, information contained in images, other media, bibliographies, annotations, and/or metadata.) For obvious reasons, journalistic, historical, and/or other nonfiction content, and many reviews and other critical accounts, routinely incorporate personal information about relevant people, as do some works of fiction and other types of art and/or creative work. As noted in “Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources” above, the process of researching, creating, and/or editing (and/or consulting and/or otherwise collaborating on) such content and/or creative endeavors routinely involves routinely involves discussing and/or sharing relevant information with various third parties and/or the public; the same is true of publishing, promoting, publicly performing, exhibiting, broadcasting, and/or otherwise disseminating and/or discussing such content and/or creative endeavors.
    • In photographs, images, and/or other media in which someone (and/or information about them, e.g., their car’s license plate number) may be visible or otherwise included. The photographs, images, and/or other media (e.g., videos) I use and/or collect for use on this website, in connection with my other content and/or creative endeavors, and/or as part of and/or in connection with my professional writing/editing/writing consulting work — not all of which are necessarily created by me — may include recognizable people (and/or their voices) and/or personal information or potentially personally identifying information about individuals and/or households, whether in the photos, images, and/or other media themselves and/or in the filenames, titles, and/or other metadata (see the “Data in Submitted Images” section above for more about what the metadata may include). Obviously, in certain cases, those people (and/or their information) may be the subject(s), or among the subjects, of the photo(s), image(s), and/or other media; even where they are not, it is not always practical or even feasible for me to completely remove or obscure visible bystanders or other personal information or potentially personally identifying information such photos, images, and/or other media may contain. (For example (but without limitation), the license terms under which I use images owned by others may not permit me to modify those images in such a way.) In many cases, I have no reasonable way to identify such individuals or associate photos, images, and/or other media in which they appear with other information about them. In certain cases, I may share photos, images, and/or other media (and/or related information) with others and/or take other steps to find out more about the subjects, settings, and/or circumstances of those photos, images, and/or other media; identify visible and/or audible individuals; and/or determine to whom certain vehicles, other objects and/or property, and/or animals depicted in the photos, images, and/or other media may belong. For example (again without limitation), if I have photos of a particular car that were taken at a car show or other public event, I might send those photos and/or information about them — e.g., the pictured car’s description and/or license plate number — to the event organizers in hopes of identifying and/or getting in touch with the car’s owner(s); if I have a clip from a home movie or similar video, I might show the clip to someone who appears in the video in hopes of identifying other people visible and/or audible in that video. (These are just a few representative examples, not an exhaustive list of inquiries I might conceivably make.) Please note that it isn’t necessarily always practical, appropriate, or even feasible for me to make such inquiries, and any inquiries I do make are not necessarily always fruitful. If you have recognized yourself (and/or your information) in a photo, image, or other media I have published and/or shared and would like me to obscure or remove it, please contact me!
    • If that information is or was already otherwise available to the public (such as — without limitation — information that’s available on the website of the person(s) to whom the information pertains; that they’ve included in their published memoirs, books, articles, or other published works, or in public posts or public comments they’ve made on this or other websites; that appears in published interviews with and/or books, news reports, articles, press releases and/or promotional materials, and/or other published works about the person(s) to whom the information pertains and/or their work; and/or that is otherwise part of the public record, e.g., court records or transcripts of public hearings).
    • If the information is contained in and/or otherwise incorporated into artwork, a copy of a published work, a useful article, or some other object (including, without limitation, information inscribed or imprinted upon and/or affixed or otherwise attached to such work, copy, useful article, or object, particularly where that information cannot reasonably be removed without damage and/or defacement — for example (again without limitation), an autograph signed on a trading card; an artist’s signature and/or watermark on a lithograph or original art piece; the original subscriber’s name and mailing address imprinted upon the cover of a magazine; a previous owner’s name stamped on the flyleaf of a book; and/or handwritten notes in the margins of some text). For obvious reasons, such information is typically (and often necessarily!) included in any loan, donation, sale, and/or other disposal of that work, copy, useful article, or object.
    • To editors, publishers, clients, employers, and/or other third parties for whom I provide (and/or to whom I offer) my writing/editing/writing consulting services; to whom I may license, sell, and/or otherwise offer my content and/or other creative work; for whom I may otherwise work, provide services, and/or offer to work and/or provide services; with whom I may collaborate and/or offer to collaborate in performing and/or offering my services and/or in researching, creating, editing, performing, and/or offering my content, other creative work, and/or other creative endeavors; and/or as I may reasonably elect and/or be requested or directed to do as part of and/or in connection with such services, content, creative endeavor(s), collaboration(s), and/or work (and/or the offer thereof), where the information is part of and/or otherwise pertains to such services, content, creative endeavor(s), collaboration(s), and/or work (and/or the offer thereof). For example (but without limitation), if I approach a publisher about turning one or more of my posts on this website into a book, or if I apply for some similar or related job or assignment, those activities might include discussions of this website and/or its content.
    • To my employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, and/or business partners, if any, that need to know the information in order to collaborate with me and/or to provide services for me and/or on my behalf (e.g., bookkeeping, accounting, tax preparation, legal services, translation, transcription, technical troubleshooting, website development/improvement, malware recovery/removal, other types of repair/maintenance/installation/technical service, training, tutoring, and/or education) and that have agreed to follow this Privacy Policy (or that have their own, comparably strict or stricter confidentiality policies, agreements, and/or requirements) regarding any personal information that I share with them. Some or all of such employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, and/or business partners may be located outside your home country and/or the European Economic Area; by using this website, you consent to my transfer of such information to them.
    • To my third-party vendors and/or service providers that need to know that information in order to provide services available on this website, support my business operations, and/or otherwise provide services for me and/or on my behalf. (As noted in the “Information Captured by Service/Software/App/Device Telemetry” section above, this may include, but is not limited to, services, software, apps, and/or electronic devices I may use that could gather personal information related to this website, its content, the management of my business operations, and/or my other creative endeavors through telemetry and/or other integrated information-gathering and/or surveillance features, some of which cannot be disabled without simply ceasing to use that service, software, app, or device.) Please note that some or all of my vendors and/or service providers may use various subcontractors, subprocessors, vendors, subsidiaries, affiliates, and/or partners, not necessarily listed here, in order to provide their services for me. Representative examples of my third-party vendors and/or service providers may include (as applicable, but without limitation):
      • Social media platforms and/or other social networking services (including, without limitation, chat rooms, online bulletin boards/message boards/discussion groups, wikis, and/or similar online forums) on which I have accounts and/or that I might use to research, promote, and/or discuss this website, its content, the management of my business operations, and/or my other creative endeavors, such as (without limitation) the Blogger (a.k.a. Blogspot) web publishing service, which is owned by Google and subject to the Google Privacy Policy — I don’t currently have a Blogspot blog, although in the past, I had a little-used (and long since deleted) Ate Up With Motor blog on that service, and I could theoretically create another blog on the Blogger service through my Google account(s) if I choose to do so in the future (Google, Blogger, Blogspot, and other related marks are trademarks of Google LLC; Ate Up With Motor is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba Ate Up With Motor); the Facebook social media platform (I initiated the deletion of my Facebook account on December 11, 2018, and have no intention of reactivating or recreating it, but Facebook likely retains at least some related data, and I retain an offline copy of my account data as of that date; Facebook is a trademark of Facebook, Inc.); the Flickr photo-sharing platform (presently owned and operated by Flickr, Inc., which is owned in turn by SmugMug, Inc.), on which I have shared some images related to this website and/or my content and which I use to communicate with some of the people who have allowed me to use their images; my use of Flickr services and/or products to share, create, label, tag, comment on, describe, and/or categorize my images and/or videos in those services and/or products is subject, where applicable, to the Data Processing Addendum to the Flickr Terms & Conditions of Use (Flickr and SmugMug are trademarks of SmugMug); the IntenseDebate comment system (I requested the deletion of my IntenseDebate account on December 9, 2021; the IntenseDebate comment system is owned by Automattic and subject to the Automattic Privacy Policy; Automattic and IntenseDebate are trademarks or registered trademarks of Automattic (or Automattic’s licensors)); the Tumblr microblogging and social networking platform (Tumblr is a trademark of Tumblr, Inc. in the United States and other countries); the Twitter social media platform, which I currently use only in connection with my Ate Up With Motor account, although I have had a personal account on that platform in the past and might again at some point in the future (Twitter is a trademark of Twitter, Inc. or its affiliates; Ate Up With Motor is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba Ate Up With Motor); and/or the WordPress.com blogging platform (which is also owned by Automattic and subject to the Automattic Privacy Policy; Automattic and WordPress.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of Automattic (or Automattic’s licensors); WordPress is a registered trademark of the WordPress Foundation in the United States and other countries). I technically still have a personal blog on the LiveJournal community publishing platform (which I previously archived using a patched version of the ljArchive backup utility by Erik Frey), but I can no longer use or even delete that blog because I refuse to accept the current LiveJournal user agreement. (The LiveJournal platform, which does not appear to have a privacy policy, is now owned by Rambler Group LLC. LiveJournal is a registered trademark of the advertising agency Index 20 LLC (a Rambler Group company) in the United States.)
      • Providers whose services I may use in operating this website, such as (without limitation) my web host, DreamHost, LLC, which provides — directly and/or through its applicable subcontractors, subprocessors, vendors, subsidiaries, affiliates, and/or partners — various services for me, including (without limitation) hosting this website and its associated files, database(s), and server logs; managing my domain name registration for the aaronseverson.com domain name; hosting the mail servers for all aaronseverson.com email addresses; and providing certain of my administrative and security tools, as well as technical support and troubleshooting, and which, as noted in the “Website Server, Error, and Security Logs” section above, has access to any data and/or files on any server or other system they control (except where I have specially encrypted such file(s) and/or data), all subject to the DreamHost Privacy Policy and/or, where applicable, the Customer EU Data Processing Addendum to their General Terms of Service (DreamHost is a registered trademark of DreamHost, LLC); the Let’s Encrypt® certificate authority (CA), a service of the nonprofit Internet Security Research Group&#x2122 described in the “Certificate Authority Checks” section above (Internet Security Research Group and Let’s Encrypt are trademarks of Internet Security Research Group; all rights reserved), and/or other certificate authorities I may use or access; iThemes, whose iThemes Security plugin and/or other plugins I may use on this website (iThemes is one of the Liquid Web family of brands and subject to the Liquid Web Privacy Policy; iThemes and Liquid Web are trademarks of Liquid Web, LLC); GoDaddy Media Temple, Inc. d/b/a Sucuri, a subsidiary of Go Daddy Operating Company, LLC (Sucuri), which provides the Sucuri Security plugin described in the “Security Scans” section above, which is subject to the Sucuri Security Privacy Policy, the Sucuri Cookie Policy (“Our Use of Cookies, Web Beacons, and Similar Technologies”), and/or the Data Processing Addendum to their Terms of Service (which applies to personal data Sucuri services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to certain regional privacy and/or data protection laws), as applicable (Sucuri, Sucuri Security, Sucuri Security Inc., and Sucuri Inc. are trademarks of Sucuri Inc. and may be registered in certain jurisdictions; GoDaddy is a registered trademark of Go Daddy Operating Company, LLC); GoDaddy® (which I previously used for domain registration and certain related services, although I ceased to use their services (except for those provided by Sucuri, a subsidiary) several years ago and permanent closed my GoDaddy account on October 8, 2020; GoDaddy is a registered trademark of Go Daddy Operating Company, LLC); embedded content providers such as (though not necessarily limited to) those described in the “Embedded Content” section above; Font Awesome (which, in addition to any embedded content it may serve on this site, may also be used by some of my other vendors and/or service providers in connection with other services I use, such as (without limitation) my web host’s online control panel and webmail interfaces; Font Awesome is a trademark of Fonticons, Inc.); the phpMyAdmin® project (a member project of Software Freedom Conservancy®), whose open source database administration tool my web host provides for managing my website databases; the project doesn’t appear to have a privacy policy, but the tool’s source code is freely available for review — my use of this tool in connection with this website is subject to the DreamHost Privacy Policy and/or, where applicable, the Customer EU Data Processing Addendum to their General Terms of Service, since DreamHost actually administers the tool and controls the servers that store and run the databases I use the tool to access and manage (DreamHost is a registered trademark of DreamHost, LLC; phpMyAdmin and Software Freedom Conservancy are either registered trademarks or trademark of Software Freedom Conservancy, Inc. in the United States and/or other countries; PHP is a trademark of The PHP Group; all other trademarks are the property of their respective owners); the Roundcube project, whose open source webmail client software and associated resources my web host uses for my browser-based email access; the Roundcube project doesn’t appear to have a privacy policy, but the mail client’s source code is freely available for review — my use of the mail client through my web host is subject to the DreamHost Privacy Policy and, where applicable, the Customer EU Data Processing Addendum to their General Terms of Service, since DreamHost actually administers the client and controls the mail servers to which it connects (DreamHost is a registered trademark of DreamHost, LLC); the Unsplash photo platform and/or related services (which I don’t currently use on this website, but which my web host may use to display images on their webmail and online control panel login pages and/or other user interfaces; Unsplash is a trademark or registered trademark of Unsplash Inc.) the WordPress.org websites and/or their respective developers, contributors, volunteers, and other users (as explained in “Embedded Content” above, this website uses the WordPress content management system, so the WordPress.org websites may gather certain information about users who access the website’s administrative dashboard in the course of managing the site and its various plugins, themes, and/or other add-ons, as well as about and/or related to my use of the WordPress.org websites and/or forums, which I regularly use to seek help in managing, troubleshooting, and/or improving this website as well as to report bugs, security flaws, and/or other issues with the WordPress content management system itself; WordPress is a registered trademark of the WordPress Foundation in the United States and other countries); the developers of the various plugins, themes, and/or other add-ons used on this website (who may gather information via telemetry features incorporated into those plugins, themes, and/or other add-ons, and/or through my communications with the developers regarding the management, troubleshooting, and/or security of their respective plugins, themes, and/or other add-ons — such communications are frequently, though not necessarily exclusively, via the aforementioned WordPress.org forums; WordPress is a registered trademark of the WordPress Foundation in the United States and other countries); other sources of informational and/or instructional resources related to web development, online security, and/or the various aspects of operating and/or maintaining online systems, including (without limitation) providers of tutorials, guides, wikis, help files, online documentation, knowledge bases, technical consulting services, articles, and/or white papers offering recommendations, warnings, suggestions, examples, and/or discussion of how to use, manage, maintain, develop, customize, troubleshoot, and/or secure the WordPress content management system; its various plugins, themes, and/or other add-ons; and/or other software, apps, tools, services, and/or code (WordPress is a registered trademark of the WordPress Foundation in the United States and other countries); PayPal® (which serves the payment buttons that appear on the site and may process certain payments I make or receive in connection with this website — PayPal.com, PayPal, and all logos related to the PayPal services are either trademarks or registered trademarks of PayPal, Inc. or its licensors; in addition, all page headers, custom graphics, button icons, and scripts related to the PayPal services are service marks, trademarks, and/or trade dress of PayPal); the Blacklight tool (click here for more about how Blacklight works) developed and offered by the nonprofit newsroom The Markup, which I may use to help me identify potential privacy and/or security issues with this website and/or other websites and online services I use in the course of my business (Blacklight and The Markup are trademarks owned by The Markup or its licensors); WebAIM (Web Accessibility in Mind) (whose WAVE Accessibility Tool and/or other tools I may use to improve the accessibility of this website and/or my content; WebAIM and WebAIM Web Accessibility in Mind are trademarks of Utah State University); website speed testing services/tools (which examine the publicly visible/publicly accessible portions of the website to analyze how quickly they load and identify technical issues that may affect loading speed and/or other functionality); and/or WHOIS, RDAP (Registration Data Access Protocol), and/or similar lookup providers (if I need to look up IP addresses, hostnames, and/or domain registrations using tools such as (though not necessarily limited to) the ICANN Domain Name Registration Data Lookup tool; ICANN is a trademark or registered trademark of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers).
      • Google, which provides (directly and/or through its various subsidiaries and/or affiliates) some of the software, apps, tools, and/or services I may use and/or offer, which are too numerous to fully enumerate here, but may include (without limitation) the Google Fonts API, Google Hosted Libraries, Google Maps, FeedBurner, Gmail, Google Safe Browsing API, Blogger, and Blogspot services mentioned and/or described elsewhere in this Privacy Policy; the Android platform and related apps, services, APIs, and infrastructure (e.g., the Google Location Service infrastructure); the Android SDK Platform-Tools; the Firebase platform mentioned elsewhere in this section of the Privacy Policy; the Google Play store and its related services; the well-known Google search engines (and/or related search tools and/or services); Google Search Console tools and reports (formerly known as Google Webmaster Tools reports), which help webmasters analyze and improve their site’s indexability and search performance; the Google Authenticator mobile app (which manages authentication codes for multi-factor authentication); the Google Ads platform (which I believe is formally called the Google Ad Network advertiser network, although many Google policies and documents refer to “Google Ads”) and various advertising services, e.g., the AdMob, AdSense, and/or DoubleClick advertising services (which I don’t currently use on this website, but may be used by some apps, websites, and/or online services I use and/or access, and/or may show advertising through certain embedded content, as noted in the “Embedded Content” section above); the reCAPTCHA human verification service (which I don’t currently use on this website, but which may be used by various websites and/or online services I use and/or access, and which can gather information about and/or related to my online activity in those contexts, as described in the “Information Captured by Service/Software/App/Device Telemetry” section above); the Google Voice communications service (a VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) service provided by Google Voice Inc., a subsidiary of Google LLC, which is subject to the Google Privacy Policy and, where applicable, the Google Telephony Services Privacy Disclosure); Google Workspace productivity and collaboration tools; the Widevine digital content manager (a digital rights management (DRM) technology many web browsers use to allow playback of encrypted media content protected by DRM); and, as noted in the “Embedded Content” section above, the YouTube video platform. All Google products and services are subject to the Google Privacy Policy and/or, where applicable, their Data Processing Addendum for Products where Google is a Data Processor, the CCPA Service Provider Addendum to Google Data Processing Addendum, and/or the LGPD Processor Addendum to the Google Data Processing Addendum. For additional information about how Google uses technologies that may collect and/or process personal information, see the “Technologies” section of their Google Privacy & Terms site. (Google, AdMob, AdSense, Android, Blogger, Blogspot, DoubleClick, FeedBurner, Firebase, Gmail, Google Ad Network, Google Ads, Google AdSense, Google Authenticator; Google Location Service, Google Maps, Google Play, Google Safe Browsing, Google Voice, Google Webmaster Tools, Google Workspace, Widevine YouTube, and other related marks and logos are trademarks of Google LLC. I am not affiliated with or endorsed by Google in any way.)
      • Microsoft, which provides (directly and/or through its various subsidiaries and/or affiliates) some of the software, apps, tools, and/or services I may use and/or offer — which are too numerous to fully enumerate here, but may include (without limitation) the operating systems and associated software and services for some of the devices I use; BitLocker® encryption and data protection features; Microsoft® Bing® search engine(s); the Microsoft Office suite of productivity software and services; and/or any other Microsoft software, apps, tools, and/or services mentioned and/or described elsewhere in this Privacy Policy — and may gather and use certain information through, about, and/or related to the use of such software, apps, tools, and/or services as described in the Microsoft Privacy Statement and/or, where applicable, the Microsoft Products and Services Data Protection Addendum (which applies to certain data Microsoft products and services process on customers’ behalf). (Microsoft, Bing, and BitLocker are trademarks of the Microsoft group of companies, as are the names of many other Microsoft products and services. I am not affiliated with or endorsed by Microsoft in any way.)
      • Other providers whose services enable me to operate and/or secure my system(s), device(s), and/or data, such as (without limitation) TCL Communication Ltd. (a.k.a. TCT) and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates, which manufactured my BlackBerry® KEY2 LE smartphone, which may gather information about and/or related to the use of that smartphone and/or its associated software and services as described in the BlackBerry Mobile Privacy Policy (the current TCT Privacy Policy available online appears somewhat different from the Privacy Policy presented in the legal information on the smartphone itself, and the latter version is apparently no longer available on the TCT website now that TCT has ended its license to manufacture and sell BlackBerry® smartphones; BlackBerry, KEY2, and KEY2 LE are the trademarks or registered trademarks of BlackBerry Limited; TCL is a registered trademark of TCL Corporation); BlackBerry Limited (and/or, where applicable, its subsidiary companies and/or affiliates), which makes the suite of BlackBerry® apps and services used by and with my BlackBerry® smartphones; manufactured (under the previous corporate name of Research In Motion Limited) the older of those smartphones (and many of their associated accessories); owns much of the underlying intellectual property of both smartphones and their associated software; and may gather information related to the use of those smartphones, software, apps, and/or services as described in the BlackBerry Privacy Notice (BlackBerry and Research in Motion are the trademarks or registered trademarks of BlackBerry Limited, the exclusive rights to which are expressly reserved — I am not affiliated with, endorsed, sponsored, or otherwise authorized by BlackBerry Limited); Dell Technologies, Inc. and/or its affiliates, which manufactured certain of my devices, displays, peripheral devices, and/or other components and may gather information about and/or related to the use their use and/or the use of their associated drivers and/or software as described in the Dell U.S. Privacy Statement (Dell is a trademark of Dell Inc.); HP Inc., which may gather certain information about and/or related to my use of HP printers, scanners, copiers, and/or other devices; their associated ink, toner, and/or other consumable supplies; and/or their associated drivers, software, and/or services as described in the HP Privacy Statement; HP is a trademark of HP Inc., as are the names of many of its products and services); Intel Corporation and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates, which manufactured certain of my devices and/or components and may gather information about and/or related to their use and/or the use of their associated drivers and/or software as described in the Intel Privacy Statement (Intel is a trademark of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the U.S. and/or other countries); I.R.I.S. and/or its affiliates, whose optical character recognition software I may use in connection with my printer(s) and/or scanner(s) (I.R.I.S. is an I.R.I.S. trademark); The Khronos® Group, whose Vulkan® Runtime Libraries and/or other software, software development kits, and/or software components may be installed in conjunction with and/or incorporated into certain software and/or devices I may use, including, though not limited to, the drivers for certain of my display cards and/or other devices and/or components (Khronos and Vulkan are registered trademarks of The Khronos Group Inc.); LG Electronics and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates, which manufactured certain of my devices, displays, peripheral devices, and/or other components and may gather information about and/or related to their use and/or the use of their associated drivers and/or software as described in, as applicable, their website Privacy Policy and/or any applicable product privacy policies (LG is a registered trademark of LG Corp.); Logitech and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates, which manufactured certain of my devices, peripheral devices, and/or other components and may gather information about and/or related to their use and/or the use of their associated drivers and/or software as described in, as applicable, their Product Privacy Policy and/or their Website Privacy Statement (Logitech is a trademark or registered trademark of Logitech Europe S.A. and/or its affiliates in the United States and/or other countries); Nuance Communications, Inc., present owner of the VoiceSignal® VSuite® voice recognition software used by the older of my BlackBerry® smartphones, which may gather information through and/or about my use of that software (to the extent that software still works, which is unclear) as described in the Nuance Privacy Policy (VoiceSignal, VSuite, and Nuance are registered trademarks or trademarks of Nuance Communications, Inc. or its affiliates in the United States and/or other countries; BlackBerry is the trademark or registered trademark of BlackBerry Limited); Qualcomm Incorporated and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates, which manufactured some of the components and provides some of the services of my BlackBerry® KEY2 LE smartphone and/or my desktop computer and may gather information about and/or related to the use of such components and/or services, and/or any associated software and/or drivers, as described in the Qualcomm Incorporated Privacy Policy (Qualcomm is a trademark of Qualcomm Incorporated, registered in the United States and other countries; BlackBerry, KEY2, and KEY2 LE are the trademarks or registered trademarks of BlackBerry Limited); Realtek Semiconductor Corp. and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates, which manufactured certain of my peripheral devices and/or other components as well as their associated drivers and/or software (the company’s official website does not appear to have any privacy policy; Realtek is a trademark of Realtek Semiconductor Corp.); Renesas Electronics Corporation and/or its affiliates, which manufactured certain of my peripheral devices and/or components and may collect information about and/or related to their use and/or the use of their associated drivers and/or software as described in the Renesas Privacy Policy (Renesas is a trademark or registered trademark of Renesas Electronics Corporation in Japan, the United States and other countries); Rosewill, Inc. and/or its parent company, affiliates, and/or subsidiaries, which manufactured certain of my peripheral devices and/or other components and may gather information about and/or related to their use and/or the use of their associated drivers and/or software as described in the Rosewill Privacy Policy (Rosewill is a registered trademark of Rosewill Inc.); Sabrent (which manufactured certain of my peripheral devices and/or other components and may gather information about and/or related to their use and/or the use of their associated drivers and/or software as described in the Sabrent Privacy Policy; Sabrent is a trademark of Sabrent); Seagate Technology LLC and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates, which manufactured certain of my hard drive(s) and/or other memory storage device(s) and their associated drivers and/or software, whose use is subject to the Seagate Privacy Statement (Seagate and Seagate Technology are registered trademarks of Seagate Technology LLC in the United States and/or other countries); Staples, Inc. and/or its affiliates, which manufactured certain of my peripheral devices, other components, and/or other office equipment and may gather information about and/or related to the use of such devices, components, and/or equipment and/or their associated software and/or drivers as described in Staples’ U.S. Privacy Notice, which also applies to data they may collect in connection with my purchase(s) of supplies, equipment, and/or other office products from their retail stores and/or website (Staples is a registered trademark of Staples, Inc. or its subsidiaries in the United States and/or other countries); Toshiba Corporation and/or its affiliates, which manufactured certain of my hard drives, other memory storage devices, and/or other devices and/or components and may collect information about and/or related to their use and/or the use of their associated drivers and/or software as described in the applicable Toshiba privacy policy or privacy policies (Toshiba is a registered trademark of Toshiba Corporation in the United States and other countries); Waves Audio Ltd., which makes the Waves MaxxAudio® Pro audio processing software I use on some of my devices and may gather information about and/or related to the use of that software as described in the Maxx Privacy Policy (Maxx, MaxxAudio, and Waves are trademarks or registered trademarks of Waves Audio Ltd.); Western Digital® and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates, which manufactured certain of my hard drive(s) and/or other memory storage device(s) and their associated drivers and/or software, whose use is subject to the Western Digital Privacy Statement; Western Digital is a registered trademark or trademark of Western Digital Corporation or its affiliates in the U.S. and/or other countries); Avast Software s.r.o and/or their subsidiary Piriform Software Ltd., whose Avast® and/or CCleaner® security and/or maintenance software products I may use on some or all of my systems and/or devices — the Avast Products Policy describes what types of data Avast products may gather, while the CCleaner Data Factsheet explains what types of data CCleaner products may gather (Avast is a registered trademark of Avast Software s.r.o. in the U.S. and/or other countries; Piriform and CCleaner are trademarks or registered trademarks of Piriform Software Ltd. in the U.S. and/or other countries); Bitdefender, whose Bitdefender Mobile Security and/or Bitdefender Central apps and/or associated services I may use on some of my devices (Bitdefender is a trademark of Bitdefender); like many apps and services for the Android platform, the Bitdefender apps and/or services may incorporate and/or utilize various Google services (e.g., the Crashlytics crash reporter tool and/or other services of the Firebase platform, and/or the Google Safe Browsing API), all of which are subject to the Google Privacy Policy (Google, Android, Crashlytics, Firebase, Google Safe Browsing, and other related marks are trademarks of Google LLC), as well as various other subprocessors such as (without limitation) Akamai Technologies, Inc. and/or Amazon Web Services; Akamai is a registered trademark or service mark of Akamai Technologies, Inc. in the United States (Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off.); Amazon Web Services is a trademark of Amazon.com Inc. or its affiliates in the United States and/or other countries); Malwarebytes, whose security tools I may use on some or all of my systems and devices (Malwarebytes is a trademark of Malwarebytes); Safer-Networking Ltd., whose Spybot® security and privacy software and/or tools (such as, though not necessarily limited to, Spybot – Search & Destroy security software and/or its associated apps, tools, and/or services) I may use on some or all of my systems and devices (Spybot and Spybot – Search & Destroy are registered trademarks of Patrick Kolla-ten Venne in the EU and/or other jurisdictions; Spybot is a registered trademark of Safer-Networking Ltd. dba Spybot in the United States and/or other countries); developers of Internet firewall applications, software, and/or services, such as (without limitation) Károly Pados’ TinyWall firewall software and/or Marcel Bokhorst’s NetGuard mobile firewall and Internet traffic monitor app (see the NetGuard privacy statement; the NetGuard app may also connect to IPinfo API services and/or other WHOIS/RDAP lookup services to look up information about IP addresses, hostnames, and/or domains to which my mobile apps connect and/or attempt to connect; IPinfo is a trademark or registered trademark of IDB LLC in the United States and/or other countries); other providers of filter lists, block lists, and/or other security-related information, such as (without limitation) Steven Black’s StevenBlack/hosts unified hosts file (which consolidates various other hosts lists); Disconnect, Inc. (whose Tracker Protection lists some web browsers may use to help prevent fingerprinting and/or certain other forms of tracking; Disconnect is a trademark of Disconnect, Inc.); HackRepair.com (HackRepair.com is a trademark of Jim Walker dba HackRepair.com; HackRepair is a registered trademark of Jim Walker); the MVPS HOSTS file; Perishable Press; and/or The Spamhaus Project (Spamhaus is a registered trademark of The Spamhaus Project SLU in the EU and/or other jurisdictions); developers and/or providers of password management software, apps, tools, and/or services; the Have I Been Pwned data breach notification service (which is a project of Troy Hunt and subject to the Have I Been Pwned Privacy Policy; Have I Been Pwned is a trademark and brand of Superlative Enterprises Pty. Ltd.) and/or other data breach notification and/or identity theft protection services; and/or encryption software and/or services such as (without limitation) the open source GNU Privacy Guard for Windows (Gpg4win) and the software included with it, which may include (again without limitation) GnuPG (the encryption backend) and the GNU Privacy Assistant (GPA), the GpgOL and GpgEX plugins, and the Kleopatra certificate management application, which was developed by members of the KDE® Community and may be subject to the KDE Software Privacy Policy (GNU is a trademark or registered trademark of Free Software Foundation, Inc.; Microsoft, Outlook, and Windows are trademarks of the Microsoft group of companies; KDE is a registered trademark of KDE e.V.; all other trademarks are the property of their respective owners); the OpenKeychain open source mobile encryption app; the OpenKeychain open source mobile encryption app; cryptographic key servers and/or other encryption key management services and/or tools; the open source VeraCrypt disk encryption tool developed by IDRIX (portions of which were developed by various others, summarized in the VeraCrypt Copyright Information notice; IDRIX and VeraCrypt are trademarks of IDRIX); and/or online forums, message boards, discussion groups, chat rooms, mailing lists, technical consulting services, wikis, help files, online documentation, knowledge bases, and/or other online venues and/or resources for investigating, troubleshooting, resolving, and/or preventing technical problems and/or suspicious and/or malicious activity, and/or otherwise discussing and/or researching matters pertaining to the operation, function, technical improvement, and/or security of my system(s), device(s), and/or data.
      • Other providers whose services I may use in accessing the Internet, such as (without limitation) my home Internet service provider (currently Spectrum Internet®, a service of Charter Communications, Inc.; Spectrum Internet and Charter Communications are trademarks or registered trademarks of Charter Communications), which processes and thus has information about and/or related to much of my online activity (in addition to any information I may share with them for security, support, and/or troubleshooting purposes); my mobile carrier(s) (currently T-Mobile®; T-Mobile, T-Mobile USA®, and Deutsche Telekom® are registered trademarks of Deutsche Telekom AG; this website is not sponsored, certified, endorsed or approved by, or affiliated with, Deutsche Telekom AG, T-Mobile USA, Inc., or their respective subsidiaries and affiliates), which provide my mobile voice, text, and data plan and may process certain emails sent to and from my phone(s), and thus have information about and/or related to voice calls, texts, and online activity made, received, and/or otherwise conducted on my mobile device(s) (in addition to any information I may share with them for security, support, and/or troubleshooting purposes); other Internet service providers, mobile carriers, phone service providers, and/or wireless network services I may use; ASUSTeK Computer Inc. and/or its affiliated entities, which manufactured my ASUS® wireless router and may gather information about and/or related to the use of that router and/or its associated software and/or services as described in the ASUS Privacy Policy (ASUS is either a U.S. registered trademark or trademark of ASUSTeK Computer Inc. in the United States and/or other countries. Reference to any ASUS products, services, processes, or other information and/or use of ASUS Trademarks does not constitute or imply endorsement, sponsorship, or recommendation thereof by ASUS.); NETGEAR, Inc. and/or its affiliates and subsidiaries, which manufactured my NETGEAR® wireless router and may gather information about and/or related to the use of that router and/or its associated software and/or services as described in the NETGEAR Privacy Policy (NETGEAR is a trademark and/or registered trademark of NETGEAR, Inc. and/or its subsidiaries in the United States and/or other countries); the open source Simple DNSCrypt utility developed by Christian Hermann and other contributors (which doesn’t have a privacy policy, although its source code is freely available for review; it implements Frank Denis’s open source dnscrypt-proxy DNS proxy to allow me to encrypt my Domain Name System (DNS) queries on my desktop computer(s); DNSCrypt is a trademark of Frank Denis); Cloudflare, Inc., through and/or in connection with my use of their 1.1.1.1 Public DNS Resolver (which is a partnership between Cloudflare and APNIC Labs, subject to the Cloudflare Privacy Policy; Cloudflare and 1.1.1.1 are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of Cloudflare, Inc. in the United States and other jurisdictions); the 1.1.1.1 App and/or its associated WARP mobile security/encryption service (which are subject to the Cloudflare Application Privacy Policy; Cloudflare, 1.1.1.1, and WARP are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of Cloudflare, Inc. in the United States and other jurisdictions); the Cloudflare Resolver for the Mozilla Firefox browser (whose unique privacy practices are discussed in the “Frequently asked questions about the Cloudflare resolver for Firefox” page; Cloudflare is a trademark and/or registered trademark of Cloudflare, Inc. in the United States and other jurisdictions; Mozilla and Firefox are trademarks of the Mozilla Foundation in the U.S. and other countries); and/or other Cloudflare® services, such as (without limitation) the content delivery network (CDN) and distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) protection services used by some websites and/or online services I use and/or access; most Cloudflare services are subject to the Cloudflare Privacy Policy, the Cloudflare Data Processing Addendum (which applies to personal data Cloudflare services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to certain regional privacy and/or data protection laws), and/or the Cloudflare Cookie Policy, as applicable (Cloudflare is a trademark and/or registered trademark of Cloudflare, Inc. in the United States and other jurisdictions); any other DNS resolver service(s) I may use; other CAPTCHA and/or comparable human verification services, e.g., the hCaptcha® service (a service of Intuition Machines, Inc.; hCaptcha and Intuition Machines are registered trademarks of Intuition Machines, Inc.), which may be used by various websites and/or online services I use and/or access in the course of my online activity; link shorteners and/or other hyperlink redirection services and/or tools; Cisco Systems, Inc., whose OpenH264 Video Codec many web browsers use for encoding and decoding certain types of audiovisual content; this open source codec library does not have its own privacy policy, since it is usually incorporated into web browsers as a binary module (Cisco and Cisco Systems are trademarks or registered trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United States and certain other countries); the Guardian Project (through and/or in connection with my use of the Orbot app and/or Tor Browser for Android app, which are subject to the project’s Data Usage and Protection Policies — these apps connect to the Tor® network developed by The Tor Project (Tor is a registered trademark of The Tor Project, Inc.; Google, Android, and other related marks are trademarks of Google LLC); Hidden Reflex (through and/or in connection with my use of the Epic Privacy Browser (for desktop, mobile, or both), associated encrypted file vault and/or other browser features, associated encrypted proxy/VPN browser extension, associated Epic AdBlocker extension (which is based on the uBlock Origin browser extension developed by Raymond Hill and uses many of the same lists, which are developed and maintained by a variety of people), associated EpicSearch.in search extension (which submits anonymized queries to the Yandex Search search engine(s) (whose use is subject to the Yandex Privacy Policy; Yandex and Yandex Search are trademarks of Yandex LLC) as an alternative to the browser’s default search function, which uses Yahoo!® search services (whose use is subject to the Yahoo Search Services privacy practices and the Yahoo Privacy Policy; Yahoo! and other Yahoo marks are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of Oath Inc. or its affiliates; Oath is a trademark and/or registered trademark of Oath Inc. or its affiliates), and/or other associated browser extensions, themes, and/or other add-ons (Hidden Reflex, the Epic Privacy Browser, Epic Browser, EpicSearch, and the names of related products and services are trademarks of Hidden Reflex); Mozilla Corporation (which may gather certain information through and/or in connection with my use of the Firefox, Firefox Focus, and/or Fennec F-Droid web browsers (whether for desktop, mobile, or both) and/or associated browser extensions, themes, and/or other add-ons as described in the Mozilla Privacy Policy (Mozilla, Firefox, and Firefox Focus are trademarks of the Mozilla Foundation in the U.S. and other countries); the Phishing and Malware Protection features of these browsers may also use the Google Safe Browsing API, which is subject to the Google Privacy Policy (Google, Google Safe Browsing, and other related marks are trademarks of Google LLC); Opera Software AS (through and/or in connection with my use of the Opera web browser (for desktop, mobile, or both), its integral VPN/proxy service, and/or associated browser extensions, themes, and/or other add-ons; Opera is a trademark of Opera Software AS); providers of other web browsers I may use (whether for desktop, mobile, or both); and/or the providers and/or developers of browser extensions, themes, and/or other add-ons I may use, such as (without limitation) the Abine Blur browser extension (formerly known as DoNotTrackMe; Abine, Blur, and DoNotTrackMe are trademarks of Abine, Inc.) — I’ve also used their email masking tool in an effort to reduce the spam and mass mailings I tend to receive after filling out comment or petition forms; aka_StephanAS‘s browser themes and/or other add-ons; Chris Antanki’s Disable WebRTC extension (whose privacy policy indicates that the extension does not collect usage data); the Cookie AutoDelete browser extension developed by Kenny Do and CAD Team (which does not appear to collect usage data; its source code is freely available for review); damagnat‘s browser themes and/or other add-ons; Francesco De Stefano’s Opena11y Toolkit browser extension (which doesn’t appear to have a privacy policy, although its source code is freely available for review), which facilitates use of the open source tota11y accessibility visualization tool created by Khan Academy® developers to assess potential accessibility issues in online content (although “a11y” is a commonly used abbreviation for “accessibility”, A11Y is a trademark of the Bureau of Internet Accessibility in the United States — it’s not clear if the tota11y project is associated in any way with that organization; Khan Academy is a registered trademark of Khan Academy, Inc. in the United States and other jurisdictions; A11Y and Bureau of Internet Accessibility are registered trademarks of the Bureau of Internet Accessibility, Inc. in the United States); the various ad-blocking and other filter lists by the EasyList authors; the Adblock Plus® browser extension by eyeo GmbH and that extension’s related lists (Adblock Plus and eyeo are trademarks of Ad-IP GmbH & Co. KG, registered in the United States and other jurisdictions); browser add-ons and/or other privacy tools offered by the Electronic Frontier Foundation® (EFF®) (which are subject to the EFF Privacy Policy: Software and Technology Projects; Electronic Frontier Foundation and EFF are trademarks of the Electronic Frontier Foundation); the Ghostery® browser extension by Cliqz International GmbH (Ghostery and Cliqz are registered trademarks of Cliqz International GmbH); the NoScript extension developed by Giorgio Maone of InformAction (which, according to the developer, does not collect personal information); the Nodetics Cookiebro – Cookie Manager browser extension (which currently asserts that it does not collect personal information); Thomas Rientjes’s open source Decentraleyes browser extension (whose Privacy Policy says the extension does not collect user data); Hosh Sadiq’s adblock-nocoin-list); the uBlock Origin browser extension (which is developed by Raymond Hill) and its related lists (which are developed and maintained by a variety of people); and/or the Cookie Quick Manager extension developed by ysard; and/or Jefferson Scher’s userChrome.org website, which offers an unofficial guide and style recipes for customizing the appearance of the Mozilla Firefox web browser (the userChrome.org website is not maintained by or affiliated with Mozilla, which makes the Firefox browser; Firefox and Mozilla are trademarks of the Mozilla Foundation in the U.S. and other countries).
      • Other providers of software, apps, tools, and/or services I may use in connection with this website, its content, the management of my business operations, and/or my other creative endeavors, such as (without limitation) Adobe Inc. and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates, which provide some of the software, apps, tools, and/or services I may use and/or offer and may gather and use certain information through, about, and/or related to the use of such software, apps, tools, and/or services as described in the applicable sections of the Adobe Privacy Center (Adobe is either a registered trademark or trademark of Adobe in the United States and/or other countries; I am not affiliated with or endorsed by Adobe in any way); Apple Inc. and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates, which may gather information about and/or related to my use of iTunes, the iTunes Store, and/or other Apple products and/or services as described in the Apple Customer Privacy Policy (Apple and iTunes are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries; iTunes Store is a service mark of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries); Artifex Software Inc., which may gather certain information about and/or related to my use of their SmartOffice® mobile app as described in the SmartOffice Privacy Policy and/or the Artifex.com Privacy Policy, as applicable (Artifex and SmartOffice are registered trademarks of Artifex Software Inc.); Audacity® open source audio editing and recording software, whose new owners may collect personal information about and/or related to the use of the software — whose source code remains freely available for review — as described in the Desktop Privacy Notice, although this notice technically only applies to newer versions of the software than I currently use (the name Audacity® is a registered trademark of MuseCY SM Ltd.; all other trademarks are the property of their respective owners); Pete Batard’s open source Rufus utility (whose source code is freely available for review); Cannaverbe Limited (through and/or in connection with the use of their CDBurnerXP software); the CDex audio utility developed by Georgy Berdyshev, Ariane Paola Gomes, and Albert L. Faber; CompanionLink Software, Inc., whose CompanionLink® and/or DejaOffice® CRM products and/or services I may use to synchronize data and manage contacts, calendar entries, tasks, and notes on my device(s); the CompanionLink Data Processing Agreement applies to personal data CompanionLink services (and/or their associated subprocessors) process on my behalf that may be subject to European data protection laws (CompanionLink and DejaOffice are registered trademarks of CompanionLink Software, Inc.); Pavel Cvrček’s open source MozBackup utility, (whose source code is freely available for review); the ComicRack comics reader developed by cYo Soft; DataViz, Inc., which might gather information about and/or related to the use of the Documents To Go® app on the older of my BlackBerry® smartphones (DataViz and Documents To Go are registered trademarks of DataViz, Inc.; BlackBerry is the trademark or registered trademark of BlackBerry Limited); The Document Foundation, which may gather information about and/or related to my use of the open source LibreOffice® office productivity suite and/or its associated repository of extensions, themes, and other add-ons as described in the LibreOffice Privacy Policy (LibreOffice and The Document Foundation are registered trademarks of The Document Foundation or are in actual use as trademarks in one or more countries); the open source F-Droid repository and client app (which may gather a limited amount of information about and/or in connection with my use of the repository and/or app, as described in the “Terms, etc.” section of their About page); Shahin Gasanov’s ZoneIDTrimmer tool; The GIMP Team, which maintains the open source GNU Image Manipulation Program (aka GIMP, which doesn’t appear to have a privacy policy, although the source code is freely available from the “Downloads” page of The GIMP Website); The GIMP Help Team, which maintains the GIMP documentation; and/or the developers and/or maintainers of the software’s various associated plugins, scripts, brushes, filters, and/or other add-ons, such as (without limitation) Alessandro Francesconi’s open source Batch Image Manipulation Plugin (whose source code is also freely available) (GNU is a trademark or registered trademark of Free Software Foundation, Inc.); the open source gitg GNOME® GUI client for viewing Git® repositories (which doesn’t appear to have a privacy policy, although its source code is freely available for review; the GNOME name is a registered trademark or trademark of GNOME Foundation in the United States or other countries; Git is either a registered trademark or trademark of Software Freedom Conservancy, Inc., corporate home of the Git Project, in the United States and/or other countries; all other trademarks are the property of their respective owners); Kovid Goyal’s calibre ebook management software (which lacks a privacy policy, although its source code is freely available for review; calibre is a trademark or registered trademark of Kovid Goyal); the MakeMKV format converter utility developed by GuinpinSoft Inc. (which doesn’t appear to have a privacy policy); the open source HandBrake video transcoder (whose source code is freely available for review); Mark Harman’s open source Open Camera mobile app; Phil Harvey’s ExifTool utility and Bogdan Hrastnik’s related ExifToolGUI user interface for it; Florian Heidenreich’s Mp3tag utility (Mp3tag is a trademark of Florian Heidenreich); Don Ho’s Notepad++ open source editing tool (which doesn’t appear to have a privacy policy, although again its source code is freely available for review) and its various plugins (which may include, but are not necessarily limited to, the DSpell spell-checker plugin developed by Sergey Semushin as well as the NPP Converter, NPP Export, NPP mimetools and WinGup (Windows® Generic Updater) plugins that currently ship with Notepad++; Microsoft and Windows are trademarks of the Microsoft group of companies; all other trademarks are the property of their respective owners); Ivan Ivanenko’s open source Librera® ebook and comics reader app — the F-Droid version, which omits the Internet access features, ads, and analytics and to which I have granted no Internet access privileges; the F-Droid version does not appear to gather personal information except to the extent necessary to manage updates, but the technically inclined can always browse the source code to be sure (Librera is a registered trademark or trademark of Ivan Oleksandrovych Ivanenko in the U.S. and/or other countries); JoeJoe‘s Rename Master utility; Tibor Kaputa’s Simple Mobile Tools Voice Recorder app (whose source code is freely available for review); Robert Kausch’s open source fre:ac audio converter (which doesn’t appear to have a privacy policy, although the software’s source code is freely available for review); Tim Kosse’s open source FileZilla® FTP client (whose source code is freely available from the project’s “Download FileZilla Client” page; FileZilla is a registered trademark of its respective owners); Petr Lastovicka’s open source Precise Calculator utility (which doesn’t have a privacy policy, although its source code is freely available for review); the open source HashCheck Shell Extension developed by Kai Liu, Christopher Gurnee, David B. Trout, and Tim Schlueter; the ImgBurn freeware disc-burning utility developed by LIGHTNING UK! (ImgBurn is a trademark of ImgBurn); the open source Media Player Classic – Black Edition (MPC-BE) (which doesn’t have a privacy policy, although its source code is freely available for review); Igor Pavlov’s open source 7-Zip file archiver software (which doesn’t have a privacy policy, but whose source code is freely available for review); Dương Diệu Pháp’s open source ImageGlass (which doesn’t have a privacy policy, but whose source code is freely available for review); the open source PuTTY SSH/Telnet client utility (whose source code is freely available for review); the open source SQLiteStudio SQL editing tool developed by SalSoft (whose source code is freely available for review); JHM Schaars’ vDos MS-DOS® emulator, which doesn’t appear to have a privacy policy (Microsoft and MS-DOS are trademarks of the Microsoft group of companies; all other trademarks are the property of their respective owners); Ted Smith’s open source QuickHash GUI utility (whose current Privacy Policy applies only to the QuickHash GUI website, not the utility itself, although the source code is freely available for review); the suite of PDF creation and editing software and tools offered by Tracker Software Products (Canada) Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of PDF-XChange Co. Ltd., which includes an optical character recognition plugin powered by the ABBYY® FineReader® Engine software development kit (PDF-XChange is an internationally registered trademark of PDF-XChange Co. Ltd.; ABBYY, FineReader, and ABBYY FineReader are either registered trademarks or trademarks of ABBYY Software Ltd.; all other trademarks are the property of their respective owners); and/or VLC media player® software and/or other open source multimedia software projects of the VideoLAN organization (which doesn’t appear to have a privacy policy, although the VLC media player source code is freely available for review, as is the source code of all VideoLAN open source projects; VideoLAN, VLC, and VLC media player are trademarks internationally registered by the VideoLAN nonprofit organization).
      • Manufacturers of other electronic devices I may use, such as (without limitation) cameras, recorders, or memory storage devices, either through my direct interactions with those manufacturers (e.g., my use of their customer service and/or technical support resources) and/or through telemetry or other information-gathering mechanisms incorporated into the devices and/or their associated software and/or drivers. I don’t believe that my current Canon® or FUJIFILM® digital cameras; SanDisk® portable audio player(s) and/or memory storage devices; analog television; Sony® digital recorder or DVD player; various USB flash drives, memory cards, hubs, and/or drive enclosures (which are from an assortment of different manufacturers); headphones and/or headsets; webcams and/or microphones; speakers and/or sound systems; home appliances (e.g., refrigerator, air conditioner, dehumidifier, vacuum cleaner(s)); or other such devices, equipment, and/or accessories independently transmit personal information to third parties, and I generally seek to avoid or at least limit my use of these devices’ proprietary software and/or apps, if any (obviously excepting firmware necessary for a device to function), but any information they did collect would be subject to the manufacturers’ respective privacy policies (and/or any applicable product- and/or software-specific privacy policies), as is any information they may collect through my use of the manufacturers’ websites, customer service, and/or technical support resources. (Canon is a registered trademark of Canon Inc. in the United States and may also be a registered trademark or trademark in other countries. FUJIFILM is a registered trademark of FUJIFILM Corporation in various jurisdictions. SanDisk and Western Digital are registered trademarks or trademarks of Western Digital Corporation or its affiliates in the U.S. and/or other countries. Sony is a registered trademark of Sony Corporation.)
      • Providers of other search engines and/or other research and/or reference tools, services, facilities, and/or resources I may use, such as (without limitation) the DuckDuckGo® search engine(s) and/or associated browser extension(s), whose use is subject to the DuckDuckGo Privacy Policy (DuckDuckGo is a registered trademark of Duck Duck Go, Inc. in the United States and other jurisdictions); the Startpage search engine(s) and/or associated browser extension(s), whose use is subject to the Startpage Privacy Policy, which also applies to use of the Startpage “Anonymous View” proxy service, Private Currency Converter feature, Private Language Translator feature, Private Shopping feature, and/or other associated features (Startpage and Startpage.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of Startpage BV); Yahoo!® search engines and/or search services, which are subject to the Yahoo Search Services privacy practices and the Yahoo Privacy Policy; I may also use various other Yahoo! and/or AOL® services, which are subject to the Yahoo Privacy Policy, the policies described in the legacy Yahoo Privacy Center, and/or the legacy Oath® Privacy Policy (for AOL), as applicable (AOL, Oath, Yahoo!, and other Yahoo marks are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of Oath Inc. or its affiliates); the Yandex Search search engine(s), whose use is subject to the Yandex Privacy Policy (Yandex and Yandex Search are trademarks of Yandex LLC); the providers of any other search engines I may use; the DOI® system proxy servers of the International DOI Foundation, which resolve the alphanumeric Digital Object Identifier strings (DOI names) used to identify certain scholarly papers and other online resources and redirect DOI requests to the appropriate online address(es) (DOI® and DOI.ORG® are trademarks of the International DOI Foundation); the Wikimedia Foundation®, through and/or in connection with my use of and/or contributions to Wikimedia Commons®, Wikipedia®, and/or their other collaborative projects (Wikimedia, Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation, Wikipedia, and other Wikimedia project names and logos are registered trademarks of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a nonprofit organization; I am not endorsed by or affiliated with the Wikimedia Foundation); press and/or public relations representatives; museums, libraries, archives, and/or databases, public or otherwise, including, but not limited to, the Los Angeles Public Library and/or L.A. County Library, through my use of their collections, holdings, exhibits, galleries, catalogs, databases, computers, equipment, and/or other systems and/or services (some of which may be provided by, powered by, and/or otherwise supported by third parties, which may have their own privacy policies); through my attendance at and/or participation in their tours, presentations, classes, programs, and/or events; and/or through my communications with their librarians, archivists, docents, guides, other staff, employees, workers, and/or volunteers, as applicable; organizations, services, and/or resources (public and/or private) that publish, catalog, offer, and/or otherwise make available public records and/or public information of whatever type(s); other online information and/or reference services, encyclopedias and/or dictionaries, almanacs, calculators and/or unit conversion tools, catalogs, galleries, repositories, news services, newsletters, online publications, online publishing services and/or platforms, websites, wikis, help files, online documentation, knowledge bases, blogs, video blogs (“vlogs”), podcasts, educational and/or instructional resources and/or services, tutorials and/or other training resources and/or services, file-sharing services, photo-sharing services, stock photo services, other services and/or platforms for sharing images and/or other media, video stores and/or video rental services, online and/or satellite radio and/or television services, and/or streaming services and/or platforms (of whatever type); bookstores; and/or other retailers, vendors, merchants, resellers, marketplaces, auction services, distributors, manufacturers, publishers, developers, and/or other types of providers through which I may search for, purchase, and/or otherwise obtain and/or access materials, equipment, software, and/or supplies related to this website, its content, the management of my business operations, and/or my other creative endeavors.
      • Vendors, services, and/or service providers that help me promote, monetize, sell, and/or otherwise offer for commercial advantage and/or financial gain my content, writing/editing/writing consulting services, and/or other creative endeavors, such as (without limitation) talent and/or literary agents and/or agencies; publicists; promoters; public relations services; advertising agencies and/or services; brokers; distributors; publishers; print-on-demand publishing and/or distribution platforms (e.g., Lulu Press, Inc. (Lulu.com); Lulu.com and the names and logos of all Lulu products and/or services are trademarks and/or service marks or registered trademarks and/or service marks of Lulu); other types of platforms and/or services for publishing and/or distributing written content and/or images; platforms and/or services for publishing and/or distributing audiovisual content (e.g., videos and/or podcasts); vendors and/or service providers through which I may create and/or offer merchandise related to my services, content, and/or creative endeavors; wholesalers; resellers; booksellers; other retailers; marketplaces (of whatever kind); job search and/or professional networking sites and/or services; and/or staffing agencies/employment agencies.
      • My landlord(s), if any (and/or their respective employees, contractors, and/or agents), who are not normally privy to the operation of this website or my business, but do obviously have access to any residence and/or other space(s) I may rent from them, to the extent permitted by applicable law and/or the terms of my applicable lease(s) and/or rental agreements(s). Additionally, in the event I seek to rent, lease, and/or otherwise obtain different and/or additional residence(s), space(s), and/or facilities (for example, but without limitation, if I move, or seek to rent a separate office space), I may share relevant information as part of and/or otherwise in connection with the application process (e.g., to provide proof of employment and/or income to a prospective landlord or applicable management company).
      • Other types of vendors and/or service providers, such as (without limitation) the ProtonMail encrypted email service, a service offered by Proton Technologies AG, and/or the ProtonMail Bridge application, both of which are subject to the ProtonMail Privacy Policy and/or, where applicable, the ProtonMail Data Processing Agreement, which applies to certain personal data the ProtonMail services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to European data protection laws (Proton, ProtonMail, Proton Technologies, and other related marks are trademarks or registered trademarks of Proton Technologies AG); other applicable telephony and/or email services (through my phone, text, and/or email communications with you and/or others, and/or as appropriate for security and/or troubleshooting purposes); Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), voice chat, teleconferencing, video conferencing, and/or video chat apps, clients, platforms, and/or services; other types of messaging and/or chat apps, clients, platforms, and/or services, such as (without limitation) the Discord services (Discord is a trademark of Discord Inc.) and/or the Signal services (which are offered by Signal Messenger LLC, and whose associated service providers and/or subprocessors may include, but are not necessarily limited to, services provided by Google and/or Amazon Web Services; Signal is a registered trademark of Signal Technology Foundation in the United States and other countries; Google and other related marks are trademarks of Google LLC; Amazon Web Services is a trademark of Amazon.com Inc. or its affiliates in the United States and/or other countries); telephone directory, business directory, and/or reverse telephone lookup services; bank(s), other financial institution(s), and/or payment processor(s); other money transfer and/or electronic funds transfer service(s); credit bureaus; credit monitoring and/or identity theft protection services; online time servers; online scheduling, task management, meeting, and/or collaboration platforms, tools, and/or services; electronic signature, agreement, and/or time stamping authority services; online file transfer, file sharing, and/or file storage services (which may include, but are not necessarily limited to, cloud storage services); storage facilities (including, though not limited to, providers of safe deposit boxes) and/or document/information management services; data recovery services; data and/or document destruction and/or shredding services; third-party printers and/or print services; copying and/or facsimile services; providers (public and/or private) of third-party telephones, telephony services, computers and/or mobile devices, other electronic devices, computer networks, wireless networks, and/or other Internet connections I may periodically use; photography, videography, and/or filming services and/or studios; processing, conversion, and/or duplication services for photos, film, video, audio recordings, other audiovisual materials, and/or other such content, such as (without limitation) film and/or photo development and/or processing, photo printing, video and/or audio conversion, and/or the production of optical discs and/or phonorecords of whatever type; sound and/or lighting technical and/or engineering services; icon generators; font and/or typeface providers and/or repositories; repair, maintenance, installation, and/or technical service providers and/or resources; transcription, captioning, subtitling, and/or translation services, automated or otherwise; notaries; insurers and/or warranty providers (and/or, where applicable, their respective administrators, affiliates, agents, brokers, claims adjusters, subcontractors, and/or subsidiaries); staffing agencies/employment agencies; fingerprinting and/or background check services; credit bureaus and/or credit reporting agencies; payroll services; bookkeeping, accounting, and/or tax preparation services; auditing services; management consulting services; financial planning, financial management, and/or financial advisory services; brokerages; attorneys and/or law firms; legal aid and/or other legal consulting or legal counseling services; marketplaces, auction services, merchants, resellers, consignment sellers, second-hand shops, antiques dealers, pawn shops, and/or other vendors, service providers, charitable organizations, and/or other organizations and/or entities through which and/or to which I sell, otherwise offer for commercial advantage and/or financial gain, donate, and/or otherwise dispose of my copies of published works (e.g., books, magazines, newspapers, CDs, DVDs), other personal property and/or goods, and/or vehicles, and/or vendors and/or services through which I advertise and/or announce such sale(s), offer(s), donation(s), and/or disposal (e.g., classified advertising services, bulletin boards, and/or social media groups that allow posting items for sale); teachers, instructors, trainers, tutors, coaches and/or other educators; healthcare providers and/or their respective support staffs; convention centers, conference centers, meeting rooms, exhibit and/or exhibition halls, concert halls, stadiums, arenas, places of worship, and/or other such venues, and/or ticket brokers and/or other vendors who sell or otherwise provide tickets for and/or admission to such venues (for purposes of and/or in the course of attending, obtaining tickets for and/or admission to, arranging, organizing, and/or otherwise accessing and/or utilizing conventions, conferences, meetings, exhibitions, screenings, public performances, athletic events, ceremonies, services, and/or other such events, and/or the facilities therefor); event planning, management, and/or organization services; private security services; cleaning, janitorial, and/or laundry services; sanitation, waste disposal, trash disposal, waste reclamation, and/or recycling services; environmental remediation and/or inspection services; mapping, navigation, and/or trip-planning services and/or apps such as (though not limited to) the OsmAnd mobile app by OsmAnd B.V. (OsmAnd is a trademark of OsmAnd B.V.); taxi, livery, shuttle, carpool, and/or rideshare services (if I use and/or arrange such transportation in some context related to this website and/or in the course of my business); travel agencies, travel bureaus, ticket brokers, and/or similar services (in connection with trips I take and/or arrange in some context related to this website and/or in the course of my business); airlines, bus services, and/or rail services (in connection with trips I take and/or arrange in some context related to this website and/or in the course of my business); hotels, motels, and/or other lodging providers (if I use, arrange, and/or communicate with people using such lodgings in some context related to this website and/or in the course of my business); rental services and/or rental agencies for vehicles such as (without limitation) cars, trucks, vans, bicycles, scooters, and/or boats (if I use and/or arrange such services in some context related to this website and/or in the course of my business); parking attendants, security guards, property managers, receptionists, and/or other such functionaries (if I must communicate with such functionaries in some context related to this website and/or in the course of my business — for example (but without limitation) when signing in at the front desk prior to attending a meeting); restaurants, caterers and/or other food preparation services, meal delivery services, and/or other food delivery and/or grocery delivery services (if I dine out, order and/or arrange meals, and/or otherwise use and/or arrange such services in the course of my business); towing and/or roadside assistance services (if I use and/or arrange such services in some context related to this website and/or in the course of my business); movers (professional or otherwise), moving companies, and/or relocation services (in the event I relocate and/or need to transfer some or all of my business assets to some other site); gift registries of whatever type; and/or postal services, common carriers, shipping agencies, delivery services, and/or mailbox rental services (for the purposes of sending, receiving, and/or tracking the status of correspondence, packages, and/or shipments).

      Some or all of my third-party vendors and/or service providers (and/or any subcontractors, subprocessors, vendors, subsidiaries, affiliates, and/or partners those entities may employ and/or utilize in providing their respective services) may be located outside your home country and/or the European Economic Area; by using this website, you consent to my transfer of such information to them.

    • As I deem reasonable and appropriate (and as permitted by applicable law and/or regulations) to help me make informed hiring and/or employment decisions and/or other business decisions regarding current and/or prospective professional relationships, professional engagements, business proposals, business ventures, and/or work, as described in the “Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships”, “Information We Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes”, and “Other Information We Receive from Third-Party Sources” sections above.
    • If I am required by law to do so, such as (without limitation) pursuant to a subpoena, search warrant, or other court order or administrative order; in connection with tax returns or other legally required filings, reports, registrations, or disclosures; as part of and/or in connection with a customs inspection; and/or in connection with an audit, civil or criminal trial, or other official investigation or proceeding. In some cases, I may disclose certain information if I deem it reasonably necessary to ensure my compliance with applicable laws and/or regulations, even if the specific disclosure is not expressly required. For example (again without limitation), if I enter into a financial transaction with you that is subject to sales/use tax, I might provide your address to the applicable tax agency in order to determine the correct tax rate.
    • If I am contractually obligated to do so pursuant to my agreement(s) with my business partner(s), client(s), licensor(s), licensee(s), vendor(s), and/or service provider(s) (as applicable), such as (without limitation) in connection with a dispute, an investigation, an audit, and/or arbitration. For example (but without limitation), if a payment processor investigates a payment I made or received that they suspect of being fraudulent, the payment processor’s terms of service may require me to provide relevant information to their investigators. Similarly (again without limitation), third-party services such as (though not necessarily limited to) social media platforms may compel me to provide information related to suspected violations of their terms of service, and many service providers’ user agreements and/or terms of service now include “binding arbitration” clauses requiring all parties to cooperate with and submit to the judgment(s) of an arbiter in the event of a dispute. (These are just a few representative examples, not an exhaustive list of possible scenarios.)
    • If I believe in good faith that such disclosure is reasonably necessary to protect my property, rights, security, and/or safety, and/or the property, rights, security, and/or safety of others and/or of the public at large. For example (but without limitation), if I were to learn that I had been exposed to (or contracted) an infectious disease, I might provide information regarding anyone with whom I had recently been in close contact to healthcare workers and/or public health officials for contact tracing purposes. Additionally (again without limitation), as noted in the Copyright/Intellectual Property Violations section of the Terms of Use, if you submit a notice asserting that material on or linked to by this website that was provided to me by a third party violates your copyright or other intellectual property right(s), I may forward (and you expressly authorize me to forward) your claim to that third party (since such claims may implicate their rights).
    • If the person(s) to whom the information pertains (and/or, where applicable, their respective heirs, successors, and/or assigns) have asked or authorized me to do so, either directly or through their respective agent(s) or other authorized representative(s).
    • If the information is de-identified, anonymized, pseudonymized, redacted, and/or aggregated such that it could not reasonably be used to identify the specific person(s) and/or household(s) to whom the information pertains (other than me, if I am somehow included in that information and elect not to de-identify, anonymize, pseudonymize, redact, and/or aggregate my own information).
    • As part of a business transfer (e.g., if I sell or otherwise transfer ownership of this website; enter bankruptcy; or pass my assets to my heirs and/or successors through my death or incapacity), in which case personal information I have gathered would likely be among the assets sold or otherwise transferred to the new owner(s), who could continue to use that information only as set forth in this policy.

    Additionally, if I have roommates, houseguests, other cohabitants, and/or visitors, they may, from time to time, become incidentally aware of certain personal information pertaining to this website and/or my business operations — for example (but without limitation), noticing the sender and/or recipient information on letters or packages I send or receive via postal mail or common carrier, and/or overhearing some portion of voice calls or video conferences in which I participate. The likelihood and potential extent of any such incidental disclosures is difficult to quantify, but the possibility is hard to avoid with any business activity conducted at home.

    In general, I do not sell or rent the information I collect from individual visitors to the aaronseverson.com website, at least not in the sense most people understand the terms “sell” and “rent.” (Some jurisdictions’ privacy laws, e.g., the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA), have greatly complicated this question by expanding their definitions of “sale” to include almost any disclosure for which any of the parties involved receives any “valuable consideration” whatsoever; see the “Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes” subsection of the “CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice” section below for more information about this issue as it relates to California law.)

    There are a number of potential exceptions:

    First, as noted above, if I sell or transfer control of this website, personal information I have collected through and/or in connection with the site would likely be among the assets involved in such sale or transfer (which, surprisingly, the CCPA does not necessarily regard as a “sale” of personal information for the purposes of that law).

    Second, if I possess artwork, copies of published work(s), useful article(s), and/or other object(s) that contain and/or otherwise incorporate personal information about certain individual(s) or household(s) who have visited this website (e.g., a book by or about you; a magazine you once owned that still bears your name and address on the subscription mailing label; a DVD of a movie in which you appeared; or some item you once autographed), I might sell, lend, donate, or otherwise dispose of such artwork, my copy or copies of such published work(s), and/or such useful article(s) and/or object(s).

    Third, it is conceivable that from time to time, personal information about one or more site visitors may be included in content that I research, write, adapt, edit, share, publish, and/or otherwise disseminate (and/or on which I consult and/or otherwise collaborate) as part of and/or in connection with my profession writing/editing/writing consulting services, and/or in connection with my automotive website, Ate Up With Motor. For example (but without limitation), if you are a public figure and/or were involved in some newsworthy event, it is possible that a client may hire me (or has previously hired me) to research and write a profile about you for a magazine or other publication; if you own an interesting old car, I might include a photo I took of it at a car show in an article I license to some website or publication. (There are many possible scenarios — these are just a few representative examples.) Therefore, in the event that I incorporate your name, other relevant personal information, and/or potentially personally identifying information about you into my written content and/or bibliographies, annotations, and/or metadata; if your name and/or information is incorporated into content I research, write, adapt, edit, share, publish, perform, and/or otherwise disseminate (and/or on which I consult and/or otherwise collaborate) in or for some other some other format(s) and/or medium(s), and/or the metadata of such content; and/or if you and/or your information are somehow visible, audible, and/or otherwise included in certain of my images and/or other media, and/or present in their metadata, I may license, sell, and/or otherwise offer it for commercial advantage and/or financial gain in that context. (Ate Up With Motor is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba Ate Up With Motor.)

    Please note that in many cases, I have no reasonable way of associating data gathered through this website with information I may have collected about you in other contexts, or of associating different types of personal information and/or potentially personally identifying information I may have obtained about a given individual or household. For example (again without limitation), your IP address being recorded in my server logs doesn’t necessarily mean that I know your name or can recognize your face in the background of a photo! (If you have questions about this, please contact me via any of the methods described in “Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me” below.)

    Fourth, as noted in “Advertising” above, I don’t permit the site’s advertisers or sponsors to use scripts, cookies, web beacons, or other such technologies to collect information about you through the publicly visible/publicly accessible portions of this website portions of the aaronseverson.com website. (Advertisements, banners, or donation boxes on the site’s administrative dashboard may sometimes collect personal information, but since the dashboard is only accessible to logged-in administrative users, such information-gathering and disclosure normally only involves my information, not that of other site visitors.) However, if you click on ad links to visit the websites of my advertisers or otherwise patronize their businesses, they may gather and use information about you — potentially for various commercial purposes — as described in their respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use, which is outside of my control. Such advertisers may also be able to tell that you clicked on an ad on this website, even if I do not directly provide them with any information about you (and even though I obviously can’t control whether or not you click on an ad link).

    Fifth, some of my service providers and/or vendors (including, though not necessarily limited to, providers of embedded content used on this website, as described in “Embedded Content” above) may use and/or disclose — potentially for advertising, marketing, and/or other commercial purposes — personal information they gather through my use of their content and/or services in ways that are outside of my control. (For example, but without limitation, I have no control over how video hosting platforms use the information they may collect about visitors who watch embedded videos I share, or how search engines, social media platforms, or other such service providers use data they may gather through their services.)

    As previously noted, while no online website, Internet-accessible device, or data storage system can be 100 percent secure, I take reasonable measures to protect against unauthorized access, use, alteration, or destruction of personal information I collect through and/or in connection with this website, including, but not limited to, the use of encryption and encrypted connections, online and offline malware scans, and appropriate password protection.

    Your Rights (GDPR and Other National or State Privacy Laws)

    If you are located in certain countries, including those that fall under the scope of the European General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR, now sometimes called the EU GDPR to distinguish it from the similarly named regulations of other regions), the UK GDPR, or Brazil’s Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados Pessoais (LGDP), or in certain U.S. states, e.g., Nevada (see “Nevada Consumer Opt-Out Rights” below) or California (see “Your California Privacy Rights” below), applicable data protection laws may give you certain rights with respect to your personal information (which some jurisdictions call “personal data”), subject to any exemptions and restrictions provided by the law and/or associated regulations.

    For example, if you are located in a region that falls under the scope of the EU GDPR or the UK GDPR, your rights with respect to your personal data include, subject to any exemptions and restrictions provided by applicable law and/or associated regulations, the rights to:

    • Request access to your personal data
    • Request rectification (correction) of your personal data
    • Request erasure (deletion) of your personal data
    • Request that I restrict my use and processing of your personal data
    • Request portability of your personal data
    • Object to my use and processing of your personal data; and
    • Make a complaint to an appropriate data protection supervisory authority.

    In the UK, the data protection authority is the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO); for information about European data protection authorities by country, see the “Our Members” page of the European Data Protection Board website.

    If you have questions or would like to exercise your privacy rights under applicable national and/or state law, you can contact me via any of the methods described in “Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me” below. I’ve also added a Privacy Tools page with tools that will allow residents of countries outside the U.S. to request to export, correct (rectify), and/or delete (erase) their personal information under applicable national privacy and/or data protection laws. (The data available through those tools is subject to certain technical limitations, explained more fully on the Privacy Tools page. Also, please note that those tools are NOT intended for use by U.S. residents requesting to exercise their rights under the privacy and/or data protection laws of their home state; state laws may impose specific requirements for the processing and/or verification of such requests that my automated tools weren’t designed to accommodate.)

    To safeguard your privacy and the privacy of others, I may (to the extent permitted — and/or required — by applicable law and/or regulations) take steps to verify your identity and/or residency before processing certain requests pertaining to your personal information.

    Also, please note that I may be obligated to retain certain data (e.g., financial transaction records) for legal or administrative purposes and/or to secure this website and its data.

    Nevada Consumer Opt-Out Rights

    If you are a consumer residing in Nevada, Nevada law gives you the right to request that I not sell certain types of personal information about you to third parties for monetary consideration (whether or not I am currently selling such information in such ways). This Nevada consumer opt-out right does not apply to publicly available information, to information I share with service providers who process the information for me, or to information transferred as part of the sale or transfer of my business, and is subject to certain other exemptions and restrictions provided by applicable law and/or associated regulations.

    If you are a Nevada consumer and request to opt out of the sale of your personal information in this way, I am required to take reasonable steps to verify your identity and the authenticity of your request. The law requires me to honor verified opt-out requests from Nevada consumers within 60 days of receipt (which may be extended to 90 days if I deem it reasonably necessary and provide adequate notice of the delay to the requesting consumer).

    To request to opt out, you can email me at admin (at) aaronseverson (dot) com or contact me via any of the other methods described in “Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me” below.

    Your California Privacy Rights

    The following sections present certain privacy-related disclosures required by California law along with information about the privacy rights of California residents as they may pertain to the aaronseverson.com website and/or my business.

    California Do Not Track Disclosure (CalOPPA)

    This website does not currently respond to Do Not Track browser settings. (California residents are entitled to this disclosure under California Business and Professions Code Section 22575(b)(5).)

    “Shine the Light” Law Disclosures

    California’s “Shine the Light” law (California Civil Code Section 1798.83) gives California residents who have established business relationships with certain businesses the right to request information about the businesses’ disclosure of personal information to third parties for those third parties’ direct marketing purposes.

    The law defines “direct marketing purposes” as “the use of personal information to solicit or induce a purchase, rental, lease, or exchange of products, goods, property, or services directly to individuals by means of the mail, telephone, or electronic mail for their personal, family, or household purposes.” Selling, renting, exchanging, or leasing personal information “for consideration to businesses” is also considered a direct marketing purpose. An “established business relationship” is defined as “a relationship formed by a voluntary, two-way communication between a business and a customer” that is either ongoing or was established with a purchase or other transaction within the past 18 months.

    Under the “Shine the Light” law, if you are a California resident and have an established business relationship with a business that is subject to the law’s disclosure requirements, you may request, once per calendar year, an information-sharing disclosure that lists (subject to any applicable exemptions or exceptions provided by the law):

    1. What categories of personal information, if any, that business shared with third parties for those third parties’ direct marketing purposes in the preceding calendar year, and
    2. The names and addresses of all such third parties and sufficient information to give “a reasonable indication of the nature of the third parties’ business.”

    (The law does not require the business to reveal which specific pieces of information were shared, only the categories of information, as defined by the applicable statutes.)

    I believe I am exempt from the requirements of this law, since I have fewer than 20 full-time or part-time employees.

    Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA)

    Starting January 1, 2020, California privacy laws, including the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA) (California Civil Code Section 1798.100 et. seq.), give California residents additional rights with respect to their personal information. The rights the CCPA provides California residents include:

    1. The Right to Know (sometimes described as the right to access): You have the right to request to know — free of charge, and (where possible) in “a readily usable format”:

      1. The categories and/or specific pieces of personal information I have collected about you (and/or your household, as the law and its associated regulations define that term), and
      2. The categories of business and/or commercial purposes for collecting and using that information, and
      3. The categories of sources from which I collected that information, and
      4. The categories of personal information about you (and/or your household) that I have shared with third parties for business or commercial purposes in the preceding 12 months, and
      5. The categories of third parties with whom personal information was shared.
    2. The Right to Delete: You have the right to request deletion of personal information about you (and/or your household) that I have collected in the course of my business.
    3. The Right to Opt-Out of the sale of your personal information (and/or personal information about your household).
    4. The right to not receive discriminatory treatment for exercising these rights.
    5. The right to make a complaint to the applicable state government authority.
    6. The right to take private legal action in the event of a data breach that results in unauthorized access to and exfiltration, theft, or disclosure of certain types of sensitive personal information due to my failure to implement and maintain reasonable security procedures and practices appropriate to the nature of the information.

    These rights are subject to certain exemptions, exceptions, and restrictions provided by the law and/or its associated regulations. You may designate an authorized agent to act on your behalf in exercising these rights.

    While I believe I do not meet any of the applicability thresholds specified by this California law, I am committed to providing visitors with as many privacy choices as I reasonably can.

    You (or your authorized agent) can exercise your California privacy rights via any of the methods specified on the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page.

    Applicable law and/or regulations stipulate the maximum time allowed for acknowledging and/or responding to your request. There is no charge for for making a request.

    In order to better safeguard your privacy and the privacy of others, I may be required to verify your identity before processing certain requests pertaining to your personal information. I may be unable to fulfill your request if I cannot verify your identity to the degree of certainty applicable law and/or regulations require. (You can find more information in the “Identity Verification Requirements” section of the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page.) The current CCPA regulations stipulate that if I request additional personal information from you that I did not already possess in order to verify your identity to the degree of certainty those regulations require, I may use such additional personal information solely for that purpose and may only retain that information to the extent necessary to comply with the regulations’ record-keeping requirements.

    Even if I verify your identity, the regulations prohibit me from disclosing certain types of extremely sensitive personal information (e.g., Social Security Numbers or financial account numbers) in response to a request to know. (In the event that I possessed such sensitive personal information about you, the regulations would only permit me to disclose the fact that I possessed the information, not tell you the actual information I possessed.)

    Please note that in addition to any exceptions and exemptions applicable law and/or regulations may provide (particularly with respect to the deletion of personal information), I may be unable to delete certain information (e.g., my web host’s server and error logs) for technical reasons.

    Except as otherwise required by law, privacy-related requests pertaining to children under 18 should be submitted by a parent, legal guardian, or other authorized adult representative.

    Opting-Out or Submitting Other California Privacy Requests (Do Not Sell My Personal Information Page)

    If you are a California resident and would like to exercise your Right to Opt-Out of the sale of your personal information, or any of your other rights under the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA) or other California privacy laws — e.g., the Right to Know (a.k.a. the right to access) and/or the Right to Delete your personal information — you (or your authorized agent) should visit the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page.

    CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice

    The California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA) also requires certain businesses to provide California residents with additional information about the categories of personal information the business collects, the sources from which the business gets that personal information, and how and why the business uses and/or shares that personal information. These disclosures must be updated at least once a year.

    As noted above, I believe I do not meet any of the CCPA applicability thresholds, but for the avoidance of doubt, I make the disclosures listed below.

    Categories of Personal Information Collected

    The following list summarizes the categories of personal information I collect and/or have collected about individuals and/or households, both through and/or in connection with this website and in the context of my business, which for the purposes of this notice includes both my work as a professional writer/editor and writing consultant, which is subject to the separate 6200 Productions Privacy Policy, and my automotive website, Ate Up With Motor, which also has its own privacy policy. (6200 Productions is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba 6200 Productions. Ate Up With Motor is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba Ate Up With Motor.)

    Please note that I do not necessarily collect all of these categories of personal information about every individual, or even most individuals. While I collect certain information from all site visitors (e.g., IP addresses and/or hostnames, user agent information), the categories listed below also encompass the range of information I gather in connection with the content I create and/or edit (and/or on which I consult and/or otherwise collaborate) and/or my other creative endeavors, which is far more extensive than I customarily gather about site visitors. (Simply reading a single magazine article or encyclopedia entry about some public figure as part of my research can sometimes provide me with most if not all of the categories of personal information listed here!) These categories also include information (a) that certain people volunteer to me, whether about themselves or someone else; (b) that I only collect from/about certain people for some specific reason(s); and/or (c) that I infer or surmise from other data (e.g., inferring an approximate geographical location based on an area code or email domain).

    The statutory definitions of some of these categories overlap, with certain types of information (e.g., real names, employment information) technically falling into multiple categories; I have tried to limit repetition in the interests of space and comprehensibility. This list also includes some types of information that the law would probably regard as personal information, but that are not specifically described in the applicable statutes and/or regulations.

    The examples listed for each category are intended to be a representative sampling, NOT an exhaustive list of all the specific pieces of information I may gather and/or have gathered within a particular category. Also, this list describes the categories of information I collect and/or have collected on individuals and/or households from ANY locale, NOT only from California residents. (In many cases, I have no reasonable way to know whether the individuals and/or households to whom certain personal information pertains are California residents or not.)

    I have collected in the last 12 months and/or may collect the following categories of personal information through and/or in connection with this website and/or in the course of my business:

    • Identifiers, such as (without limitation):
      • Real names, pseudonyms, aliases, nicknames, usernames, and/or account names
      • Postal mailing addresses and/or street addresses
      • Telephone numbers (and/or fax numbers)
      • Unique personal identifiers, device identifiers, and/or online identifiers (including, though not limited to, information collected through cookies and/or similar technologies)
      • IP addresses
      • Email addresses
      • Social Security Numbers, taxpayer identification numbers, driver’s license numbers, passport numbers, and/or other government-issued identification numbers
      • Other similar identifiers
    • Categories of personal information described in California Civil Code Section 1798.80(e), such as (without limitation):
      • Signatures, physical and/or digital (the statute does not actually mention digital signatures, but they would seem to be reasonably encompassed by the category of signatures)
      • Physical characteristics and/or descriptions of individuals (e.g., height, weight, hair color, distinguishing marks, and/or distinguishing features)
      • Education information
      • Financial information pertaining to transactions with and/or otherwise involving me, such as (without limitation) transaction ID numbers, payment history, balances, tax-related information, billing addresses, full and/or partial credit card and/or debit card information, check information, bank account and/or other financial institution account information, and/or other account details (we do NOT receive any credit card, bank account, or other financial institution account information in connection with PayPal® transactions; PayPal is a registered trademark of PayPal, Inc.)
      • Other financial information (e.g., credit ratings; whether someone has (or had) loans, past foreclosures, and/or declared bankruptcy; other information pertaining to creditworthiness, assets, benefits, income, liabilities, payments, and/or balances; the net worth of public figures)
      • Medical information (e.g., information about medical conditions; tests and/or treatments received; drugs, therapies, and/or medical products and/or equipment used; healthcare providers and/or organizations visited, consulted, and/or otherwise used or seen)
      • Health insurance information (e.g., whether or not individuals or households are insured and if so, with which insurance provider(s) — I do NOT collect policy numbers or similar data, and much of what health-insurance-related data I do collect is in aggregate form)
      • Information about other types of insurance and/or insurance coverage
    • Protected classification information (characteristics of protected classifications under California or federal law), such as (without limitation):
      • Age and/or date of birth
      • Race, color, ancestry, national origin, citizenship, and/or residency status
      • Language(s) spoken and/or preferred
      • Religion and/or creed
      • Marital/relationship status and/or information about spouses/partners
      • Medical condition and/or physical or mental disability
      • Sex, gender, gender identity, and/or gender expression
      • Pregnancy, childbirth, and/or related medical conditions
      • Sexual orientation
      • Veteran or military status
      • Genetic information (and/or familial genetic information)
      • Information about familial status and/or children (e.g., the number of children and/or their names, ages, and/or genders)
    • Commercial information, such as (without limitation):
      • Records of financial transactions with and/or otherwise involving me
      • Information about cars and/or other vehicles an individual or household drives or otherwise operates and/or has driven or otherwise operated; owns, purchases, leases, rents, borrows, otherwise obtains, and/or uses; has owned, purchased, leased, rented, borrowed, otherwise obtained, and/or used; desires to drive or otherwise operate; desires and/or intends to own, purchase, lease, rent, borrow, otherwise obtain, and/or use; and/or is considering or has considered
      • Information about art, books, other publications, films and/or other videos, performances and/or exhibitions, music, and/or other media an individual or household has read, watched, viewed, listened to, and/or otherwise consumed; desires and/or intends to read, watch, view, listen to, and/or otherwise consume; and/or is considering or has considered reading, watching, viewing, listening to, and/or otherwise consuming
      • Information about personal property, products, goods, and/or services an individual or household owns, purchases, leases, rents, otherwise obtains, and/or uses; has owned, purchased, leased, rented, otherwise obtained, and/or used; desires and/or intends to own, purchase, lease, rent, otherwise obtain, and/or use; and/or is considering or has considered
      • Information about food, beverages, groceries, meals, recipes, drinks, and/or cuisine(s) an individual or household purchases, otherwise receives and/or obtains, prepares, consumes, prefers, and/or disdains
      • Information about retailers, vendors, marketplaces, and/or service providers an individual or household patronizes, has patronized, desires and/or intends to patronize, is considering or has considered patronizing, prefers, and/or disdains
      • Information about lodgings, residence(s), office space(s), and/or real property an individual or household owns, purchases, leases, rents, and/or otherwise uses; has owned, purchased, leased, rented, and/or otherwise used; desires and/or intends to purchase, lease, rent, and/or otherwise use; and/or is considering or has considered; and/or information about who owns, manages, administers, sells, leases, rents, and/or otherwise offers for commercial advantage and/or financial gain particular lodgings; a particular residence; and/or a particular building, lot, office space, industrial facility, or real property
      • Information about stock and/or securities ownership, purchases, sales, and/or transfers (e.g., whether an individual or household owns, purchases, sells, and/or has purchased and/or sold shares in a particular corporation or other business entity, and/or what broker(s) and/or other intermediaries, if any, conducted and/or administered such transaction(s))
      • Information about an individual or household’s employees, independent contractors, interns, agents and/or other authorized representatives, and/or service providers (e.g., household staff, assistant(s), secretary or secretaries, attorney(s) and/or other legal counsel, talent and/or literary agent(s), manager(s), broker(s), real estate agent(s) and/or estate agent(s), bookkeeper(s), accountant(s), auditor(s), and/or other authorized representatives and/or professional service providers of whatever type(s))
      • Information about an individual or household’s permit(s) and/or license(s) other than professional and/or business permits and/or licenses (e.g., parking permits; licenses or permits to own certain animals; hunting and/or fishing permits; amateur radio licenses; permits to use certain public spaces or facilities; and/or licenses or permits to own and/or carry firearms or other weapons)
      • Information about gifts, donations, charitable contributions, and/or political contributions made and/or received
      • Information about other types of purchases, transactions, and/or investments
      • Information about an individual or household’s interest, participation, scores, and/or achievements in sports, games, hobbies, and/or other pastimes
      • Information about an individual or household’s participation, achievements, winnings, losses, and/or prizes in sweepstakes, lotteries, raffles, contests, wagers, other forms of gambling, and/or games of chance or skill
      • Information about an individual or household’s critical judgments, tastes, opinions, and/or preferences
      • Other information about an individual or household’s purchasing and/or consuming history and/or tendencies
      • Information about products, goods, services, and/or property an individual or household sells, leases, rents, and/or otherwise offers for commercial advantage and/or financial gain
    • Biometric information (genetic, physiological, behavioral, and/or biological characteristics, and/or activity patterns), such as (without limitation) if you provide me with information about your health, sleep, and/or exercise habits, and/or if I configure my smartphone(s) and/or other device(s) to be unlocked using a fingerprint
    • Internet or other electronic network activity information, such as (without limitation):
      • Browsing activity and/or history
      • Search history
      • User agent information
      • Email header information
      • Encryption public keys, access codes, and/or similar security data
      • Online avatars, profile images, and/or icons
      • Domain names and/or URLs of personal blogs, social media pages/feeds, and/or other online profiles
      • Information about domain name registration(s)
      • Network, shared device, online service, and/or online access information (e.g., names, domain names and/or hostnames, URLs, IP addresses, passwords and/or passcodes, other login credentials, other authentication and/or security information, technical details, and/or other information pertaining to wireless networks; local area networks; shared printers and/or other devices; databases; websites; online accounts; and/or other means of networking, connecting, sharing, and/or otherwise accessing electronic devices, files, messages, communications, and/or data)
      • Other information about an individual or household’s use of and/or interactions with networks, websites, applications, software, devices, electronic systems and/or services, advertisements, and/or messages, including, though not limited to, information about errors and/or suspicious activity
    • Geolocation data, such as (without limitation) an individual or household’s physical location and/or movements, whether directly observed; stated and/or described to me (directly or indirectly); and/or determined, estimated, and/or inferred from other data (e.g., an IP address, a hostname, a telephone area code, and/or GPS coordinates)
    • Sensory data (audio, electronic, visual, thermal, olfactory, and/or similar information), such as (without limitation) photographs, illustrations and/or other images, films and/or other videos, audio recordings, broadcasts, live streams, voice and/or video calls or chats, and/or other media in which identifiable individuals and/or their recognizable likenesses are visible and/or their voice(s) audible
    • Professional or employment-related information, such as (without limitation):
      • Resumes/CVs
      • Current and/or past employer(s)
      • Current and/or past occupation(s), job title(s), position(s), role(s), duties, and/or responsibilities
      • Current and/or past work schedule(s), location(s), and/or assignment(s)
      • Current and/or past compensation and/or benefits
      • Business or organization ownership, officership, and/or registration information (e.g., whether an individual has some ownership interest in and/or is an officer or trustee of a corporation, some other business entity, or a nonprofit organization)
      • Fictitious business name(s) and/or trade name(s)
      • Information about professional clients, clientele, customers, users, advertisers and/or sponsors, vendors, service providers, and/or subcontractors
      • Information about other professional relationships (such as, without limitation, publishing and/or licensing deals; management and/or representation; endorsement, sponsorship, and/or affiliate relationships; contractor and/or subcontractor relationships; professional relationships with colleagues and/or coworkers; mentor/mentee relationships; preceptor/preceptee relationships; relationships with patients; relationships with students, interns, trainees, and/or apprentices; and/or professional collaborations, partnerships, and/or joint ventures)
      • Military service information
      • Membership in and/or affiliation with guilds, trade unions, labor unions, and/or other professional organizations and/or groups
      • Professional and/or business certification(s), license(s), and/or permit(s)
      • Training, professional development, career goals, and/or professional aspirations
      • Professional achievements and/or honors
      • Publishing histories/bibliographies/discographies/filmographies/performance histories/broadcast histories/portfolios/development credits/patent records and/or other, similar and/or comparable information about writers, designers, artists, architects, photographers, filmmakers, videographers, podcasters, other media creators, playwrights, musicians and/or composers, actors and/or other performers, translators, producers, developers, editors, publishers, researchers, scientists, engineers, inventors, and/or other such professionals
      • Authorship, other credits, and/or rights holder information for creative works, literary works, journalistic works, scientific works, designs, inventions, and/or performances (e.g., books, articles, scientific and/or engineering studies, essays, blog posts, photographs, illustrations and/or other images, plays and/or theatrical productions, songs and/or musical compositions, choreography, audio recordings, films and/or other videos, television and/or radio programs, other media, software, architectural plans, mechanical inventions and/or blueprints, designs of whatever type, and/or other types of artwork and/or creative endeavors), and/or other types of intellectual property, such as (though not necessarily limited to) trademarks, service marks, and/or patents
      • Professional references
      • Performance evaluations and/or information about an individual’s professional reputation and/or conduct
      • Other information about an individual’s current, past, and/or prospective occupation, work, vocation, profession, trade, business, professional services, products, and/or commercial endeavors (including, though not limited to, information about job search activity and/or marketing, advertising, and/or promotional efforts related to such occupation, work, vocation, profession, trade, business, professional services, products, and/or commercial endeavors)
    • Education information, such as (without limitation) transcripts, class lists, grades, and/or other nonpublic personally identifiable information directly related to current and/or former students that is contained in education records maintained by an educational institution (and/or parties acting on its behalf)
    • Other types of personal information not specifically described in the applicable statutes, such as (without limitation):
      • Information about other members of an individual’s family (other than spouse/partner or children), other members of a given household (e.g., roommates), and/or pets
      • Information about friendships, personal relationships, and/or social interactions (including observations and/or inferences regarding individuals’ tendencies and/or preferences therein)
      • Information about individuals’ places of birth and/or upbringing
      • Information about social class, rank, position, title, and/or investiture, of whatever type(s) and/or source(s)
      • Information about membership in and/or affiliation with clubs, societies, fraternal orders, and/or other types of groups
      • Information about an individual or household’s experience of, involvement in, and/or connection with with accident(s), natural disaster(s), and/or other catastrophic event(s) or hardship(s) (of whatever type(s) and/or cause(s))
      • Legal information (e.g., information regarding an individual having been accused of, charged with, and/or convicted of crime(s), infraction(s), and/or misconduct; having been a victim (or an alleged victim) of crime(s) and/or misconduct; and/or being involved in a civil lawsuit)
      • Information about wills, estates, executorship, inheritance, trusts, trusteeship, conservatorship, and/or guardianship
      • Information about community service (e.g., jury duty), volunteer work, and/or charitable activity
      • Information about an individual or household’s interactions with government agencies, departments, organizations, and/or entities of whatever type(s) and/or level(s), whether within the U.S., in other countries, or both (e.g., information regarding an individual or household’s tax returns; other legally required filings, reports, registrations, and/or disclosures; and/or involvement in official inspections, audits, investigations, proceedings, hearings, and/or complaints, of whatever type(s) and/or nature(s))
      • Information about political affiliations, opinions, and/or activity
      • Information about other beliefs, opinions, feelings, predispositions, attitudes, and/or viewpoints
      • Information about awards, honors, prizes, and/or other recognition
      • Information about individuals’ public and/or personal reputations
      • Information about individuals’ dreams (literal and/or figurative), hopes, aspirations, fears, and/or worries (of whatever type(s) and/or nature)
      • Information about an individual’s style(s), themes, influences, inspirations, tendencies, development, and/or achievements in writing, art (in whatever medium(s)), photography, filmmaking, music, fashion, design, architecture, and/or other creative endeavors (professional or otherwise)
      • Handwritten notes and/or documents; illustrations; paintings; sketches; and/or other examples of individuals’ handwriting, calligraphy, and/or artwork (in whatever medium)
      • Information about an individual being featured, portrayed, depicted, represented, and/or mentioned in and/or otherwise incorporated into one or more creative works, literary works, and/or performances (of whatever type(s) and/or medium(s)), and/or having been the basis of and/or inspiration for such work(s) and/or performance(s) and/or elements thereof
      • Information about specific vehicles (irrespective of their actual ownership), such as (without limitation) license plate numbers, vehicle identification numbers, and/or related information (e.g., vehicle registration numbers and/or registration dates); vehicle position(s) and/or location(s); and/or other identifying characteristics and/or details (e.g., year, make, model, body style, color, equipment, features, distinguishing markings, modifications, customization, damage, repairs, and/or maintenance)
    • Inferences I draw from any of the information identified above, such as (without limitation) my estimation of an individual’s preferences, characteristics, psychological trends, predispositions, behavior, attitudes, intelligence, abilities, aptitudes, deficiencies, motives, motivations, personality, and/or character, and/or their suitability for a particular job, assignment, project, or professional role.

    Although I do not knowingly collect personal information from children under 18 through this website, I may sometimes collect such information as part of my professional writing/editing/writing consulting work. (For example (but without limitation), I might write or edit a news article about a minor child’s notable achievements or involvement in some matter of public interest, which could include personal information obtained through an interview with that child and/or from other sources.) If you are a parent or legal guardian and believe that I may have collected personal information about your minor child, or if you wish to exercise your right to remove or delete such information, please contact me via any of the methods described in “Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me” below. (Parents or legal guardians can also submit privacy requests on behalf of their minor children via any of the methods specified on the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page.)

    The fact that I collected and/or inferred certain information about a given individual or household does not necessarily mean that I still retain that information, or that I have any practical way to associate the different categories and/or specific pieces of information I may have collected about a given individual or household (e.g., to connect a visitor’s name with an IP address and/or hostname in the server logs and/or a face visible in the background of a photograph).

    Keep in mind that if you have interacted with me via some third-party service, that service may have collected and/or shared — potentially for commercial purposes — personal information about you that is not reflected in the above list. The collection, use, and/or retention of personal information by third-party services is subject to such services’ respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use, and in most cases is outside of my control. (The disclosures above DO include categories of personal information that third-party services have provided to me.)

    Collection Sources

    Personal information I collect about you and/or your household comes from one or more of the following categories of sources, whether directly or indirectly:

    • You, whether through your interactions with me; through your access to and/or use of this website; through public disclosures you make (e.g., blog and/or social media posts); through your participation in public events and/or activities taking place in public spaces; incidentally by virtue of your physical proximity to me (e.g., where you appear in the background of a photo or video I take); and/or in some other manner
    • Your employees, independent contractors, interns, agents or other authorized representatives, business partners, vendors, and/or service providers (as applicable)
    • My employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, and/or business partners, if any (and as applicable)
    • My vendors and/or service providers
    • My devices and/or automated systems (e.g., certain security features of my smartphone(s), and/or other autonomous or semi-autonomous sensors and/or security systems)
    • Other visitors/users
    • Published works and/or other sources available to the public (e.g., news reports, books, articles, reports and/or white papers, press releases and/or promotional materials, films and/or other videos, plays and/or theatrical productions, television programs, radio programs, podcasts, other audio recordings, social media, websites, online databases and/or repositories, public records)
    • Nonpublic documents, records, collections, and/or archives (e.g., unpublished correspondence, manuscripts, and/or interviews; unreleased versions, outtakes, scripts, and/or other materials from film, theatrical, television, radio, music, and/or other media projects; internal business and/or organizational records, reports, memoranda, documents, and/or other materials; school transcripts and/or other school records)
    • Subject matter experts, other writers, historians, biographers, researchers, instructors and/or coaches, academics, scientists and/or engineers, journalists, critics, reviewers, enthusiasts, collectors, librarians and/or other library staff, archivists, translators, designers, artists, architects, photographers, filmmakers, videographers, podcasters, other media creators, playwrights, musicians and/or composers, actors and/or other performers, producers, developers, editors, publishers, publicists and/or promoters, public relations representatives and/or other press contacts, observers, eyewitnesses, and/or other knowledgeable parties (which in some cases may include (without limitation) personal and/or professional acquaintances (whether yours, mine, and/or someone else’s), such as (again without limitation) friends, current and/or past employers and/or supervisors, current and/or past colleagues and/or coworkers, current and/or past clients and/or customers, current and/or past business partners, professional references, current and/or past instructors and/or students, and/or other members of a given household and/or family)
    • Clients or employers for whom I provide (or have provided) writing/editing/writing consulting services, and/or publishers and/or other third parties through which I publish, perform, broadcast, exhibit, and/or otherwise distribute my content and/or other creative endeavors (professional or otherwise).

    Each of the above-listed categories of sources may provide me with information that falls into several or all of the categories of personal information listed in “Categories of Personal Information Collected” above.

    Collection Purposes

    Personal information I collect through and/or in connection with this website and/or in the course of my business is collected for one or more of the following categories of purposes:

    • Functionality
    • Providing services
    • Completing a transaction
    • Fulfilling a contractual obligation
    • Legal compliance or audit
    • Research and publishing
    • Security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement
    • Recruitment/hiring/employment or business partnerships
    • Advertising and other commercial purposes

    These categories of purposes are defined in the “Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection” section above and have the same meanings here as in other sections of this Privacy Policy.

    Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes

    The CCPA definitions are so expansive that almost any disclosure by a business of virtually any piece of information about any individual or household residing in California — even information that is readily available to the general public — could potentially be considered sharing personal information for business or commercial purposes (or a “sale” of personal information).

    Under the CCPA, sharing personal information “for a business purpose” means directing a “service provider” (as the CCPA and its associated regulations define that term) to collect, process, and/or maintain the information for certain specified purposes, which may include the following:

    1. Auditing interactions with consumers
    2. Security
    3. Debugging/repair of existing intended functionality
    4. Certain short-term, transient uses
    5. Performing services (e.g., customer service, order fulfillment, payment processing, analytics services)
    6. Internal research for tech development
    7. Verifying or maintaining the quality or safety of and/or improving, upgrading, or enhancing a service or device the business owns, controls, or manufactures (or that is manufactured for the business).

    The CCPA requires that any sharing of personal information “for a business purpose” be pursuant to a written contract that specifies the services the “service provider” is to perform while restricting their further retention, use, or disclosure of the information. Without a suitable written service provider agreement, an entity that provides services may not necessarily be considered a “service provider” as the CCPA and its associated regulations define that term, and sharing personal information with that entity may not necessarily be considered “for a business purpose,” even if it’s clearly for one or more of the above-listed purposes.

    Collecting, using, and/or sharing personal information is considered to be for “commercial purposes” if it serves to “advance a person’s commercial or economic interests, such as by inducing another person to buy, rent, lease, join, subscribe to, provide, or exchange products, goods, property, information, or services, or enabling or effecting, directly or indirectly, a commercial transaction,” with the exception of “engaging in speech that state or federal courts have recognized as noncommercial speech, including political speech and journalism.”

    Under the CCPA, a disclosure of personal information for which any of the parties involved receives any “valuable consideration” may be deemed a “sale” of personal information even if it does not constitute a sale as most people understand that term (and even if no money changes hands). Sharing personal information “for a business purpose” as described above is generally not considered a “sale” under the CCPA so long as the “service provider” only uses the information as necessary for the contractually specified business purpose(s) and does not “sell” the information.

    To achieve the purposes listed in “Collection Purposes” above, I may share, release, and/or otherwise disclose personal information I collect through and/or in connection with this website as described in the “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” section above. As noted in that section and elsewhere in this Privacy Policy, my work as a professional writer/editor and writing consultant and my other creative endeavors routinely involve collecting and sharing personal information, often for eventual publication (and/or public performance, exhibition, and/or broadcast, as applicable). Such information routinely encompasses most or all of the categories of personal information listed in “Categories of Personal Information Collected” above, although I don’t necessarily share, release, or disclose every type of information that may fall within a particular category, nor do I necessarily share, release, or disclose every piece of information I collect within a given category.

    Therefore, by the law’s definitions, I may share any or all of the categories of personal information I collect through and/or in connection with this website and/or in the course of my business with any or all of the following:

    • My employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, and/or business partners, if any; and/or:
    • My vendors and/or service providers; and/or:
    • Any individual or entity with whom I communicate and/or consult in the process of researching, creating, and/or editing my content, writing/editing/writing consulting work, and/or other creative endeavors, and/or who communicates and/or consults with me in the course of researching, creating, and/or editing their content, work, and/or creative endeavors; and/or:
    • Editors, publishers, clients, employers, and/or other third parties for whom I provide (and/or to whom I offer) my writing/editing/writing consulting services; to whom I may license, sell, and/or otherwise offer my content and/or other creative work; for whom I may otherwise work, provide services, and/or offer to work and/or provide services; with whom I may collaborate and/or offer to collaborate in performing and/or offering my services and/or in researching, creating, editing, performing, and/or offering my content, other creative work, and/or other creative endeavors; and/or as I may reasonably elect and/or be requested or directed to do as part of and/or in connection with such services, content, creative endeavor(s), collaboration(s), and/or work (and/or the offer thereof); and/or:
    • Individuals and/or entities who help me promote, monetize, sell, and/or otherwise offer for commercial advantage and/or financial gain my content, writing/editing/writing consulting services, and/or other creative endeavors; and/or:
    • The public, through the publication, performance, broadcast, exhibition, other dissemination, and/or public discussion of my content and/or other creative endeavors, content I write and/or edit for others, and/or content and/or other creative endeavors on which I consult and/or otherwise collaborate (and/or public discussion of the process of researching, creating, and/or editing such content and/or creative endeavors); my sharing, discussing, and/or otherwise disseminating information that is or was already otherwise available to the public (e.g., in news reports, published works, and/or public records); my disposal of my personal property (e.g., lending, donating, or selling my copies of books, magazines, newspapers, CDs, DVDs, and/or other published works); and/or, as applicable, my publication of your comments, any images and/or other media you submit to me for publication and/or for use in or with work(s) intended for publication and/or other public dissemination, and/or your other communications with me.

    As indicated in the “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” section above, I may also share, release, and/or otherwise disclose personal information:

    • If that information is or was already otherwise available to the public (which is also noted in the list above, but bears repeating for emphasis — I strenuously reject and regard as unconstitutional any attempt to use the CCPA, its associated regulations, and/or similar privacy laws to restrict or limit my right to share, discuss, and/or otherwise disseminate information that is or was already published and/or otherwise available to the public, whether or not such information is from official government records (the only type of “publicly available information” the CCPA acknowledges)); and/or:
    • If the information is contained in and/or otherwise incorporated into artwork, a copy of a published work, a useful article, or some other object (including, without limitation, information inscribed or imprinted upon and/or affixed or otherwise attached to such work, copy, useful article, or object, particularly where that information cannot reasonably be removed without damage and/or defacement); and/or:
    • To appropriately credit someone for the use of their images, other media, fonts, themes/plugins, and/or other content or intellectual property, particularly where such credit is required by the applicable license terms; and/or:
    • As I deem reasonable and appropriate (and as permitted by applicable law and/or regulations) to help me make informed hiring and/or employment decisions and/or other business decisions regarding current and/or prospective professional relationships, professional engagements, business proposals, business ventures, and/or work; and/or:
    • If I am required by law to do so (which would typically be pursuant to a subpoena, search warrant, or other court order or administrative order; in connection with tax returns or other legally required filings, reports, registrations, or disclosures; as part of and/or in connection with a customs inspection; and/or in connection with an audit, civil or criminal trial, or other official investigation or proceeding, but could also be in other circumstances that I cannot reasonably anticipate or enumerate here; I may also disclose certain information if I deem it reasonably necessary to ensure my compliance with applicable laws and/or regulations, even if the specific disclosure is not expressly required, such as (without limitation) if I need to contact a tax agency to determine the correct sales/use tax rate for a particular address); and/or:
    • If I am contractually obligated to do so pursuant to my agreement(s) with my business partner(s), client(s), licensor(s), licensee(s), vendor(s), and/or service provider(s) (as applicable), such as (without limitation) in connection with a dispute, an investigation, an audit, and/or arbitration; and/or:
    • If I believe in good faith that such disclosure is reasonably necessary to protect property, rights, security, and/or safety, and/or to forward copyright or other intellectual property rights claims pertaining to material provided to me by a third party to that third party (since such claims may implicate their rights); and/or:
    • If the person(s) to whom the information pertains (and/or, where applicable, their respective heirs, successors, and/or assigns) have asked or authorized me to do so, either directly or through their respective agent(s) or other authorized representative(s); and/or:
    • If the information is de-identified, anonymized, pseudonymized, redacted, and/or aggregated such that it could not reasonably be used to identify specific person(s) (other than me, if I am somehow included in that information and elect not to de-identify, anonymize, pseudonymize, redact, and/or aggregate my own information); and/or:
    • As part of a business transfer (e.g., if I sell or otherwise transfer ownership of this website; enter bankruptcy; or pass my assets to my heirs and/or successors through my death or incapacity).

    Additionally, as also noted in the “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” section above, if I have roommates, houseguests, other cohabitants, and/or visitors, they may, from time to time, become incidentally aware of certain personal information pertaining to this website and/or my business operations, in ways that are hard to avoid with any activity conducted at home.

    For what I hope are obvious reasons, it is not feasible for me to enumerate every possible entity or even category of entities to whom I might disclose personal information in the above contexts, but any such disclosures could also involve any or all of the categories of personal information I collect through and/or in connection with this website and/or in the course of my business.

    Much if not all of the personal information I collect or access may be processed by one or more third parties. For example (but without limitation):

    • For obvious reasons, it is impossible for me to call, text, email, or mail any individual or household without disclosing a certain amount of the recipient’s personal information to third parties. For example, making a phone call or sending a text message requires communicating the recipient’s telephone number to the applicable telephone companies and/or mobile carriers.
    • My web host, DreamHost®, controls the web servers on which this website runs as well as the mail servers for my associated email addresses. Therefore, DreamHost has full administrative access to most files, data, and/or messages processed by and/or stored on those servers. This is in addition to any information I share with DreamHost for purposes such as troubleshooting and/or security. (DreamHost is a registered trademark of DreamHost, LLC.)
    • Most files and data on my systems and devices are routinely scanned by one or more malware detection and/or other security tools, some of which may incorporate cloud-based scanning or analysis features and/or otherwise communicate with third parties, as explained in the “Security Scans” section of this Privacy Policy.
    • Most payments I receive are processed by the applicable bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s), and in some cases also by other applicable third-party service providers (e.g., payment processors and/or electronic funds transfer services). Those payments and related tax documents must also be disclosed to several different tax agencies, and may be discussed with my tax preparer(s) and/or other financial and/or legal professionals (e.g., my legal counsel).
    • Internet connections I make in the course of my business are processed by the applicable Internet service provider or mobile carrier (as applicable) and typically also by certain other third parties (e.g., DNS (Domain Name System) resolver services). Even if a website or online resource I access is fully encrypted, the applicable Internet service provider or mobile carrier can usually tell that I have connected to that site or resource and how much data is transmitted through that connection; if the website or resource is not fully encrypted, the Internet service provider or mobile carrier can also see any unencrypted data I may access or transmit. If I connect to a website or online resource using a proxy or VPN, my Internet service provider or mobile carrier generally cannot see that connection or any unencrypted data accessed or transmitted through it, but the proxy or VPN provider can.
    • Some information about my activities and/or some portions of the data I access in connection with my business may be captured by the telemetry and/or other surveillance features of the software, apps, services, and/or devices I use, as explained in the “Information Captured by Service/Software/App/Device Telemetry” section of this Privacy Policy.

    Although the above examples might reasonably be considered sharing information “for a business purpose,” they may not always qualify as such by the CCPA definitions, since I do not necessarily always have (or even have any reasonable way to arrange) written contracts with those third parties that meet the CCPA requirements for service provider agreements. (For example (but without limitation), by the CCPA definitions, sending a text message to someone who uses a different mobile carrier than I do — with which I therefore have no contractual relationship — might technically be considered “selling” the recipient’s information to their own mobile carrier in exchange for the “valuable consideration” of the carrier delivering the text message!)

    The same conundrum applies to actions like the following:

    • Looking up someone’s name in a search engine, library catalog, or other database.
    • Entering someone’s address into a mapping or navigation service to look up driving directions, or meeting with someone face-to-face while my phone’s location services are turned on.
    • Using an automated translation service to translate text containing any names and/or other types of personal information.
    • Printing a document containing names and/or other types of personal information using a commercial print service or a printer controlled by a third party (e.g., printing a copy of a news article I read at the public library).
    • Performing a WHOIS lookup on an IP address or hostname, or allowing my firewalls and/or other security applications, software, and/or services to perform such lookups.
    • Storing or transmitting any electronic file containing personal information using any cloud storage service or other online storage system.

    (These are just a few examples, not an exhaustive list.)

    As noted in the “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” section above, the CCPA does not necessarily regard transfers of personal information as part of the sale or transfer of a business (that is, where the information is among the assets of the business being sold or transferred) to be “sales” for the purposes of that law. However, it remains unclear how the CCPA and/or its associated regulations will regard sales and/or other commercial distribution or disposal of artwork, copies of published works (e.g., books, magazines, newspapers, CDs, DVDs), useful articles, and/or other objects that contain and/or otherwise incorporate personal information (as most published works do!). I regard as both absurd and terrifying the idea that the CCPA could effectively prohibit me from selling, lending, donating, or otherwise disposing of my copies of published books, magazines, newspapers, CDs, DVDs, and/or other such personal property (which I may do from time to time). My assumption is that the state and the courts will choose not to interpret the law in such a broad and ridiculous way — which would have far-reaching, frightening implications for free speech — but to my knowledge, there has not yet been any official guidance on this point.

    Because I am a professional writer/editor and writing consultant and much (though not all) of the information I collect in connection with that work is intended for publication (and/or public performance, exhibition, and/or broadcast, as applicable), a variety of activities I routinely undertake in connection with my work could potentially be deemed “commercial” as defined by the CCPA, even if my actual content is deemed “noncommercial speech.” (For writers, photographers, and other creative professionals, the distinction between “commercial” activity and engaging in “noncommercial speech” as an integral part of one’s business is a complicated, muddy legal question mark.) Some representative examples could include:

    • Licensing, selling, and/or otherwise offering my content or writing/editing/writing consulting services for money and/or other valuable consideration (potentially including publishing content on this website, which may be supported by advertising, and which I may use to advertise and/or otherwise promote my work and/or professional services) if that content or those services incorporate or involve any names and/or other types of personal information about individuals or households.
    • Advertising, promoting, and/or marketing my content, or published works incorporating my content, if that content contains any names and/or other types of personal information, and/or if such information is referenced in the promotion or marketing.
    • Proposing or pitching any article, book, and/or other content containing names and/or other types of personal information to editors, literary agents, and/or publishers.
    • Presenting and/or discussing examples of my content and/or my past or current writing/editing/writing consulting services in the course of proposing, pitching, and/or otherwise offering in a professional capacity and/or for commercial advantage and/or financial gain my content and/or professional services (e.g., submitting some of my content as writing samples and/or describing some of my previous work as part of my application or pitch for a job or freelance assignment), if such examples incorporate or involve any personal information.
    • Sharing, exchanging, or discussing with clients, coauthors, and/or collaborators any personal information pertaining to articles, books, and/or other content I am creating and/or editing (and/or on which I am consulting) in a professional capacity.
    • Arranging for people featured and/or quoted in my content to receive complimentary copies of my published work or be notified of its publication or commercial availability.

    Even if disclosures like these are NOT deemed to be “for commercial purposes” (or “sales”) by the CCPA definitions, they are certainly for business purposes, whether the CCPA would define them as such or not. (In certain cases, such disclosures might reasonably be regarded as part of my acting as a service provider for someone else, particularly where the personal information involved is supplied mainly by the client rather than by me (e.g., in a manuscript I’ve been hired to edit). However, as explained above, it’s possible to provide services without necessarily being considered a “service provider” as the CCPA and its associated regulations define that term.)

    From time to time, I may also facilitate other types of commercial transactions, whether directly or indirectly, such as:

    • By putting into contact (with their mutual consent) parties who have expressed interest in some transaction with one another. For example, if a visitor asks about licensing a photo or other content I have used that is owned by someone else, I might ask the applicable rights holder if they’re comfortable with my putting them in touch with the interested party.
    • By recommending that a professional contact or acquaintance be hired for a job, assignment, or commission, or chosen as a vendor or service provider.
    • By endorsing (explicitly or by implication) some author, artist, service provider, or vendor, and/or their products and/or services.

    By the CCPA definitions, disclosing any personal information in such circumstances might be deemed sharing information “for commercial purposes” whether or not any transaction is actually completed, whether or not I am a party to that transaction, and whether or not I receive any monetary compensation or other valuable consideration in connection with it.

    As noted in “Advertising” above, I do not allow my advertisers (if any) to use scripts, cookies, web beacons, or other such technologies to collect information about you through the publicly visible/publicly accessible portions of this website. (Advertisements that appear on portions of the site’s administrative dashboard, which is not normally accessible to visitors other than site administrators, may sometimes include embedded content and/or other information-gathering mechanisms.) However, if you click on advertising links or otherwise patronize my advertisers’ businesses, they may gather and use information about you — potentially for various commercial purposes — as described in their respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use, which is outside of my control. Such advertisers may also be able to tell that you clicked on an ad on this website, even if I do not directly provide them with any information about you (and even though I obviously can’t control whether or not you click on an ad link).

    Additionally, some of my embedded content providers (described in the “Embedded Content” section above) and/or other vendors and/or service providers might use information collected about my visitors (and/or otherwise obtained from me) for commercial purposes. For example (but without limitation), if you watched a video I shared via an embedded YouTube video player, the embedded video player probably collected information about you that the CCPA would consider personal information (e.g., your IP address and/or hostname, device identifiers and/or other identifiers, information collected through cookies and/or similar technologies, commercial information (e.g., which web browser you use and/or which provider you’re using to connect to the Internet), information about your Internet activity, and/or geolocation data) and may have used that information for what the CCPA would probably regard as commercial purposes (e.g., showing you personalized advertising). The CCPA generally regards allowing advertisers to collect personal information about website visitors as a “sale” of personal information; whether the state and the courts will take the same attitude toward embedded YouTube video players and/or other such embedded content remains unclear. Except as otherwise expressly indicated, I receive no monetary compensation for using and/or sharing such content, but the state may take the position that the simple privilege of displaying the content constitutes “valuable consideration” and thus could be considered a “sale” as defined by the CCPA. (The YouTube platform is owned by Google LLC. Google, YouTube, and other related marks and logos are trademarks of Google LLC.)

    Put simply, by the law’s extremely broad definitions, any or all of the categories of personal information I collect through and/or in connection with this website and/or in the course of my business could be deemed to be shared for business and/or commercial purposes, whether or not I “sell” personal information in the way most people understand that term.

    You can learn more about the circumstances under which I may share, release, and/or otherwise disclose personal information I collect through and/or in connection with this website in the “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” section above.

    If you have general questions about my data-sharing practices (i.e., questions about my typical practices rather than about the personal information of any specific individual or household), feel free to contact me via any of the methods described in “Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me” below. If you are a California resident and would like to exercise your rights under the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA) or other California privacy laws — e.g., the Right to Know (a.k.a. the right to access), the Right to Delete your personal information, and/or the Right to Opt-Out of the sale of your personal information — you (or your authorized agent) should visit the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page.

    California Privacy Request Metrics (Record-Keeping Disclosures)

    Under Section 999.317(g) of the CCPA regulations, businesses that buy, receive for the business’s commercial purposes, sell, or share for commercial purposes the personal information of 10,000,000 or more consumers in a calendar year must timely disclose in their privacy policy the following metrics for the previous calendar year:

    • The number of requests to know that the business received, complied with in whole or in part, and denied;
    • The number of requests to delete that the business received, complied with in whole or in part, and denied;
    • The number of requests to opt-out that the business received, complied with in whole or in part, and denied; and
    • The median or mean number of days within which the business substantively responded to requests to know, requests to delete, and requests to opt-out.

    Although the total number of consumers whose personal information I collect (much less “buy” and/or “sell” as the CCPA defines those terms) in a calendar year doesn’t even APPROACH 10,000,000 by any remotely reasonable interpretation of the CCPA definitions, I make the following voluntary disclosures, which, for the avoidance of doubt, include all requests I received, whether through this website, through my Ate Up With Motor website, through my 6200 Productions professional writing website, or by any other means. (Ate Up With Motor is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba Ate Up With Motor. 6200 Productions is a trademark of Aaron Severson dba 6200 Productions.)

    Section 999.317(h) of the regulations draws (and requires businesses to draw in making these disclosures) a distinction between requests received from consumers (which I presume means California residents, as defined by the CCPA) and requests received from all individuals. For the avoidance of doubt, the following disclosures present the total number of requests I received from all individuals during each specified period. (These disclosures DO NOT include request forms I submitted for internal testing and/or troubleshooting purposes that were not actual requests!)

    California Privacy Request Metrics for the 2020 Calendar Year
    Type Requests Received Complied With (In Whole or in Part) Denied Mean Response Time Median Response Time
    Requests to know 1 (one) 1 (one) 0 (zero) 17.0 days 17.0 days
    Requests to delete 8 (eight)* 6 (six) 2 (two) 8.5 days 3.5 days
    Requests to opt-out 8 (eight)* 8 (eight) 0 (zero) 1.0 days 1.0 days

    * Totals include several duplicate deletion requests and opt-out requests.

    California Privacy Request Metrics for the 2021 Calendar Year
    Type Requests Received Complied With (In Whole or in Part) Denied Mean Response Time Median Response Time
    Requests to know 0 (zero) 0 (zero) 0 (zero) N/A N/A
    Requests to delete 0 (zero) 0 (zero) 0 (zero) N/A N/A
    Requests to opt-out 0 (zero) 0 (zero) 0 (zero) N/A N/A

    (I didn’t receive any requests to know, requests to delete, or requests to opt-out during the 2021 calendar year, from California residents or otherwise.)

    California Privacy Request Metrics Methodology

    The CCPA regulations leave some ambiguity about what should be considered the date of “substantive response” to requests that require identity verification, a process which may take some time to complete and may require additional action on the part of the requestor. For purposes of these disclosures, my calculations reflect the date I either complied with (in whole or in part) or denied a given request.

    For 2020, if I initially denied a request because I was unable to verify the requestor’s identity to the degree of certainty the regulations require, but subsequently verified the requestor’s identity to a degree of certainty sufficient to enable me to comply with the request (whether I did so or not), the disclosures reflect the final decision — and the final decision date — rather than the initial denial. For 2021, I did not receive any requests to know or requests to delete, so response time calculations were not applicable. I may revise this methodology for later years depending on my subsequent experience.

    Under California law, an opt-out request must remain in force until the consumer opts-in, so I respond to duplicate or repeated opt-out requests from a requestor who has already opted-out by affirming that the requestor’s original opt-out remains in effect. I treated all such duplicated or repeated opt-out requests as “complied with” for purposes of these disclosures.

    Where I substantively responded to a request on the same day it was received, I treated the response time as 1.0 days for purposes of calculating the mean and median response times.

    Where I received no requests of a given type during the specified period, I listed the mean and median response times as “N/A” (not applicable).

    If you have any questions about these disclosures, feel free to contact me via any of the methods described in “Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me” below.

    Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me

    The controller responsible for processing personal data I collect through and/or in connection with this website (the “responsible party,” for jurisdictions that use that term) is Aaron Severson, 11100 National Bl. #3, Los Angeles, CA 90064, USA. If you have questions about this policy or my use of personal information, or if you would like to contact me regarding any of the rights described in “Your Rights (GDPR and Other National or State Privacy Laws)” or “Nevada Consumer Opt-Out Rights” above (and/or any other privacy rights you may have under applicable national and/or state law), you can reach me via postal mail at that address or via email at admin (at) aaronseverson (dot) com.

    If you are a California resident and would like to exercise your rights under the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA) or other California privacy laws — e.g., the Right to Know (a.k.a. the right to access), the Right to Delete your personal information, and/or the Right to Opt-Out of the sale of your personal information — you (or your authorized agent) can submit a request via any of the methods specified on the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page.

    Privacy Policy Changes

    I may revise this Privacy Policy from time to time, at my sole discretion. I recommend that you regularly review this page for changes, which will be summarized in “Recent Revisions” below; I may also provide additional notice in other ways (e.g., by updating the “Most Recent Policy Updates” box and/or by sending out email notifications). If the policy has changed since your last visit to this website, the website may also prompt you to review and accept the changes. Your further access to and/or use of this website after any changes to this Privacy Policy, which are effective once published on this page and whose effective date(s) will be indicated in the “Recent Revisions” section below, will be subject to the updated policy.

    Recent Revisions

    Here is a list of recent changes to this Privacy Policy, in reverse order by date:

    • January 23, 2022: In Online Tracking, changed “how many Google search engine users saw and clicked on links to this website from search results and which search queries led those users to the site” to “how many Google search engine users saw and clicked on links to this website from search results and/or which search queries led those users to the site.” Fixed a formatting error with this Recent Revisions list. Made some minor textual adjustments to the older revisions now archived on the Older Privacy Policy Revisions page in hopes of keeping them reasonably comprehensible outside of the context of this page. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • January 22, 2022: In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection, changed “In some cases, I may collect certain types of information in certain circumstances and not in others. In those cases, the information category shown below will be followed by a single asterisk (*).” to “In the sections below, certain categories of information are followed by a single asterisk (*), which indicates that I may collect such information in some circumstances and not in others.” In the parenthetical example, changed “except in connection with certain financial transactions or if you ask …” to “except for certain financial transactions and/or legal matters, or if you ask …” and changed “parcel” to “package” for wording consistency. In the paragraph beginning “Keep in mind that …” changed “the specific context described in that section” to “the specific context(s) described in that section, which may or may not apply to you” and deleted the second sentence. In the subsequent paragraph beginning “Please also note …” added the phrase “again without limitation” after “For example,” set off with commas. In Online Tracking, amended the first paragraph to add information about Google Search Console tools and reports. In the second paragraph, updated the references to the Ate Up With Motor and 6200 Productions privacy policies with hyperlinks to those policies, removing the reference to the links near the top of this page. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the Unsplash trademark notice; updated the Google Search Console reference to remove the definite article, change “tool” to “tools and reports,” and change “which lets webmasters identify issues that may affect their site’s indexability, search visibility, and/or performance …” to “which help webmasters analyze and improve their site’s indexability and search performance …”; and changed “password management software, services, and/or tools” to “password management software, apps, tools, and/or services” for wording consistency. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, under “Categories of personal information described in California Civil Code Section 1798.80(e),” revised the bullet point on financial information pertaining to transactions with and/or otherwise involving me to add “payment history, balances” to the listed examples. Revised the subsequent bullet point regarding other financial information to change “other information pertaining to creditworthiness, assets, benefits, income, and/or liabilities” to “other information pertaining to creditworthiness, assets, benefits, income, liabilities, payments, and/or balances”. Revised the subsequent bullet point on medical information to change “health conditions” to “medical conditions” and change “used or seen” to “seen or used”. Under “Internet or other electronic network activity information,” changed “Encryption public keys and/or similar security data” to “Encryption public keys, access codes, and/or similar security data” and amended the bullet point beginning “Network, shared device, online service, and/or online access information” to change “passwords and/or other login credentials” to “passwords and/or passcodes, other login credentials”. Under “Professional or employment-related information,” changed “Current and/or past job title(s), position(s), role(s), duties, and/or responsibilities” to “Current and/or past occupation(s), job title(s), position(s), role(s), duties, and/or responsibilities” for completeness. In the last bullet point under “Professional or employment-related information,” changed both instances of “work, vocation, profession, trade, business, professional services, products, and/or other commercial endeavors” to “occupation, work, vocation, profession, trade, business, professional services, products, and/or commercial endeavors” for the same reason. In the “Inferences” category, changed “a particular job, assignment, or professional role” to “a particular job, assignment, project, or professional role” and added a period at the end.
    • January 21, 2022: In Embedded Content, added a sentence to the end of the paragraph beginning “You should generally assume …”: “Embedded content providers may combine some or all of this information with other information they gather about you over time and/or across other websites and/or online services you use; for example (but without limitation), an online video platform may add information about the embedded videos you watch on this website to information that platform has collected about videos you’ve watched on other websites and/or on the platform’s own website. In Combining Information From Multiple Sources, changed “from multiple sources” to “from multiple sources and/or over time” (mostly for the avoidance of doubt, since the latter point was hopefully already adequately clear from the preexisting text of this policy) and changed “from across multiple devices you may use” to “from multiple devices you use” for greater clarity. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, added “developers and/or providers of password management software, services, and/or tools” to the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers (in the bullet point regarding providers whose services enable me to operate and/or secure my system(s), device(s), and/or data).
    • January 20, 2022: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, amended the reference to Renesas Electronics Corporation to change “devices” to “peripheral devices” for clarity and consistency.
    • January 18, 2022: In Security Scans, deleted the first sentence paragraph beginning “The examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers …” (since an earlier paragraph in the same section says almost exactly the same thing in the same way). In the remaining sentence of that paragraph, changed “use and/or add other security measures from different providers, and/or that have other features not specified here” to “use and/or add other security measures that have other features not specified here.” In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, amended the last paragraph to change “and/or other business decisions” to “and/or business decisions” for wording consistency with the related language in Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, in the bullet point regarding providers whose services enable me to operate and/or secure my system(s), device(s), and/or data, changed “researching matters pertaining to the operation, function, and/or security” to “researching matters pertaining to the operation, function, technical improvement, and/or security” (mostly for the avoidance of doubt, since technical improvement typically pertains to operation, function, and/or security). In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the bullet point beginning “Information about an individual’s style(s), …” (under “Other types of personal information”), changed “themes, influences, tendencies, …” to “themes, influences, inspirations, tendencies, …”
    • January 17, 2022: In Legal Bases for Collecting and Using Information and Your Rights (GDPR and Other National or State Privacy Laws), changed “Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados” to “Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados Pessoais” (which is the correct full name of the law, although it’s often reported as “Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados”).
    • January 16, 2022: In the Financial Transactions Policy, added a new subsection: Consent to Electronic Communication Delivery. In the Customer Service Information subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, added “USA” to the customer service postal mailing address. In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), changed “The right to take private legal action in the event of a data breach that exposes your personal information (and/or your household’s personal information) to theft or unauthorized access” to “The right to take private legal action in the event of a data breach that results in unauthorized access to and exfiltration, theft, or disclosure of certain types of sensitive personal information due to my failure to implement and maintain reasonable security procedures and practices appropriate to the nature of the information.” In Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me, added “USA” to the postal mailing address.
    • January 15, 2022: In Reports and Aggregate Statistics, changed “de-identified, anonymized, redacted, and/or aggregated” to “de-identified, anonymized, pseudonymized, redacted, and/or aggregated” and changed “elect not to de-identify, anonymize, redact, and/or aggregate …” to “elect not to de-identify, anonymize, pseudonymize, redact, and/or aggregate …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to the ImgBurn utility to correct the developer pseudonym (which they apparently style in all caps followed by an exclamation point). Also changed “If the information is de-identified, anonymized, redacted, and/or aggregated …” to “If the information is de-identified, anonymized, pseudonymized, redacted, and/or aggregated …” and changed “elect not to de-identify, anonymize, redact, and/or aggregate …” to “elect not to de-identify, anonymize, pseudonymize, redact, and/or aggregate …” In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point beginning “Physical characteristics and/or descriptions of individuals …” (under “Categories of personal information described in California Civil Code Section 1798.80(e)”) to add a comma after “distinguishing marks”. In the examples under “Commercial information,” made a number of wording changes in the interests of internal consistency: Updated the bullet point on cars and/or other vehicles to change “wants and/or intends to own, purchase, lease, rent, borrow, otherwise obtain, and/or use” to “desires and/or intends to own, purchase, lease, rent, borrow, otherwise obtain, and/or use”; fixed a formatting error in the bullet point about art, books, etc.; updated the bullet point on personal property, products, goods, and/or services to change “desires to purchase, lease, rent, otherwise obtain, and/or use; and/or is considering or has considered purchasing, renting, leasing, otherwise obtaining, and/or using” to “desires and/or intends to own, purchase, lease, rent, otherwise obtain, and/or use; and/or is considering or has considered”; updated the bullet point on retailers, vendors, marketplaces, and/or service providers to change “is considering or has considered patronizing, plans to patronize, prefers, and/or disdains” to “desires and/or intends to patronize, is considering or has considered patronizing, prefers, and/or disdains”; and updated the bullet point on lodgings, residence(s), office space(s), and/or real property to change ” (and/or is considering or has considered purchasing, leasing, renting, and/or otherwise using)” to “has owned, purchased, leased, rented, and/or otherwise used; desires and/or intends to purchase, lease, rent, and/or otherwise use; and/or is considering or has considered” set off with semicolons rather than commas. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, made two minor wording changes to the paragraph beginning “Under the CCPA, a disclosure of personal information for which …”: changed “generally is not considered …” to “is generally not considered …” and changed “so long as the “service provider” only uses the information for the contractually specified purpose(s) and does not otherwise “sell” the information” to “so long as the “service provider” only uses the information as necessary for the contractually specified business purpose(s) and does not “sell” the information.” Later in that section, changed “If the information is de-identified, anonymized, redacted, and/or aggregated …” to “If the information is de-identified, anonymized, pseudonymized, redacted, and/or aggregated …” and changed “elect not to de-identify, anonymize, redact, and/or aggregate …” to “elect not to de-identify, anonymize, pseudonymize, redact, and/or aggregate …” for internal consistency.
    • January 13, 2022: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, amended the reference to LG Electronics to change “and any applicable product privacy policies” to “and/or any applicable product privacy policies” for internal consistency and revised the reference to the Rufus utility to correct the developer’s name.
    • January 12, 2022: In “Shine the Light” Law Disclosures, corrected the reference to the applicable statute by removing “et seq.” from the parenthetical citation. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, further updated the language about sharing information for a business purpose, changing “for certain specified purposes, which the law divides into the following categories:” to “for certain specified purposes, which may include the following:” and changing “even if it’s for purposes that clearly fall into one or more of the categories listed above” to “even if it’s clearly for one or more of the above-listed purposes.” Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • January 11, 2022: In Embedded Content, updated the Yoast SEO bullet point to add information about the plugin’s new Wincher integration (mostly for the record, since I’ve disabled the integration and don’t currently have any plans to use it). Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • January 10, 2022: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, revised the Google bullet point to change “are subject to the the Google Privacy Policy and, where applicable, …” to “are subject to the Google Privacy Policy and/or, where applicable, …” Also fixed some instances of “of of” in that section. Corrected a number of instances of “the the” and “and and” in older entries in this Recent Revisions list and the Older Privacy Policy Revisions page (which were also obviously typographical errors). Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • January 8, 2022: In Security Scans, made a minor clarification to the description of the features of the Sucuri Security plugin. In Information You Provide to Me, changed “copyright inquiries” to “copyright notices” for consistency with the Terms of Use and fixed an incorrectly closed tag for the hyperlink. Also changed “and for communications …” to “for communications …” separated with a comma, and added “and for certain privacy-related requests” to the end of that sentence. In the last sentence of that section, changed “beyond what the site collects automatically” to “beyond what I collect automatically.” In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, made various minor wording adjustments to the examples under the “Commercial information” category (mostly for internal consistency). Revised the bullet point beginning “Authorship, other credits, and/or rights holder information …” (under “Professional or employment-related information”) to fix a duplication in the listed examples.
    • January 5, 2021: Renamed the Information-Sharing Disclosures (Shine the Light Law) section the “Shine the Light” Law Disclosures section and updated the Table of Contents accordingly. In the first paragraph of that section, changed “about those businesses’ disclosure of the customer’s personal information to third parties for direct marketing purposes” to “about the businesses’ disclosure of personal information to third parties for those third parties’ direct marketing purposes” for clarity. Updated the second paragraph of that section to clarify that a third party selling, renting, exchanging, or leasing personal information “for consideration to businesses” is also considered a direct marketing purpose under the “Shine the Light” law. In the third paragraph, set the second instance of “Shine the Light” in quotation marks for consistency; changed “with a business subject to the law’s requirements” to “with a business that is subject to the law’s disclosure requirements”; made the phrase “information-sharing disclosure” lower case; and changed “that details:” to “that lists (subject to any applicable exemptions or exceptions provided by the law):” In the first numbered item, deleted the phrase “about you” and changed “for direct marketing purposes” to “for those third parties’ direct marketing purposes”. In the second numbered item, changed “The names/identities and addresses of such third parties” to “The names and addresses of all such third parties and sufficient information to give “a reasonable indication of the nature of the third parties’ business.”” Subsequently replaced the final two paragraphs of that section with the statement that I believe I am exempt from the requirements of this law, since I have fewer than 20 full-time or part-time employees. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication (including fixing some inadvertent discrepancies that crept into this summary with the multiple rounds of changes).
    • January 4, 2022: In Embedded Content, amended the data retention bullet point to change “I do not have access to most such data and so its retention is normally outside of my control” to “in most cases, I do not have access to the data collected by embedded content providers, and its retention is generally outside of my control.” In Data in Submitted Images, changed “the recognizable image and/or identifiable likeness” to “the identifiable image and/or recognizable likeness”. Later in the day, also changed “allow me to infer …” to “make it possible to infer …” In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “developers, editors, publishers” to “producers, developers, editors, publishers” to further illustrate the intended scope. (The examples listed in that paragraph are still not intended to be an exhaustive list!) In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point on “Sensory data” to change “recognizable individuals and/or their identifiable likenesses” to “identifiable individuals and/or their recognizable likenesses” for consistency. In the bullet point beginning “Publishing histories/ …” (under “Professional or employment-related information”), added “publishers” to the listed examples and reordered the enumerated examples in that bullet point for greater internal consistency. In the Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point beginning “Subject matter experts …” to change “developers, editors, publishers” to “producers, developers, editors, publishers” for internal consistency. Fixed a typographical error in the January 2, 2022 entry below (“Under in …” was supposed to read “Under …”). As a global change throughout this page, changed various instances of the phrase “beyond my control” to “outside of my control” for wording consistency. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • January 3, 2022: In Who I Am, changed “shall be deemed to signify …” to “shall be deemed to refer to …” (for consistency with the Terms of Use, which I similarly changed).
    • January 2, 2022: In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “by phone” to “by telephone” for wording consistency. In the Customer Service Information subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “If you have questions about this Financial Transactions Policy, …” to “If you have questions about this Financial Transactions Policy, would like further information, …” and changed “or by calling or texting …” to “or by telephone at …” Also changed “You may also submit questions about this Financial Transactions Policy and/or inquiries regarding specific purchases or other transactions …” to “You may also submit questions or complaints …” In the final paragraph of that subsection, changed “Under California Civil Code Section 1789.3, California residents are entitled to the following additional notice: California consumers can report complaints to …” to just “If you have a complaint, you can also contact …” and added the department’s TTY number in addition to their regular toll-free number. In the California Privacy Request Metrics Methodology subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “listed the average response time” to “listed the mean and median response times” for internal consistency.
    • January 1, 2022: In Definitions, made some minor wording changes to the definitions of “Personal information/personally identifying information/personal data”; “Identifiers”; and “Protected classifications”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the trademark notice for Abine Blur. In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), deleted the sentence about not needing to be physically present in California (which is a topic with some complicated and potentially confusing jurisdictional nuances beyond the scope of that section). Under the California Privacy Request Metrics (Record-Keeping Disclosures) subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, added a California Privacy Request Metrics for the 2021 Calendar Year subsection. In the California Privacy Request Metrics Methodology subsection, fixed an error with the section ID and updated the text to reflect 2021 as well as 2020. In Recent Revisions, moved all entries from prior to January 1, 2021 to the separate Older Privacy Policy Revisions page for space reasons. Made a few minor wording changes to the preamble of that page for clarity and consistency. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • December 29, 2021: In Legal Bases for Collecting and Using Information, deleted the first item in the numbered list, making “to provide the functions of the website” one of the examples in the “legitimate interest” item. Moved the “contractual obligation” item so that it precedes rather than follows the “legal obligation” item and changed it to read “The use is necessary in order for me to enter into a contractual agreement with you and/or fulfill my commitments and/or contractual obligations to you (e.g., to comply with the terms of a license for the use of your intellectual property, or to process and/or complete a purchase you have made), and/or:” In the “legal obligation” item, changed “maintain reasonable records of financial transactions and image usage rights” to “maintain reasonable records of financial transactions for tax purposes”. Added a colon after each other instance of “and/or” in the numbered list for stylistic consistency. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, added a link to and language about the Flickr Data Processing Addendum and added the Unsplash photo platform and/or related services to the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers. Fixed a typo in this summary. Updated past entries in this Recent Revisions list to capitalize all instances of “Recent Revisions” for consistency. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • December 28, 2021: In Certificate Authority Checks, revised the last paragraph to remove the language about public repository log data (which gets into technical areas I’m not confident I fully understand); change “does obviously have administrative access …” to “also has administrative access …”; and add a reference and link to the DreamHost General Terms of Service as well as their privacy policy. In Contact Forms, changed the first three instances of “your inquiry” to “your message” for consistency. Also changed “If you ask a general question or report some functional or technical issue with the site” to “If your message includes questions and/or comments about me, my content, and/or this website, or pertains to a technical problem with the site”; changed “I may (unless you ask us not to) …” to “and unless you specifically request otherwise, I may …”; changed “to respond to your inquiry and/or support other users with similar concerns” to “to publicly respond to your question(s) and/or comment(s), and/or to support other users with similar concerns”; changed “(unless you authorize me to include other personally identifying information)” to “(unless you ask or authorize me to include other personally identifying information); changed “your inquiry in this manner” to “your message (or an excerpt of it) in this manner”; changed “I will make all reasonable efforts to accommodate your request” to “I will make a reasonable effort to accommodate your request”; and added a final sentence to the same bullet point: “If you wish me to completely unpublish a message you submitted that I have published or excerpted in this way, please let me know and I will endeavor to do so at my earliest opportunity.” (These changes are for greater consistency with the current language in the Terms of Use.) In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “and/or describing my experience …” to “or describing my experience …” for greater clarity. (That phrase is intended as a second example, not a continuation of the first.) In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “software (e.g., apps, plugins, themes, and/or add-ons)” to “software (e.g., apps, fonts, plugins, themes, and/or add-ons)”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to the fre:ac audio converter to add the name of the its author/developer, also relocating that reference within the same bullet point to maintain a more-or-less consistently alphabetical order. In Your Rights (GDPR and Other National or State Privacy Laws), changed “Request deletion …” to “Request erasure (deletion) …”; changed “Request that I limit …” to “Request that I restrict …”; moved the bullet point beginning “Object to …” to after “Request portability …”; moved the “and” appropriately; and changed “to the applicable government data protection authority” to “to an appropriate data protection supervisory authority.” Immediately below that bullet-pointed list, changed “In the UK, the applicable data protection authority …” to “In the UK, the data protection authority …”; and changed “for a current list of European national data protection authorities, …” to “for information about European data protection authorities by country, …” In the subsequent paragraph beginning “If you have questions …” changed “delete” to “delete (erase)” for consistency. In the Cookie Notice, updated the preamble to revise the language about changes to the Cookie Notice being summarized in this Recent Revisions list, moved that sentence to just before the “last updated” date, and changed “This version was last updated …” to “The current version of this notice was last updated …” Also revised the license language to change “including this notice” to “including this Cookie Notice” for clarity. In the Categories of Cookies Used section to change “most commonly use on this website” to “may use on this website”. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • December 26, 2021: In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, changed “enter or contemplate entering” and “enter or contemplate entering into” to “enter into or contemplate entering into” for wording consistency. Also changed “any person or entity” to “any individual(s) or entity” for the same reason. Toward the end of that section, changed “I may share information pertaining to current and/or prospective employees, independent contractors, interns, business partners, business proposals, and/or business ventures …” to “I may share information pertaining to any individual(s) or entity I hire or contemplate hiring and/or with whom I enter into or contemplate entering into any professional relationship or business venture …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, revised the bullet point that previously began “As I deem reasonable and appropriate (and as permitted by applicable law and/or regulations) to enable me to make informed hiring, employment, and/or business decisions regarding current and/or prospective employees, independent contractors, interns, business partners, business proposals, and/or business ventures, as described in …” to read “As I deem reasonable and appropriate (and as permitted by applicable law and/or regulations) to help me make informed hiring and/or employment decisions and/or other business decisions regarding current and/or prospective professional relationships, professional engagements, business proposals, business ventures, and/or work, as described in …” and added links to the Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes and Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources as well as Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships. (This is a clarification, intended to better summarize this policy’s existing language related to these topics, and doesn’t represent any substantive change in my practices.) In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the bullet point about accident(s), natural disaster(s), and/or other catastrophic event(s) or hardship(s) to change “involvement in and/or connection with” to “experience of, involvement in, and/or connection with” to better express the intended scope of that example. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the bullet point beginning “As I deem reasonable and appropriate …” to match the updated text of the equivalent bullet point in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • December 25, 2021: In Comments, changed “By submitting a comment, I will assume that you are expressly authorizing me to publish and use the contents of that comment (including any images, other media files, and/or links the comment may contain) …” to “By submitting a comment, you are expressly authorizing me to publish and use the comment as described in the …” In the subsequent paragraph beginning “If you submit a valid email address …” changed “before approving it” to “before approving the comment” for clarity. In Contact Forms, amended the sentence beginning “I will redact …” to add the parenthetical phrase “(unless you authorize me to include other personally identifying information)”. In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, changed “about any current and/or prospective employees, independent contractors, interns, and/or business partners” to “about any person or entity I hire or contemplate hiring and/or with whom I enter or contemplate entering into any professional relationship or business venture” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, revised the bullet point on business transfers to change “sell or transfer control” to “sell or otherwise transfer ownership” and change “heirs, successors, and/or assigns” to “heirs and/or successors”. In Your Rights (GDPR and Other National or State Privacy Laws), changed “subject to any exemptions” to “subject to any exemptions and restrictions” and changed “subject to any exemptions provided by applicable law” to “subject to any exemptions and restrictions provided by applicable law and/or associated regulations” for wording consistency. In Nevada Consumer Opt-Out Rights, changed “restrictions and exemptions provided by applicable law” to “exemptions and restrictions provided by applicable law and/or associated regulations”. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed all instances of the phrase “the CCPA and its implementing regulations” to “the CCPA and its associated regulations” for wording consistency. (In this context, “associated regulations” and “implementing regulations” are synonymous.) Also updated the bullet point regarding business transfers to match the revised wording in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information. In the California Privacy Request Metrics (Record-Keeping Disclosures) subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “of the implementing regulations for the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA)” to “of the CCPA regulations” in the interests of brevity and consistency. Corrected the entry for February 20, 2020 below to change “Contact and Image Authorization Forms” to “Contact Forms” (the correct name of the applicable section).
    • December 23, 2021: In Contact Forms and Reports and Aggregate Statistics, fixed a typographical error (inadvertent repetition of the words “about requests”). In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, updated the paragraph beginning “If I have any employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, and/or business partners …” to delete the second sentence (whose examples were redundant) and change “Again, the types …” to “The types …” In the subsequent paragraph about software, changed whenever I install software (e.g., apps, plugins, themes, and/or add-ons) — particularly software/apps/services/themes/add-ons I use under open source licenses — the software and/or installation files …” to “if I install or update any software (e.g., apps, plugins, themes, and/or add-ons) — particularly software offered under open source licenses — that software, the installation files and/or source code, and/or the associated documentation …” and changed “If you’re a developer …” to “If you’re a software developer …” for clarity. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, revised the bullet point on employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, and/or business partners to change “confidentiality policies and/or confidentiality agreements” to “confidentiality policies, agreements, and/or requirements” (since some professions are subject to certain legal confidentiality requirements in addition to any other policies or agreements that may apply). In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the bullet point beginning “Information about personal property, products, goods, and/or services” (under “Commercial information”) to change “owns, rents” to “owns, purchases, rents” for wording consistency. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, made some further clarifications to the paragraphs regarding how the CCPA (and its implementing regulations, which add their own interpretive nuances) define sharing personal information “for a business purpose.” Later in that same subsection, changed “Sharing information “for a business purpose” as described above generally is not considered a “sale” of personal information under the CCPA” to “Sharing personal information “for a business purpose” as described above generally is not considered a “sale” under the CCPA so long as the “service provider” only uses the information for the contractually specified purpose(s) and does not otherwise “sell” the information.” Later in that same section, changed “contractual relationships with those third parties” to “written contracts with those third parties” for wording consistency. Later in that same subsection, revised the paragraph beginning “Even if disclosures like these are NOT deemed …” to change “without necessarily being considered a “service provider” as the CCPA defines that term” to “without necessarily being considered a “service provider” as the CCPA and its implementing regulations define that term.” In the California Privacy Request Metrics (Record-Keeping Disclosures) subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “presume means California residents and/or households” to “presume means California residents”. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • December 17, 2021: In Information Captured by Service/Software/App/Device Telemetry, revised the listed examples for clarity and relevancy. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, further revised the first paragraph on sharing information for a business purpose to change “disclosing the personal information of “consumers” (i.e., California residents and/or households) to another party for certain operational purposes” to “disclosing personal information to a “service provider” (as the CCPA defines that term) that processes information on the business’s behalf for certain specified purposes”. Revised the paragraph following the numbered list to read “The CCPA requires that a disclosure of personal information “for a business purpose” be subject to a suitable written service provider agreement between the business that discloses the information and the entity that receives the information, specifying the services that entity is to perform for the business and the business purpose(s) for which that entity may use the information while prohibiting that entity from retaining, using, or disclosing the information for any other purpose. Without a suitable written service provider agreement, an entity that provides services to a business may not necessarily be considered a “service provider” as the CCPA defines that term, and sharing personal information with that entity may not necessarily be considered “for a business purpose,” even if it’s for purposes that clearly fall into one or more of the categories listed above.” Later in that same subsection, changed “might reasonably be considered sharing information with third parties “for a business purpose,” …” to “might reasonably be considered sharing information “for a business purpose,”…” In the later paragraph beginning “Even if disclosures like these …” changed “However, as explained above, being a “service provider” under the CCPA requires a written agreement that directs the service provider to collect and/or process personal information on the client or customer’s behalf for certain specific business purposes while restricting the service provider’s further use and/or disclosure of that information; it’s possible to provide services, even to other businesses, without necessarily being considered a “service provider” as the CCPA and its associated regulations define that term” to “However, as explained above, it’s possible to provide services without necessarily being considered a “service provider” as the CCPA defines that term” in the interests of brevity. In the paragraph following the list of examples of facilitating other types of commercial transactions later in that subsection, changed changed “any compensation or other valuable consideration” to “any monetary compensation or other valuable consideration”. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • December 16, 2021: In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “Internet or similar network activity information” to “Internet or other electronic network activity information” (which is how the applicable statute words it) and change “electronic systems and/or services (online and/or otherwise)” (in the last bullet point under that category) to “electronic systems and/or services”. Also deleted the “Other types of information and/or data that could potentially be deemed personal information …” category (since it’s really redundant). In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the paragraph on disclosing information for a business purpose to change “means a business disclosing …” to “means disclosing …” and change “to third parties for any of the following categories of purposes:” to “to another party for certain operational purposes, which the law divides into the following categories:” In the list of categories, changed “Debugging/repair” to “Debugging/repair of existing intended functionality”; changed “Certain short-term uses” to “Certain short-term, transient uses”; changed “Performing services” to “Performing services (e.g., customer service, order fulfillment, payment processing, analytics services)”; and changed “Quality and safety maintenance and verification” to “Verifying or maintaining the quality or safety of and/or improving, upgrading, or enhancing a service or device the business owns, controls, or manufactures (or that is manufactured for the business).” In the subsequent paragraph, deleted “The law imposes additional conditions on such disclosures:” in the interests of brevity; changed “third party” to “party” throughout; and changed “specifying the services the third party is to perform using the information …” to “specifying how that party is to use the information …” Later in that subsection, revised the bullet point beginning “Most files and data on …” to delete the reference to Sucuri in the interests of brevity (since that information is presented in greater detail in Security Scans) and change “some of which may incorporate cloud-based scanning or analysis features” to “some of which may incorporate cloud-based scanning or analysis features and/or otherwise communicate with third parties”. Reworded the bullet point about Internet service providers and unencrypted websites or online resources for greater clarity and moved it to after the bullet point about banks and/or other financial institutions. In the Cookie Notice, made a minor correction to the Privacy and Cookie Preferences category (there isn’t a separate “gdpr” cookie; that’s the prefix shared by the other cookies in this category).
    • December 15, 2021: In Definitions, revised the “Cookies and similar technologies” bullet point to change “that your browser (or other user agent) or device” to “that your browser, other user agent, or device” for readability, change references to storing cookies “on” your browser to storing them “in” your browser, and make some clarifications to the language about similar technologies. In Cookies and Similar Technologies, changed “(e.g., storing local shared objects and/or other data in your browser’s web storage)” to “(e.g., storing data in your browser’s web storage)” and changed “Some are placed automatically while others are only set when you perform certain actions.” to “Some cookies and stored data may be placed automatically while others are only set when you perform certain actions or use certain site functions” (mostly to avoid an unclear antecedent). In Browser Tests, condensed and rearranged the text and clarified that the results of such tests (which generally don’t contain any personally identifying information) may be stored in your device’s memory for the duration of your visit and/or stored in your browser. In Embedded Content, changed “your browser or user agent settings” to “certain of your settings” and revised the Google Fonts/Google Hosted Libraries, YouTube Videos, and FeedBurner bullet points to clarify that the Google “Technologies” pages do not currently discuss the storage of data in your browser (or other user agent) using technologies other than cookies. In Comments, changed “places a set of cookies on your browser” to “places a set of cookies in your browser” for wording consistency. In Financial Transactions Policy, changed “payment processor(s), bank(s), other financial institution(s), and/or other applicable third-party service(s)” to “payment processors, banks, other financial institutions, and/or other applicable vendors and/or third-party services”. In the Information Sharing subsection, changed “payment processor transaction reports” to just “transaction reports”. In Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties, changed “the applicable vendor(s), service(s), and/or payment processor(s)” to “payment processors, banks, other financial institutions, and/or other applicable vendors and/or third-party services” for greater internal consistency. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, revised the bullet point regarding contractual obligations to change “if my payment processor investigates a payment I received” to “if a payment processor investigates a payment I made or received”. In the Cookie Notice, revised the paragraph regarding the license to change “will also note” to “will also summarize”. Revised the Cookies and Similar Technologies section to match the updated language in Definitions above. In the How This Website Uses Cookies and Similar Technologies section, changed “The use of cookies also allows …” to “The use of cookies and/or similar technologies may also allow …” Added a new final paragraph: “While it is sometimes possible to block technologies other than cookies from storing data on your browser (or other user agent), doing so may cause many functional problems and is not recommended.” In Categories of Cookies Used, changed “descriptions of the cookies” to “descriptions of the categories of cookies”; condensed and clarified some of the text (particularly about cookie durations); added language about data stored using technologies other than cookies; added a link to an article explaining how to remove such data from many modern browsers; and added a note that if your browser (or other user agent) crashes rather than being closed properly, session cookies may not be deleted as they ordinarily would be. Throughout the Cookie Notice, also changed references to placing cookies “on” your browser to “in” your browser for wording consistency. Revised the PayPal Buttons category to mention that the buttons may also incorporate a tracking pixel called “pixel.gif.” Revised the YouTube Videos category to update the cookies used, separate cookies from data items stored using other technologies, and update and clarify the “How they are used” text. Updated the Browser Tests section at the bottom of the Cookie Notice to reflect the revised text of Browser Tests above. On the Older Privacy Policy Revisions page, amended the entry for August 24, 2015 (regarding the license update) to spell out the names of the licenses to avoid any future confusion. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • December 14, 2021: As a global change (except in older entries in this Recent Revisions list), changed “commercial advantage” to “commercial advantage and/or financial gain” to better express the intended meaning. (It’s intended as a catch-all term.) In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs; Security Scans; and Embedded Content, changed “(e.g., advertising identifiers and/or …” to “(e.g., the advertising identifier(s) and/or …” Also in Website Server, Error, and Security Logs, changed “no more than 30 days” to “no more than about 30 days”. Also in Security Scans, changed “for 30 days or less” to “for no more than about 30 days” for consistency. In Advertising, changed “are served by me” to “are locally served” for clarity. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the references to Yahoo! search service privacy practices to change “and/or, where applicable, the …” to “and the …” (as the privacy practices document is intended to supplement rather than supplant the Yahoo Privacy Policy). In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point beginning “Information about lodgings …” (under “Commercial information”) to change both instances of “other real property” to “real property”. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the paragraph beginning “To achieve the purposes …” to change “and/or other my other creative endeavors” to “and my other creative endeavors (professional or otherwise)” and change “often for publication” to “often for eventual publication”. In the bullet-pointed list below that paragraph, deleted the bullet point beginning “Any government agency …” (since legal and contractual obligations are covered in bullet points in the subsequent list).
    • December 13, 2021: In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection, revised the “Recruitment/hiring/employment or business partnerships” bullet point to change “business partnerships or other professional relationships with someone” to “business partnerships and/or other professional relationships” (mostly in the interests of better grammar). In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, changed “for example (but without limitation), a formal business partnership or joint venture (JV)” to “for example (but without limitation), a professional collaboration, formal business partnership, or joint venture (JV).” In Other Information I Receive From Third-Party Sources, updated the paragraph on social media platforms to add language about the promulgation of information and/or content on social media. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “other providers of filter lists, block lists, and/or other security information” to “other providers of filter lists, block lists, and/or other security-related information” and updated the reference to The Spamhaus Project to point the hyperlink to their Privacy Policy rather than their homepage. Also updated the T-Mobile trademark information. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, made some adjustments to the list of categories and examples to eliminate any discrepancies that may have cropped up in Recent Revisions. (This hopefully didn’t actually change anything except perhaps to fix a few unintentional errors and make sure the list is reasonably consistent with the versions that appear in the Ate Up With Motor and 6200 Productions privacy policies.) Reordered the examples under “Identifiers” to put “Postal mailing address and/or street addresses” and “Unique personal identifiers, device identifiers, and/or online identifiers” before IP addresses and email addresses; added “Telephone numbers (and/or fax numbers)” as its own bullet point after “Postal mailing addresses”; added “passport numbers” to the examples of government-issued identification numbers; deleted the separate bullet point on information collected through cookies and/or similar technologies and made that a parenthetical part of the “Unique personal identifiers, device identifiers, and/or online identifiers” bullet point; and split “Other similar identifiers” into a separate bullet point under that category, last in the list (mostly to make the examples somewhat more consistent with the statutory description of this category). Under “Categories of personal information described in California Civil Code Section 1798.80(e),” removed the “Telephone numbers (and/or fax numbers)” bullet point (since those are now listed under “Identifiers”) and deleted the “Account numbers” bullet point (which is redundant in the present list). Renamed the “Characteristics of classifications protected by law” category “Protected classification information (characteristics of protected classifications under California or federal law)” for greater consistency with the statutory language. Moved the “Inferences” category to put it last and change “Inferences I make” to “Inferences I draw from any of the information identified above” and rearranged the order of the listed examples, again for greater consistency with the statutory definition of that category. (This revision initially had an embarrassing typo I fixed later in the day.) In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, added “(or a “sale” of personal information)” to the end of the first paragraph (after “for business or commercial purposes) and changed “A disclosure of personal information is considered to be for “commercial purposes” if it …” to “Collecting, using, and/or sharing personal information is considered to be for “commercial purposes” if it …” In California Privacy Request Metrics (Record-Keeping Disclosures), changed “(much less purchase and/or “sell” as the CCPA defines those terms)” to “(much less “buy” and/or “sell” as the CCPA defines those terms)” for wording consistency. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • December 12, 2021: In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, changed “or Contact Form submissions” to “or the contact or feedback forms on this website” for wording consistency. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, amended the bullet point on appropriately crediting someone to change “this may include adding …” to “this may include (without limitation) adding …” and change “filename” to “filename(s)” for internal consistency. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “I have collected and/or may collect the following categories of personal information …” to “I have collected in the last 12 months and/or may collect the following categories of personal information …” Under “Professional or employment-related information,” changed “Current and/or past employer(s) and/or client(s)” to “Current and/or past employer(s)” (since clients are mentioned in a subsequent bullet point) and added the words “Current and/or past” to the beginnings of the bullet points on job titles, work schedule, and compensation for completeness. Rearranged the bullet points to put the bullet point about fictitious business names after rather than before the one about business or organization ownership. Added “relationships with patients” to the examples in the “Information about professional relationships” bullet point.
    • December 11, 2021: In Definitions, revised the “User agent information” definition’s reference to browser fingerprinting to change “specific combination of user agent characteristics” to “specific combination of user agent and device characteristics” (which is a bit more precise). In Comments, fixed a typographical error: “comment me using only a pseudonym” was supposed to read “comment using only a pseudonym.” Also changed “I may not be able to associate that comment with any other personal information about you” to “I may not be able to associate that comment with other personal information I possess about you” and changed “it won’t be included …” to “the comment won’t be included …” Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • December 9, 2021: In the preamble, changed, “By using the …” to “By accessing and/or using the …” In Notice to Parents Regarding Children Under 18; Not for Children, changed “should not be used or accessed” to “should not be accessed or used” for wording consistency. In Definitions, updated the “User(s) and visitor(s) definition to change “who accesses this website” to “who accesses and/or uses this website” for wording consistency. Also revised the “IP address” definition to change “by using a virtual private network (VPN) or proxy service; with these services, you first connect to a computer server provided by the VPN/proxy service and that proxy server then connects to other Internet sites and resources” to “by using a virtual private network (VPN) or proxy service; with such services, you first connect to a remote server provided by the VPN or proxy service and that server then connects to other Internet sites and/or resources” for greater clarity. In Information You Provide to Me, changed “Through your use of this website” to “Through your access to and/or use of this website” for wording consistency. In Comments, changed “as well as the specific article you commented on” to “as well as the specific post or page you commented on” for consistency with the Comment Policy. In Data Related to Administrative Users, updated the language about administrative user ID numbers to change “Each administrative user also has a unique user ID number within the website’s database, which the database uses to associate that user with other actions they perform and/or content they post, edit, or submit on the website” to just “Each administrative user also receives a unique user ID number within the website’s database.” In the paragraph beginning “This website uses …” changed “may record an administrative user’s IP address, hostname, user agent information, and/or geolocation data” to “may record an administrative user’s username, user ID number, IP address, hostname, user agent information, and/or geolocation data”. In the paragraph beginning “Some of the information administrative users provide …” changed “to access and/or reset user login credentials” to “to access and/or change user login credentials and/or user settings”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to the IntenseDebate comment system to note that I requested the deletion of my IntenseDebate account on December 9, 2021, making some minor wording adjustments to accommodate this addition. In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), changed “current California resident” to “California resident.” In the Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “through your use of this website” to “through your access to and/or use of this website” for wording consistency. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “use a proxy server or VPN, the VPN or proxy server …” to “use a proxy or VPN, that proxy or VPN …” In Privacy Policy Changes, changed “Your further use of …” to “Your further access to and/or use of …” Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • December 8, 2021: As a global change throughout this page, changed all instances of “applicable law/regulations” to “applicable law and/or regulations” (except in older entries in this Recent Revisions list). In Legal Bases for Collecting and Using Information, changed “is necessary to provide …” to “is necessary in order to provide …”; changed “is necessary to fulfill …” to “is necessary in order to fulfill …” for wording consistency. In Contact Forms, changed “Information from California Privacy Request Form submissions must be retained for at least 24 months for compliance purposes” to “I must retain privacy requests submitted via the California Privacy Request Form to the extent necessary to comply with applicable law and/or regulations.” In Additional Information About Data Retention, revised the bullet point on information pertaining to disputes and/or legal issues to change “Any information …” to “Information …” Also removed the language in that bullet point about privacy request retention, moving that language to the paragraph after the second bullet-pointed list in that section (beginning “Personal information I may collect …”); changing the phrase “Similarly, for compliance purposes, …” to “In particular (but without limitation), …”; changing “to the extent required by applicable law and/or regulations” to “to the extent necessary to comply with applicable law and/or regulations”; and changing “retain records of that request …” to “retain records of that request and how I responded to it …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, revised the bullet point on photos, images, and/or other media to change “Photographs, images, and/or other media (e.g., videos) I use and/or collect for use on and/or in connection with this website …” to “The photographs, images, and/or other media (e.g., videos) I use and/or collect for use on this website, in connection with my other content and/or creative endeavors, and/or as part of and/or in connection with my professional writing/editing/writing consulting work …” Also changed “for example, the license terms …” to “For example (but without limitation), the license terms …” and made that parenthetical aside a separate sentence (still set in parentheses). In the subsequent instance of “For example …” in that same bullet point, changed “(but without limitation)” to “(again without limitation)”. In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), changed “to the degree of certainty applicable law and/or regulations require” to “to the degree of certainty required by applicable law and/or regulations” (mostly to eliminate an aesthetically troublesome issue of subject/verb agreement).
    • December 7, 2021: In Contact Forms, changed “through any contact or feedback forms” to “via any contact or feedback forms” and changed “including, but not limited to, California Privacy Request Forms submitted through the …” to “including, though not limited to, privacy requests submitted via the California Privacy Request Form on the …” (for wording consistency). Added a new second paragraph about legal names vs. pseudonyms and the need to enter a valid email address or other contact information if you want a reply (and/or an email receipt). In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the bullet point on “Financial information pertaining to transactions with and/or otherwise involving me” (under “Categories of personal information described in California Civil Code Section 1798.80(e)”) to change “credit card information” to “credit card and/or debit card information” (since the statute refers to both). Added a bullet point under “Characteristics of classifications protected by law”: “Genetic information (and/or familial genetic information)”. Amended the “Biometric information” category to change “Biometric information, such as …” to “Biometric information (genetic, physiological, behavioral, and/or biological characteristics, and/or activity patterns), such as …” for clarity. Under “Internet or similar network activity information,” changed “Web browsing activity and/or history” to just “Browsing activity and/or history” (mostly for greater consistency with the statutory wording). Amended the “Sensory data” category to change “(audio, electronic, visual, thermal, olfactory, or similar information)” to “(audio, electronic, visual, thermal, olfactory, and/or similar information)” for internal consistency. In the California Privacy Request Metrics (Record-Keeping Disclosures) subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “(which I presume means California consumers as defined by the CCPA)” to “(which I presume means California residents and/or households, as defined by the CCPA)”. In the California Privacy Request Metrics Methodology subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “I may revise this methodology for subsequent years depending on my subsequent experience” to “I may revise this methodology for later years depending on my subsequent experience.”
    • December 6, 2021: In the preamble, changed “which summarizes recent modifications …” to “which summarizes recent changes …” In Comments, changed “either by being automatically “stripped” prior to publication or manually deleted by me” to “whether automatically “stripped” prior to publication or manually deleted by me” in the interests of grammar and revised the paragraph beginning “From time to time, …” to add an additional sentence: “Naturally, if you offer corrections and/or clarifications of my content, I will also take steps to verify that information and, if I deem it appropriate, incorporate the factual substance of such correction(s) and/or clarification(s) into the applicable content (and/or make a note for my future reference).” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the bullet point beginning “To appropriately credit someone” to change “themes/plugins” to “themes, plugins” and revised the bullet point on photos, images, and/or other media to change “may share photos, images, and/or other media and/or information about them …” to “may share photos, images, and/or other media (and/or related information) …” for greater clarity. In the February 10, 2020 entry below, fixed an erroneous reference to the “Comments and Personal Information” section (the correct name of that section is “Comments”). In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), changed “The current CCPA regulations issued by California’s Office of the Attorney General stipulate …” to “The current CCPA regulations stipulate …” Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • December 5, 2021: Throughout this page, removed the target=”_blank” property from certain hyperlinks and restored the rel=”noopener” attribute to the hyperlinks that still have that property. Also changed links with the rel=”noreferrer” attribute to rel=”noopener noreferrer” where they weren’t already set that way. (These adjustments pertain to certain technical matters that shouldn’t affect the functionality of those links.) In Definitions, revised the “Domain name and/or hostname” definition to change “publicly available” to “available to the public” and updated the “Administrative dashboard/backend” definition to change “public-facing” to “publicly visible/publicly accessible”. In Legal Bases for Collecting and Using Information, revised the “legitimate interest” bullet point to change “for example” to “e.g.” and set the examples in parentheses for stylistic consistency. In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection, amended the “Advertising and other commercial purposes” bullet point to change “other writing/editing/writing consulting work” to “writing/editing/writing consulting work” for internal consistency. In Security Scans, changed “for malware and/or signs of other malicious activity” to “for malware and blocking suspicious and/or malicious activity”; changed “Some of these scans …” to “Some of these measures …” and changed “I may initiate additional manual scans and/or request that my web host’s technical support staff conduct a more thorough active scan to help me root out a possible security threat or troubleshoot a technical problem” to “I may manually initiate additional security measures and/or request that my web host’s technical support staff take additional steps to investigate and/or block security threats and/or suspicious activity.” Also changed several instances of the phrase “suspicious or malicious activity” to “suspicious and/or malicious activity” for internal consistency. In Embedded Content, updated the Font Awesome bullet point to change “public-facing” to “publicly visible/publicly accessible” and updated the WordPress.org bullet point to change “publicly accessible” to “publicly visible/publicly accessible” (for internal consistency). In Comments; Contact Forms; and Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, changed “comes from publicly available sources” to “comes from sources available to the public”. Also in Comments, changed “or because it contains information pertaining to my content or research” to “or because it contains information pertaining to my content and/or research”. Also in Contact Forms, changed “Contact Forms” to “contact or feedback form submissions”; changed “pertaining to my content” to “pertaining to my content, my writing/editing/writing consulting work, and/or my other creative endeavors”; changed “into the applicable content” to “into the applicable content, work, or creative endeavor(s)”; and changed “my content, and/or some related matter(s)” to “my content, my other creative endeavors, and/or some related matter(s)”. Also in Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, changed “information that pertains to my articles or other content” to “information that pertains to my content, writing/editing/writing/consulting work, and/or other creative endeavors” and changed “in connection with an article” to “in connection with an article I’m writing”. In Data in Submitted Images, changed “for use on this website (or for some related purpose)” to “for use on this website, in connection with my content and/or other creative endeavors, and/or for some related purpose(s)”; changed “making it publicly available” to “making it available to the public”; changed “Such information may come from a variety of publicly available and/or nonpublic sources” to “Such information may come from a variety of sources (which may include sources available to the public and/or nonpublic sources)”; changed “during the time it was publicly available” to “during the time it was available to the public”; changed “I publish on this website” to “I create and/or collect for publication on this website and/or for use in connection with my content and/or other creative endeavors”. In Data Related to Administrative Users, changed “it is not publicly visible” to “it is not normally publicly visible (unless the user makes it so)”. In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, changed “other publicly available information or records” to “other information or records available to the public.” In the Information Gathering subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “may come from a variety of publicly available and/or nonpublic sources” to “may come from a variety of sources (which may include sources available to the public and/or nonpublic sources)”. In the Customer Service Information section of the Financial Transactions Policy, removed a reference to the Contact Form (since there currently isn’t one). In Information I Receive From Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “from a variety of publicly available and/or nonpublic sources” to “from a variety of sources (which may include sources available to the public and/or nonpublic sources)”; changed “to identify and prevent malicious activity” to “to help identify and prevent malicious activity”; changed an instance of the phrase “suspicious or malicious activity” to “suspicious and/or malicious activity” for internal consistency; changed an instance of the phrase “suspicious or malicious activity” to “suspicious and/or malicious activity” for internal consistency; and changed “In many cases, such data is already publicly available” to “In many cases, such data is already available to the public.” In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, updated the second paragraph to replace everything after “about individuals who contact me” with the phrase “in addition to any information those individuals provide to me” (set off with a comma) to limit repetition; updated the paragraph regarding gathering additional information about images and/or other media to change “which may come from a variety of public and/or nonpublic sources” to “which may come from a variety of sources”; updated the subsequent paragraph about attribution information for license content to change “typically gather certain publicly available information about you …” to “may gather certain information about you, typically from sources already available to the public, …”; updated the paragraphs regarding hiring and/or professional partnerships and individuals or entities to which I contemplate providing services and/or licensing my content to change “from a variety of public and/or nonpublic third-party sources” to “from a variety of sources (which may include sources available to the public and/or nonpublic sources)”; updated the paragraph regarding vendors and/or service providers to change “obtain published works and/or other publicly available information and/or resources” to “obtain published works and/or other information and/or resources available to the public”; updated the paragraph beginning “Published works …” to change “other publicly available online content” to “other publicly accessible online content”; changed “may come from a variety of public and/or nonpublic third-party sources” (later in the same paragraph) to “may come from a variety of sources (which may include sources available to the public and/or nonpublic sources)”; and updated the paragraph regarding information related to my content to change “and/or other creative endeavors” to “and/or my other creative endeavors” and change “drawn from sources that were already publicly available” to “drawn from sources that are or were already available to the public”. Updated the paragraph regarding retention to change “possible future article or content” to “possible future content and/or creative endeavors”. Updated the final paragraph of that section to change “Obviously, information I gather for my articles and/or other content may be published and/or otherwise disclosed in that context; other, nonpublic information generally will not be except as otherwise described in …” to “Obviously, information I gather for my content, writing/editing/writing consulting work, and/or other creative endeavors may be published and/or otherwise disclosed in that context; other information not already available to the public generally will not be except as otherwise described in …” In Additional Information About Data Retention, changed “technical or legal questions” to “technical and/or legal questions”; changed “a site-related dispute or legal issue” to “site-related disputes and/or legal issues”; and changed “applicable law and/or regulation” to “applicable law and/or regulations” (the latter for internal consistency). In Information Captured by Service/Software/App/Device Telemetry, changed “If a service/app/software/device crashes …” to “If some service/app/software/device crashes …”; changed “including (but not limited to) taking snapshots …” to “which may include (without limitation) taking snapshots … In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, revised the bullet point regarding public acknowledgments of assistance, revised the bullet point regarding public acknowledgments of assistance to change “whether with the management of this website, my content, and/or some related matter(s)” to “whether with the management of this website, my content, my other creative endeavors, and/or some related matter(s)” for internal consistency. the bullet “If that information is or was already publicly available …” to “If that information is or was already otherwise available to the public …” Updated references throughout that section to useful articles to consistently say “useful article” rather than just “article” to avoid confusion. (“Useful article” is a legal term referring to utilitarian objects like articles of clothing, and thus is something quite different from, e.g., a news article.) Also changed “which examine the publicly accessible/visible portions of the website” to “which examine the publicly visible/publicly accessible portions of the website” (again for internal consistency) and updated the reference to calibre ebook management software to change “its code is open source and publicly available” to “its source is freely available for review” and adjusted which portions of that text are part of the anchor text for the link to the source code. Updated the paragraph beginning “Fourth …” to change “the publicly visible portions …” to “the publicly visible/publicly accessible portions …” for internal consistency. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the paragraph beginning “Please note that …” to change “in connection with the articles and other content” to “in connection with the content” for wording consistency. In the Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “Published and/or publicly available sources” to “Published works and/or other sources available to the public”. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “information that otherwise is or was already publicly available” to “information that is or was already otherwise available to the public” and changed “If that information otherwise is or was already publicly available” to “If that information is or was already otherwise available to the public” and changed “share, discuss, and/or otherwise disseminate publicly available information, whether or not that information is offered through official government sources” to “share, discuss, and/or otherwise disseminate information that is or was already published and/or otherwise available to the public, whether or not such information is from official government records (the only type of “publicly available information” the CCPA acknowledges)”. Updated the subsequent bullet point regarding artwork, copies of published works, or other objects to change “such work, copy, article, or object” to “such work, copy, useful article, or object” for consistency with the related language in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information. Later in that subsection, changed “Some information about my activities and/or data accessed on my systems and devices may be captured by the telemetry and/or other surveillance features of the software, apps, services, and devices I use” to “Some information about my activities and/or some portions of the data I access in connection with my business may be captured by the telemetry and/or other surveillance features of the software, apps, services, and/or devices I use” and changed “Although any of the above examples …” to “Although the above examples …” Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • December 4, 2021: In Additional Information About Data Retention, changed “Information pertaining to my professional writing/editing/writing consulting work and/or other creative endeavors” to “Information pertaining to my content, my professional writing/editing/writing consulting work, and/or my other creative endeavors” (for the avoidance of doubt). Updated the bullet point on postal mail and/or physical documents to add language about data disks and/or other physical data storage media, splitting the second sentence into multiple sentences for clarity with this addition. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, made some additional clarifications (most of them quite minor) to the language regarding business service providers. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • December 2, 2021: As a global change through this page and the Cookie Notice, updated certain hyperlinks to remove the rel=”noopener” attribute and replace the attribute rel=”noopener noreferrer” with rel=”noreferrer” (a purely technical change that shouldn’t affect the functionality of those links). In Definitions, revised the “Identifiers” definition to better integrate the recently added example about advertising IDs into the previous list. Updated the “Cookies and similar technologies” definition to adjust the wording of the trademark disclaimer for the informational links. In Cookies and Similar Technologies, changed “about the cookies the site may use” to “about the categories of cookies that may be used on this website”. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “with certain types of information (e.g., real names, information about education and/or employment) technically falling into multiple categories” to “with certain types of information (e.g., real names, employment information) technically falling into multiple categories”. Revised the “Education information” category description to add a comma before “such as” and change “other personally identifiable information …” to “other nonpublic personally identifiable information …” In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), fixed a hyperlink that was incorrectly pointing to a page on my Ate Up With Motor website rather than this one. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, made a variety of clarifications and corrections, and rearranged certain portions of the text for more logical flow with the revisions. In the Cookie Notice, adjusted the wording of the trademark disclaimer for the informational links at the end of the Cookies and Similar Technologies section. Also revised the Categories of Cookies used section to clarify that it shouldn’t be regarded as an exhaustive list of specific cookies and better explain some of the reasons the cookies used may vary. Revised the paragraph beginning “The durations described below …” to further clarify why the listed cookie durations are approximate. Revised the December 1, 2021 entry below to change “the statutory definition of the latter category is actually referring …” to “the statutory definition of the latter category is probably referring …” (I’m still not entirely sure if I’m correctly understanding the intent of the CCPA’s statutory language about education information, whose wording is confusing.) Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • December 1, 2021: In Definitions, updated the Identifiers definition to include language about advertising identifiers. Updated the Cookies and Similar Technologies definition to move the KnowCookies.com link to the end of the definition, add two additional informational links, and add a trademark disclaimer. In Cookies and Similar Technologies, changed “the Cookie Notice version(s)” to “the Cookie Notice version”. In Advertising, changed “such information-gathering and disclosure normally only involves my information, not that of other site visitors” to “such information-gathering normally only affects site administrators, not other site visitors.” In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “In the last 12 months, I have collected …” to “I have collected and/or may collect …” (The listed categories include some types of information that I haven’t actually collected in the past 12 months, but have collected in the past and may collect in the future, and therefore will continue to list.) Moved the bullet point on information gathered through cookies and/or similar technologies from “Internet or similar network activity” to “Identifiers” and changed “gathered” to collected” (for purely aesthetic reasons, since this policy treats those terms synonymously). In “Categories of personal information described in California Civil Code Section 1798.80(e),” changed “Telephone numbers, FAX numbers, and/or other contact information” to “Telephone numbers (and/or fax numbers, which are not actually mentioned in the statute, but would seem to be reasonably encompassed by the category of telephone numbers)”. Added a similar parenthetical clarification to the bullet point regarding signatures (since the statute doesn’t actually mention digital signatures either). Also added “Education information” to the examples under that category. Under “Internet or similar network activity information,” deleted “Other potentially personally identifying information in electronic files and/or associated metadata” (which would really fall into one or more of the other listed categories) and revised the “Other information about …” bullet point to change “messages, and/or advertisements” to “advertisements, and/or messages”. Rearranged several of the examples under that category to put the bullet point on encryption public keys and/or similar security data immediately below “Email header information”. (I’m still not really sure how encryption public keys should be properly categorized, to the extent they could be considered personal information.) Replaced the previous “Nonpublic education information” category description with the following: “Education information such as (without limitation) transcripts, class lists, grades, and/or other personally identifiable information directly related to current and/or former students that is contained in education records maintained by an educational institution (and/or parties acting on its behalf)”. (I belatedly realized that the statutory definition of the latter category is probably referring specifically to education records maintained by schools and other educational institutions rather than to all education information.) Updated the Cookie Notice to move the KnowCookies.com link to the end of the Cookies and Similar Technologies section, add two additional informational links, and add a trademark disclaimer. Also removed an extra space. In the Categories of Cookies Used section, changed “the Cookie Notice version(s)” to “the Cookie Notice version”. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • November 30, 2021: In Information I Collect, changed “if and when you supply information …” to “if and when you provide information …” for wording consistency. In Definitions, replaced the link to AboutCookies.org with a link to KnowCookies.com (which has more up-to-date information on managing or deleting cookies in newer browsers). In Cookies and Similar Technologies, changed the phrase “shall govern” to “shall govern and control.” In Embedded Content, changed the reference to the WordPress.org Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy to read “To learn more about how the WordPress.org websites use the information they gather, see the WordPress.org Privacy Policy; for more information about their use of cookies, see their Cookie Policy.” (The actual policy links remain unchanged.) In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “catalogs, repositories” (in the “Providers of other search engines and/or other research and/or reference tools, services, facilities, and/or resources” bullet point) to “catalogs, galleries, repositories” and changed “and/or bookstores and/or other retailers, vendors, merchants, resellers, marketplaces, auction services, distributors, and/or providers …” (later in the same bullet point) to “bookstores; and/or other retailers, vendors, merchants, resellers, marketplaces, auction services, distributors, manufacturers, publishers, developers, and/or other types of providers …” In Privacy Policy Changes, changed “Your continued use …” to “Your further use …” (This change reflects the current language in the Automattic Privacy Policy described in Credits and License for This Policy.) Corrected the November 26, 2021 entry below to remove an erroneous reference to the Your California Privacy Rights page (which this website doesn’t currently have). Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication. Updated the Cookie Notice to replace the link to AboutCookies.org with a link to KnowCookies.com; changed the phrase “shall govern” to “shall govern and control”; fixed a typo in Administrative and Login Cookies; and added another WordPress trademark notice to Browser Tests.
    • November 29, 2021: In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “with certain types of information (e.g., real names) technically falling into multiple categories” to “with certain types of information (e.g., real names, information about education and/or employment) technically falling into multiple categories”. Changed “Additional categories of personal information described in the California Customer Records statute (California Civil Code Section 1798.80(e))” to “Categories of personal information described in California Civil Code Section 1798.80(e)”. Corrected the reference to that category in the November 28, 2021 entry below (I went back and forth on the exact wording several times that day, and apparently forgot to update the Recent Revisions description to reflect what it eventually ended up as).
    • November 28, 2021: Added a new section immediately before Additional Information About Data Retention: Combining Information From Multiple Sources. Renamed the California Do Not Track Disclosure section “California Do Not Track Disclosure (CalOPPA)” and updated the Table of Contents accordingly. Updated the text to change “(California residents are entitled to this disclosure under California Business and Professions Code Section 22575(b)(5).)” to “(California residents are entitled to this disclosure under the California Online Privacy Protection Act (CalOPPA) (California Business and Professions Code Section 22575 et seq.).)” for clarity. In Information-Sharing Disclosures (Shine the Light Law), changed “California Civil Code Section 1798.83 et seq. (the “Shine the Light” law) …” to “California’s “Shine the Light” law (California Civil Code Section 1798.83 et seq.) …” (again for clarity). In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), added the parenthetical phrase “(California Civil Codec Section 1798.100 et. seq.)” after the phrase “the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA)” (mostly for consistency). In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “described in the California Customer Records statute, California Civil Code Section 1798.80(e)” to “described in the California Customer Records statute (California Civil Code Section 1798.80(e))” (mostly for consistency). Moved the bullet point on “Telephone numbers, FAX numbers, and/or other contact information” to “Additional categories of personal information”. Split the “Records of financial transactions” bullet point, which had been listed under “Commercial information,” between that category and “Additional categories of personal information” (moving the portion about financial account information to the latter). Renamed the “Financial information” bullet point in the latter category “Other financial information” for clarity. Revised the “Geolocation data” bullet point to fix an errant use of “us” rather than “me” (another error introduced during the revisions of November 26, 2021). Fixed a formatting issue and reordered the categories to put them back in the order they were in prior to the changes made on November 26, 2021. (If anyone is wondering the reasons for this shuffling, it’s that while the categories are defined by law, it’s not entirely clear if they have to be listed in that specific order, which isn’t necessarily the most logical one for my purposes; on further reflection, I decided not to chance it.) Made some wording changes to Privacy Policy Changes, adding a recommendation that you regularly review this page for changes and rearranging and revising some text for clarity. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • November 27, 2021: In Notice to Parents Regarding Children Under 18; Not for Children, changed “If you have questions, if you are a parent …” to just “If you are a parent …” for greater clarity. In Financial Transactions Policy, updated the second paragraph to add “(but without limitation) after “For example”. In Other Information I Receive From Third Parties, updated the paragraph regarding social media platforms to change “such as (without limitation) summaries of how many people have viewed or otherwise interacted with a specific post” to “such as (again without limitation) summaries of how many people have viewed or otherwise interacted with a specific post.” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, amended the paragraph on photos, images, and/or other media to change “in hopes of identifying the other people shown” to “in hopes of identifying other people visible and/or audible in that video” for greater clarity. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the “Biometric information” category to fix some inadvertent uses of “us” and “our” rather than “me” and “my” (which accidentally occurred during the revisions made on November 26, 2021). Further updated the recently added bullet point beginning “Information about an individual or household’s interactions with government agencies …” (under “Other types of personal information”) to change “(e.g., information regarding official reports, filings, disclosures, hearings, audits, and/or complaints)” to “(e.g., information regarding an individual or household’s tax returns; other legally required filings, reports, registrations, and/or disclosures; and/or involvement in official inspections, audits, investigations, proceedings, hearings, and/or complaints, of whatever type(s) and/or nature(s))”. Also changed “If you have questions, if you are a parent …” to just “If you are a parent …” for internal consistency. In Privacy Policy Changes, added a sentence indicating that any changes will be summarized in the Recent Revisions section and that I may provide additional notice in other ways. Also changed “is shown near …” to “will be shown near …” Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • November 26, 2021: In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, revised the paragraph on sources to add “designers”; “architects”; “developers”; “editors”; and “publishers” to the examples, change “illustrators and/or other artists” to just “artists,” and rearrange a few of the listed examples. In California Do Not Track Disclosure , added an explanatory sentence: “(California residents are entitled to this disclosure under California Business and Professions Code Section 22575(b)(5).)” In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, reordered the categories of personal information to put them in a more logical sequence. Updated the first bullet point under “Identifiers” to change “pseudonyms/aliases …” to “pseudonyms, aliases …” Combined the bullet points on “Telephone numbers (and/or FAX numbers)” and “Other contact information” into a single bullet point (“Telephone numbers, FAX numbers, and/or other contact information”) and moved them from “Additional categories of personal information” to “Identifiers”. Deleted the bullet point on “Information collected through cookies and/or similar technologies” under “Identifiers” (since it’s listed under “Internet or similar network activity information”). Moved the bullet points about encryption keys and potentially personally identifying information in electronic files to “Internet or similar network activity”. Moved the bullet point beginning “Records of financial transactions with us …” from “Additional categories of personal information …” to “Commercial information.” Moved the bullet points about gifts, donations, charitable contributions, and/or political contributions; licenses and/or permits; and employees, independent contractors, etc. (from “Other types of personal information”) to “Commercial information”. Deleted the bullet point on “Skills, aptitudes, abilities, and/or intelligence” (under “Professional or employment-related information”), since those fall more into the category of “Inferences” (listed separately). Revised the bullet point on “Information about an individual or household’s interactions with government agencies, departments, organizations, and/or entities of whatever type(s) and/or level(s), whether within the U.S., in other countries, or both” (under “Professional or employment-related information”) to change “is an officer of …” to “is an officer or trustee of …” Amended the bullet point beginning “Publishing histories/bibliographies/discographies …” (under “Professional or employment-related information”) to revise some of the examples, mostly for internal consistency. In the “Additional categories of personal information …” category, changed “as defined in …” to “described in …” Changed “Other physical characteristics …” to “Physical characteristics …” Changed “Other financial information …” to “Financial information …” Revised the bullet point on specific vehicles to add the parenthetical phrase “(irrespective of their actual ownership)” to better explain the intent. (My automotive writing and research frequently involve observing and/or otherwise collecting information about specific vehicles without necessarily knowing to whom they actually belong!) Added a bullet point under “Other types of personal information”: “Information about an individual or household’s interactions with government agencies, departments, organizations, and/or entities of whatever type(s) and/or level(s), whether within the U.S., in other countries, or both (e.g., information regarding official reports, filings, disclosures, hearings, audits, and/or complaints)”. Amended the “Inferences” category to change “estimation of an individual’s personality, character, aptitudes and/or deficiencies, predispositions, motives, motivations, and/or likely behavior, and/or their suitability for a particular job, assignment, or professional role” to “estimation of an individual’s personality, character, intelligence, abilities, aptitudes and/or deficiencies, attitudes, preferences, predispositions, motives, motivations, psychological trends, and/or behavior, and/or their suitability for a particular job, assignment, or professional role”. Deleted the bullet point beginning “Other types of personal information, and/or other types of data …” and replaced it with “Other types of information and/or data that could potentially be deemed personal information, but that do not readily fit into any of the above-listed categories” (listing this as a separate category after the others). Reordered some of the remaining bullet points under “Other types of personal information”. In the Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point beginning “Subject matter experts …” for consistency with the updated examples in Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “Most payments I receive are processed by my bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s) and the applicable payment processor(s), if any” to “Most payments I receive are processed by the applicable bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s), and in some cases also by other applicable third-party service providers (e.g., payment processors and/or electronic funds transfer services).” As a global change, replaced various instances of the section symbol (§) with the word “Section” (except in older entries in this Recent Revisions list) for clarity and internal consistency. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • November 25, 2021: In Information I Collect, changed “information on you” to “information about you”. In Embedded Content, changed “includes more information on the cookies …” to “includes more information about the cookies …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “for more information on this issue as it relates …” to “for more information about this issue as it relates …” In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, added a bullet point under “Other types of personal information”: “Information about an individual being featured, portrayed, depicted, represented, and/or mentioned in and/or otherwise incorporated into one or more creative works, literary works, and/or performances (of whatever type(s) and/or medium(s)), and/or having been the basis of and/or inspiration for such work(s) and/or performance(s) and/or elements thereof”. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the paragraph beginning “The CCPA definitions are so expansive that …” to change “a disclosure for commercial purposes may be deemed “selling” personal information even if it does not constitute a sale as most people understand that term” to “a disclosure for which any of the parties involved receives any “valuable consideration” may be deemed “selling” personal information even if it does not constitute a sale as most people understand that term (and even if no money changes hands).” In the Cookie Notice, made some wording changes to the Administrative and Login Cookies section to reference other user agents rather than just browsers. (I can’t think offhand how someone could access the administrative dashboard from a user agent other than a browser, but there may be scenarios where it’s possible.) Also made a few minor wording adjustments to the PayPal® Buttons section. I also had to rebuild all the cookie categories in the bottom banner, which had somehow been deleted. Inevitably tinkered with these changes after initial publication.
    • November 23, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, revised the paragraph beginning “In general …” to change “almost any disclosure for which either party receives any “valuable consideration” whatsoever” to “almost any disclosure for which any of the parties involved receives any “valuable consideration” whatsoever”. In the subsequent paragraph about business transfers, changed “the CCPA apparently does not regard as a sale for the purposes of that law” to “the CCPA does not necessarily regard as a “sale” of personal information for the purposes of that law” for clarity. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the paragraph beginning “As noted in …” to change “the CCPA apparently does NOT regard transfers of personal information” to “the CCPA does not necessarily regard transfers of personal information” and changed “for purposes of the law” to “for the purposes of that law” for internal consistency. Later in the same paragraph, changed the phrase “California’s attorney general and courts” to “the state and the courts”. Inevitably tinkered with these changes after initial publication.
    • November 22, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, revised the paragraph beginning “In general …” to change “virtually any disclosure in which any party has any financial stake whatsoever” to “almost any disclosure for which either party receives any “valuable consideration” whatsoever”. In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), amended the first item on the numbered list (regarding “The Right to Know”) to change “the right to request …” to “the right to request to know …” In the first subordinate item under that one (beginning “The categories and/or specific pieces of personal information …”), deleted the phrase “in the preceding 12 months”. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point on “Information about other professional relationships” (under “Professional or employment-related information”) to add “preceptor/preceptee relationships; relationships with students, interns, trainees, and/or apprentices” to the parenthetical examples.
    • November 20, 2021: In Legal Bases for Collecting and Using Information, changed “If you are in an area …” to “If you are located in a part of the world &hellip” and changed “from within the European Economic Area (EEA) may be used, stored, and/or accessed by individuals operating outside the EEA …” to “may be used, stored, and/or accessed by individuals operating outside your home country and/or the European Economic Area …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to the CDex audio utility to delete the phrase “open source” (which may no longer be accurate). Also added the fre:ac audio converter to the listed examples in that same bullet point. In Your Rights (GDPR and Other National or State Privacy Laws), changed “For example, the rights provided by the EU GDPR and UK GDPR include the rights to:” to “For example, if you are located in a region that falls under the scope of the EU GDPR or the UK GDPR, your rights with respect to your personal data include, subject to any exemptions provided by applicable law, the rights to:” (Both versions are adapted from the language in the current Automattic Privacy Policy described in Credits and License for This Policy, to which I decided to hew a bit more closely.) In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “The fact that I collected and/or inferred certain information does not necessarily mean that I still retain it …” to “The fact that I collected and/or inferred certain information about a given individual or household does not necessarily mean that I still retain that information, or that I have any practical way to associate the different categories and/or specific pieces of information I may have collected …” for greater clarity.
    • November 19, 2021: In Embedded Content, updated the Twitter trademark notice. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to restaurants and other food services to change “(if I use and/or arrange such services in the course of my business)” to “(if I dine out, order and/or arrange meals, and/or otherwise use and/or arrange such services in the course of my business)” for greater clarity. In Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me, revised the beginning of the first sentence to read “The controller responsible for processing personal data I collect through and/or in connection with this website (the “responsible party,” for jurisdictions that use that term) is …” for consistency with the preamble wording. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • November 17, 2021: In Definitions, updated the definition of “Protected classifications” to change “such as (without limitation) race, religion, gender, or medical conditions” to “such as (though not limited to) race, religion, gender, medical condition, and/or disability.” In Legal Bases for Collecting and Using Information, updated the bullet-pointed list to change each instance of “or” to “and/or” for wording consistency. In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection, updated the bullet point on “Providing services” to change “perform some action” to “perform some action(s)”; updated the bullet point on “Fulfilling a contractual obligation” to change “contractual agreements, whether with you or with a third party” to “contractual agreements, whether with you, with some third party or parties, or both”; and updated the bullet point on “Legal compliance or audit” to change “subpoenas or other court orders” to “subpoenas and/or other court orders”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to the phpMyAdmin tool to change “but its source code …” to “but the tool’s source code …” for clarity. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point on “Race, color, ancestry, national origin, citizenship, and/or residency” (under “Characteristics of classifications protected by law”) to change “residency” to “residency status” for clarity. Also changed “Information about children (such as (without limitation) the number of children and/or their names, ages, and/or genders) and/or other family members” to “Information about familial status and/or children (e.g., the number of children and/or their names, ages, and/or genders)” and reordered several of the bullet points in that category. Revised the bullet point on certifications and/or licenses (under “Professional or employment-related information”) to read “Professional and/or business certification(s), license(s), and/or permit(s)”. Revised the bullet point about permits and/or licenses (under “Other types of personal information”) to change “permits and/or licenses” to “permit(s) and/or license(s)” and delete the comma before “other than …” Changed the bullet point “Information about other household members (e.g., roommates) and/or pets” (under “Other types of personal information”) to read “Information about other members of an individual’s family (other than spouse/partner or children), other members of a given household (e.g., roommates), and/or pets” and rearranged the order of that bullet point within that category. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • November 16, 2021: In Notice to Parents Regarding Children Under 18; Not for Children, changed “the site’s administrative email address(es)” to “the site’s administrative email address” for grammatical consistency. In Definitions, updated the “User(s) and visitor(s)” definition to fix a typographical error (duplicate quotation mark). In the last paragraph of Cookies and Similar Technologies, made some minor wording adjustments for internal consistency. In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs, changed “(e.g., the login credentials for FTP folder(s) associated with this website) to “(e.g., login credentials for FTP folder(s) associated with this website)” and changed “the routine operation of the website and its related systems” to “the routine operations of the website and its related systems”. Also changed “web host owns the servers” to “web host, DreamHost®, controls the servers”; changed “my service agreement prohibits me from tampering with the logs or other normal functions of the DreamHost servers” to “I am not permitted to tamper or interfere with the normal functions of DreamHost servers or other systems”; changed “on any server they own” to “on any server or other system they control”; and changed “for security and/or troubleshooting purposes” to “for purposes such as troubleshooting and/or security.” In Security Scans, updated the second paragraph to name the web host and add a trademark notice. Also updated the paragraph on data retention to add links to the DreamHost Privacy Policy and Customer EU Data Processing Addendum. In Data Related to Administrative Users, made a number of clarifications and wording adjustments. In Additional Information About Data Retention, changed “Other activity history on third-party sites and/or services” to “Other activity history on third-party websites and/or services” and changed “third-party sites and/or services” to “third-party websites and/or services” in the text of that bullet point. Also changed one instance of “Third-party …” to “Such third-party …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to DreamHost to also reiterate that they have access to most data and/or files on any server or other system they control and make some minor formatting adjustments. Also updated certain other references in that section to services DreamHost administers to change “provides the tool and owns and operates the servers” to “administers the tool and controls the servers” and change “operates the client and the mail servers …” to “administers the client and controls the mail servers …” for internal consistency. Updated the reference to 7-Zip software to better describe what it is. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the bullet point on “Network, shared device, and/or online service information” (under “Internet or similar network activity information”) to rename it “Network, shared device, online service, and/or online access information”; reorder some of the parenthetical examples; and add “other authentication and/or security information” to the listed examples. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated a reference to DreamHost to change “owns the web servers” to “controls the web servers” (again for consistency). In the preamble of the Cookie Notice, changed “websites and/or services” to “websites or services”; changed “third-party sites and/or services” to “third-party websites or services”; and changed “sites and/or services'” to “sites or services'” for wording consistency. Updated the November 15, 2021 entry in this Recent Revisions list to remove the anchor link to the “Data Related to Administrative Users” section. (The link is still present in the applicable text, but I removed it here to avoid confusion and formatting issues.) In the same entry, also fixed an erroneous use of “us” and “we” rather than “me” and “I” (which was correct in the text to which the entry referred, but not in the summary here). Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • November 15, 2021: In Notice to Parents Regarding Children Under 18; Not for Children, changed “the administrator email” to “the site’s administrative email address(es)” for clarity. In Definitions, updated the “User(s) and visitor(s)” definition to add: “This policy sometimes also refers to administrative user(s) (or site administrator(s) — these terms are used synonymously), which refers to me and/or any other users I have specifically authorized to access and manage the website’s various administrative functions; see “Data Related to Administrative Users” below.” Updated the “Administrative dashboard/backend” definition to delete the phrase “(meaning me!”)” and correct “administrator backend” (a typographical error) to “administrative backend”. Also deleted the interjection “meaning me” in Advertising, replacing it with a comma. In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs, changed “email alerts that are sent to me as the site administrator” to just “email alerts to the site administrator”. In Security Scans, changed “email alerts to me as the site administrator” to “email alerts to the site administrator” for consistency. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the bullet point on “Network, shared device, and/or online service information” (under “Internet or similar network activity information”) to change “passwords/login credentials” to “passwords and/or other login credentials”. Also revised the bullet point on inferences to change “Inferences I draw from other personal information, …” to “Inferences I make, …” and revise and expand the examples the examples as follows: “such as (without limitation) my estimation of an individual’s personality, character, aptitudes and/or deficiencies, predispositions, motives, motivations, and/or likely behavior, and/or their suitability for a particular job, assignment, or professional role”. Updated the Browser Tests section of the Cookie Notice to change “Cookies that store the results of such browser tests typically expire when you close your browser” to “Cookies that store the results of such tests typically expire when you close your browser (or other user agent)” for internal consistency. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • November 13, 2021: In Definitions, further updated the “IP address” definition to change “(although there are occasional exceptions)” to “(although there are some exceptions)”. In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs, updated the sentence beginning “Certain security-related log data …” to put the example in parentheses rather than set off with commas. In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “shipping records (if any)” to “shipping and/or delivery information (if any)” and changed “related tax documents” to “relevant tax information and/or tax documents” for greater clarity. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the bullet point on information about specific vehicles (under “Other types of personal information”) to change “(e.g., vehicle registration dates)” to “(e.g., vehicle registration numbers and/or registration dates)”.
    • November 12, 2021: In Contact Forms and Reports and Aggregate Statistics, changed “publish de-identified aggregate information about requests” to “publish aggregate information about requests”. Tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • November 11, 2021: In Definitions, updated the “IP address” definition to change “An IP address typically reveals the Internet service provider or mobile carrier the device is using” to “An IP address usually has an associated “hostname,” which is a type of domain name (defined below) that identifies a specific device connected to the Internet. A visitor/user’s hostname is typically a combination of their IP address and the name of a server, network node, or data center of the Internet service provider mobile carrier, or other network provider that provides that IP address; mechanisms that collect, use, and/or share visitor/user IP addresses generally also collect, use, and/or share the associated hostnames, if any (although there are occasional exceptions).” Changed the following sentence to “A given device’s IP address may change periodically (especially if the device is configured to use “dynamic” IP addresses assigned by the Internet service provider or mobile carrier, and/or if the device is used with several different Internet service providers/mobile carriers).” Renamed the “Domain name” definition “Domain name and/or hostname”; deleted the sentence “Most websites have a domain name, as do nearly all email addresses” (which was probably redundant); and replaced the next two sentences with the following: “A domain name is usually associated with one or more IP addresses. When you access an online resource by its domain name, your device first connects to a Domain Name System (DNS) server, which is an online directory that contains the IP addresses associated with domain names, to look up the appropriate IP address so your device can connect to it. Certain domain names, known as “hostnames,” identify specific devices connected to the Internet and/or other network(s). (Websites and online services may use multiple servers, sometimes located in different places, and thus may have multiple hostnames.) When you access the Internet, your hostname — which the websites and online services you visit and/or use can usually see — is typically a combination of your IP address and the name of a server, network node, or data center of the Internet service provider, mobile carrier, or other network provider you’re currently using.” Also changed “Domain name ownership must be …” to “The ownership of an Internet domain name must be …” As a global change, changed all instances of “domain name system” to “Domain Name System” throughout this page. As an additional global change, updated the various “Categories of information gathered” bullet points to change “domain names” to “domain names and/or hostnames” (with or without the asterisk, as appropriate). As an additional global change, updated various references throughout this page to IP address(es) to also reference hostname(s). As a further global change, changed various instances throughout this page of the word “aggregated” to “aggregate” where grammatically appropriate, including (though not limited to) renaming the Reports and Aggregated Statistics section “Reports and Aggregate Statistics” and updating the Table of Contents accordingly. In Certificate Authority Checks, added “domain names and/or hostnames” to the listed categories of information gathered. (This isn’t actually new, it’s just an effort to more accurately describe how information is gathered in these contexts, some of which I only poorly understand.) In Advertising, fixed a grammatical error (improper subject/verb agreement). In Contact Forms and Reports and Aggregate Statistics, changed the phrases “publish de-identified and/or aggregate information” and “publish aggregated, de-identified information and/or statistics” to “publish de-identified aggregate information” for wording consistency. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “domain names” to “domain names and/or hostnames”; changed “certain IP addresses and/or domain names” to “certain IP addresses, domain names, and/or hostnames”; and changed “certain email addresses or domain names” to “certain email addresses, domain names, and/or hostnames”. In Additional Information About Data Retention, changed “Names and/or company/domain names …” to “Names (including, though not limited to, business names, product names, and/or domain names)”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “To publish your submitted comments” to “To publish and/or respond to your submitted comments” (which is a better summation). In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the bullet point regarding “Network, shared device, and/or online service information” (under “Internet or similar network activity information”) to add “domain names and/or hostnames” to the parenthetical examples. (These would of course fall under the broader category of “names,” already listed.) Added another bullet point under that category: “Information about domain name registration(s)”. Also updated the final bullet point in that category to add “networks” immediately before “websites” (to be as comprehensive as possible). Updated the “Geolocation data” category to change “(e.g., from an IP address, hostname, telephone area code, and/or GPS coordinates)” to “(e.g., an IP address, a hostname, a telephone area code, and/or GPS coordinates)” for better grammar. Updated the final bullet point under “Professional or employment-related information” to read “Other information about an individual’s current, past, and/or prospective work, vocation, profession, trade, business, professional services, products, and/or other commercial endeavors (including, though not limited to, information about job search activity and/or marketing, advertising, and/or promotional efforts related to such work, vocation, profession, trade, business, professional services, products, and/or other commercial endeavors)”. Updated the bullet point on information about specific vehicles (under “Other types of personal information”) to add “and/or” before “related information” and change “characteristics or details” to “characteristics and/or details”. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the paragraph about embedded content providers to change “(e.g., which web browser you use)” to “(e.g., which web browser you use and/or which provider you’re using to connect to the Internet)” and change “YouTube is owned &helllip;” to “The YouTube platform is owned …” Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication, including (though not limited to) tidying up some editorial errors in the earlier iterations.
    • November 10, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information and the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point on information I am legally required to disclose to change the phrase “applicable law or regulation” to “applicable laws and/or regulations” for internal consistency. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the last bullet point under “Internet or similar network activity information” to change “but not limited to” to “though not limited to”. In the bullet point beginning “Information about an individual or household’s employees, independent contractors, interns, agents or other authorized representatives, and/or service providers …” (under “Other types of personal information”), changed “agents or …” to “agents and/or …”; changed “assistant and/or secretary” to “assistant(s), secretary or secretaries”; added “household staff” and “real estate agent(s) and/or estate agent(s)” to the listed examples; and added the word “of whatever type(s)” after “professional service providers”. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, also changed “for money or other valuable consideration” to “for money and/or other valuable consideration”.
    • November 9, 2021: In Credits and License for This Policy, made a few wording changes for greater clarity. Also updated the Cookie Notice to make the license language a bit less awkward and capitalize the word “Definitions” in the preamble. In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “accounting/bookkeeping” to “bookkeeping, accounting”. In the Information Sharing subsection, changed “accountant/bookkeeper(s)” to “bookkeeper(s), accountant(s)”. In Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties, changed “accounting/bookkeeping” to “bookkeeping, accounting” for consistency. Also changed “wire transfer and/or funds transfer service(s) to “money transfer or electronic funds transfer service(s)” and changed “and/or services” to “and/or service(s)” (again for internal consistency). In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “someone’s accountant(s) and/or tax preparer(s)” to “someone’s bookkeeper(s), accountant(s), and/or tax preparer(s)” (for consistency). In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the bullet point on employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, and/or business partners” to add “bookkeeping” to the parenthetical examples. Also changed “other wire transfer and/or funds transfer services” to “other money transfer and/or electronic funds transfer service(s)” (for internal consistency). In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the bullet point regarding “Information about an individual or household’s employees, independent contractors, interns, agents or other authorized representatives, and/or service providers” (under “Other types of personal information”) to add “bookkeeper(s)” to the parenthetical examples. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • November 8, 2021: In Notice to Parents Regarding Children Under 18; Not for Children, updated the first sentence to read “This website is not intended for or directed to children, and should not be used or accessed by children under 18.” In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, added “your applicable taxpayer identification number” to the examples in the first paragraph. Also changed “(e.g., a wire transfer or other funds transfer service)” to “(e.g., a money transfer or electronic funds transfer service)” and changed “will be collected and processed …” to “may be collected and processed …” In the Acceptable Payment Types subsection, updated the second paragraph to add electronic funds transfers to the acceptable payment types; added a note that I do not accept cryptocurrency payments of any kind; and added a final paragraph noting that U.S. law requires that certain large transactions or related transactions paid in cash or cash equivalents be promptly reported to to the appropriate federal agency or agencies. (I went back and forth repeatedly on how exactly to word these additions.) In the Currency subsection, added a note that the obligation to report certain large transactions paid with cash or cash equivalents also applies to payments involving non-U.S. currency or currencies. In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, updated the paragraph on social media platforms to add the phrase “(again without limitation)” after “In particular”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, further amended the trademark notice for Wikimedia Foundation projects and changed “electronic signature and/or agreement services” to “electronic signature, agreement, and/or time stamping authority services”. Also in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information and in the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point on information I am required by law to disclose to add “as part of and/or in connection with a customs inspection” to the listed examples (for consistency with the recent addition to the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy). In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes bullet, also changed “cannot reasonably anticipate” to “cannot reasonably anticipate or enumerate here”. At the beginning of Your California Privacy Rights, added a one-sentence paragraph explaining what the section contains, in the interests of greater clarity. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “taxpayer ID numbers” (under “Identifiers”) to “taxpayer identification numbers” for internal consistency. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication (including fixing some minor errors in this entry in the Recent Revisions list).
    • November 7, 2021: Throughout this page and the Cookie Notice, added parenthetical phrases such as “(without limitation)”; “(though not necessarily limited to)”; “(but not necessarily limited to)”; or “(again without limitation)” after various instances of the phrase “such as” where such qualifiers weren’t already present. Also changed various instances of “such as” (including some that did have qualifiers like “(without limitation)”) to “e.g.,” setting off the applicable text with commas and/or in parentheses as grammatically appropriate and changed a few instances of the words “and” and “or” to “and/or” in the interests of greater wording consistency. In Definitions, updated the definition of “Websites/URLs” to change “a URL such as your social media profile or online resume/CV” to “the URLs of your social media profile(s), online resume/CV, and/or other such web page(s)”. Updated the “Cookies and similar technologies” definition to also mention other user agents in addition to and/or in place of references to “devices.” In Cookies and Similar Technologies, changed “Some are placed on your device/browser automatically …” to “Some are placed automatically …” In Certificate Authority Checks, changed “your web browser” to “your browser (or other user agent)” In Browser Tests, changed “current browser session” to “current session” and revised the text to mention other user agents as well as browsers and change “(Different browsers, and even different versions of the same browser, may handle certain content in different ways, which can create problems if content is not correctly tailored for that browser.)” to “(Different user agents — even different versions of the same browser or other user agent — may handle certain content in different ways, which can create problems if content is not correctly tailored for that particular user agent.)” In Embedded Content, changed “special: other browser settings/configuration details/add-ons*” to “special: other browser/user agent settings/configuration details/add-ons*”; changed “your browser’s settings (e.g., your time zone and/or preferred language settings)” to “your browser or user agent settings (e.g., your time zone and/or preferred language settings)”; and changed “if you visit the website from a different device or browser” to “if you visit the website using a different device, browser, or other user agent”. Also added “(or other user agent)” after “browser” where it wasn’t already included; changed of “your browser’s web storage” to “your browser or other user agent’s web storage”; and changed several instances of “browsers” to “browsers (or other user agents)” for consistency. In Consents and Agreements, changed “on your device/browser” to “in your browser (or other user agent)” and “your individual browser settings” to “your browser (or other user agent) settings” for consistency. In Age Verification, changed “on your device/browser” to “in your browser (or other user agent)”. In Comments, updated the paragraph about saving your name, email, and URL to change references to your “device” and “browser” to also refer to other user agents, making some minor wording adjustments to accommodate the additions. In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, fixed a punctuation error (unclosed parentheses). In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, updated the paragraph on retention to change “receive through third parties such as staffing agencies/employment agencies, and/or …” to “receive through third parties such as (without limitation) staffing agencies/employment agencies, and/or …” In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, updated the “As otherwise required by law” bullet point to change “to comply with applicable government reporting or disclosure requirements, such as customs inspections; …” to “to comply with applicable government reporting or disclosure requirements; as part of and/or in connection with a customs inspection; …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the bullet point on photographs, images, and/or other media to change “(and/or information such as their car’s license plate number)” to “(and/or information about them, e.g., their car’s license plate number)” and changed “might send those photos and/or information such as the car’s description and/or license plate number to the event organizers” to “might send those photos and/or information about them — e.g., the pictured car’s description and/or license plate number — to the event organizers”. Also changed “how companies such as search engines or social media platforms use data they may gather through their services” to “search engines, social media platforms, or other such service providers use data they may gather through their services.” In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), changed “do not technically meet any of the applicability thresholds …” to just “do not meet any of the applicability thresholds …” In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “what web browser you use” to “which web browser you use” and changed “disposing of personal property such as our copies of published books, magazines, newspapers, CDs, and/or DVDs” to “disposing of our copies of published books, magazines, newspapers, CDs, DVDs, and/or other such personal property”. In the Cookie Notice, updated the Cookies and Similar Technologies section to match the revised “Cookies and similar technologies” text in Definitions. Updated How This Website Uses Cookies and Similar Technologies to change “on your browser” to “on your browser (or other user agent)”; change “You are free to use your browser and/or browser add-ons to block or remove …” to “You are free to use your browser or user agent’s settings and/or add-ons to block or remove …”; and update the last sentence to mention other user agents as well as browsers and devices. Updated Categories of Cookies Used to also reference other user agents as well as web browsers and add a parenthetical note that persistent cookies are sometimes called “permanent cookies” (although most aren’t actually permanent). Updated the various individual cookie sections (and the Browser Tests section) to mention other user agents as well as browsers, making a number of minor wording adjustments for clarity with these additions. In the YouTube Videos section, changed “providing certain functionality such as allowing you to stop and restart a video without losing your place” to “providing certain functionality (e.g., allowing you to pause a video at a particular point)” for internal consistency. Tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • November 6, 2021: In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection, updated the “Legal compliance or audit” bullet point to change “to answer subpoenas or other court orders” to “to respond to subpoenas or other court orders” for wording consistency. In Embedded Content, updated the YouTube and Vimeo bullet points to note that embedded video players may use IP addresses, geolocation data, and/or other information to determine whether or not you can view a specific video (e.g., one that’s unavailable in certain locales). In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “subpoena or court order” to “subpoena or other court order” (mostly for consistency, and because a subpoena is technically a type of court order). In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated two of the bullet points under “Commercial information” to add the word “scores” to the bullet point about sports, games, hobbies, and/or other pastimes (where it more logically belongs) and delete that word from the subsequent bullet point on sweepstakes, lotteries, raffles, and games of chance or skill (where it doesn’t make as much sense). Also revised the bullet point on “Authorship, other credits, and/or rights holder information” (under “Professional or employment-related information”) to change “creative works” to “creative works, literary works, journalistic works, scientific works” and changed “other types of intellectual property such as …” to “other types of intellectual property, such as (though not necessarily limited to) …” (mostly for the avoidance of doubt; the listed examples should give a reasonable sense of the broad intended scope of this bullet point!). Updated the Cookie Notice to make a minor clarification to the Privacy and Cookie Preferences section, changing “unless they access the publicly visible portions of the website” to “unless they access the publicly visible portions of the website and/or update their consent settings — e.g., by accepting an updated version of the Privacy Policy.” Also amended the Administrative and Login Cookies section to change “two-factor authentication” to “multi-factor authentication” for consistency with the Privacy Policy and clarify the language regarding the related cookie, changing “that verifies that the user has entered a valid authentication code” to “that verifies that the user has entered valid user credentials pending receipt of the proper authentication code”. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • November 5, 2021: In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, made some minor clarifications to the wording of the paragraph regarding messages exchanged via third-party sites or services. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, revised the bullet point on contractual obligations to insert additional instances of the parenthetical phrases “(but without limitation)” and “(again without limitation)” for emphasis. (The bullet point already clearly stated that the examples presented are intended to be representative, not exhaustive, but I want no ambiguity about that.) Also updated the subsequent bullet point about disclosures to protect property, rights, security, and/or safety to add “(again without limitation)” after “Additionally” for the same reason.
    • November 4, 2021: In Information Captured by Service/Software/App/Device Telemetry, changed “with current versions of reCAPTCHA …” to “with recent versions of the reCAPTCHA service …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to Realtek Semiconductor Corp. to change “as well as their associated software and drivers” to “as well as their associated drivers and/or software” for wording consistency. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, added a bullet point to the examples under “Other types of personal information”: “Information about individuals’ dreams (literal and/or figurative), hopes, aspirations, fears, and/or worries (of whatever type(s) and/or nature)”.
    • November 3, 2021: In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, changed “a third-party website or service such as social media, …” to “a third-party website or service, such as a social media platform, …” In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, updated the language regarding social media to change various uses of the term “service” and “services” to “platform” and “platforms” respectively. Also revised the paragraph regarding content-related information to add “actors and/or other performers” to the listed examples (after “musicians and/or composers”), change “illustrators” to “illustrators and/or other artists” for completeness, and fix a punctuation error (a missing comma). In Additional Information About Data Retention, changed instances of “social media services” to “social media platforms” for consistency. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “Social media services” to “Social media platforms and/or other social networking services” and updated some wording in that bullet point to better reflect how various platforms and services describe themselves. Also tinkered with the wording of the LiveJournal trademark notice. Amended the reference in a later bullet point in that section to taxi, livery, shuttle, carpool, and/or rideshare services to change the parenthetical explanation from “which I may use if I use and/or arrange …” to just “if I use and/or arrange …” in the interests of less-awkward grammar. In the bullet point on contractual obligations later in that section, changed “such as social media” to “such as social media platforms” for consistency. In the text following the bullet-pointed list, changed “social media services” to “social media platforms.” In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the bullet point on “Information about cars and/or other vehicles” (under “Commercial information”) to read “Information about cars and/or other vehicles an individual or household has driven or otherwise operated; owns or has owned, rented, leased, purchased, borrowed, otherwise obtained, and/or considered; desires to drive or otherwise operate; wants and/or intends to own, rent, lease, purchase, borrow, and/or otherwise obtain; and/or is considering” for clarity and completeness. Revised the subsequent bullet point (on art, books, etc.) to change “desires/intends …” to “desires and/or intends …” Revised the bullet point on “Publishing histories/bibliographies/ …” (under “Professional or employment-related information”) to add “actors” to the listed examples (mostly for the avoidance of doubt, since “performers” would reasonably encompass actors as well as other types of performers, and in any event, the examples listed aren’t intended to be an exhaustive list of the various types of professionals to which that bullet point refers). In the Collection Sources subsection of the of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the bullet point beginning “Subject matter experts …” to change “illustrators” to “illustrators and/or other artists” and add “actors and/or other performers” for internal consistency. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication. Amended the November 2, 2021 entry below to fix an inadvertent use of “we” rather than “I.”
    • November 2, 2021: In Notice to Parents Regarding Children Under 18, changed “any personally identifying information …” to “any personal information …” In Definitions, amended the definition of “Other contact information” to read “This is a blanket term intended to encompass any type of contact information other than email addresses, e.g., someone’s telephone number(s) and/or postal mailing address(es).” Also updated the “Images and/or other media” definition to change “broadcasts or streams” to “broadcasts and/or streams” for wording consistency. In Embedded Content, updated the final paragraph to change “including other types of content …” to “possibly including other types of content …” In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point on membership in guilds, trade unions, and/or professional organizations (under “Professional or employment-related information”) to add “labor unions” (mostly for the avoidance of doubt; I would generally regard “labor union” and “trade union” as synonymous). Also updated the bullet point about legal information (under “Other types of personal information”) to change “(or alleged victim)” to “(or an alleged victim)” for grammatical consistency. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • November 1, 2021: In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), revised the wording of the list of rights to clarify that they also apply to personal information about your household, as the law and its associated regulations define that term. (I further revised this wording after initial publication.) Updated several earlier items in this Recent Revisions list to remove erroneous reference to the Your California Privacy Rights page (since this website doesn’t currently have a separate page for that).
    • October 31, 2021: In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point about personal property, products, goods, and/or services (under “Commercial information”) to change “owns, rents, leases, has otherwise obtained, and/or uses” to “owns, rents, leases, otherwise obtains, and/or uses” (for greater grammatical consistency). Added a bullet point under “Other types of personal information”: “Information about an individual or household’s permits and/or licenses, other than professional and/or business permits and/or licenses (e.g., parking permits; licenses or permits to own certain animals; hunting and/or fishing permits; amateur radio licenses; permits to use certain public spaces or facilities; and/or licenses or permits to own and/or carry firearms or other weapons)”. Tinkered a bit with these additions after initial publication.
    • October 30, 2021: Moved the “Legal Bases for Collecting and Using Information” section to after “Definitions” rather than before it. Updated the Table of Contents accordingly. In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection, updated the “Fulfilling a contractual obligation” bullet point to change “to meet the requirements of a contract or legal agreement, whether with you or with a third party” to “to honor my obligations under my contractual agreements, whether with you or with a third party.” Updated the “Legal compliance or audit” bullet point to change “I use the information to ensure my compliance with applicable laws and/or regulations, and/or so that I can demonstrate my compliance to an auditor or investigator if needed” to “I use the information to ensure my compliance with applicable laws and/or regulations; so that I can demonstrate my legal and/or regulatory compliance to auditors or investigators if needed; and/or to otherwise fulfill my legal obligations (e.g., to answer subpoenas or other court orders).” In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “We may share …” to “To achieve the purposes listed in “Collection Purposes” above, I may share …” (also adding an internal link to the preceding section). Later in that same paragraph, changed “Also, as noted elsewhere …” to just “As noted elsewhere …” and changed “and/or other creative endeavors …” to “and/or my other creative endeavors …”
    • October 29, 2021: Throughout this page and the Cookie Notice, amended various references to Google policy and information pages to make some minor wording changes for clarity, currency, and consistency; adjust capitalization and stylization (to better reflect how Google describes those pages); update some outdated links; and reorder certain links. Also in the Cookie Notice, updated the reference to the Optimizely cookies help page in the Vimeo Videos section to change the phrase “while the …” to “while their …” for wording consistency. In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection, updated the “Research and publishing” bullet point to change “other writing/editing/writing consulting work” to just “writing/editing/writing consulting work” and change “decide what content and/or other work to create and/or publish” to “decide what content, work, and/or creative endeavors to create and/or publish” (mostly for internal consistency). In Embedded Content, updated the bullet point on Google API services to change “Google Hosted Libraries API(s)” and “Google Hosted Libraries API” to just “Google Hosted Libraries”; changed “content delivery networks” to “a content distribution network” (which is how Google describes it); and changed “asserts that the Google Hosted Libraries servers …” to “asserts that the Google Hosted Libraries system …” (again for consistency with Google usage). In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “Google Hosted Libraries API(s)” to “Google Hosted Libraries” and amended the reference to museums, libraries, archives, and/or databases to change “including but not limited to the …” to “including, but not limited to, the …” for consistency. Removed some extraneous whitespace throughout this page.
    • October 28, 2021: In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, revised the paragraph regarding content-related information to add “playwrights, musicians and/or composers” (after “filmmakers”) and “plays and/or theatrical productions” (after “films and/or other videos”) to the listed examples. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, fixed a minor punctuation error in the title attribute of the link to the PDF-XChange Co. Ltd. & Tracker Software Products (Canada) Ltd. Privacy Policy. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the bullet point beginning “Information about art, books, …” (under “Commercial information”) to add “performances and/or exhibitions” after “films and/or other videos”. Revised the “Publishing histories/bibliographies/discographies/ …” bullet point (under “Professional or employment-related information”) to add “playwrights” to the listed examples. In the subsequent bullet point on “Authorship, other credits, and/or rights holder information …” added “plays and/or theatrical productions” to the listed examples. In the Collection Sources subsection, changed “My automated systems and/or devices (e.g., through certain security features of my smartphone(s), and/or through other autonomous or semi-autonomous security systems)” to “My devices and/or automated systems (e.g., certain security features of my smartphone(s), and/or other autonomous or semi-autonomous sensors and/or security systems)”. Also revised the bullet point on “Published and/or publicly available sources” to add “plays and/or theatrical productions” the listed examples; revised the subsequent “Nonpublic documents, records …” bullet point to change “from film, television, radio, and/or other media projects” to “from film, theatrical, television, radio, music, and/or other media projects”; and revised the subsequent bullet point beginning “Subject matter experts, other writers, …” to add “playwrights, musicians and/or composers,” to the examples (mostly for internal consistency).
    • October 27, 2021: In Security Scans, Consents and Agreements, and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed some stray instances of “we” and “us” to “I” and “me” for wording consistency. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the Google bullet point and the reference to Google advertising services to change “don’t use on this website” to “don’t currently use on this website” and change “but may be used by some websites, apps, and/or services I use in the course of my business, and/or may serve advertising through embedded YouTube videos, …” to “but may be used by some apps, websites, and/or online services I use and/or access, and/or may show advertising through certain embedded content, …” Later in that same bullet point, also changed “various websites and/or online services I access and/or use in the course of my online activity, …” to “various websites and/or online services I use and/or access, …” Later in that section, updated the reference to Cloudflare services to change “may access and/or use” to “use and/or access” and updated the reference to CAPTCHA and human verification services to change “access and/or use” to “use and/or access” for internal consistency.
    • October 26, 2021: In Security Scans, revised a parenthetical example about my mobile carrier to read “(For example, but without limitation, my current mobile carrier sometimes warns me that certain incoming voice calls and/or text messages could be associated with a scam of some kind.)” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), voice chat, teleconferencing, and/or video chat apps, clients, platforms, and/or services” to “Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), voice chat, teleconferencing, video conferencing, and/or video chat apps, clients, platforms, and/or services” and changed “providers of public computers and/or wireless networks I may periodically use” to “providers (public and/or private) of third-party telephones, telephony services, computers and/or mobile devices, other electronic devices, computer networks, wireless networks, and/or other Internet connections I may periodically use” for completeness. Also added “gift registries of whatever type” to the listed examples of other types of vendors and/or service providers.
    • October 20, 2021: In the Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the first bullet point to read “You, whether through your interactions with me; through your use of this website; through public disclosures you make (e.g., blog and/or social media posts); through your participation in public events and/or activities taking place in public spaces; incidentally by virtue of your physical proximity to me (e.g., where you appear in the background of a photo or video I take); and/or in some other manner” (since these are representative examples, not an exhaustive list of possible scenarios) and split “Your employees, independent contractors, interns, agents or other authorized representatives, business partners, vendors, and/or service providers (as applicable)” into a separate bullet point. Also added an additional bullet point to that list: “My automated systems and/or devices (e.g., through certain security features of my smartphone(s), and/or through other autonomous or semi-autonomous security systems)”.
    • October 18, 2021: In Definitions, updated the “Embedded content” definition to change “loaded and run in your browser” to “loaded and run in your browser or other user agent”; change “in your browser” to “on your device”; and change “your browser” to “your browser (or other user agent)”. In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs and Data Related to Administrative Users, changed “two-factor authentication” to “multi-factor authentication”. In the latter section, adjusted the description of such authentication to also mention authenticator apps. In Security Scans, changed “might record that visitor’s IP address, user agent information, and other device/browser details” to “might record that visitor’s IP address; their user agent information; and other details about their device and/or browser or other user agent”. In Embedded Content, changed “when you access their content through another website or online service” to “when you access their content through a website or online service” for greater clarity. Updated the Google Fonts and Google Hosted Libraries bullet point to change “resources from …” to “scripts and/or other content from …”; change “specific resources” to “specific content”; change “loads” to “requests”; change “what resources” to “which content”; and change change “how long stored information may remain in your browser” to “how long stored information may remain on your device”. Updated the BootstrapCDN bullet point to change “Fonts, styles, scripts, and/or icons” to “Fonts, styles, scripts, icons, and/or other content”. Updated the Font Awesome bullet point to change the first instance of “icons” to “icons, fonts, and/or other content” and change “which specific icons your browser requests and/or accesses and the website or URL from which your browser requested and/or accessed them” to “which specific content your browser requests and/or accesses and the website or URL from which your browser requested and/or accessed that content”. Updated the Sucuri Security bullet point to change “and of course the specific content …” to “and of course which specific content …” (mostly for wording consistency). Throughout that section, changed numerous instances of the phrase “device and browser” to “device and browser (or other user agent)” and changed numerous instances of the phrase “your browser” to “your browser (or other user agent)” for internal consistency. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to Roundcube webmail client software to make a wording clarification (changing “associated libraries” to “associated resources” and rearranging the placement of that phrase for greater clarity). Updated the bullet point on Google services to add the Google Authenticator app to the listed examples. Updated the bullet point on landlords to add language about sharing information as part of and/or in connection with the application process to rent, lease, and/or otherwise obtain residence(s), space(s), and/or facilities (e.g., to provide proof of employment and/or income). Updated the reference to Signal services to fix a minor punctuation error. Added “credit bureaus” to and “credit monitoring and/or identity theft protection services” the enumerated examples of other types of vendors and/or service providers later in that section. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • October 14, 2021: In Data Related to Administrative Users, changed “our web host” to “my web host”. In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “If your transaction is via a third-party payment processing service, much of this information, including payment details such as bank account or credit card numbers, will be collected and processed by the payment processor …” to “If your transaction is via a third-party payment processing service or other service provider (e.g., a wire transfer or other funds transfer service), much of this information, including payment details such as bank account or credit card numbers, will be collected and processed by the payment processor or service provider …” Also changed “contractual obligations to the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s), and/or other relevant third parties …” to “contractual obligations to the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), other financial institution(s), and/or service provider(s), and/or to other relevant third parties …” In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, updated the bullet point beginning “To the applicable payment processor(s) …” to change “To the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), and/or other financial institution(s)” to “To the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), other financial institution(s), and/or wire transfer and/or funds transfer service(s)”; add the word “respective” before “legal counsel …”; and change “such payment processor(s), bank(s), and/or other financial institution(s)” to “such payment processor(s), bank(s), financial institution(s), and/or services”. In Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties, changed “contractual obligations to the applicable third-party vendor or service and/or any other relevant third parties …” to “contractual obligations to the applicable third-party vendor(s) and/or service provider(s), and/or to other relevant third parties …” for consistency. In Additional Information About Data Retention, changed “Vendor(s), service provider(s), payment processor(s), bank(s), and/or other financial institution(s) involved in a given transaction …” to “Vendors and/or service providers involved in a given transaction (e.g., the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), and/or other financial institution(s)) …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to banks, other financial institutions, and/or payment processors to remove the parenthetical statement. Also updated the subsequent reference to funds transfer services to change “other wire transfer and/or other funds transfer services” to “other wire transfer and/or funds transfer services”. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised several of the bullet points under “Commercial information”: changed “participation and/or interest in sports, games, …” to “interest, participation, and/or achievements in sports, games, …” and changed “and/or other games of chance or skill” to “and/or games of chance or skill” (mostly for clarification). In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection, changed “tax preparer(s) and/or other financial and/or legal professionals for administrative and/or compliance purposes …” to “tax preparer(s) and/or other financial and/or legal professionals (e.g., my legal counsel).” Fixed an error with the date of this entry. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • October 13, 2021: In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, changed “reverse telephone directory” to “reverse telephone lookup service”. In Data in Submitted Images, changed “the recognizable image and/or identifiable likeness of any individual person in images and/or other media (and/or their audible voice in a video or audio recording, broadcast, or other media)” to “the recognizable image and/or identifiable likeness of any individual person (and/or their audible voice, e.g., in a video or audio recording, broadcast, or other media)”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the Google bullet point to add a hyperlink to the reference to the Google Safe Browsing API; updated the reference to Bitdefender apps to make some minor wording and punctuation adjustments to the references to the Crashlytics crash reporter, Firebase platform, and Google Safe Browsing API; and updated the reference to the Mozilla Firefox browsers to fix a punctuation issue and add a hyperlink to the reference to the Google Safe Browsing API. Also updated the reference to the QuickHash GUI utility to correct the name of the utility and add a link to the privacy policy (although it currently applies only to the QuickHash GUI website). Added telephone directory, business directory, and/or reverse telephone lookup services to the examples of other types of service providers. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “phone’s geolocation services …” to “phone’s location services …” Adjusted this entry in the recent revision list to clarify the date: For reference, this update was technically first posted very late on October 12, 2021, although the effective date is October 13, 2021. Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • October 9, 2021: In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed the first paragraph to “I may sometimes receive personal information related to this website and/or its visitors from other third-party sources. The following are some representative examples:” In the second paragraph (beginning “As noted in the …” and referring to people who contact us), changed “in addition to whatever information was provided by the person” to “in addition to any information provided by the person” for wording consistency. Later in that section, changed “With some social media platforms, …” to “On some social media platforms, …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the Microsoft bullet point to reorder the enumerated examples, adjust some trademark information, and make some minor wording adjustments. Also made some minor adjustments to the Microsoft trademark information elsewhere in that section. Updated the reference to the gitg client to remove the developer name (as that was actually only one of the developers) and reorder that reference accordingly. Made a minor correction to the October 8, 2021 entry in this Recent Revisions list (“the phpMyAdmin and gitg projects” should have been “the phpMyAdmin project, the gitg client”). Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • October 8, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, made some minor wording adjustments to the references to specific web browsers and their associated browser extensions, themes, and/or other add-ons, mostly for wording consistency. Also updated the references in that section to the phpMyAdmin project, the gitg client, the Librera app, and VLC media player software to make some minor wording and/or punctuation adjustments (mostly for clarification) and update the trademark information.
    • October 7, 2021: In the Customer Service Information subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, made a minor adjustment to the Google trademark notice. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, made a minor wording adjustment to the reference to Flickr Inc. and updated the trademark notices for Oath Inc.
    • October 5, 2021: In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “the owner of a particular domain registration and/or the geographic location associated with a particular IP address” to “the registered owner of a particular domain registration; the geographical location of a particular IP address; and/or the Internet service provider or other network operator with which a particular IP address or range of IP addresses is associated.” Also added the phrase “and/or other WHOIS/RDAP lookup services” after “IPinfo API services”. In Additional Information About Data Retention, updated the bullet point on published works to add “newspapers” after “magazines”; change “inventories, catalogs, and/or lists” to “inventories, catalogs, databases, lists, and/or other tools” for completeness; and change “naturally, copies of published works …” to “naturally, copies …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to the NetGuard firewall app to add the phrase “and/or other WHOIS/RDAP lookup services” after “IPinfo API services” for internal consistency and add the word “my” before the phrase “mobile apps connect …” for clarity. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “useful article(s), and/or other object(s)” to “useful articles, and/or other objects” (which is more grammatically correct in that instance). In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources; the bullet point on publicly available information in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information; and the Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, added “press releases and/or promotional materials” to the enumerated examples of publicly available sources. In the bullet point in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, also changed “about the person(s) to whom the information pertains” to “about the person(s) to whom the information pertains and/or their work”. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “copies of books, magazines, and/or other published works” to “copies of books, magazines, newspapers, CDs, DVDs, and/or other published works” for wording consistency. Tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • October 4, 2021: In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs, changed “logs into or otherwise accesses the administrative dashboard …” to “logs into, otherwise accesses, or attempts to log into or otherwise access the administrative dashboard …” Updated the Customer Service Information subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy to add a California Civil Code § 1789.3 notice. Also changed the phrase “or need help with a purchase or other transaction involving 6200 Productions” to “need help with a purchase or other transaction involving 6200 Productions, or have a complaint” (set off with a comma) and changed “You can also contact …” to “Alternatively, you can contact …”
    • October 3, 2021: In Comments, changed “please contact me via email (to admin (at) aaronseverson (dot) com) or by leaving a comment elsewhere …” to “please contact me via email at admin (at) aaronseverson (dot) com or leave a comment elsewhere …” In the Customer Service Information subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “via postal mail:” to “via postal mail at:” In Reports and Aggregated Statistics, changed “to the extent required and/or otherwise permitted by applicable law …” to “to the extent permitted — and/or required — by applicable law …” (The main reason that paragraph is included at all is that certain businesses may actually be required to periodically disclose statistics about the privacy requests they receive.) In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to BlackBerry Limited to change “many of its associated accessories” to “many of their associated accessories” and change “of both smartphones” to “of those smartphones” (since I do technically still have a third, much older BlackBerry smartphone, although it’s basically a museum piece at this point and is gathering dust in a drawer). In Nevada Consumer Opt-Out Rights and Information-Sharing Disclosures (Shine the Light Law), updated the paragraph on how to submit a request to include an administrative email address as well as the existing references to the Controllers/Responsible Parties, Questions, and How to Reach Us section, also making some minor wording adjustments to accommodate this addition. In the latter section, also added a link to the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page and noted that you can now use the California Privacy Request Form to request a disclosure. (I tinkered with the wording after initial publication.) At the end of that section, changed “to learn more about other types of information I collect and how I use it” to “to learn more about the types of information I collect through and/or in connection with this website and how I may use, share, release, and/or otherwise disclose that information” for internal consistency. In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), changed “provided that you have a current California residence” to “provided that you are a current California resident” and changed “The CCPA regulations issued …” to “The current CCPA regulations issued …” Renamed the CCPA Request Metrics (Record-Keeping Disclosures) subsection “California Privacy Request Metrics (Record-Keeping Disclosures)”; renamed the CCPA Request Metrics for the 2020 Calendar Year subsection “California Privacy Request Metrics for the 2020 Calendar Year”; renamed the Record-Keeping Disclosure Methodology subsection “California Privacy Request Metrics Methodology”; and updated other internal references accordingly (except in this Recent Revisions list, for the sake of posterity). In California Privacy Request Metrics (Record-Keeping Disclosures), changed “Under Section 999.317(g) of the CCPA regulations, …” to “Under Section 999.317(g) of the implementing regulations for the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA), …” In Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me, changed “by sending an email to …” to “via email at …” for wording consistency. Did the inevitable tinkering with these revisions after initial publication.
    • October 2, 2021: In the preamble, changed “use and/or share that information” to “use, share, release, and/or otherwise disclose that information” (mostly for the sake of wording consistency). In Contact Forms, changed “If you use the California Privacy Request Form on the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page to submit a request to exercise your privacy rights under the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA) (see “Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA)” below for more information about this law)” to “If you use the California Privacy Request Form on the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page to submit a request to exercise your privacy rights under California law (see “Your California Privacy Rights” below for more information about these rights)” and updated the internal link; changed “may share information related to CCPA requests …” to “may share or otherwise disclose information related to California privacy requests …”; and changed “to respond to subpoenas or other court orders” to “to fulfill a legal obligation (e.g., to respond to a subpoena or other court order)”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to other Cloudflare services to include a link to the Cloudflare Cookie Policy as well as their Privacy Policy and DPA, making some minor wording and punctuation changes to accommodate the addition. Also updated the reference to Epic Browser to also reference its “associated encrypted file vault and/or other browser features” and updated the reference to the DOI system to make a number of minor corrections and clarifications. In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), amended the paragraph beginning “Please note that in addition to any exemptions …” to delete the phrase “to the rights provided by the CCPA” and changed “with regard to the deletion of your personal information” to “with respect to the deletion of personal information” (mainly for wording consistency). In Opting-Out or Submitting Other California Privacy Requests (Do Not Sell My Personal Information Page), changed “your other rights under the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA) …” to “your other rights under the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA) or other California privacy laws …” and set off the subsequent clause with em dashes rather than commas. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “can also submit CCPA requests on behalf of …” to “can also submit privacy requests on behalf of …” In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection, changed “your rights under the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA) …” to “your privacy rights under the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA) or other California privacy laws …” and set off the subsequent clause with em dashes rather than commas. In Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me, changed “your rights under the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA) …” to “your privacy rights under the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA) or other California privacy laws …” and set off the subsequent clause with em dashes rather than commas. Did the inevitable tinkering with these revisions after initial publication.
    • October 1, 2021: In Comments, revised the paragraph regarding notifications to clarify that comment notification emails are sent both to the site administrator and the author of the post or page on which the comment was submitted (if the author is an administrative user other than the site administrator or has an email address different from the primary site administration email address). Also removed the parentheses around the note about spam and/or malware scans. Later in that section, changed “retain the email address along with the comment” to “retain the email address originally submitted with each comment (which is stored in the website database as part of that comment)” for clarity. In Data Related to Administrative Users, added an additional paragraph about contact information and automated email notifications. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, updated the reference to IPinfo to change “retrieves such info via IPinfo” to “can look up such information via IPinfo API services” for clarity. Updated the reference in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information to change “may also connect to IPinfo to obtain information about IP addressed and/or domains to which mobile apps attempt to connect” to “may also connect to IPinfo API services to look up information about IP addresses and/or domains to which mobile apps connect and/or attempt to connect” (mostly for internal consistency). Tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • September 30, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identify Information, made some minor clarifications to the references to Avast Software and Piriform Software Ltd., including adding a link to the Avast Product Policy, which describes what types of data Avast products may gather; made a couple of minor clarifications to the descriptions of TinyWall firewall software and the NetGuard mobile firewall app; made a minor adjustment to the reference in that section to Disconnect, Inc.; and updated the trademark information for the DuckDuckGo search engine(s). Also revised references to Yahoo! services to update the policy links and trademark information, remove references to Verizon Media, and clarify that I may also use other Yahoo! and/or AOL services besides search services. (I no longer have any Yahoo accounts and are unlikely to create new ones, but I have in the past.)
    • September 28, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the Google bullet point to change “which provides various …” to “which provides (directly and/or through its various subsidiaries and/or affiliates) some of the …” and fix an editorial error in the trademark notice. Updated the reference to the CompanionLink Data Processing Agreement to change “European Union data protection laws” to just “European data protection laws.” Added the ProtonMail email service and related ProtonMail Bridge app to the examples of “Other types of vendors and/or service providers” later in that section.
    • September 27, 2021: In Security Scans, updated the parenthetical reference to the list of Sucuri Security plugin features to also refer to the Sucuri documentation (which provides more detailed information about how each feature works). Updated references to GoDaddy throughout this page to correct the stylization of “Go Daddy Operating Company, LLC” (since the formal legal name of the company appears to include a space I had previously assumed was a typo). In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, made some minor clarifications to the bullet point beginning “If in the course of my business I access any website or online resource …” and removed some duplicative text in that bullet point.
    • September 26, 2021: Updated references to the DreamHost Customer EU Data Processing Addendum in Who I Am; Website Server, Error, and Security Logs; and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information to change “and, where applicable, the …” to “and/or, where applicable, the …” In Security Scans, changed “any data processed and/or stored by Sucuri …” to “data processed and/or stored by Sucuri …”; changed “and the Data Processing Addendum …” to “and/or the Data Processing Addendum …”; and added the phrase “as applicable” to the end of that sentence, set off with a comma. Updated the reference to Cloudflare policies to change “and” to “and/or” and add the phrase “as applicable” to the end of that sentence, set off with a comma. Made similar changes throughout the Embedded Content section for consistency. Also in Embedded Content, updated the bullet point on Google API services to change “Google API services are also subject to the …” to “Google API services are also subject, where applicable, to the …” and changed “apply to personal data the API services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to …” to “apply to the processing of personal data that may be subject to …” Also updated the Yoast bullet point to add a reference and link to the Algolia Data Processing Addendum; add the word “their” before “‘Cookies’ policy”; and add a reference and link to the Semrush Data Processing Addendum. In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, revised the paragraph regarding third-party sites or services to change “(and, where applicable, any other terms and policies that apply to the use of the Google Voice service, …” to “other service-specific additional terms and policies (e.g., the Gmail Program Policies and/or the various terms and policies that apply to the use of the Google Voice service, …” set off with a semicolon, also adding links to a list of service-specific terms and the aforementioned Gmail Program Policies. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to Sucuri Security for consistency with the changed made in Security Scans and Embedded Content and to fix a punctuation error with the trademark notice. Updated the Google bullet point to add links to the Data Processing Addendum for Products where Google is a Data Processor and its region-specific addenda. Also updated the recently added references to the Microsoft Products and Services Data Protection Addendum to change “and, where applicable, the …” to “and/or, where applicable, the …” Inevitably tinkered with these revisions after initial publication.
    • September 25, 2021: In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs; Security Scans; and Embedded Content, changed “(e.g., the advertising identifier and/or other universally unique identifiers of a smartphone or tablet computer)” to “(e.g., advertising identifiers and/or other universally unique identifiers of a smartphone, tablet computer, desktop computer, or other device)” (since device identifiers are not exclusive to mobile devices). In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the Microsoft bullet point to change “gathers certain information about and/or related to …” to “may gather and use certain information through, about, and/or related to …”; add a link to the Microsoft Products and Services Data Protection Addendum; and change “many other Microsoft products and/or services” to “many other Microsoft products and services.” Also updated the reference to Adobe Inc. to change “may collect information about and/or related to …” to “may gather and use certain information through, about, and/or related to …”
    • September 22, 2021: In Data Related to Administrative Users, added a link to the Cookie Notice as well as a textual reference. Also added the word “above” after the reference to the Embedded Content and Advertising sections. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, made a clarification to the reference to the StevenBlack/hosts file, fixed a typo in the trademark notice for The Spamhaus Project, and reordered those and several adjacent items.
    • September 21, 2021: In Browser Tests, updated the Data retention bullet point to change “Your current visit” to “Your current visit or current browser session.” In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs, added “generates or attempts to generate authentication codes for two-factor authentication (which may be used for administrative logins and/or certain other site functions)” to the examples of logged events. In Security Scans, changed “no online website, …” to “no website, online service, …” Added a new section: Data Related to Administrative Users. Updated the Cookie Notice to further adjust the wording of the Administrative and Login Cookies section and add an additional cookie (related to two-factor authentication) to the ones already described in that section. Also added language to the Browser Tests section clarifying how long stored information normally remains on your device. Tinkered with these updates after initial publication.
    • September 20, 2021: In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), changed “The right to make a complaint to a state government supervisory authority” to “The right to make a complaint to the applicable state government authority” for clarity.
    • September 19, 2021: In Who I Am, updated the reference to my web host to make some minor wording adjustments and add a link to their Customer EU Data Processing Addendum. Also added that link to the references to their privacy policy in Website Server, Error, and Security Logs and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information. Also made some minor wording adjustments to the main reference to my web host in the latter section to present the privacy policy link more clearly. In Advertising, changed “plugins, themes, and/or other components” to “plugins, themes, and/or other add-ons” for internal consistency. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed several instances of the phrases “plugins, themes, and add-ons” and “plugins, themes, and/or add-ons” to “plugins, themes, and/or other add-ons” for consistency. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “Therefore, DreamHost has full administrative access to most files, messages, and data processed by or stored on those servers” to “Therefore, DreamHost has full administrative access to most files, data, and/or messages processed by and/or stored on those servers” and changed “deliberately share with DreamHost for purposes such as troubleshooting or security” to “share with DreamHost for purposes such as troubleshooting and/or security” for wording consistency. Removed some extra spaces throughout this page.
    • September 18, 2021: In Security Scans, updated the reference to the Sucuri Security plugin to change “and the Data Processing Addendum to their Terms of Service” to “and the Data Processing Addendum to their Terms of Service (which applies to personal data Sucuri services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to certain regional privacy and/or data protection laws)” and change “(which applies to personal data Cloudflare services process on behalf of their customers)” to “(which applies to personal data Cloudflare services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to certain regional privacy and/or data protection laws)”. Made the same changes in Embedded Content for internal consistency. Also in Embedded Content, updated the Google API services bullet point to change “and apply to the API services’ processing of personal data from areas subject to certain region-specific privacy and/or data protection laws” to “and apply to personal data the API services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to certain regional privacy and/or data protection laws” and updated the references to the StackPath Data Processing Addendum to change “(which applies to personal data StackPath processes on behalf of its customers)” to “(which applies to personal data StackPath services process on customers’ behalf that may be subject to certain regional privacy and/or data protection laws)” for the same reason. In Disclosure of Personally identifying Information, made the same change to the reference to Sucuri Security, added a reference to the Cloudflare Data Processing Addendum in the references to Cloudflare services, made some minor wording and punctuation adjusts to those references for clarity and made a minor wording change to the reference to the CompanionLink Data Processing Agreement for internal consistency. Also updated the trademark notices for GNU throughout that section and updated the reference to dnscrypt-proxy to fix the capitalization and add the words “DNS proxy” after the name. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, added a bullet point under “Professional or employment-related information”: “Fictitious business name(s) and/or trade name(s)”. Revised the existing bullet point beginning “Information about professional clients …” to read “Information about professional clients, clientele, customers, users, advertisers and/or sponsors, vendors, service providers, and/or subcontractors”. In the existing bullet point on “Information about other professional relationships …” changed the parenthetical examples to read “(such as, without limitation, publishing and/or licensing deals; management and/or representation; endorsement, sponsorship, and/or affiliate relationships; contractor and/or subcontractor relationships; professional relationships with colleagues and/or coworkers; mentor/mentee relationships; and/or professional collaborations, partnerships, and/or joint ventures)”. Also changed the bullet point on “Membership in and/or affiliation with other organizations and/or groups” to read “Membership in and/or affiliation with guilds, trade unions, and/or other professional organizations and/or groups”. Updated the Cookie Notice: In the Categories of Cookies Used section, changed “certain portions of the website’s administrative dashboard (which is not normally accessible except …” to “certain portions of the website’s administrative dashboard and/or login page (which are not normally accessible except …” Updated the Vimeo Videos section to make a minor wording change to the reference to the Optimizely Data Processing Agreement for wording consistency. Also amended the Administrative and Login Cookies section to make a number of minor clarifications and updates, including updating the trademark information and fixing an inadvertent use of “we” rather than “I.”
    • September 16, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to The Khronos Group to clarify that their software, software development kits, and/or software components may be installed in conjunction with and/or incorporated into various software and/or devices (not just display drivers, although that appears to be the most common application). Also made some minor adjustments to the stylization of the name and adjusted the anchor text for the privacy link accordingly.
    • September 14, 2021: In Definitions, updated the definition of “Embedded content” for greater clarity and internal consistency (e.g., changing “resides on” to “is hosted on”). In Embedded Content, updated the first paragraph to change “web host” to “web host and/or its subprocessors” [this was initially “its affiliates,” but “its subprocessors” better expresses the intent] and change “If you access a portion of this website that contains embedded content, the embedded content provider can collect information about you” to “If you access a portion of this website that contains embedded content, your browser requests that content from the respective content provider(s), which enables those embedded content provider(s) to collect information about you.” Updated the second paragraph (about information embedded content providers typically gather) to emphasize that embedded content providers can almost always determine which specific embedded content you requested and/or accessed. Made various clarifications and corrections throughout the listed bullet points. Added a bullet point regarding Creative Commons images and/or other content (e.g., the logos, buttons, and/or icons associated with Creative Commons licenses and/or public domain dedications). Tinkered further with these changes after initial publication. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to The Document Foundation to adjust the trademark information. Made a minor correction to the September 13, 2021 entry in this Recent Revisions list.
    • September 13, 2021: In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, updated the Creative Commons trademark notice. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, added a trademark notice for WebAIM. Updated the trademark information for the GNU mark and for the Wikimedia Foundation projects mentioned in that section. (I tinkered further with these changes after initial publication.)
    • September 12, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, further adjusted the trademark information for Avast, Piriform (CCleaner), Spybot, and The Spamhaus Project. Also adjusted the attributes of the Avast privacy policy link. Added trademark notices for Crashlytics and GNU. Added “video stores and/or video rental services” to the examples under “Providers of other search engines and/or other research and/or reference tools, services, facilities, and/or resources”.
    • September 11, 2021: Adjusted the anchor text for certain privacy policy links throughout this page, for greater clarity and in an attempt to instill some stylistic consistency. In Security Scans, changed “A representative sampling of the providers of these tools and security measures is included among the examples of third-party service providers listed under “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” below” to “A representative sampling of providers of such tools and security measures is included among the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers that appear in the “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” section below” and changed “this is not an exhaustive list” to “those examples should not be regarded as an exhaustive list.” In Embedded Content, changed “such as ad blockers” to “(e.g., ad blocker extensions)” for clarity. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, removed the list of specific examples of information sources (in the interests of space and limiting repetition), replacing it with a reference to the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, added a trademark notice for phpMyAdmin. Updated the Google bullet point to add Widevine technology to the listed examples of Google products and/or services. Updated the Akamai Technologies trademark notice. Revised the reference to Spybot software to update the trademark information (since the entity that owns the trademarks is different in the U.S. than in the EU). Removed the privacy policy link for Toshiba Corporation (each of their corporate affiliates has its own and there doesn’t seem to be a central hub to find which one applies in a given situation), instead adding a link to their central corporate site. Updated the references to my Internet service provider and mobile carrier(s) to add the parenthetical phrase “(in addition to any information I may share with them for security, support, and/or troubleshooting purposes)” to the end of each. Also updated the T-Mobile disclaimer language. Revised the reference to The Spamhaus Group to note that the Spamhaus trademark is registered in the EU (it doesn’t currently appear to be in the U.S.). Amended the reference to Simple DNSCrypt to fix the stylization of DNSCrypt-Proxy and add a trademark notice. Revised the reference to Epic Privacy Browser to update the trademark notice. Added Cisco Systems (whose OpenH264 Video Codec many web browsers use for encoding and decoding certain types of audiovisual content) to the listed examples. Updated the reference to Opena11y Toolkit and tota11y to add information about the “A11Y” trademark (which is owned by the Bureau of Internet Accessibility, Inc.). Amended the reference to the Adblock Plus extension to update the trademark information and make a minor wording clarification. Added a trademark notice for Mp3tag. Added “online publishing services and/or platforms” to the examples under “Providers of other search engines and/or other research and/or reference tools, services, facilities, and/or resources” and changed “other services or platforms for sharing images and/or other media” to “other services and/or platforms for sharing images and/or other media”. Also fixed a technical error (misspelled link attribute) in an external link in that section. Tinkered with some of these changes after initial publication. Updated the Cookie Notice to change “same Definitions” to “same definitions” and adjust the anchor text for certain external links for clarity and stylistic consistency.
    • September 10, 2021: Further adjusted various Google trademark notices to fix some inconsistencies and editorial errors. In Security Scans, Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, amended the references to iThemes Security, mostly to update the trademark notices, add a privacy policy link to the reference in Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, and adjust the privacy policy link anchor text in the other two sections. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the Facebook trademark notice and the trademark notice for Lulu.com. Made some minor amendments to the September 9, 2021 entry on this Recent Revisions list to clarify the changes made on that date.
    • September 9, 2021: As a global change, updated all of the various Google trademark notices throughout this page and the Cookie Notice. In Certificate Authority Checks, moved the certificate authority trademark notices to after the second paragraph rather than after the first paragraph. In Embedded Content, further updated the bullet point on the FeedBurner services to note that the feeds record your activity (e.g., what feeds you’ve viewed) and may contain targeted advertising, the presence of which is controlled by the respective publishers of the blogs accessed through such feeds; added a link to the Google “Advertising” page; and made some minor wording adjustments for clarity and consistency. Also updated certain other trademark notices. In Contact Forms, revised the first paragraph to read “This section applies to messages you send me through any contact or feedback forms I may offer on the aaronseverson.com website, including, but not limited to, California Privacy Request Forms submitted through the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page.” Also adjusted the anchor text for the link to the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page for internal consistency. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “the Google Play Protect feature of …” to “the Google Play Protect security services of the Google Play Store and the Android platform …” and added a link to an information page about those services. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the references to Cloudflare services to make some adjustments to the trademark information. Removed some extra spaces on this page and throughout the Cookie Notice.
    • September 8, 2021: In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs and Security Scans, added language indicating that logs and/or security scans may sometimes collect device identifiers. Also in Website Server, Error, and Security Logs, changed “the login credentials for certain …” to “the login credentials for …” Also in Security Scans, removed the examples of device security providers and replaced them with a reference to the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information. In Embedded Content, made many clarifications and wording adjustments throughout (most of them relatively minor), with some further tinkering after initial publication. In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, updated the paragraph about third-party services to make some wording clarifications and add references to the Google Terms of Service as well as their privacy policy. In the Customer Service Information subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, added additional links to Google policies pertaining to the Google Voice service. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, added “various public officials and/or public agencies” just before “and/or other sources not specified above.” In Additional Information About Data Retention, added a bullet point about other activity history on third-party sites and/or services. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, clarified that Flickr is now owned and operated by Flickr, Inc., which is in turn owned by SmugMug, Inc., and adjusted the trademark notice.
    • September 7, 2021: In Definitions, updated the “User agent information” definition to remove the reference to a third-party organization. In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs; Security Scans; Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information; and the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, adjusted the anchor text for the links to the homepage of the Sucuri website. In Security Scans, Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, simplified most of the various trademark notices for BlackBerry Limited to limit the disclaimer of affiliation to the primary reference to that company that appears in the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers in the latter section. (It seemed excessive to repeat the disclaimer over and over.) In Security Scans; Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests; and Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, condensed the references to the Google Voice service in the interests of space and linked the name to the Google “How Google Voice works” page. In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, also added the phrase “in addition to this Privacy Policy” after the Google policy links. Also added the “How Google Voice works” link to the reference in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information. In Embedded Content, updated the Cloudflare bullet point to make some minor editorial adjustments. Updated the Font Awesome bullet point to change “the service” to “this service”; change “accesses or downloads” to “accesses and/or downloads”; and add information about the Cloudflare CDN, which Font Awesome may use to provide its CDN service. In Comments and Contact Forms, changed “such as the trade names of …” to “such as the names of …” In Financial Transactions Policy, renamed the “Checks and Money Orders” subsection to “Acceptable Payment Types” and added language about types of transactions for which I do and do not accept payment via PayPal services. Moved that section so that it precedes rather than follows the “Currency” subsection. In the Customer Service subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, made some wording and punctuation adjustments to the language about Google Voice, condensing some of it (in part by linking the first instance of the name to the “How Google Voice works” page), and adding a disclaimer of affiliation to the trademark notice. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, updated the EFF trademark notice to reorder the listed marks so that the full name of the organization comes first. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the Google and Microsoft bullet points and the reference to Adobe to add disclaimers of affiliation after the respective trademark notices. (Since those references mention “software, apps, tools, and services I may use and/or offer,” additional disclaimers seemed appropriate.) Adjusted the anchor text for the links to the respective downloads pages of The GIMP Website and the FileZilla Project for stylistic consistency. Updated the references to the DuckDuckGo and Startpage.com search engines to also mention their associated browser extensions. Much tinkering with all of the above after initial publication.
    • September 6, 2021: In Embedded Content, updated the Yoast SEO bullet point to add links to the Algolia and Semrush cookie policies, adjust the anchor text for some of the links, and update certain trademark notices. Also changed “To learn more about what user information such third-party websites or services collect …” to “To learn more about what personal information such third-party websites or services may collect …” In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, changed “may come directly from the applicable individual(s) or entity and/or from third-party sources …” to “may come directly from the applicable individual(s) or entity — with whom I may of course communicate via email, phone, and/or various other means as I deem appropriate in the particular circumstances — and/or from third-party sources …” In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, updated the paragraph beginning “By making a payment or contribution, you also grant …” to change “to contact you via email and/or postal mail to acknowledge, complete, and/or address questions or issues related to your transaction(s) with me, and, if you call or text me regarding your transaction, to respond to your calls and/or texts via the same means …” to “to communicate with you regarding your transaction via email and/or postal mail (e.g., to acknowledge, complete, and/or address questions and/or issues related to your transaction), and/or, if you call or text me regarding your transaction and/or ask me to call or text you, to communicate with you regarding your transaction by phone and/or via text message …” Also cleaned up some redundant formatting in that paragraph. In Additional Information About Data Retention, changed “but some of my current devices and apps no longer provide that functionality, at least not in the same global manner” to “but not all the devices and apps I currently use provide that functionality, at least not in the same global manner”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated some attribution and trademark notices in the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers; updated the Microsoft bullet point to make some minor wording adjustments and add a reference to BitLocker encryption and data protection features; updated the reference to Gpg4win to make some minor clarifications and rearrange the trademark notices in a more logical order; updated the reference to Tracker Software Products to adjust the privacy policy link and add references to the ABBYY FineReader Engine that powers the PDF software’s optical character recognition plugin; added “press and/or public relations representatives” to the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers under the “Providers of other search engines and/or other research and/or reference tools, services, facilities, and/or resources” bullet point; and changed “photo-sharing services, other services or platforms for sharing images and/or other media …” to “photo-sharing services, stock photo services, other services or platforms for sharing images and/or other media …” for completeness. Updated the bullet point beginning “If the person(s) to whom the information pertains …” to change “respective assigns, heirs, and/or successors” to “respective heirs, successors, and/or assigns” for wording consistency. Made the same change in the equivalent bullet point in the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, added a bullet point to the examples of “Professional or employment-related information”: “Work schedule(s), location(s), and/or assignment(s)”. Tinkered a bit with these additions after initial publication.
    • September 4, 2021: Updated the September 3, 2021 entry in this Recent Revisions list to make a number of clarifications and corrections about the changes made on that date. Also made some minor changes to this page’s metadata. In Definitions, updated the “Administrative dashboard/backend” definition to change “authorized administrators” to “authorized administrative users” for internal consistency. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “other informational and/or instructional resources related to web development and/or web security, including (without limitation) tutorials, guides, recommendations, warnings, suggestions, examples, and/or discussion …” to “other sources of informational and/or instructional resources related to web development, online security, and/or the various aspects of operating and/or maintaining online systems, including (without limitation) providers of tutorials, guides, wikis, help files, online documentation, knowledge bases, technical consulting services, articles, and/or white papers offering recommendations, warnings, suggestions, examples, and/or discussion …” for completeness and change “and/or related software …” to “and/or other software …” Changed “online forums, message boards, discussion groups, chat rooms, mailing lists, wikis, and/or similar venues for investigating, troubleshooting, resolving, and/or preventing technical problems and/or suspicious and/or malicious activity, and/or otherwise discussing and/or researching …” to “online forums, message boards, discussion groups, chat rooms, mailing lists, technical consulting services, wikis, help files, online documentation, knowledge bases, and/or other online venues and/or resources for investigating, troubleshooting, resolving, and/or preventing technical problems and/or suspicious and/or malicious activity, and/or otherwise discussing and/or researching …” Changed “websites, wikis, blogs, …” to “websites, wikis, help files, online documentation, knowledge bases, blogs, …”
    • September 3, 2021: As a global change throughout this page, updated the links to the DreamHost Privacy Policy to remove the “title” attribute. Also adjusted the anchor text for certain of those links. In Cookies and Similar Technologies, changed “The use of cookies and/or similar technologies by third-party sites and/or services is subject to the applicable site or service’s privacy policy and/or cookie policy …” to “The use of cookies and/or similar technologies by third-party sites and/or services is subject to those sites and/or services’ respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use …” Made the same change to the similar sentence that appears in the second paragraph of the Cookie Notice. In Certificate Authority Checks, updated the link to the Let’s Encrypt “How It Works” page to adjust the anchor text and put the title in quotation marks. In Security Scans, updated the paragraph on the Sucuri Security plugin to add links to the Sucuri Cookie Policy, the Cloudflare Data Processing Addendum, the Cloudflare Cookie Policy, and the WordPress.org Cookie Policy. Also added the latter link to the subsequent paragraph on the iThemes Security plugin. Updated the paragraph about other device security measures to change “whose products and services” to “whose products and/or services”; add a link to the Google “Technologies” pages, which provide additional information about how Google uses cookies and/or other technologies that may collect and/or process personal information; and change “similar features” to “comparable security measures”. In Embedded Content, updated the bullet points pertaining to Google services to change the phrase “processing of data” to “processing of personal data” and add a link to the Google “Technologies” pages, which provide additional information about how Google uses cookies and/or other technologies that may collect and/or process personal information. Updated the bullet point about BootstrapCDN to note that the jsDelivr service currently says it does not use cookies, but does use various third-party service providers, who may have access to data the service collects and/or processes. Updated the bullet point about the jQuery CDN and jQuery API services to note that those services’ cookie policy links appear to point to the cookie policy of a different organization and it’s not clear whether or not this is intentional. Also added a link to the StackPath Data Processing Amendment; fixed the links to the StackPath GDPR page and California Privacy Rights page, which were incorrectly configured; and adjusted the anchor text for those links. Updated the bullet point about the Cloudflare CDN to revise the anchor text for the link to the Cloudflare GDPR page and add links to the Cloudflare Data Processing Addendum and the Cloudflare Cookie Policy. Updated the bullet point about the Font Awesome CDNs to note that they don’t appear to have a cookie policy. Updated the bullet point about PayPal buttons to clarify that the Statement on Cookies and Tracking Technologies is linked from within the applicable PayPal Privacy Statement (it doesn’t appear to be listed in the main legal hub) and put “Legal Agreements for PayPal Services” in quotation marks. Made the same changes to the applicable section of the Cookie Notice. Also updated that section to add a link to the Akamai “Privacy and Policies” page in addition to the existing Privacy Trust Center link, also changing “processes personal data” to “may collect, process, and/or use personal data”. Updated the bullet point on embedded YouTube video players to note that embedded video players may collect device identifiers, clarify some wording, replace the link to the Google cookies page with a link to their “Technologies” pages (which include the cookie page as well as other potentially relevant information), and add links to the Google “Advertising” pages. Also updated the trademark notice. Made most of the same changes to the “YouTube Videos” section of the Cookie Notice and made a number of other minor clarifications to that section. Updated the bullet point about Vimeo videos to change the word “Visit …” to “See …”; add information about the Vimeo Cookie Policy; and note that the “Vimeo Videos” section of the Cookie Notice includes additional information about certain Vimeo analytics and/or advertising providers (although that shouldn’t be regarded as an exhaustive list). Also revised the “Vimeo Videos” section of the Cookie Notice to add some additional privacy links pertaining to Vimeo service providers, mention that the Vimeo Cookie Policy provides information on how people with Vimeo accounts can control the use of third-party advertising and/or analytics services in connection with embedded video players, and make some wording adjustments. Updated the bullet point about the Gravatar API to add a link to the Automattic Cookie Policy. Updated the bullet point about the Sucuri Security plugin to add links to the Sucuri Cookie Policy, the Cloudflare Data Processing Addendum, and the Cloudflare Cookie Policy. Updated the bullet point about the WordPress.org websites to change “for more information on …” to “for more information about …” change “please review …” to “see …”; and add a link to their Cookie Policy. Removed some extra spaces throughout that section. In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests and the Customer Service Information subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, added a link to the “How Google Voice Works” page. In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, updated the paragraph beginning “Transactions made via PayPal® services …” to change the word “made” to “conducted”; change “policies and/or requirements” to “policies, terms, and/or conditions”; and replace the existing policy links to the PayPal legal agreements hub (as there may be different agreements and policies depending on the parties’ respective locations), again noting that the Statement on Cookies and Tracking Technologies is linked from within the applicable PayPal Privacy Statement. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the references to Spybot – Search & Destroy software to change “the Spybot – Search & Destroy® suite and/or its associated software and/or services” to “Spybot – Search & Destroy® security software and/or its associated apps, tools, and/or services”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the Google bullet point to add a clearer link to the Google Privacy Policy and a link to their “Technologies” pages. Updated the reference to Adobe Inc. to change the privacy policy to a link to the Adobe Privacy Center (which includes the Adobe Privacy Policy and other related policies, e.g., their “Cookies” page). Updated the reference to the Sucuri Security plugin to add a link to the Sucuri Cookie Policy. Updated the reference to Cloudflare Resolver for Firefox to change the anchor text to the privacy link (it’s not exactly a privacy policy so much as a discussion of the unique privacy practices that apply to that service). In Your Rights (GDPR and Other National or State Privacy Laws), changed “for a list of European data protection authorities, see the European Data Protection Board Members page” to “for a current list of European national data protection authorities, see the “Our Members” page of the European Data Protection Board website,” adjusting the anchor text of the hyperlink accordingly. Did the usual tinkering with these changes after initial publication.
    • September 2, 2021: In the preamble, changed “the respective privacy policies and terms of use/terms of service, if any, of those sites or services” to “those sites or services’ respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use”. In Embedded Content, changed “is collected and processed by the applicable embedded content provider, not by me, and is subject to the provider’s terms of service/terms of use and privacy policy, which are …” to “is collected and processed by the applicable embedded content providers, not by me, and is subject to such providers’ respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use, which in most cases are …”; changed “please visit the applicable site and review their privacy policy and associated terms and conditions” to “you should review those sites or services’ respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms”; and changed “See the applicable website or service’s privacy policy for more information” to “See those websites or services’ respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use for more information.” In Ads, changed “their respective privacy policies” to “their respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use”. Also changed “our advertisers’ individual privacy policies” to “our advertisers’ respective privacy policies” for consistency. In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, changed “messages exchanged via a third-party site or service are subject to the terms of service/terms of use and privacy policy of the applicable service” to “messages exchanged via third-party sites or services are subject to those sites or services’ respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use” and changed “any third-party websites or services you use to contact me …” to “any third-party websites or services you may use to contact me …” In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, changed “may be subject to the individual policies of the applicable third parties, which in many cases is …” to “is subject to the respective policies of such third parties, and in many cases is …” In the Data Retention subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy; Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties; Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources; and Additional Information About Data Retention, changed “is subject to the individual policies of the applicable third parties, and in most cases is outside …” to “is subject to the respective policies of such third parties, and in many cases is outside …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, fixed a stray use of “we” rather than “I” and changed “in their respective privacy policies” to “in their respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use”. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “The collection, use, and/or retention of personal information by third-party services are subject to the applicable service’s privacy policy and terms of use/terms of service, and are outside” to “The collection, use, and/or retention of personal information by third-party services is subject to such services’ respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use …” In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection, changed “in their respective privacy policies” to “in their respective privacy policies, cookie policies, and/or terms of service/terms of use” for consistency. Fixed the August 20, 2021 entry in this Recent Revisions list to correct a stray use of “us” rather than “me.”
    • September 1, 2021: In Credits and License for This Policy and the similar license information on the Cookie Notice and the Older Privacy Policy Revisions page, made some minor wording adjustments to the references to the Automattic Privacy Policy and the trademark notice. Updated references to Automattic in Embedded Content and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information to make similar adjustments. Updated the trademark notices for WordPress throughout this page and the Cookie Notice (to specify that “WordPress is a registered trademark of the WordPress Foundation in the United States and other countries). In Embedded Content, revised the bullet point on the jQuery CDN and jQuery API to correct some company name and trademark information. Revised the bullet point on the Yoast SEO plugin to clarify a number of points, fix some stylization, and update the trademark information. Revised the Twitter bullet point to clarify some wording and add additional links with information about what data the Twitter services may collect through Twitter content integrated into other websites. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, added following the reference to developers of WordPress plugins, themes, and/or add-ons “other informational and/or instructional resources related to web development and/or web security, including (without limitation) tutorials, guides, recommendations, warnings, suggestions, examples, and/or discussion of how to use, manage, maintain, develop, customize, troubleshoot, and/or secure the WordPress content management system; its various plugins, themes, and/or add-ons; and/or related software, apps, tools, services, and/or code (WordPress is a registered trademark of the WordPress Foundation in the United States and other countries)” and updated the subsequent reference to PayPal services to change “may process certain payments I make or receive” to “may process certain payments I make or receive in connection with this website”. Updated the reference to the GNU Image Manipulation Program to change “the open source …” to “The GIMP Team, which maintains the open source …”; change “which doesn’t …” to “aka GIMP, which doesn’t … change “from their downloads page” to “from the downloads page of The GIMP Website”; and change “and plugins for it, such as …” to “The GIMP Help Team, which maintains the GIMP documentation; and/or the developers and/or maintainers of the software’s various associated plugins, scripts, brushes, filters, and/or other add-ons, such as …” (set off with a semicolon). Made a minor wording adjustment to the reference to Realtek Semiconductor Corp. Changed “other retailers, vendors, marketplaces, auction services, distributors, and/or providers” to “other retailers, vendors, merchants, resellers, marketplaces, auction services, distributors, and/or providers”. Changed “wholesalers/resellers” to “wholesalers; resellers”. Changed “marketplaces, auction services, resellers, consignment sellers …” to “marketplaces, auction services, merchants, resellers, consignment sellers …” Updated the about convention centers, conference centers, and other such venues to change “for purposes of attending …” to “for purposes of and/or in the course of attending …” for completeness. Did the usual tinkering with these changes after initial publication.
    • August 31, 2021: In Security Scans, changed “Microsoft® software, apps, tools, and/or services to “software, apps, tools, and/or services offered by Microsoft”. In Comments, updated the paragraph about gathering additional information about commenters to change “additional personal information about you” to “additional information about you” and add a sentence: “In many cases, such additional information comes from publicly available sources, but I may sometimes also seek additional nonpublic information about you, which may from a variety of sources, depending on the specific context and circumstances.” Made the same changes to the similar paragraphs in Comment Forms and Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests. In Data in Submitted Images, updated the paragraph beginning “I typically also gather additional information …” to change “Such information may come from a variety of sources depending …” to “Such information may come from a variety of publicly available and/or nonpublic sources depending …” In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, updated the paragraph beginning “In some cases, I may seek additional information …” to add a final sentence: “Such additional information may come from a variety of publicly available and/or nonpublic sources depending on the specific context and circumstances.” In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “the Microsoft® Windows® operating system and/or its associated software and/or services” to “the Microsoft® Windows® operating system and/or other software, apps, tools, and/or services offered by Microsoft”. In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “may vary considerably depending on the context and circumstances” to “may vary considerably depending on the specific context and circumstances.” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the bullet point regarding Microsoft to adjust some trademark information and change “and/or other Microsoft products and/or services mentioned and/or described elsewhere in this Privacy Policy” to “and/or the other software, apps, tools, and/or services offered by Microsoft that are mentioned and/or described elsewhere in this Privacy Policy”.
    • August 30, 2021: In Security Scans, updated the paragraph on the Sucuri Security plugin to add “a blocklist-checking feature that warns if this website has been flagged for malicious activity by search engines and/or Internet security services (an obvious sign that a site may have been hacked and/or infected with malware)” to the list of the plugin’s features and added the sentence “Communications with any other third-party services are subject to the respective privacy policies of those services.” In Embedded Content, updated the Vimeo trademark notice. Made the same change to the Vimeo Videos section of the Cookie Notice, also updating the reference to and trademark notice for the Optimizely platform mentioned there, adding a link to additional information about the functions of the cookies and/or similar technologies that platform may use, and making a minor clarification to the reference to the Vimeo Cookie Policy. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers to change “LibreOffice® office productivity suite” to “LibreOffice® office productivity suite and/or its associated repository of extensions, themes, and other add-ons”; add “speakers and/or sound systems” to the examples in the “Manufacturers of other electronic devices” bullet point; rearrange the order of some of those examples; change “refrigerator, air conditioner, dehumidifier” to “refrigerator, air conditioner, dehumidifier, vacuum cleaner(s)”; change “proprietary software, if any” to “proprietary software and/or apps, if any”; and remove the references to Sansui Electric. (I do still have an elderly Sansui analog television, but the company that manufactured it went out of business in 2014, and the present owners of that brand and trademark have no substantive connection with my ancient, non-Internet-capable TV.)
    • August 29, 2021: In the preamble, updated the second paragraph to change “of those sites or services” to “of those sites or services, which may apply in addition to or instead of this policy and/or the Terms of Use of this website.” Linked the phrase “Terms of Use” to that page. In Security Scans, further updated the reference to the Google Voice service to more clearly present the link to the Google Telephony Services Privacy Disclosure. In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, updated the paragraph beginning “Keep in mind that messages exchanged via a third-party site or service …” to add the phrase “and which may apply in addition to or, in some cases, instead of this Privacy Policy and the Terms of Use of this website” to the end of the first sentence and add a new second sentence: “For example, if you send me a commercial inquiry related to this website via a third-party messaging service, this Privacy Policy will govern how I use and/or retain that inquiry and the information it contains, but the applicable messaging service’s policies will govern how that service uses and/or retains information from and/or related to that communication.” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, further updated the reference to the Google Voice service to change “whose use may be subject to the Google Telephony Services Privacy Disclosure as well as the Google Privacy Policy linked above” to “which is subject to the Google Privacy Policy and, where applicable, the Google Telephony Services Privacy Disclosure” for wording consistency.
    • August 28, 2021: In Legal Bases for Collecting and Using Information and Your Rights (GDPR and Other National or State Privacy Laws), changed “(aka the “GDPR” or “EU GDPR”)” to “(GDPR, now sometimes called the EU GDPR to distinguish it from the similarly named regulations of other regions)” for clarity and stylistic consistency. In Security Scans; Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests; the Customer Service Information subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy; Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes; Additional Information About Data Retention; and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, further updated the references to the Google Voice service, mostly to fix the links to the current Google Telephony Services Privacy Disclosure, which hadn’t been set up correctly, and further adjust the trademark notices. In the Customer Service Information subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, also changed “may be forwarded to me via email” to “may be transmitted via email.” Added Google Workspace productivity and collaboration tools to the examples of Google services in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information (since those tools are referenced in the aforementioned privacy disclosure). Also in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, amended the reference to the Artifex SmartOffice app to adjust the anchor text for one of the hyperlinks. In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), made a further minor wording adjustments to the list of CCPA rights: Changed “the right to request deletion of personal information about you that I have collected or maintain in the course of my business …” to “the right to request deletion of personal information about you that I have collected in the course of my business …” (for greater internal consistency with this policy and my related documents — obviously, these nitpicking wording changes don’t alter anyone’s legal rights!) Updated the section of the Cookie Notice on PayPal cookies to fix some text that had inadvertently become garbled in a recent revision and make minor wording adjustments to the reference to the Akamai Privacy Trust Center.
    • August 27, 2021: Throughout this page and the Cookie Notice, updated (and in some cases relocated) various trademark notices pertaining to Google services, also making some minor wording adjustments to the adjacent references to those services. In Embedded Content, updated the YouTube bullet point to change “is now owned by Google” to “is owned by Google LLC” and remove a redundant link to their privacy policy. Also updated the YouTube Videos section of the Cookie Notice to change “is owned by Google” to “is owned by Google LLC” for consistency. In Security Scans; Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests; the Customer Service Information subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy; Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes; Additional Information About Data Retention; and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, revised the references to the Google Voice service (and, in Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, also to the Gmail email service) to fix some stylization, clarify some wording, and update the link to the additional privacy disclosure for the Google Voice service (as that disclosure has been renamed). Also in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, made some further wording adjustments and clarifications to the references to the Blogger, LiveJournal, and Twitter services. Added a trademark notice for the LiveJournal service and clarified that the service doesn’t appear to have a privacy policy. Later in the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers, updated the reference to Audacity audio editing and recording software to make some clarifications and correct the name of the privacy notice (which has recently changed). In Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA), made several minor wording adjustments to the list of CCPA rights: Changed “The categories of business and/or commercial purposes for which I collected and used the information …” to “The categories of business and/or commercial purposes for collecting and using that information …” and changed “the right to request the deletion of personal information I have collected about you in the course of my business …” to “the right to request deletion of personal information about you that I have collected or maintain in the course of my business …”
    • August 26, 2021: In Certificate Authority Checks and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, made a minor adjustment to the trademark notices for this website’s certificate authority. Also in Certificate Authority Checks, changed “These encryption certificates …” to “These certificates …” (which is more technically correct); adjusted some punctuation; and changed “The Let’s Encrypt CA service may log and use such data for operational, troubleshooting, and security purposes and/or in compiling de-indentified, aggregated statistics, as described …” to “The Let’s Encrypt CA service may log and use such data as described …” In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed various instances of the phrase “perform services” to “provide services” for internal consistency. In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, changed “perform specific tasks or functions” to “perform specific tasks and/or functions” and changed “performs background checks” to “conducts background checks”. In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “the services they perform …” to “the services they provide …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “and/or the open source VeraCrypt disk encryption tool …” to “the open source VeraCrypt disk encryption tool …” and added to the end of that bullet point “and/or online forums, message boards, discussion groups, chat rooms, mailing lists, wikis, and/or similar venues for investigating, troubleshooting, resolving, and/or preventing technical problems and/or suspicious and/or malicious activity, and/or otherwise discussing matters pertaining to the operation, function, and/or security of my system(s), device(s), and/or data.” Updated the reference to tota11y to change “developed by Khan Academy®” to “created by Khan Academy® developers” and change “in a website” to “in online content”. Updated the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers to add “organizations, services, and/or resources (public and/or private) that publish, catalog, offer, and/or otherwise make available public records and/or public information of whatever type(s)” to the bullet point on “Providers of other search engines and/or other research and/or reference tools, services, facilities, and/or resources …” and add “wikis” to the list of examples in that section beginning with “other online information and/or reference services …” Also changed “repair, maintenance, installation, and/or technical service providers” to “repair, maintenance, installation, and/or technical service providers and/or resources”. Completed the relocation of the reference to the Microsoft Bing search engine(s) begun on August 25, 2021 (as noted below). Removed an extra space.
    • August 25, 2021: Added Ate Up With Motor and 6200 Productions trademark notices to the preamble; Online Tracking; Embedded Content; the Financial Transactions Policy; Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources; Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information; the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice; the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice; and the CCPA Request Metrics (Record-Keeping Disclosures) subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, also making some punctuation adjustments to the adjacent text. Added “email header information*” to the “Categories of information gathered” bullet points of Website Server, Error, and Security Logs; Security Scans; Consents and Agreements; Data in Submitted Images; Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes; and Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources. In Definitions, updated the definition “Administrative dashboard/backend” to change “The content management system WordPress …” to “The WordPress content management system …” In Security Scans, changed several instances of “associated with WordPress.org” to “associated with the WordPress.org websites” and changed “the WordPress Privacy Policy” to “the WordPress.org Privacy Policy”. In Embedded Content, changed “The Gravatar service — like WordPress.com, with which it’s now apparently being integrated — is a venture of Automattic Inc. and is subject to their Privacy Policy and the same Terms of Service as WordPress.com” to “The Gravatar service — like the WordPress.com services, with which it’s now apparently being integrated — is a venture of Automattic Inc. and is subject to the Automattic Privacy Policy and the WordPress.com Terms of Service.” Also changed various instances in that section of “WordPress.org” to “the WordPress.org websites” (changing the verb tenses and/or articles of the surrounding text accordingly); changed “WordPress-related information” to “information related to the WordPress content management system”; and changed “the WordPress Privacy Policy” to “the WordPress.org Privacy Policy” for clarity. In Contact Forms, changed “(e.g., the WordPress support forums)” to “(e.g., the WordPress.org support forums)”. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “the support forums on WordPress.org” to “the WordPress.org support forums”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the bullet point on employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, and/or business partners to set off the phrase “if any” with commas rather than putting it in parentheses, mostly for stylistic consistency. Also made various minor updates to the examples of social media services to clarify some wording, tidy up the punctuation, and update certain privacy policy links. Later in that section, changed the words “WordPress.org” and “the WordPress.org website” to “the WordPress.org websites” for consistency (also changing “its” to “their” for grammatical reasons); updated the title attribute of the link to the WordPress.org Privacy Policy; changed “aforementioned WordPress forums” to “aforementioned WordPress.org forums”; and updated the reference to the Notepad++ editor to make some minor wording changes, correct the name of one of the included plugins, and add trademark information for that plugin. Updated the references to the Epic Privacy Browser search functions to condense and clarify the wording, fix the stylization of the search engines mentioned, and rearrange and update the applicable trademark notices. Also updated the references to search engines in the “Providers of other search engines …” bullet point to make some wording adjustments (mostly for greater consistency), present the respective privacy policy links in a more coherent way, add the Yandex Search search engine(s) to the listed examples, and move the reference to the Microsoft Bing search engine(s) to the earlier bullet point on Microsoft services. Also changed “cleaning and/or janitorial services” to “cleaning, janitorial, and/or laundry services”. In the Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, and/or business partners (as applicable)” to “employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, and/or business partners, if any (and as applicable)” for consistency. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection, changed “… to editors, agents, and/or publishers” to “… to editors, literary agents, and/or publishers” for clarity. [Inevitably tinkered with these additions after initial publication.] Corrected the August 23, 2021 entry in this Recent Revisions list to change “which we are not” to “which I am not” (which is what the applicable now-deleted text had actually said).
    • August 23, 2021: In Embedded Content, updated the Font Awesome bullet point to change “Font Awesome may use the data their services collect for service optimization, troubleshooting, and security purposes; to compile usage statistics; to calculate fees for users of their paid accounts (which I am not); and/or as otherwise described in their …” to “To learn more about how data the Font Awesome content delivery networks collect may be used, see the Font Awesome …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed several instances of the phrase “as described in their …” to “as described in the …” and adding the applicable entity’s name. Updated the reference to Rosewill, Inc. to change “and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates” to “and/or its parent company, affiliates, and/or subsidiaries”. Updated the reference to the Artifex SmartOffice Privacy Policy to change “Artifex Software, Inc.” to “Artifex Software Inc.” (as the company appears to no longer use the comma); change “as described in their App Privacy Policy” to “as described in the SmartOffice Privacy Policy” (the policy carries both titles, but the latter seems most appropriately descriptive in this context); and add “and/or the Artifex.com Privacy Policy, as applicable” (also adding a link to the latter policy).
    • August 21, 2021: As a global change, changed the category “special: device identifiers for mobile devices*” to “special: device identifiers*”. In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs, added “special: device identifiers*” to the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point. In Security Scans, added “special: device identifiers*” to the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point and reordered several of the items for internal consistency. In Embedded Content, removed “special: the presence of other cookies*” and “special: login status for certain other websites/services (determined based on cookies)*” from the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point (since these are probably reasonably encompassed by “special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*” and are explained in the text of that section) and added “domain names” and “errors and suspicious activity*” to the categories. In Consents and Agreements, added “domain names*” and “special: other identifiers*” to the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point. Changed “are usually maintained” to “are usually retained” (which is what that was supposed to say). Added a paragraph about the duration of consents stored in cookies. In Comments, added “domain names*”; “special: device identifiers*”; “special: other identifiers*” to the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point. In Contact Forms, added “domain names*”; “special: device identifiers*”; “special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*”; and “special: other identifiers*” to the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point. In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, added “domain names*”; “special: device identifiers*”; “special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*”; and “special: other identifiers*” to the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point and changed “special: identifiers and/or other information provided by and/or specific to third-party services (as applicable)*” to “special: identifiers and/or other information specific to third-party services (as applicable)*”. In Data in Submitted Images, added “IP addresses*”; domain names*”; user agent information*”; “special: device identifiers*”; “metadata”; and “special: other identifiers*” to the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point; changed “special: identifiers and/or other information provided by and/or specific to third-party services (as applicable)*” to “special: identifiers and/or other information specific to third-party services (as applicable)*”; and changed “special: other visible and/or audible identifiers and/or potentially personally identifying information (such as (without limitation) a pictured car’s license plate and/or vehicle identification numbers)*” to “special: other visible and/or audible information that may be personally identifying and/or potentially personally identifying (e.g., a pictured car’s license plate and/or vehicle identification numbers)*”. In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, added “domain names*”; “special: device identifiers*”; “special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*”; and “special: other identifiers*” to the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point and changed “special: identifiers and/or other information provided by and/or specific to third-party services (as applicable)*” to “special: identifiers and/or other information specific to third-party services (as applicable)*”. In Financial Transactions Policy, added “domain names*”; “special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*”; “special: device identifiers*”; “special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*”; and “special: other identifiers*” to the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point and changed “special: identifiers and/or other information provided by and/or specific to third-party services (as applicable)*” to “special: identifiers and/or other information specific to third-party services (as applicable)*”. In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection, changed “If payment for a transaction is completed via PayPal services …” to “If a transaction is completed via PayPal services …” In Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties, added “IP addresses*”; “domain names*”; “user agent information*”; “special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*”; “special: device identifiers*”; “special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*”; and “special: other identifiers*” to the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point and changed “special: identifiers and/or other information provided by and/or specific to third-party services (as applicable)*” to “special: identifiers and/or other information specific to third-party services (as applicable)*”. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, added “special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*”; “special: device identifiers*”; “special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*”; “special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*”; “special: other identifiers*”; and “special: identifiers and/or other information specific to third-party services (as applicable)*” to the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point. In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, added “IP addresses*”; “domain names*”; “user agent information*”; “special: mobile phone types/models (determined from user agent information)*”; “special: device identifiers*”; “metadata*”; “special: information collected via cookies and/or similar technologies*”; “special: usernames, user ID numbers, and/or other identifiers associated with administrative users*”; and “special: other identifiers*” to the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point; changed “other contact information*” to “other contact information (e.g., phone numbers, postal mailing addresses, and/or other street addresses)*”; and changed “special: identifiers and/or other information provided by and/or specific to third-party services (as applicable)*” to “special: identifiers and/or other information specific to third-party services (as applicable)*”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the references to and trademark notices for the manufacturers of my wireless routers. Updated the reference to services of Cloudflare, Inc. to make some minor wording and punctuation changes. Updated the reference to Mozilla browsers to adjust the trademark information. Made minor wording adjustments to the references to the hCaptcha service and the Abine Blur browser extension.
    • August 20, 2021: In Embedded Content, added “special: device identifiers for mobile devices*” and “special: other identifiers*” to the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point. Updated the second paragraph of the section (beginning “At a minimum …” to also mention those additions. Updated the paragraph beginning “Embedded content providers may use various third-party service providers …” to change “to end users like me” to “to me” (since some embedded content providers define “end users” to mean visitors to a website that uses their services, rather than the operators of that site) and change “is entirely outside …” to “in most cases is entirely outside …” Fixed a typographical error in the anchor text to links to the “How Google Uses Information from Sites or Apps That Use Our Services” page. Updated the bullet points on Google APIs and YouTube embedded video players to change “the “How Google Uses Information from Sites or Apps That Use Our Services” section of the Google Privacy Policy” to “the “How Google Uses Information from Sites or Apps That Use Our Services” page and the Google Privacy Policy” (since these are now separate documents). In the former bullet point, changed “The API may also store …” to “The Google Fonts API may also store …” revised the reference to the Google Fonts FAQ to change “For more information, visit …” to “To learn more about how it works (including how long stored information may remain in your browser), see …” and updated the link. Changed “The Google Hosted Libraries API may use cookies and/or similar technologies to track and/or identify you and/or store potentially personally identifying information on your device in addition to logging certain information such as (without limitation) your IP address and user agent information” to “The Google Hosted Libraries API may use cookies and/or similar technologies and/or store potentially personally identifying information on your device in addition to collecting information such as (without limitation) your IP address and user agent information. Google asserts that the Google Hosted Libraries servers remove referring site information from the request logs (so the logs indicate what resources your browser requested, but not the websites or online services you visited).” Also added language to that bullet point about the Google Controller-Controller Data Protection Terms and related addenda, which apply to the processing of data by Google API services from areas subject to certain region-specific privacy and/or data protection laws. In the YouTube bullet point, also changed “Their “Businesses and Data pages …” to “The “Google Business Data Responsibility” pages …” and added a link to the page about data shared with YouTube content creators. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “security features, firmware, software, and/or services” to “security features, software, and/or services” for internal consistency (since firmware is obviously a type of software). In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed various instances of the word “about” (as in the phrase “about the use” or similar phrases) and “related to” to “about and/or related to” to be more broadly applicable. Updated the trademark notice for Blacklight and The Markup. Changed “the WordPress website” to “the WordPress.org website” for clarity. Updated the bullet point on Microsoft to change “Microsoft®, which provides …” to “Microsoft, which provides (directly and/or through its various subsidiaries and/or affiliates) …” Made a variety of minor wording changes to the examples listed in the “providers whose services enable me to operate and/or secure our system(s), device(s), and/or data” bullet point for greater internal consistency and to fix some typos. Changed “TCL Communication Ltd. (a.k.a. TCT), the manufacturer of …” to “TCL Communication Ltd. (a.k.a. TCT) and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates, which manufactured …” Added Renesas Electronics Corporation and Toshiba Corporation to the examples listed in that bullet point. In the “Other providers of software, apps, tools, and/or services” bullet point, updated the reference to Cannaverbe Limited to change “in connection with …” to “through and/or in connection with …” and updated the reference the Handbrake video transcoder to rearrange the text slightly and fix a typographical error in the link attributes for the privacy policy link. In the bullet point about “Manufacturers of other electronic devices I may use,” changed “these devices’ proprietary software (if any)” to “these devices’ proprietary software, if any (obviously excepting firmware necessary for a device to function)”. In the “Other types of vendors and/or service providers” bullet point, fixed a typo; changed “Discord” to “the Discord services”; and changed “Signal (a service of Signal Messenger LLC whose …” to “the Signal services (which are offered by Signal Messenger LLC, and whose …” Throughout the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers, similarly added the phrase “and/or its affiliates” or “and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates” after the names of certain of the companies listed throughout that section, also making some minor wording changes to certain company names and adjusting some punctuation. Also updated some trademark notices. [I tinkered a lot with these updates after initial publication.] In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point beginning “Information about an individual or household’s involvement in and/or connection with an accident …” (under “Other types of personal information”) to change “an accident, natural disaster(s), and/or other catastrophic event(s)” to “accident(s), natural disaster(s), and/or other catastrophic event(s) or hardship(s)”. In the Collection Sources subsection, updated the bullet point on “Published and/or publicly available sources” to add “news reports” to the parenthetical examples, making it first in that list. Amended the Cookie Notice to update the links to Google privacy information in the YouTube Videos section.
    • August 19, 2021: In Certificate Authority Checks, added a final paragraph noting that the setup, maintenance, and renewal of the site’s DV certificates is administered by my web host, although so far as I’m aware, they don’t have access to the certificate authority’s public repository server logs. In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs, changed “Otherwise, I only disclose website log data as described …” to “I may also share, release, and/or otherwise disclose website log data as otherwise described …” In Security Scans, changed “need technical assistance, consider such disclosure appropriate …” to “need technical assistance and/or consider such disclosure appropriate …” and changed … , and/or as otherwise described …” to “I may also share, release, and/or otherwise disclose information from security scans and/or other security measures as otherwise described …” In Consents and Agreements, changed “disclose saved consent and/or agreement data …” to “share, release, and/or otherwise disclose saved consent and/or agreement data …” and added a parenthetical sentence to the final paragraph: “(Naturally, the ways I use, share, release, and/or otherwise disclose such data may depend on the nature and purpose(s) of the specific consent(s) and/or agreement(s) in question.)” In Comments, changed “Except as otherwise indicated above, I may disclose personal information I receive through and/or in connection with user comments as described …” to “I may also share, release, and/or otherwise disclose personal information I receive through and/or in connection with user comments as otherwise described …” In Contact Forms and Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, changed “may disclose personal information” to “may share, release, and/or otherwise disclose personal information”. In Other Information You Provide to Me, changed “only disclose such information” to “only share, release, and/or otherwise disclose such information”. In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, changed “share or disclose such information” to “share, release, and/or otherwise disclose such information”. In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “and/or as part of and/or in connection with reviews …” to “and/or share, release, and/or otherwise disclose relevant information as part of and/or in connection with reviews …” In Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties, changed “and/or as part of and/or in connection with reviews …” to “and/or share, release, and/or otherwise disclose relevant information as part of and/or in connection with reviews …” for consistency and changed “may disclose such information as described …” to “may share, release, and/or otherwise disclose such information as indicated above and/or as otherwise described … In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “share or otherwise disclose such information …” and “disclose such information” to “share, release, and/or otherwise disclose such information …” In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “articles or other content” to “articles and/or other content”. In Reports and Aggregated Statistics, changed “of the website” to “of this website” and added a new final sentence to the first paragraph: “The data contained in such reports and/or statistics will be de-identified, anonymized, redacted, and/or aggregated such that it could not reasonably be used to identify specific person(s) and/or household(s) (other than me, if I am somehow included in that information and elect not to de-identify, anonymize, redact, and/or aggregate my own information).” In the second paragraph, changed “de-identified information and/or statistics” to “aggregated, de-identified information and/or statistics”. Changed the third paragraph to “I may publish such reports and/or aggregated statistics and/or otherwise share them with third parties such as (as applicable, but without limitation) my current and/or prospective advertisers, clients, employers, and/or commercial partners (e.g., with prospective buyers in connection with the possible sale of this website); my employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, and/or business partners, if any; and/or my vendors and/or service providers.” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the bullet point on sales or transfers of control to add “As part of a business transfer” to the beginning (making that boldface and removing the boldface from the existing text) and reworded the rest of the text to make it less cumbersome and more consistent with the equivalent bullet point in the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice. In Nevada Consumer Opt-Out Rights, changed “disclose to service providers …” to “share with service providers …” In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point beginning “As part of a business transfer” to align it with the wording changes to the equivalent bullet point in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information and separate the parenthetical examples with semicolons rather than commas.
    • August 16, 2021: In Browser Tests, updated the paragraph beginning “The results of such tests …” to add “(again without limitation)” after the phrase “such as” and change “with some site features” to “with certain site features.” In Embedded Content, changed various instances of the words “record,” “records,” and “recording” (in the sense of recording information) to “collect,” “collects,” or “collecting” for internal consistency. Also updated the bullet point on Google Hosted Libraries to change the phrase “which may gather and/or place information in certain comparable ways” to “which may collect information about and/or store potentially personally identifying information on your device in certain comparable ways” for greater clarity and revised references to the Google Privacy Policy in that bullet point and the FeedBurner bullet point to change “what information Google collects and how they use it” to “what information Google services collect and how that information may be used”. Updated the bullet point on BootstrapCDN to adjust the anchor text for the link to the jsDeliver Privacy Policy. Updated the bullet point on the Cloudflare CDN to change “their GDPR page” to “the Cloudflare GDPR page” (adjusting the anchor text of the link accordingly) for clarity and changed “to learn more about how they use the information they collect” to “to learn more about how information collected by Cloudflare services may be used”. Updated the bullet point on Font Awesome to change “the data they collect” to “the data their services collect,” change “and in some cases to calculate …” to “to calculate …” and change “as described in …” to “and/or as otherwise described in …” (set off with a semicolon rather than a comma). Updated the YouTube bullet point to change “what information Google collects and how they use it” to “what information the YouTube platform and other Google services collect and how that information may be used” and change “what data Google may share with YouTube content creators/publishers” to “what data the YouTube platform may share with YouTube content creators/publishers”. Updated the Vimeo bullet point to change “what information Vimeo collects and how they use it” to “what information the Vimeo platform collects and how that information may be used” for consistency. Updated the Twitter bullet point to change “from Twitter” to “from the Twitter social media platform” and change “what information Twitter may collect and how they use it” to “what information Twitter services collect and how that information may be used.” Updated the bullet point on Yoast to change “the Yoast-served content” to “content served by Yoast”; change “any information they collect” to “information they collect”; and change “by Algolia” to “by the Algolia search platform”. In the paragraph following the bullet-pointed list, changed “To learn more about what user information such third-party websites or services may collect and how they use it …” to “To learn more about what user information such third-party websites or services collect and how that information may be used …” for consistency. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, the reference to TCT to change “of that device” to “of that smartphone” and change “the device’s Privacy Policy, which is no longer available online” to “the Privacy Policy presented in the legal information on the smartphone itself, and the latter version is apparently no longer available on the TCT website”; updated the reference to BlackBerry Limited to change several instances of the word “devices” to “smartphones” for consistency; and changed “the older of those smartphones” to “the older of those smartphones (and many of its associated accessories)”. Further revised the Cookie Notice: Updated the YouTube videos category to change “Some cookies Google sets in connection with your Google account and/or advertising served through the YouTube platform …” to “Some of the cookies that may be set in connection with your Google account and/or advertisements served through the YouTube platform …”; change “See the Google …” to “See their …”; change “the functions of their various cookies” to “the functions of the various cookies that may be set by Google services (including, though not limited to, the YouTube platform)”; and changed “how Google uses the information they collect” to “what information the YouTube platform and other Google services collect and how that information may be used”. Updated the Vimeo Videos category to change “For more information about how Vimeo uses the information they collect …” to “To learn more about what information the Vimeo platform collects and how that information may be used …” Also updated the Browser Tests section to change “may be stored in your browser’s local storage” to “may be stored in your browser’s web storage”; add “(again without limitation)” after the phrase “such as”; and change “with some site features” to “with certain site features.”
    • August 15, 2021: In Definitions, made a minor punctuation edit to the definition of “User agent” and updated the definition of “Images and/or other media” to change “audio, visual, or multimedia content” to “audio, visual, audiovisual, and/or multimedia content” for completeness. In Embedded Content, updated the bullet point regarding PayPal to change “For more information on what data PayPal collects and what they do with it, visit their …” to “For more information about what data PayPal services collect and how that data may be used, visit the …” In Financial Transactions Policy, updated the “Categories of information gathered” bullet point to change “Please note that the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), and/or other financial institution(s) …” to “Please note that payment processor(s), bank(s), other financial institution(s), and/or other applicable third-party service(s) …” Updated the paragraph beginning “Please note that this policy applies only &helllip;” to delete the word “marketplaces”. Also updated the paragraph beginning “If your transaction is pursuant to …” to add language about transactions involving third-party services whose policies may take precedence over the Financial Transactions Policy. In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection, changed “If your transaction is via a third-party payment processing service such as PayPal® …” to “If your transaction is via a third-party payment processing service …” Later in that paragraph, added the parenthetical phrase “(but without limitation)” after “For example …” In the following paragraph, changed “via PayPal®” to “via PayPal® services”; changed “depending on where you are” to “depending on your location” for clarity; changed “PayPal may also …” to “The PayPal services may also …”; and changed various subsequent instances of “PayPal” to “PayPal services” (adjusting surrounding language for grammatical correctness where appropriate). Also changed “If you make a payment to me via PayPal …” to “If payment for a transaction is completed via PayPal services …”; changed “Is receive …” to “I may receive …”; changed “your payment(s)” to “the payment(s)”; changed “any notes or additional instructions you provided” to “any notes or additional instructions that may have been specified”; changed “your payment was” to “the payment(s) were”; changed “your bank account …” to “bank account …”; and changed “do not have access to the credit card or bank information” to “do not have access to any credit card, bank account, or other financial institution account information”. Later in that section, changed “via a third-party service” to “via and/or otherwise involving a third-party service” for consistency. In the Currency subsection, changed “including PayPal” to “including many PayPal services”; changed “via PayPal” to “via PayPal services”; and changed “unless PayPal warns …” to “unless the applicable PayPal service warns …” In the Refunds and Returns subsection, changed various instances of “and/or other financial institution(s)” to “other financial institution(s), and/or other applicable third-party service(s)” for consistency with the new language noted above. In the final paragraph of that subsection, replaced the reference to PayPal services with a generic example. In the Information Sharing subsection, changed “(whether by check or money order, via PayPal, or by any other means)” to “(by whatever means)” and changed “PayPal transaction reports (if applicable)” to “payment processor transaction reports (if applicable). In Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties, updated the paragraph beginning “If I offer goods, products, services, and/or content through some third-party vendor or service …” to add an additional parenthetical example. In the subsequent sentence beginning “Similarly, such vendors or services …” changed “vendors or services” to vendors and/or services”; added “bidding on an item offered at auction” to the listed examples, set off with a semicolon; and changed “the specific vendor or service involved …” to “the specific vendor(s) and/or service(s) involved …” In the following paragraph, changed “the applicable vendor or service” to “the applicable vendor(s) and/or service(s)” for consistency. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “and/or streaming services or platforms” to “and/or streaming services and/or platforms” for completeness. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point on “Records of financial transactions” (under “Additional categories of personal information”) to change “bank account information” to “bank account and/or other financial institution account information” and change “do NOT collect any bank account or credit card information in connection with PayPal® transactions” to “do NOT receive any credit card, bank account, or other financial institution account information in connection with PayPal® transactions” for internal consistency. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection, updated the bullet point beginning “Most payments I receive are processed …” to remove references to PayPal. Updated the references to PayPal services in the Cookie Notice to better reflect the updated language in Embedded Content and the Financial Transaction Policy on this page.
    • August 14, 2021: In Certificate Authority Checks, made some minor wording adjustments to the references to the Let’s Encrypt CA service and added a suggestion that questions about the service’s use and/or retention of log data be directed to the certificate authority via the contact information listed in the Let’s Encrypt Privacy Policy. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to the Let’s Encrypt service accordingly and updated the reference to the Certificate Authority Checks section for stylistic consistency. Also updated the reference to the Guardian Project apps to put that text in a more logical order; change “their Orbot app and Tor Browser apps” to “the Orbot app and/or the Tor Browser for Android app”; adjust the anchor text for the links; and update the trademark notice. Updated the reference to Startpage to also mention their new Private Currency Converter feature, Private Language Translator feature, Private Shopping Feature, and/or other associated features and change the abbreviation “B.V.” to “BV” (both are probably correct stylistic variations, but the company seems to favor the latter).
    • August 13, 2021: Updated the Cookie Notice to make some minor wording changes to the section pertaining to Vimeo videos and fix a couple of typos. In Embedded Content, updated the descriptions of Google Fonts, Google Hosted Libraries, and FeedBurner services and rearranged the trademark notices in the latter bullet point. Also made some minor wording adjustments to the description of the Gravatar service in that section. In Subscribing via Web Feed (Atom and RSS), made a few minor wording changes. (The most substantive was to add the parenthetical phrase “(There are services that provide such information about subscribers, but I don’t currently use any of them in connection with this website.)” at the end of the paragraph beginning “If you “subscribe” in this manner …”) Made a number of minor wording changes to the references to Google services in Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, made some minor wording adjustments to the references to Google services (including removing a redundant reference to Bitdefender). In Additional Information About Data Retention, made minor wording adjustments to the references to the Google Voice service. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to Blogger service to change “I don’t currently have a Blogspot blog, nor do I actively use the Blogger service, although I could theoretically do so …” to “I don’t currently have a Blogspot blog, although in the past, I had a little-used Ate Up With Motor Blogspot blog, and I could theoretically create another blog …” for greater accuracy; updated the reference to Bitdefender to change several instances of “and” to “and/or”; and updated the references to other Google services to make some wording changes, add some updated information, rearrange the text for more logical progression, and adjust the trademark notices. In the references in that section to Google and Microsoft software, apps, tools, and/or services, changed “too numerous to list here” to “too numerous to fully enumerate here”. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the YouTube trademark notice for internal consistency. Fixed a minor error in the June 12, 2020 entry in this Recent Revisions list.
    • August 12, 2021: In Embedded Content, amended the reference to the Google Maps service to change “in similar ways” to “in certain comparable ways”. In Additional Information About Data Retention, revised the recently added language in the first bullet point to add the parenthetical phrase “(again without limitation)” after “generally also retain” for the avoidance of doubt. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the bullet point on Google services to change “described elsewhere in this Privacy Policy” to “mentioned and/or described elsewhere in this Privacy Policy”. Updated the bullet point on Microsoft products and/or services to change “… use and the Microsoft Office suite of software and services” to “use; the Microsoft Office suite of productivity software and services; and/or other Microsoft products and/or services mentioned and/or described elsewhere in this Privacy Policy” for completeness. Updated the reference to Mozilla Corporation to change “web browsers (whether for desktop, mobile, or both) as described in …” to “web browsers (whether for desktop, mobile, or both) and/or browser extensions, themes, and/or other add-ons as described in …” Updated the reference to Opera web browser to change “the Opera web browser and/or its integral VPN/proxy service (for desktop, mobile, or both) …” to “the Opera web browser (for desktop, mobile, or both), its integral VPN/proxy service, and/or associated browser extensions and/or themes …” Also changed “the providers and/or developers of browser add-ons” to “the providers and/or developers of browser extensions, themes, and/or other add-ons”; added aka_StephanAS and damagnat to the listed examples of add-on developers; updated the reference to the Nodetics Cookiebro extension to eliminate the possessive (add the definite article instead); and added Jefferson Scherr’s userChrome.org to the end of that list. Removed some extra spaces.
    • August 11, 2021: In Embedded Content, updated the reference to Akamai Technologies, Inc. to change “and” to “and/or” and update the trademark notice. Updated the Cookie Notice to further adjust the Akamai trademark notice, change “is owned by Akamai” to “is owned by Akamai Technologies,” and change “probably to facilitate …” to “possibly to facilitate …” (I’ve actually never gotten a definitive explanation of the purpose(s) of the 01A1 cookie set by the abmr.net domain.) In Financial Transactions Policy, changed “Please note that the applicable payment processor(s) and/or bank(s)/financial institution(s) …” to “Please note that the applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), and/or other financial institution(s) …” In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection, changed “relevant bank(s) …” to “applicable bank(s) …”; changed “payment processor(s) and/or bank(s)/financial institution(s)” to “payment processor(s), bank(s), and/or other financial institution(s)”; and changed several instances of “bank(s)/financial institution(s)” to “bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s)”. In the Returned Check Fees subsection, changed “my financial institution(s)” to “my bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s)” and changed “bank(s)/financial institution(s)” to “bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s)”. In the Refunds and Returns subsection, changed several instances of the phrase “applicable payment processor(s) and/or bank(s)/financial institution(s)” to “applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), and/or other financial institution(s)”. In the Information Sharing subsection, changed “applicable payment processor(s) and/or bank(s)/financial institution(s)” to “applicable payment processor(s), bank(s), and/or other financial institution(s)” and changed “such payment processor(s) and/or bank(s)/financial institution(s)” to “such payment processor(s), bank(s), and/or other financial institution(s)”. In the Data Retention subsection, changed “bank(s)/financial institution(s)” to “bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s)”. In Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties, changed “my bank or other financial institution” to “applicable bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s)”. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “bank(s)/financial institution(s)” to “bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s)”. In Additional Information About Data Retention, added a note to the first bullet point about calendar and/or journal entries and related notes. Also updated the subsequent bullet point to change “and/or bank(s)/financial institution(s)” to “bank(s), and/or other financial institution(s)”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to HP Inc. to change “printers, scanners, copiers, and/or other devices and/or their associated drivers, software, and/or services” to “printers, scanners, copiers, and/or other devices; their associated ink, toner, and/or other consumable supplies; and/or their associated drivers, software, and/or services”; changed (in the “Other types of vendors and/or service providers” bullet point) “bank(s), financial institution(s), …” to “bank(s), other financial institution(s), …”; and updated the reference to museums, libraries, archives, and/or databases to change “use of their collections, holdings, catalogs, databases, computers, and/or other systems and/or services — some of which may be provided by, powered by, and/or otherwise supported by third parties, some of which may have their own privacy policies — and/or my communications with their librarians, archivists, docents, guides, other staff, workers, and/or volunteers …” to “use of their collections, holdings, exhibits, galleries, catalogs, databases, computers, equipment, and/or other systems and/or services (some of which may be provided by, powered by, and/or otherwise supported by third parties, which may have their own privacy policies); through my attendance at and/or participation in their tours, presentations, classes, programs, and/or events; and/or through my communications with their librarians, archivists, docents, guides, other staff, employees, workers, and/or volunteers …” for completeness. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “full and/or partial card information” (under “Additional categories of personal information …” to “full and/or partial credit card information” for clarity. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection, changed “are processed by my bank(s) (or other applicable financial institution(s))” to “are processed by my bank(s) and/or other financial institution(s)” for consistency. Removed a couple of extra spaces throughout.
    • August 10, 2021: In Embedded Content, Financial Transactions Policy, and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated certain of the PayPal trademark notices. Also updated the PayPal and Akamai trademark notices that appear in the Cookie Notice. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, also updated the bullet point on photos, images, and/or other media to tinker with the new language added to that bullet August 9, 2021, changing “with others and/or otherwise seek to learn more …” to “with others and/or take other steps to find out more …” In the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers, made some minor wording adjustments to the references to the Blogger service (including moving the trademark notice to the end of that reference) and updated the bullet point regarding Google services to revise the reference to Android SDK Platform-Tools to be more consistent with the official description and delete the reference to the Android Debug Bridge (adb) (which is just one of tools included in the SDK Platform-Tools package, albeit the one I’ve used most frequently to date) In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point beginning “Any individual or entity …” to change “communicate, consult, and/or collaborate …” to “communicate and/or consult …” and change “who communicates, consults, and or collaborates …” to “who communicates and/or consults …” In the subsequent bullet point beginning “Editors, publishers, clients, …” changed “with whom I may collaborate and/or offer to collaborate in performing my services and/or work” to “with whom I may collaborate and/or offer to collaborate in performing and/or offering my services and/or in researching, creating, editing, performing, and/or offering my content, other creative work, and/or other creative endeavors” to better align with the equivalent bullet point in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information. In the bullet point beginning “The public, through …” added the parenthetical phrase “(and/or public discussion of the process of researching, creating, and/or editing such content and/or creative endeavors)” after “…” consult and/or otherwise collaborate” and before the first semicolon.
    • August 9, 2021: In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “help us understand …” to “help me understand …” In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed two instances of the phrase “(and/or on which I consult)” to “(and/or on which I consult and/or otherwise collaborate)”. Also changed “or in connection with my business, and/or to my other creative endeavors (professional or otherwise)” to “or in connection with my business and/or my other creative endeavors (professional or otherwise)” and changed “relevant to that content and/or such creative endeavors” to “relevant to such content and/or creative endeavors”. In the paragraph beginning “Much, though not necessarily all, of the content I create …” also changed “in the course of my business …” to “for this website and/or in the course of my business … In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the bullet point beginning “As part of and/or in connection with my content …” to change “my content and/or other creative endeavors — and/or content I write and/or edit (and/or on which I consult) for others” to “my content and/or other creative endeavors; content I write and/or edit for others; and/or content and/or other creative endeavors on which I consult and/or otherwise collaborate” and change “the process of researching, creating, and/or editing such content and/or creative endeavors (and/or consulting on others’ content and/or creative endeavors)” to “the process of researching, creating, and/or editing (and/or consulting and/or otherwise collaborating on) such content and/or creative endeavors”. Updated the bullet point regarding photos, images, and/or other media to add language regarding sharing photos and/or other media and/or information about them with others and/or otherwise seeking to identify and/or learn more about the subjects, settings, and/or circumstances (e.g., to try to identify a visible individual and/or determine who owns a pictured car). In the last sentence of that bullet point (which follows this new insertion), changed “recognized yourself (or your information) …” to “recognized yourself (and/or your information) …” and changed “have published …” to “have published and/or shared …” Updated the bullet point beginning “To editors, publishers …” to change “otherwise work and/or provide services” to “otherwise work, provide services, and/or offer to work and/or provide services”; add “with whom I may collaborate and/or offer to collaborate in performing and/or offering my services and/or in researching, creating, editing, performing, and/or offering my content, other creative work, and/or other creative endeavors” (set off with semicolons); change “elect or be requested or directed …” to “elect and/or be requested or directed …”; change “such services, content, and/or work (and/or the offer thereof)” to “such services, content, creative endeavor(s), collaboration(s), and/or work (and/or the offer thereof)”; and change “such services, content, creative endeavor(s), collaboration(s), and/or work (and/or the offer thereof)” to “otherwise pertains to such services, content, work, creative endeavor(s), and/or collaboration(s) (and/or the offer thereof)”. Updated the reference to Flickr to change “on which I have shared some site-related images related to our content” to “on which I have shared some images related to this website and/or my content” (fixing an obvious typographical mess); updated the reference to Staples to change two instances of “our” to “my”. In the paragraph later in that section beginning “Third, …” changed both instances of “(and/or on which I consult)” to “(and/or on which I consult and/or otherwise collaborate)” for consistency; changed “are a public figure or were involved in some newsworthy event” to “are a public figure and/or were involved in some newsworthy event”; and changed “some other format or medium” to “some other format(s) and/or medium(s)”. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “(and/or on which I consult)” to “(and/or on which I consult and/or otherwise collaborate)” for internal consistency. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection, updated the bullet point beginning “Any individual or entity with whom …” to change “researching and developing” to “researching, creating, and/or editing” and change “and/or who communicates and/or consults with me regarding their content, work, and/or creative endeavors” to “and/or who communicates, consults, and or collaborates with me in the course of researching, creating, and/or editing their content, work, and/or creative endeavors”. In the bullet point beginning “Editors, publishers …” changed “otherwise work and/or provide services” to “otherwise work, provide services, and/or offer to work and/or provide services”; added “with whom I may collaborate and/or offer to collaborate in performing my services and/or work” (set off with semicolons); changed “elect or be requested or directed …” to “elect and/or be requested or directed …”; and changed “such services, content, and/or work (and/or the offer thereof)” to “such services, content, creative endeavor(s), collaboration(s), and/or work (and/or the offer thereof)”. In the subsequent bullet point beginning “The public, …” changed “my content and/or other creative endeavors (and/or content I write and/or edit (and/or on which I consult) for others)” to “our content and/or other creative endeavors, content I write and/or edit for others, and/or content and/or other creative endeavors on which I consult and/or otherwise collaborate” for internal consistency. Also updated a reference to Sucuri to change “our use” to “my use”. In the CCPA Request Metrics (Record-Keeping Disclosures) subsection, fixed an inadvertent use of the editorial “we.” (I went through all these changes after initial publication and fixed several such errors.)
    • August 8, 2021: In Website Server, Error, and Security logs, added “Providing services” to the Purpose(s) bullet point. In Security Scans, added “Functionality” and “providing services” to the Purpose(s) bullet point (also updating the capitalization of the existing items accordingly). (Neither of these additions represents any substantive change in how or why I collect and use personal information; upon reviewing the contents of those sections, I decided their purposes would more accurately described if I also listed those categories.) Also in Security Scans, deleted the sentence beginning “Furthermore, tampering with the normal operation of such services or tools …” and replaced it with a new paragraph beginning “Special Note:” to better explain the rationale for listing “fulfilling a contractual obligation” among the possible purposes for that section. In Consents and Agreements, updated the Purpose(s) bullet point to remove one instance of “advertising and other commercial purposes” (which had been inadvertently duplicated; it’s still listed, it just wasn’t supposed to be listed twice!). In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, added “advertising and other commercial purposes” to the Purpose(s) bullet point (since some of the business relationships that section is intended to encompass — e.g., joint ventures — might be regarded as commercial endeavors). In Financial Transactions Policy and Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties, added “Functionality” to the Purpose(s) bullet point (since these sections can pertain to specific site functions) and updated the capitalization of the remaining items in that bullet point. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, added “Functionality; providing services” to the Purpose(s) bullet point for the same reason I added those purposes to Security Scans above. Also updated the reference to Safer-Networking Ltd. to change “their Spybot® security and privacy software/tools” to “their Spybot® security and privacy software and/or tools, such as (though not necessarily limited to) the Spybot – Search & Destroy® suite and/or its associated software and/or services” for clarity and changed “firewalls and/or other security applications/software/services” to “firewalls and/or other security applications, software, and/or services”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to Safer-Networking Ltd. to change “whose Spybot® security and privacy software/tools I may use on some or all of my systems and devices” to “whose Spybot® security and privacy software and/or tools (such as, though not necessarily limited to, the Spybot – Search & Destroy® suite and/or its associated software and/or services) I may use on some or all of my systems and devices” and changed “developers of Internet firewall applications/software/services” to “developers of Internet firewall applications, software, and/or services” for consistency; updated the reference to the Guardian Project to revise the punctuation and change “which is subject …” to “which are subject …” for better grammar; updated the reference to Hidden Reflex to add the phrase “(for desktop, mobile, or both)” after “Epic Privacy Browser” and change “and/or other extensions and/or themes, which I may use on some or all of my systems and devices” to “and/or other browser extensions and/or themes”; updated the reference to the Opera web browser to add the phrase “(for desktop, mobile, or both)” after “the Opera web browser and/or its integral VPN/proxy service”; and updated “providers of other web browsers I may use” to add the parenthetical phrase “(whether for desktop, mobile, or both)” for internal consistency. In Embedded Content; Age Verification; Comments; Contact Forms; and Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests; Data in Submitted Images; and Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, updated the Purpose(s) bullet points to fix the capitalization of “providing services” for stylistic consistency. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the first bullet point under “Identifiers” to change “First and/or last names …” to “Real names …” Also updated the bullet point beginning “Unique personal identifiers …” to change “device, identifiers” to “device identifiers” (the comma was a typographical error). In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection, changed “firewall or other security software” to “firewalls and/or other security applications, software, and/or services” for internal consistency.
    • August 6, 2021: In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection, updated the “Providing services” bullet point to separate the items with semicolons rather than commas; add “respond to comments, inquiries, and/or other messages” after “perform some action you have asked me to perform”; and change “and/or conduct …” to “and/or otherwise conduct …” (The first addition is mainly for the avoidance of doubt — it would be reasonably encompassed by the existing text, but it seemed clearer to spell it out — and the latter is a wording adjustment.) In the bullet point on “Advertising and other commercial purposes,” changed “promote and/or advertise …” to “promote, pitch, and/or advertise …” for completeness. (None of these wording changes represents any substantive change in how or why I collect and use personal information, just my ongoing effort to appropriately describe it.) In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, in the bullet point regarding Google, changed “the Android platform and related Google services, applications, APIs, and infrastructure (such as, though not limited to, the Google Location Service infrastructure)” to “the Android platform and related apps, services, APIs, and infrastructure (e.g., the Google Location Service infrastructure)”. Also updated the reference to Simple DNSCrypt to change “when I browse the web from my …” to “on my …” and updated the reference to the KDE Community (to reposition the registered trademark symbol). In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “Unique personal identifiers, online identifiers, and/or other similar identifiers” to “Unique personal identifiers, device, identifiers, online identifiers, and/or other similar identifiers” for completeness. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection, changed both instances of the phrase “compensation or consideration” to “compensation or other valuable consideration” for consistency. Also in that section, changed “and/or other service providers” to “and/or other vendors and/or service providers” for internal consistency; changed “(e.g., your IP address, your geographical location (estimated from your IP address), information about your Internet activity, device identifiers and/or online identifiers, and information related to cookies and/or similar technologies)” to “(e.g., your IP address, device identifiers and/or other identifiers, information collected through cookies and/or similar technologies, commercial information (e.g., what web browser you use), information about your Internet activity, and/or geolocation data)”; and changed “for using and/or sharing such content and/or services” to “for using and/or sharing such content and/or services (other than being able to use and/or access the applicable content and/or the applicable service(s))” to better illustrate the intended point.
    • August 5, 2021: In Embedded Content, updated the bullet point on PayPal to change “It may also use …” to “That content may also use …” for clarity and made some minor wording adjustments to the bullet points on YouTube and Vimeo. Also updated the Cookie Notice to make similar wording changes to the sections on the YouTube and Vimeo services, remove some potentially confusing outdated information, and remove an extra space. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, adjusted the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers to change “the Firebase platform” (in the bullet point regarding Google services) to “the Firebase platform mentioned elsewhere in this policy”; update the reference to Seagate to change “hard drive(s)” to “hard drive(s) and/or other memory storage device(s)”; and update the reference to Western Digital to change “hard drives and memory storage devices” to “hard drive(s) and/or other memory storage device(s)” for consistency and update the trademark notice. Also in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “no control over how YouTube uses information they collect &helllip;” to “no control over how video hosting platforms use the information they may collect …” and changed “how companies such as search engines or social media services use data they gather through the use of their services” to “how companies such as search engines or social media services use data they may gather through their services.” In Advertising, changed “… as described in their respective privacy policies (and may be able to tell that you came from this website), which is outside of my control” to “… as described in their respective privacy policies, which is outside of my control. Such advertisers may also be able to tell that you clicked on an ad on this website.” Made the same change in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, also adding a phrase to the following sentence in that paragraph “(and even though I obviously can’t control whether or not you click on an ad link).” Made those same changes to the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice. In the following paragraph of the latter subsection, changed “if you accessed a YouTube video I shared, particularly if you were logged into a Google Account at the time, YouTube may have shown you advertisements and likely added your viewing history to the repository of data Google (which owns YouTube) has compiled about you, much of which is used for commercial purposes” to “if you watched a video I shared via an embedded YouTube video player, the embedded video player probably collected information about you that the CCPA would consider personal information (e.g., your IP address, your geographical location (estimated from your IP address), information about your Internet activity, device identifiers and/or online identifiers, and information related to cookies and/or similar technologies) and may have used that information for what the CCPA would probably regard as commercial purposes (e.g., showing you personalized advertising).” In the following sentence, inserted the phrase “and, unless otherwise expressly indicated, I receive no compensation or consideration for using and/or sharing such content and/or services,” before “this too could be deemed …” and adjusted the punctuation of the adjacent trademark notice. Tinkered with the wording of these changes after initial publication.
    • August 4, 2021: In Definitions, updated the “Websites/URLs” definition to fix a typo (“the URL such as …” was supposed to be “a URL such as …”) and added a sentence after that one: “(Those are just two obvious examples; there various possible scenarios in which a URL might contain and/or constitute personal information.)” In Security Scans, Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, Information Captured by Service/Software/App/Device Telemetry, and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, amended references to Microsoft and/or Microsoft products and/or services to update the trademark notices and made some minor punctuation adjustments to adjacent text for clarity. In Security Scans, also changed “security features of products and/or services provided by Microsoft®” to “various Microsoft® software, apps, tools, and/or services” for consistency with the wording in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information. In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, removed references to Yahoo! services (since the existing ones are no longer relevant) and made assorted minor revisions to the remaining text to make it clearer and remove outdated information and extraneous trademark references. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the references to Flickr to remove outdated information and adjust the trademark notice; updated the reference to IntenseDebate to add a trademark notice; updated the bullet point regarding Google services to revise the order of several of the mentioned services and make some minor wording changes; added the Khronos Group to the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers (under the bullet point on “Other providers whose services enable me to operate and/or secure my system(s), device(s), and/or data”); revised the references to Yahoo! services to remove some outdated information, update the privacy policy links, and try to clarify the trademark notices (which are probably about to change again in any event); updated the reference to the Guardian Project to change “through my use of …” to “through and/or in connection with my use of …” updated the reference to Mozilla Corporation to change “about my use of …” to “through and/or in connection with my use of …” for consistency; added a trademark notice for calibre; updated and simplified the reference to the Microsoft Bing search engine(s); and made a minor wording adjustment to the reference to Wikimedia Foundation projects as well as further adjusting its trademark notice.
    • August 3, 2021: In Definitions, rewrote the definition of metadata to be clearer and more broadly applicable, and further revised the trademark disclaimer. [I went through several iterations of this.] In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “developed by Hidden Reflex Inc. for …” to “developed by Hidden Reflex for the …” and updated the trademark notice. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “Hidden Reflex Inc.” to just “Hidden Reflex”; changed “use of their …” to “use of the …”; and updated the trademark notice. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “Information about real property, residence(s), and/or lodgings an individual or household owns, rents, leases, and/or otherwise uses (and/or is considering purchasing, renting, leasing, and/or otherwise using), and/or information about who owns, manages, administers, sells, rents, leases, and/or otherwise offers for commercial advantage particular lodgings; a particular residence; and/or a particular building, lot, or other real property” (under “Commercial information”) to “Information about lodgings, residence(s), office space(s), and/or other real property an individual or household owns, rents, leases, and/or otherwise uses (and/or is considering purchasing, renting, leasing, and/or otherwise using), and/or information about who owns, manages, administers, sells, rents, leases, and/or otherwise offers for commercial advantage particular lodgings; a particular residence; and/or a particular building, lot, office space, industrial facility, or other real property” for completeness. Also under “Commercial information,” changed “Information about stocks and/or securities ownership and/or purchases/transfers … to “Information about stock and/or securities ownership, purchases, sales, and/or transfers …” Under “Professional or employment-related information, reworded one of the bullet points to change “Business ownership/registration information (e.g., whether an individual has some ownership interest in and/or is an officer of a corporation or other business entity)” to “Business or organization ownership, officership, and/or registration information (e.g., whether an individual has some ownership interest in and/or is an officer of a corporation, some other business entity, or a nonprofit organization)” (for completeness, since a corporation may be a nonprofit organization, but by definition a nonprofit is not a business).
    • August 2, 2021: In Definitions, added a parenthetical note to the definition of metadata regarding the “Metadata” trademark. (Tinkered with this a bit after initial publication.) In Security Scans, made some further clarifications to the paragraph on the Sucuri Security plugin: changed “which includes …” to “whose available features (not all of which are necessarily used on this website) include, but are not necessarily limited to, …”; added “a security logging feature that allows certain security audit log data to be stored remotely to deter tampering” and “a remote firewall service intended to block certain forms of suspicious and/or malicious activity” to the listed features; changed “A complete list of the features of the plugin …” to “A list of the features of the plugin …” and added the phrase “(not all of which I necessarily use on this website)” after that phrase; changed “data gathered through this plugin and/or the scanning service” to “data collected and/or processed by this plugin, the remote scanning feature, and/or other associated features and/or tools”; and changed “and is subject to …” to “any data processed and/or stored by Sucuri is subject to …” set off with a semicolon. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, added another example (Chris Antaki’s Disable WebRTC extension) to the list of examples of third-party browser extensions.
    • August 1, 2021: In Embedded Content, amended the first sentence to change “embedded content is content hosted on …” to “this policy defines embedded content as content hosted on …” Fixed a typo in the paragraph beginning “Embedded content providers may use various third-party service providers …” (“third-part” was supposed to be “third-party”). Updated the bullet point for Google Fonts and Google Hosted Libraries to change “and other Google services” to “and/or other Google services”); change “such as embedded maps” to “e.g., embedded maps”; relocate the trademark notice to the end of the bullet point. Also updated the bullet point for Vimeo videos to update its trademark notice. Revised the bullet point on the Yoast SEO plugin to update references to Algolia search features (the existing language referred to an earlier Algolia integration that has been removed; newer versions of the Yoast SEO plugin offer a more elaborate site search integration as a premium feature, which I don’t use); added a link to the Algolia Privacy Policy; and added a trademark notice for Algolia. Also in that bullet point, changed the phrase “finally disabled the applicable component entirely” to “finally found a means to disable the applicable component entirely” and revised the anchor text for the hyperlink accordingly. (The linked solution wasn’t mine, but rather one I found online that resolved my concern.) Tinkered a bit with the wording after initial publication. Revised the Cookie Notice to update the trademark notice for Vimeo. (I’m unsure if the latter has recently changed its corporate name, which is now listed differently on different portions of their website.)
    • July 31: Revised the references to Sucuri Inc. throughout this page to update the trademark notices. In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs, revised the reference to Sucuri Security to change “Security audit log data stored by …” to “Some security audit log data recorded by …”; add the statement about their ownership from Security Scans; and note that certain data may be stored remotely as well as locally. (This was already explained in Security Scans.) Also amended the paragraph about retaining log data for longer periods to add a final sentence: “Certain security-related log data, such as (again without limitation) records my website security features compile of administrative logins and/or failed attempts to log in as an administrative user, may be retained indefinitely unless manually deleted.” [I tinkered with the wording a bit after initial publication.] In Security Scans, updated the paragraph about Sucuri Security to remove references to the Privacy Shield Framework; restructured the reference to the Cloudflare CDN (adding a link to the Cloudflare Privacy Policy for ease of reference); changed “Data gathered through this plugin and/or the scanning service …” to “Some data gathered through this plugin and/or the scanning service …”; changed “Communications with API servers and/or other repositories or content delivery networks …” to “Communications with API servers, repositories, and/or content delivery networks …” for less painful grammar; and updated the reference to Sucuri Security log retention to change “log data stored by Sucuri” to “security audit log data stored by Sucuri via the Sucuri Security plugin” and add a comma after “about 90 days”. (The Sucuri Security plugin offers a number of different logging functions, but only the audit logs are stored remotely, and only if that option is activated.) In Embedded Content, updated the bullet point on Sucuri Security to remove references to the Privacy Shield Framework and restructured the reference in that bullet point to the Cloudflare CDN (adding another link to their Privacy Policy). In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the trademark notice for the GNOME name; updated the trademark notice for the reference to Wikimedia projects and changed “other Wikimedia projects and services” to “other projects of the Wikimedia Foundation”; and removed the references to the Privacy Shield Frameworks. (European court rulings in 2020 effectively invalidated these frameworks as means of GDPR compliance, although a successor framework is apparently being negotiated.) In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the reference to Sucuri to change “some website security log data is also stored by Sucuri” to “some website security audit log data may be processed and/or stored by GoDaddy Media Temple, Inc. d/b/a Sucuri, a subsidiary of GoDaddy Operating Company, LLC (Sucuri) through my use of certain features of the Sucuri Security plugin” for greater clarity.
    • July 29, 2021: In Definitions, updated the definition of “Personal information/personally identifying information” to rename it “Personal information/personally identifying information/personal data” and note that this policy treats all three terms synonymously. In Security Scans, amended the paragraph about iThemes Security to update the privacy policy link, ownership information, and trademark notices. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, updated the outgoing link (to point to the plugin homepage) and trademark notice for iThemes Security and fixed a typographical error (an unnecessary repetition of the word “plugin”). In Additional Information About Data Retention, changed “personal data” to “personal information” for internal consistency. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the first sentence to change “share, release, or otherwise disclose …” to “share, release, and/or otherwise disclose …” and updated the reference to iThemes with current ownership information, links, and trademark notices, and to note that I may also use other of their plugins. (I don’t currently, but I conceivably might at some future point.) Also updated the trademark notice for Avast Software and Piriform (CCleaner); updated the references to The Document Foundation and LibreOffice to change “LibreOffice suite of open source office software” to “open source LibreOffice office productivity suite” (which is closer to how the developers officially describe the software), add a link to The Document Foundation homepage, and add registered trademark symbols; and changed “food and/or grocery delivery services” to “other food delivery and/or grocery delivery services” for clarity. In Your Rights (GDPR and Other National or State Privacy Laws), changed “with respect to your personal data” to “with respect to your personal information (which some jurisdictions call “personal data”)” for consistency and updated the paragraph beginning “If you have questions or would like …” to clarify that the data tools on the Privacy Tools page are intended for residents of countries outside the U.S. (The vagaries of state law make those tools troublesome for use by U.S. residents; under California law, for instance, access, export, or deletion requests submitted using those tools would still be subject to CCPA identity verification and record-keeping requirements.) Also condensed the language about the technical limitations of those tools (which are explained on the Privacy Tools page itself) and added a sentence stressing that those tools aren’t intended for U.S. residents. [Tinkered with the revised wording after initial publication.] In the following paragraph, changed “applicable law/regulation” to “applicable law/regulations” for internal consistency. Renamed California Privacy and Data Protection Rights to “Additional California Privacy Rights (CCPA)” and updated other internal references accordingly. In that section, changed “California’s data protection laws” to “California privacy laws,” and changed “personal data” to “personal information.” In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “personal data” to “personal information” for consistency. Removed an extra space in this entry in the Recent Revisions list. Also changed the phrase “almost any disclosure or transmission” to “almost any disclosure” for clarity. In the subsequent paragraph, changed “disclose personal information …” to “share, release, and/or otherwise disclose personal information …”; changed both instances of “necessarily disclose …” in that same paragraph to “necessarily share, release, or disclose …”; and changed “of a given type” to “within a given category.” Later in that subsection, changed “may also share personal information …” to “may also share, release, and/or otherwise disclose personal information …” and changed “might disclose information in the above contexts …” to “might disclose information in the above contexts …” In the second-to-last paragraph in that subsection, changed “may share or otherwise disclose …” to “may share, release, and/or otherwise disclose” for wording consistency. (These wording changes are to better align this notice with the wording in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information.)
    • July 28, 2021: In Certificate Authority Checks, changed “(via HTTPS rather than HTTP)” to “(that is, via encrypted connections)” (which is more broadly correct). In Embedded Content, changed “secure (HTTPS) connections” to “secure (encrypted) connections” for the same reason. In Contact Forms, changed “determine how to address or repair the problem you identified” to “troubleshoot and/or resolve the problem you identified” (for wording consistency). In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the bullet point on employees, independent contractors, interns, agent, and/or business partners to change “repair/maintenance/service” to “repair/maintenance/installation/technical service” (for consistency with the wording in the subsequent bullet point on third-party vendors and/or service providers, which refers to “repair, maintenance, installation, and/or technical service providers”). Also in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to Microsoft to change “as are the names of many other Microsoft products and services” to “as are the names of many other Microsoft products and/or services” for wording consistency and changed “improve the accessibility of this website and its contents” to “improve the accessibility of this website and/or my content”. At the very end of the Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information section, changed “encrypted (HTTPS) connections” to just “encrypted connections” (which again is more correct). In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “for certain specified purposes, including:” to “for certain specified purposes, which the law divides into the following categories:” for greater clarity. Later in that section, changed “applicable telephone companies or mobile carriers” to “applicable telephone companies and/or mobile carriers”; deleted the phrase “(i.e., via an HTTP rather than HTTPS connection)” (since those aren’t the only types of encrypted or unencrypted connections); changed “DNS (domain name system) server and …” to “DNS (domain name system) resolver service and/or …”; removed several of the examples in the bullet-pointed list following the sentence beginning “Actions like the following could also be deemed …” (as they probably didn’t actually belong there under the law’s definitions); changed “face to face” to “face-to-face” for grammatical reasons; changed “lookup on an IP address from the website’s security or error logs” to just “lookup on an IP address”; and changed “Even if disclosures like these are NOT deemed to be “for commercial purposes” (or “sales”) by the CCPA definitions, they are certainly for business purposes” to “Even if disclosures like these are NOT deemed to be “for commercial purposes” (or “sales”) by the CCPA definitions, they are certainly for business purposes, whether the CCPA would define them as such or not.” Made a correction to the July 25, 2021 entry in this Recent Revisions list (“further adapt our version” was supposed to be “further adapt my version”).
    • July 26, 2021: In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, revised the wording of the references to IPinfo and updated the trademark notices.
    • July 25, 2021: In Credits and License for This Policy, changed “If you elect to use or further adapt my version …” to “If you elect to use or further adapt this policy …” Also made some clarifications to the information about revision histories and added a link to this Recent Revisions list for easier reference.In Definitions, further updated the definition of Cookies and similar technologies to change “how you can manage or delete them on different browsers …” to “how you can manage or delete them in different browsers …”; change “data stored in web storage (such as so-called local shared objects) isn’t a cookie …” to “data stored in your browser in such ways (such as so-called local shared objects) aren’t cookies …”; and add a comma before the phrase “while cookies set by other services or domains …” Made the same changes in the Cookie Policy, also fixing a typographical error later in the same paragraph of that policy. Also in the Cookie Policy, renamed the heading “Cookies and Other Technologies” to “Cookies and Similar Technologies” and renamed the heading “How This Website Uses Cookies and Other Technologies” to “How This Website Uses Cookies and Similar Technologies” for internal consistency, and revised the credits and licensing statement beginning “Note: Because …” to clarify that certain portions of the Cookie Notice were also adapted from the Automattic Privacy Policy (since some of the same language about cookies and similar technologies from this page, portions of which were borrowed and/or adapted from the Automattic language, also appears in the Cookie Notice). Also added a sentence (“(If you elect to use or further adapt this notice, please credit Automattic Inc. as well as me (Aaron Severson).)”); removed the trademark notice for the WordPress Foundation (since it’s not applicable there); and made some minor punctuation adjustments to that paragraph. In Certificate Authority Checks, changed “enable your browser to confirm …” to “enable a web browser or other user agent to confirm …” and changed “the correct website” to “the correct domain” (which is more technically correct). In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, changed “temporary or permanent employees, interns, and/or independent contractors” to “temporary or permanent employees, independent contractors, and/or interns” (to establish a more consistent order); changed two instances of “prospective employees, contractors …” to “prospective employees, independent contractors, interns …”; and changed “… business partners, and/or other proposals or business ventures” to “… business partners, business proposals, and/or business ventures” for greater clarity. In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “independent contractors, employees, agents …” to “employees, independent contractors, interns, agents …” for consistency. Made the same change to the applicable bullet point in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information to match (also changing “these contractors, employees, agents, and/or partners …” to “such employees, independent contractors, interns, agents, and/or business partners …” in that same bullet point). In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “employees, independent contractors, agents …” to “employees, independent contractors, interns, agents …” and changed “their collaboration …” to “their collaboration(s) …” In a subsequent paragraph in that section, changed “their employees, independent contractors, agents …” to “their employees, independent contractors, interns, agents …” (mostly for wording consistency). In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, also changed “regarding current and/or prospective employees, independent contractors, interns, and/or business partners” to “regarding current and/or prospective employees, independent contractors, interns, business partners, business proposals, and/or business ventures” for consistency; updated the reference to vDos to change “DOS emulator” to “MS-DOS emulator” and add a trademark notice; and changed “videodisc and/or phonorecord production” to “the production of optical discs and/or phonorecords of whatever type”. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “Information about an individual or household’s employees, agents, representatives, and/or service providers” to “Information about an individual or household’s employees, independent contractors, interns, agents or other authorized representatives, and/or service providers” (mainly for greater consistency with the updated language elsewhere in this policy, here omitting vendors and business partners because for purposes of this section, those fall under the “Commercial information” and “Professional or employment-related information” categories respectively). In the Collection Sources subsection, changed both instances of “independent contractors, employees, agents …” to “employees, independent contractors, interns, agents …” Made the same change in the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection. In the latter subsection, changed also changed “regarding current and/or prospective employees, independent contractors, interns, and/or business partners” to “regarding current and/or prospective employees, independent contractors, interns, business partners, business proposals, and/or business ventures” for internal consistency. Tinkered with the wording of some of these revisions after initial publication.
    • July 24, 2021: In Definitions, updated the Cookies and similar technologies definition to change “not affiliated in any way with that website, which is run by the law firm Pinset Masons LLP, and offer …” to “not affiliated in any way with that website or with the law firm that runs it, Pinset Masons LLP, and offer …” for clarity. Made the same change in the Cookie Notice for consistency. Also in the Definitions for Cookies and similar technologies, changed “such as storing certain information in your browser’s local storage and/or plugins; local storage information and so-called “local storage objects” aren’t cookies in the usual sense, but they may perform …” to “such as storing certain information in your browser’s web storage (sometimes called local storage, which is technically just one type of web storage) and/or plugins; data stored in web storage (such as so-called local shared objects) isn’t a cookie in the usual sense, but may perform …” (which is more technically correct). Made a similar change to the language in the Cookie Notice, changing “such as storing certain information in your browser’s local storage and/or plugins; local storage information and so-called “local storage objects” aren’t cookies in the usual sense, but they may perform …” to “such as storing certain information in your browser’s web storage and/or plugins; data stored in web storage (such as so-called local shared objects) isn’t a cookie in the usual sense, but may perform …” In Cookies and Similar Technologies, changed “(e.g., local storage objects)” to “(e.g., storing local shared objects and/or other data in your browser’s web storage)” for consistency. In Browser Tests and Embedded Content, changed “local storage” to “web storage” throughout, again for consistency. (This is an effort to more precisely describe a technical subject of which my understanding is not robust.) Updated the references to Cloudflare in Security Scans, Embedded Content, and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information to make some minor wording adjustments, update the trademark notices, and update certain privacy policy links. Also in Embedded Content, updated the bullet point on BootstrapCDN to reflect their current ownership, update the privacy policy information, and remove outdated company references. Also revised the jQuery CDN bullet point to update the StackPath trademark notice. In Information Captured by Service/Software/App/Device Telemetry, changed “reCAPTCHA security service” to “reCAPTCHA human verification service” (which is arguably a more accurate description). Made the same change in the reference to reCAPTCHA in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, and also changed the phrase “which is found on various websites and/or online services I use in the course of my business and which can gather information about my online activity in those contexts, as noted …” to “which may be used by various websites and/or online services I access and/or use in the course of my online activity, and which can gather information about my online activity in those contexts, as described …” (to better express that service’s ubiquity). Also in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, amended the reference to hCaptcha to present it as an example of CAPTCHA and/or comparable human verification services (of which there are now quite a few) and updated the trademark notice. Moved that and the subsequent reference to link shorteners and hyperlink redirection services and/or tools to a slightly earlier spot in the same bullet point. Also updated the references to the plugins for Notepad++ to fix a typographical error that had broken one of the hyperlinks.
    • July 23, 2021: In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “to verify your ZIP Code or other postal code” to simply “to verify your postal code”. In Additional Information About Data Retention, made a minor amendment to the bullet point on “Copies of published works”: changed “collection of such works” to “collection(s) of such works.” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, made some minor adjustments to the trademark notices in the reference to Apple and Signal (the latter mostly to align the Amazon Web Services trademark notice with the others in this document); changed “Los Angeles Public Library and L.A. County Library” to “Los Angeles Public Library and/or L.A. County Library” (mostly for grammatical consistency); and changed “other retailers, vendors, marketplaces, distributors, and/or providers” to “other retailers, vendors, marketplaces, auction services, distributors, and/or providers” for completeness. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “and/or other government-issued identification information” (under “Identifiers”) to “and/or other government-issued identification numbers”. In “Biometric information,” changed “information about your sleep and/or exercise habits” to “information about your health, sleep, and/or exercise habits”.
    • July 22, 2021: Fixed a typo in Website Server, Error, and Security Logs. In Consents and Agreements, changed “requests removal of their data” to “requests deletion of their data”. In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “looking up names and other relevant personal details in sources such as (as applicable, but without limitation) books; magazines; newspapers; films and/or other videos; audio recordings; broadcasts of whatever type; and/or online or offline electronic resources such as search engines, library catalogs, websites, and/or databases” to “looking up names and/or other relevant personal details in sources such as (as applicable, but without limitation) books; magazines and/or journals; reports, white papers, and/or other such documents; newspapers and/or other news reports; films and/or other videos; audio recordings; broadcasts of whatever type; public records; and/or online or offline electronic resources such as (again without limitation) websites, search engines, library catalogs, repositories, and/or databases.” In the Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, added “reports and/or white papers” and “websites” to the examples of “Published and/or publicly available sources” and changed “online databases” to “online databases and/or repositories” (mostly for consistency). In the Record-Keeping Disclosure Methodology subsection, changed “By law, an opt-out request …” to “Under California law, an opt-out request …” for greater clarity. Inevitably tinkered with these changes after initial publication.
    • July 21, 2021: Added a new “Nevada Consumer Opt-Out Rights” section after Your Rights (GDPR and Other National or State Privacy Laws). [I inevitably tinkered with the wording of this new section after initial publication.] Fixed a formatting error in the Table of Contents. In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs, changed “Like most websites, the aaronseverson.com website and my web host maintain various logs …” to “Like most websites, the aaronseverson.com website has various logs (some of which I administer directly and some of which are administered by my web host) …” for greater clarity and less awkward grammar. Also split that paragraph at the sentence beginning “The information these logs record …” In Security Scans, changed “initiate manual scans or request …” to “initiate manual scans and/or request …”; added a paragraph regarding email alerts, similar (though not identical) to one in Website Server, Error, and Security Logs; and added a comment about such email alerts to the paragraph about data retention toward the end of that section. In Subscribing via Web Feed (Atom and RSS), updated the first two sentences to fix some factual and punctuation errors about web feeds and add hyperlinks to the specifications for the protocols mentioned. In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, changed “news stories” to “news reports”. Amended the references in Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information to Have I Been Pwned to update the links, note that it is a project of Troy Hunt (adding a link to his website), and add a trademark notice. In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “read a news or historical article” to “read a news report or historical article”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, amended the bullet point beginning “If that information otherwise is or was already publicly available …” to change “that appears in published interviews or in books, articles, or other works about the person(s) to whom the information pertains” to “that appears in published interviews with and/or books, news reports, articles, and/or other published works about the person(s) to whom the information pertains” for greater clarity. Also updated the reference to Blogger and Blogspot to delete the word “both” from the trademark notice; updated the reference to Logitech to change “peripheral devices” to “devices, peripheral devices, and/or other components”; updated the reference to Qualcomm to change “such hardware” to “such components”; added Staples to the listed examples; amended the reference to Audacity to update some listed information (some of which has changed since last the last update); updated the reference to HashCheck Shell Extension to correct the developer credits; and moved the latter reference to maintain the (more or less) alphabetical order. In the paragraph following the big bullet-pointed list in that section, beginning “In general …” changed “Some local privacy laws …” to “Some jurisdictions’ privacy laws …” and changed “… for more information on this issue” to “… for more information on this issue as it relates to California law.” In Your Rights (GDPR and Other National or State Privacy Laws), updated the first sentence to also reference the new Nevada section, including a link to it; changed “the rights provided by the GDPR include …” to “the rights provided by the EU GDPR and UK GDPR include …” for greater clarity; and changed “If you have questions or would like to exercise these rights …” to “If you have questions or would like to exercise your privacy rights under applicable national and/or state law …” In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point beginning “The public, through …” (in the second bullet-pointed list) to change “news articles” to “news reports” for internal consistency. In the fifth bullet-pointed list in that subsection, changed “links to a news article” to “links to a news report” (again for consistency). In the CCPA Request Metrics (Record-Keeping Disclosures) subsection, amended the final paragraph beginning “Section 999.317(h) of the regulations …” to make some clarifications regarding the distinction between requests from consumers and requests from all individuals. In the Record-Keeping Disclosure Methodology subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, fixed a typographical error in the link to “Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me”. Updated Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me to also mention the new Nevada opt-out section, and changed “… above, you can reach …” to “above (and/or any other privacy rights you may have under applicable national and/or state law), you can reach …” for consistency. Updated the July 7, 2021 entry in this Recent Revisions list to correct a reference to the Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me section. As a global change, changed all instances on this page of the phrase “via one of the methods” to “via any of the methods” for internal consistency. Inevitably tinkered with many of these changes after initial publication.
    • July 19, 2021: In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, updated the first reference to HackRepair.com to add a trademark notice [which I revised after initial publication], also removing the second reference later in that section (a parenthetical aside in the paragraph beginning “In many cases, such data …”), and updated the reference to Perishable Press to link to their Privacy Policy (rather than the page for one of their security plugins). Made the same changes to the references to those entities in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information for consistency. Also in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to Tracker Software Products to change “the suite of PDF creation and editing software” to “the suite of PDF creation and editing software and tools” for completeness, and updated the company and trademark information. In Your Rights (GDPR and Other National or State Privacy Laws), changed “If you have questions or would like to exercise these rights …” to “If you have questions or would like to exercise these or any other privacy rights you may have under applicable national and/or state law …” In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed the bullet point reading “Information about an individual or household’s scores, achievements, winnings, and/or prizes in games of chance or skill” (under “Commercial information”) to “Information about an individual or household’s participation, scores, achievements, winnings, losses, and/or prizes in sweepstakes, lotteries, raffles, contests, wagers, other forms of gambling, and/or other games of chance or skill” for completeness and to clarify the intended scope of that bullet point. Fixed a couple of minor errors in this entry in the Recent Revisions list (changing “Information We Receive …” to “Information I Receive …” and removing an erroneous reference to a “Your California Privacy Rights” page this website doesn’t have).
    • July 18, 2021: In Definitions, updated the definition of “errors and suspicious activity” to change “any action or activity …” to “any visitor activity that generates an error message …” for greater clarity. Updated the “categories of information gathered” in various sections of this policy: In Consents and Agreements; Comments; Contact Forms; Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests; Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships; Financial Transactions Policy; and Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties, added “errors and suspicious activity*”; in Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, added “visitor activity*; errors and suspicious activity*; names*”; in Age Verification, Data in Submitted Images, and Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, added “Visitor activity*; errors and suspicious activity*”. (For the most part, these additions aren’t really new, but represent my belated realization that there were certain things that were SO obvious I didn’t think to include them initially, like the fact that security information might include “errors and suspicious activity”!) Adjusted the capitalization of the existing text as appropriate with these additions, to maintain a consistent order and format. Removed an extra space in this Recent Revisions list. In Embedded Content, updated the trademark notice for Twitter.
    • July 17, 2021: In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection, changed “the categorical purpose or purposes for which …” to “the categories of purposes” (which is much less awkward). In the Collection Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “one or more of the following purposes” to “one or more of the following categories of purposes” for consistency and clarity and changed “These purposes are defined …” to “These categories of purposes are defined …” As a global change, changed all instances of “Providing a service” to “Providing services” (which I had intended to do in February 2020, but wasn’t implemented). (I also updated the Feb. 25, 2020 entry on this Recent Revisions list to remove the reference to this change, which obviously didn’t happen at that time!) In the list of categories of purposes, amended the bullet point on “Providing services” to change “running this website and its associated business operations” to “running this website and/or its associated business operations”; amended the bullet point on “Fulfilling a contractual obligation” to change “some contract or legal agreement, whether with you or a third party” to “a contract or legal agreement, whether with you or with a third party”; amended the bullet point on “Legal compliance or audit” to change “with applicable laws or regulations” to “with applicable laws and/or regulations”; amended the bullet point on “Security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement” to change “and/or other threats (and/or possible threats) to …” to “safeguard …” set off with a semicolon, and changed “quality and functionality” to “quality and/or functionality”. (Obviously, these are minor wording adjustments that do not represent any substantive change in my purposes for collecting personal information.) At the end of the Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection section, added a new final paragraph explaining that the “Categories of information gathered” listed in the subsequent sections, which are based on my definitions (described in “Definitions”), may differ from the categories defined by law in jurisdictions such as California, referring visitors to the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice to learn more about how the personal information I collect could be categorized under California law. Added internal links in that new paragraph to the applicable sections. Inevitably tinkered with the wording after initial publication. In Embedded Content, deleted the link to Google third-party subprocessors, as the linked page only lists subprocessors Google uses in connection with its advertising and analytics services, not the services mentioned in Embedded Content, and thus isn’t relevant to that section. In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, amended the paragraph about receiving personal information about someone through their employees, independent contractors, agents or other authorized representatives, business partners, vendors, and/or service providers to change “Vendors and/or service providers …” to “Someone’s vendors and/or service providers …” In the following sentence, added an additional example of that, and split that sentence at “further more, in some jurisdictions …” for better readability.
    • July 16, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, amended the reference to HP to change “HP®” to “HP Inc.” (as the company reportedly prefers in such contexts); change “HP printer, scanner, and/or copier devices” to “HP printers, scanners, copiers, and/or other devices”; and restore the trademark notice, which was briefly and inadvertently deleted; also amended the reference to SanDisk to change “audio player(s)” to “portable audio player(s)” for clarity. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, amended the bullet point beginning “Information about food …” (under “Commercial information”) to change “food, groceries, meals, recipes, and/or cuisine(s)” to “food, beverages, groceries, meals, recipes, drinks, and/or cuisine(s)” for completeness.
    • July 15, 2021: In Definitions, updated the definition of “Malicious activity” to change “consider spam to be …” to “consider spamming to be …” for greater clarity. In Comments and Contact Forms, changed “spam/abuse” to “spam and/or abuse”; changed “used to spam this website” to “used in spamming this website”; and changed “discourage spam” to “discourage spamming”. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “spam and/or attempts to transmit …” to “spamming and/or attempts to transmit … and changed “email addresses associated with spam or telephone numbers …” to “email addresses associated with spamming, and/or telephone numbers …” Also in that section, added Epic AdBlocker to the list of examples of sources of security-related information. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the references to Epic Privacy Browser to also mention the Epic AdBlocker extension (which has just been added as of this writing); change “encrypted proxy/VPN service browser extension” to “associated proxy/VPN browser extension”; and rearrange the anchor text for the link to their privacy policy. Also in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, further amended the reference to BlackBerry Limited to correct the capitalization of Research In Motion Limited and change “the older of those devices” to “the older of those smartphones” for clarity; amended the reference to Dell to change “their U.S. Privacy Statement” to “the “Dell U.S. Privacy Statement” (also adjusting the anchor text of the link to that privacy statement accordingly); amended the reference to Intel to change “hardware” to “components” and change “of that hardware and its associated drivers and/or software” to “of those devices and/or components and/or their associated drivers and/or software”; amended the reference to Nuance Communications, Inc., to change “the voice dialing system installed on …” to “the voice recognition software used by …” for clarity and update the trademark notice; amended the reference to Qualcomm to change “smartphone and …” to “smartphone and/or …”; amended the reference to Mozilla browsers to change the phrase “of their” to “of the”; and updated the reference to DataViz to further adjust the trademark notice and fix a minor punctuation issue. Updated the July 14, 2021 entry in this Recent Revisions list to change “hair-splitting” to “hairsplitting.” Inevitably tinkered a bit with these changes after initial publication.
    • July 14, 2021: In Security Scans, Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, made some further adjustments to the trademark notices for BlackBerry Limited and changed the phrase “BlackBerry® devices” to “BlackBerry® smartphones”. In the latter section, updated the reference to CompanionLink Software, Inc., to adjust the punctuation so the parentheses are nested in a more logical way, delete “and their associated service processors,” and change “applies to data their services process …” to “applies to data their services (and/or their associated subprocessors) process …” for greater clarity. Also adjusted the wording of the references in that section to DataViz, Inc., principally to update the trademark notices, and made further wording adjustments to the references TCL Communication (whose corporate structure I don’t fully grasp, making it hard to know which entity to refer to). Amended the July 13, 2021 entry in this Recent Revisions list to change the phrase “references to BlackBerry®” to “references to “BlackBerry Limited”. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, amended the bullet point on “Audio, electronic, visual, thermal, olfactory, or similar information” to rename it “Sensory data (audio, electronic, visual, thermal, olfactory, or similar information)”; amended the bullet point on “Geolocation information” to rename it “Geolocation data” and change the phrase “geographical location and/or movements” to “physical location and/or movements”; amended the “Education information” bullet point to rename it “Nonpublic education information” and revised the wording of the enumerated examples to be more consistent with the statutory definitions; and amended the bullet point after that to change “Inferences I make based on other data …” to “Inferences I draw from other personal information …” (These wording adjustments are mostly just hairsplitting to better align the listed categories with the way they’re described in the applicable statutes and associated regulations.) Added major(s), graduation date(s), and information about student loans and/or financial to the listed examples of education information (and removed “theses” and “readings,” which were redundant). Under “Professional or employment-related information,” changed “Professional certifications and/or licensure” to “Professional certification(s) and/or license(s)” (the latter word being more correct than “licensure” in this context); changed “Job title(s) and/or position(s)” to “Job title(s), position(s), role(s), duties, and/or responsibilities”; and added a bullet point: “Training, professional development, career goals, and/or professional aspirations.” In the Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, made some changes to the first bullet-pointed list: In the bullet point beginning “Nonpublic documents …” changed “school transcripts” to “school transcripts and/or other school records”; in the bullet point beginning “Subject matter experts …” added the phrase “(whether yours, ours, and/or someone else’s)” after “personal and/or professional acquaintances” for clarity and added “current and/or past employers and/or supervisors” to the listed examples of such personal and/or professional acquaintances. Tinkered a bit with the revised wording after initial publication.
    • July 13, 2021: Made some minor adjustments to the various references to BlackBerry in Security Scans, Information I Receive From Third Parties for Security Purposes, and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, principally to reflect that the former BlackBerry Privacy Policy has been renamed “BlackBerry Privacy Notice”; update the links to that notice (although the old ones still redirect); and update the trademark notices. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, adjusted the references to TCL Communication to update the trademark notice and clarify that the privacy policy available online does not match the one on the device in question (which is no longer manufactured) and added a trademark notice for Nuance Communications. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, amended the first sentence to change the phrase “for any of the following purposes:” to “for certain specified purposes, including:” Also amended the paragraph beginning “Even if disclosures like these are NOT deemed …” (following the sixth bullet-pointed list in that section), removing the quotation marks around “for business purposes” and adding two final sentences: “(In certain cases, such disclosures might reasonably be regarded as part of my acting as a business service provider for someone else, particularly where the personal information involved is supplied mainly by the client rather than by me (e.g., in a manuscript I’ve been hired to edit). However, under the CCPA, being a “service provider” requires a written agreement that directs the service provider to collect and/or process personal information on the client or customer’s behalf for certain specific business purposes while restricting the service provider’s further use of that information; it’s possible to provide professional services, even to other businesses, without necessarily being considered a “service provider” as the CCPA and its associated regulations define that term.)”
    • July 12, 2021: In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection, amended the bullet point on “Advertising and other commercial purposes” to separate the items with semicolons rather than commas; change “to promote or advertise my content or services” to “help me promote and/or advertise my content, services, and/or other creative endeavors”; and change “monetize the site and/or my content” to “otherwise monetize the site, my content, my other writing/editing/writing consulting work, and/or my other creative endeavors” for wording consistency with the “Research and publishing” bullet point in that list. (These changes don’t reflect any substantive change in how or why I collect and use information; the goal is to wrestle some kind of consistency out of the increasingly labyrinthine language herein.) In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, added a comma after the phrase “who are the subjects of and/or otherwise relevant to that work” for readability and changed “the applicable vendor(s) or service provider(s) could also be said …” to “the applicable vendor(s) and/or service provider(s) could also be said …” for internal consistency. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, further updated the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers: Added a comma after the phrase “via telemetry features incorporated into those plugins, themes, and/or add-ons and/or through …” for readability; changed the phrase “are typically but not always via …” to “are frequently, though not necessarily exclusively, via …” updated the reference to PayPal® to change the phrase “processes certain payments …” to “may process certain payments …” Further updated the references to and trademark notices for my home Internet service provider and mobile carrier. Renamed the bullet point on services and/or service providers that help me promote and/or sell my content and/or services from “Services and/or service providers that help me promote and/or sell (and/or otherwise offer for commercial advantage) …” to “Vendors, services, and/or service providers that help me promote, monetize, sell, and/or otherwise offer for commercial advantage …” [wording I adjusted after initial publication]; revised the text of that bullet point to separate the items with semicolons rather than commas; added to the listed examples other types of platforms and/or services for publishing and/or distributing written content and/or images; added the phrase “and/or other media” after “audiovisual content”; and added to the listed examples vendors and/or service providers through which I may create and/or offer merchandise related to my services, content, and/or creative endeavors. In California Privacy and Data Protection Rights, added a paragraph regarding certain types of extremely sensitive personal information the regulations prohibit me from disclosing in response to a request to know. (This regulatory stipulation was already explained on the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page, but it seemed appropriate to mention it here as well.) In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the second bullet-pointed list to change “My service providers and/or vendors” to “My vendors and/or service providers” (for wording consistency) and change the period at the end of each of the bullet points in that list except the last one to a semicolon followed by the phrase “and/or:” (for formatting consistency with the following list in that subsection). In the fourth bullet point in that list (beginning “Any individual or entity”), changed the phrase “regarding their content and/or other creative endeavors” to “regarding their content, work, and/or creative endeavors” for consistency and completeness (although the “work” aspect was already encompassed by the following bullet point on “Editors, publishers, clients, employers, and/or other third parties …”). In the sixth bullet point in that same list, changed “promote and/or sell (and/or otherwise offer for commercial advantage)” to “promote, monetize, sell, and/or otherwise offer for commercial advantage” for internal consistency with the change made in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information. (The rationale for this change is that the “Advertising and other commercial purposes” bullet point in Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection uses the word “monetize,” which didn’t otherwise appear in the text and isn’t categorically synonymous with “offer for commercial advantage.) In the sixth bullet-pointed list in that subsection, amended the bullet point beginning “Presenting and/or discussing examples …” to change “offering for commercial advantage” to “offering in a professional capacity and/or for commercial advantage” (since these aren’t necessarily synonymous) and revised the bullet point beginning “Sharing, exchanging, or discussing with clients …” to change the phrase “for commercial advantage” to “in a professional capacity” (which better expresses the intended meaning). Updated the March 14, 2020 entry on this Recent Revisions list to delete the names of the automotive history and information sites I added that day (since I added some more a few days later and then removed all of them on March 22, 2020) to avoid confusion. Also updated the entry for March 22, 2020 to change the word “struck” to “deleted” for the same reason.
    • July 11, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Information, added Disconnect (which was already listed in Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes) to the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers. Elsewhere in that list, tinkered with the references to my home Internet service provider and mobile carrier(s) to fix some awkward punctuation, rearranged the position of those references’ trademark notices in the text for greater clarity, updated the trademark notice for my ISP (including removing an outdated reference to that service provider’s former trade name), and added the word “currently” before the name of my present ISP. Also added the words “I may use” after the phrase “other Internet service providers, mobile carriers, phone service providers, and/or wireless network services” for clarity.
    • July 10, 2021: In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering and Returned Check Fees subsections of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed instances of the phrases “financial institution(s)”; “financial institutions”; and “banks or other financial institutions” to “bank(s)/financial institution(s)” for consistency. In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection, also updated the sentence about service agreements to change the phrase “payment processors” to “payment processor(s).” In the Refunds and Returns subsection, changed the phrase “the applicable payment processor(s) and/or financial institution(s)” and an instance of the phrase “the applicable payment processor(s)” to “the applicable payment processor(s) and/or bank(s)/financial institution(s)” for wording consistency. (Obviously, a bank is a financial institution, although not all financial institutions are banks.) In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, updated the sentence beginning “From time to time, I may also receive additional security-related information from …” to fix the inconsistent punctuation and change “and/or banks(s)/financial institutions(s)” to “payment processor(s); bank(s)/financial institution(s)”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the trademark notices for Seagate and SanDisk and updated the reference to talent and literary agents or agencies (in the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers) to change “literary or talent agents or agencies” to “talent and/or literary agents and/or agencies” (mainly for wording consistency). In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, added “Email header information” to the examples of “Internet or similar network activity information” (mostly for the avoidance of doubt, since such information would reasonably be encompassed by the “Other information about an individual or household’s use of and/or interactions with …” bullet point and/or the examples already listed in the other categories). For the same reasons, amended the “Network, shared device, and/or online service information” bullet point to add “databases” after “shared printers and/or other devices” and added “scientific and/or engineering studies” to the listed examples in the “Authorship, other credits, and/or rights holder information” bullet point (under “Professional or employment-related information”).
    • July 9, 2021: In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “EasyList” to “the EasyList authors” and changed “adblock-nocoin-list” to “NoCoin adblock list” (which is the proper title of that list). In the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed the phrase “the various EasyList adblocking and other filter lists” to “the various ad-blocking and other filter lists by the EasyList authors” for consistency and updated the reference to Notepad++ to also include its various plugins. Elsewhere in that list, updated the bullet point on “Other types of service providers” to rename it “Other types of vendors and/or service providers” (which is a more accurate summation of its contents) and added language about vendors, service providers, charitable organizations, and/or other organizations and/or entities through which and/or to which I sell, offer, donate, and/or dispose (and/or advertise and/or announce the sale, offer, donation, and/or disposal) of my copies of published works, other personal property and/or goods, and/or vehicles. Fixed some accidental uses of the editorial “we”: In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, changed “our applicable service providers” to “my applicable service providers”; in the Data Retention subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “of our business-related financial transactions” to “of my business-related financial transactions”; and in the references to Rosewill and Sabrent in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “our peripheral devices …” to “my peripheral devices …”; and changed “our” to “my” in the May 3, 2021 and March 26, 2021 entries in this Recent Revisions list to avoid confusion. In California Privacy and Data Protection Rights, updated the paragraph on identity verification to add a sentence about the regulatory restrictions on the use and retention of any additional personal information I may request for identity verification purposes and split that paragraph at “Also, please note …” (changing the beginning of that sentence to “Please note …” for better flow). Also fixed an instance of incorrect capitalization of “DVDs” in the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice and the Jan. 17, 2021 entry in this Recent Revisions list (which was apparently when that error originally occurred).
    • July 7, 2021: In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “the Play Protect feature of Google Play” to “the Google Play Protect feature of Google Play” and updated the Google trademark notice to note that the names of many other Google products and/or services are also trademarks of Google LLC. Updated the similar statement in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information to make them consistent. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to Dell to change “devices” to “devices, displays, peripheral devices, and/or other components”; updated the reference to HP to change “and their associated drivers …” to “and/or their associated drivers …”; and updated the reference to LG to change “LG Electronics” to just “LG”; change “displays and/or other peripheral devices” to “devices, displays, peripheral devices, and/or other components”; and add a trademark notice. (This is all hairsplitting, but I’m trying to maintain some semblance of wording consistency in this unwieldy list.) Also fixed some minor punctuation issues in that section. In Your Rights (GDPR and Other National or State Privacy Laws), split the first paragraph at “For example, the rights provided by the GDPR …” for greater clarity. In Data in Submitted Images, Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, Your Rights (GDPR and Other National or State Privacy Laws), and Information-Sharing Disclosures (Shine the Light Law), changed the phrase “through one of the methods” to “via any of the methods” for wording consistency. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes and Record-Keeping Disclosure Methodology subsections of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice and in Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me, also changed “using any of the methods” to “via any of the methods” for wording consistency. In Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me, also changed the phrase “regarding the rights mentioned in …” to “regarding any of the rights described in …” and changed “your rights under the CCPA” to “your rights under the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA)” for clarity.
    • July 6, 2021: In Information Captured by Service/Software/App/Device Telemetry, amended the last sentence to change “and my ability to perform my work and provide my services” to “and my ability to operate this website and/or provide my services.” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to Realtek Semiconductor Corp. to change the phrase “devices and peripherals” to “peripheral devices and/or other components” for wording consistency.
    • July 5, 2021: Added two paragraphs to Embedded Content referring visitors to the Cookie Notice for information about cookies that may be set by embedded content providers and explaining that embedded content providers may use their own third-party service providers, which are not necessarily listed in that section or in the Cookie Notice (being outside of my control). In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “determining what products and/or services to offer in the future” to “determining what products, services, and/or content to offer in the future”. In the Refunds and Returns subsection, changed “goods or services” to “goods and/or services”; changed “prior to the delivery by me of the applicable good(s) or the performance by me of the applicable service(s)” to “prior to the delivery by me of the applicable good(s) and/or the performance by me of the applicable service(s)” and changed “the applicable good(s) or service(s) have been delivered or performed” to “the applicable good(s) and/or service(s) have been delivered and/or performed”. In the Information Sharing subsection, changed “products and/or services” to “goods, products, services, and/or content”. In Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties, changed the various instances of “products and/or services” to “goods, products, services, and/or content” for completeness and changed “completed sales or transactions” to “completed transactions” (since obviously a sale is a transaction). In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, amended the parenthetical reference to the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice to add a sentence clarifying that the definitions and categories listed in that notice are based on California law, and other jurisdictions may have different definitions and/or categories. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to Audacity to include a link to their worrisome new privacy notice. Also updated the trademark notice. In California Privacy and Data Protection Rights, changed “in the past 12 months” to “in the preceding 12 months” for internal consistency; deleted the phrase “up to two times in a given 12-month period” (since this limit appears to no longer be included in the regulations); changed “You have the right to request the deletion of your personal information” to “You have the right to request the deletion of personal information I have collected about you in the course of my business”; and changed “The right to not be discriminated against or penalized …” to “The right to not receive discriminatory treatment …” (for consistency with the regulatory wording). Added a sentence to the paragraph beginning “In order to better safeguard your privacy …” noting that more information about the identity verification requirements can be found in the applicable section of the Do Not Sell My Personal Information page. Made some clarifications to the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice: Changed the first sentence from “The California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA) also requires certain businesses to disclose the categories of information that the business has collected about individuals or households during the preceding 12 months; that the business disclosed for business purposes during the preceding 12 months; and that the business disclosed for commercial purposes during the preceding 12 months” to “The California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA) also requires certain businesses to provide California residents with additional information about the categories of personal information the business collects, the sources from which the business gets that personal information, and how and why the business uses and/or shares that personal information.” In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection, revised the first sentence to change “The following list summarizes the categories of personal information I have collected …” to The “following list summarizes the categories of personal information I collect and/or have collected …” In the second paragraph (beginning “Please note that …”), inserted the phrase “and/or my other creative endeavors” after “(and/or on which I consult)” and added a parenthetical sentence after “about site visitors”: “(Simply reading a single magazine article or encyclopedia entry about some public figure as part of my research can sometimes provide me with most if not all of the categories of information listed here!)” In the paragraph beginning “The statutory definitions …” changed “in the applicable statutes” to “in the applicable statutes and/or regulations.” In the paragraph beginning “The examples listed for each category …” changed “may have gathered” to “may gather and/or have gathered” and “have collected on …” to “collect and/or have collected about …” (This notice is intended to encompass both aspects, which these changes hopefully make clearer.) In the following paragraph, changed “During the past 12 months …” to “In the last 12 months …” In the Record-Keeping Methodology subsection, changed “requester” to “requestor” (which is how the regulations spell it) and changed “until the requestor opts-in” to “until the consumer opts-in” (again for consistency with the regulatory framing.
    • July 3, 2021: In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “To my independent contractors, employees, agents, and/or business partners (if any) …” to “To my independent contractors, employees, agents, business partners, vendors, and/or service providers (as applicable) …” (Technically, vendors and/or service providers were already covered there under the “As otherwise described …” bullet point, but this is hopefully clearer.) In another bullet point in that same list, changed “for a dispute or fraud investigation” to “in connection with a dispute or fraud investigation” and changed “contractual agreements with said payment processor(s) …” to “contractual agreements (if any) with such payment processor(s) …” In the paragraph following that list, changed “may also use relevant portions of that information as part of and/or in connection with reviews and/or other commentary” to “may also use and/or disclose relevant portions of that information in connection with customer service, support, warranty, and/or insurance matters, and/or as part of and/or in connection with reviews and/or other commentary” and added an additional illustrative example to the last sentence of that paragraph. Made the same changes to the equivalent language in Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties. [I further revised both sections after initial publication, as I’d initially omitted the warranty and insurance parts.] In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, added Rosewill and Sabrent to the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers (in the “Other providers whose services enable me to operate and/or secure my system(s), device(s), and/or data” bullet point). Did some further refinement of the CCPA Request Metrics (Record-Keeping Disclosures) subsection of the of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changing “subsequently was able to verify the requester’s identity to sufficient certainty” to “subsequently verified the requester’s identity to a degree of certainty sufficient”. Corrected an incorrect reference to the Controller/Responsible Party, Questions, and How to Reach Me section (which used the editorial we rather than the first person singular). Updated the various references to CCPA rights on this page to change the capitalization of “Right to Access” to “right to access” in hopes of reducing confusion. (The law uses that term synonymously with “Right to Know,” which is the term used in the CCPA regulations.) Also fixed one of those references I missed in yesterday’s revisions, for internal consistency. Updated several earlier items in this Recent Revisions list to remove erroneous reference to the Your California Privacy Rights page (since this website doesn’t currently have a separate page for that).
    • July 2, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to CompanionLink Software to change “products/services” to “products and/or services”; change “mobile device(s)” to just “device(s)”; and change “data the service processes” to “data their services process” (for better grammar). Also added “electronic signature and/or agreement services” to the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers (in the “Other types of service providers” bullet point) and updated the bullet point on services and/or service providers that help me promote, sell, and/or offer my content, services, and/or other creative endeavors to change “booksellers and/or other retailers and/or marketplaces” to “booksellers, other retailers, marketplaces (of whatever kind)” (mainly for less awkward grammar). In California Privacy and Data Protection Rights, updated the “Right to Know” bullet point to be more consistent with the language of the applicable regulations. Also updated other references to the CCPA rights throughout this page to make clearer that “Right to Access” is an alternative term for “Right to Know” so far as the law and its regulations are concerned. Removed some duplicate text I discovered adjacent to those references. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the second bullet point under “Characteristics of classifications protected by law” to change “Race, color, ancestry, national origin, and/or citizenship status” to “Race, color, ancestry, national origin, citizenship, and/or residency”. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection, changed “Individuals or entities …” to “Individuals and/or entities …” Added a new CCPA Request Metrics (Record-Keeping Disclosures) subsection to the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice disclosing the number of CCPA requests received in the previous calendar year. (It is very unlikely that I could be deemed to even approach the threshold where these disclosures would be required, but I add it so that no one yells at me about it.) Updated the Table of Contents accordingly. (I did some tinkering with these additions after initial publication.) Throughout this document, changed various instances of the phrase “or otherwise offer” to “and/or otherwise offer” for wording consistency. Corrected the June 25, 2021 entry below to fix an inadvertent use of “we” rather than “I.”
    • July 1, 2021: In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection, amended the “Security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement” bullet point to change “of others and/or the public at large” to “of others and/or of the public at large” for internal consistency. In Comments, changed “widgets” to “Widget(s)” for correct stylization and because the number may vary. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the “required by law” bullet point to change “or in connection with an audit …” to “and/or in connection with an audit …” Also updated the “contractually obligated” bullet point to add client(s), licensor(s), and licensee(s) (since this bullet point could also apply to disputes related to agreements for my services and/or license agreements pertaining to the use of intellectual property); changed “third-party service(s) to “service provider(s)” for internal consistency; added the parenthetical phrase “(as applicable)”; changed “a dispute, investigation, or audit” to “a dispute, an investigation, an audit, and/or arbitration” and deleted the remainder of that sentence; changed “social media websites” to just “social media”; added an additional example regarding binding arbitration; and added a final parenthetical note clarifying that these are representative examples, not an exhaustive list of possible scenarios. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, amended the bullet point beginning “Any government agency, investigator …” to change “that requires or compels” to “that legally requires or compels” for greater clarity. In the subsequent bullet-pointed list in that section, split the “legally or contractually obligated” bullet point into two separate bullet points (“required by law” and “contractually obligated,” respectively), also updating the wording of those bullet points to better align them with the current wording of the equivalent bullet points in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information. Removed some extra spaces. Tinkered with today’s revisions after initial publication in the interests of clarity and better grammar.
    • June 30, 2021: In Definitions, updated the definition of “Malicious activity” to add “my business” between “my system(s) and/or device(s)” and “me” for completeness and internal consistency. In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection, amended the “Security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement” bullet point to change the phrase “from malicious activity” to “from malicious activity and/or other threats (and/or possible threats) to my property, rights, security, and/or safety, and/or the property, rights, security, and/or safety of others and/or the public at large” for greater consistency with the existing language in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information and the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice. In Financial Transactions Policy, changed “third-party vendors, retailers, or services, which are outside of my control” to “third-party vendors, retailers, marketplaces, or services that are outside of my direct control” for greater clarity and completeness. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to VideoLAN to change “the open source VLC media player developed by VideoLAN” to “the VLC media player and/or other open source multimedia software projects of VideoLAN” and add a link to the repository for all VideoLAN open source projects (slightly adjusting the existing wording of the parenthetical aside for greater clarity with this addition). Later in that section, changed “other retailers, vendors, distributors, and/or providers” to “other retailers, vendors, marketplaces, distributors, and/or providers” and changed “booksellers or other retailers” to “booksellers and/or other retailers and/or marketplaces” for completeness and internal consistency. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “Information about retailers, vendors, and/or service providers” (under “Commercial information”) to “Information about retailers, vendors, marketplaces, and/or service providers” for internal consistency. (The addition of “marketplaces” is mainly for the avoidance of doubt; to the extent that a marketplace could be considered something other than a retailer or vendor, it would certainly qualify as a service provider!) Fixed a typo in this entry in the revisions list.
    • June 29, 2021: Updated Security Scans, Embedded Content, and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information to reflect that Media Temple, Inc. d/b/a Sucuri is now called GoDaddy Media Temple, Inc. d/b/a Sucuri. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, also updated the trademark notice for Khan Academy.
    • June 26, 2021: Made some minor updates to certain PayPal trademark notices throughout this page and the Cookie Notice. Also fixed punctuation errors in the trademark notices for Akamai and Opera in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information. Updated the Cookie Notice to indicate that the domain abmr.net is owned by Akamai and add a link to their Privacy Trust Center. In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, made some minor clarifications to the paragraph describing the contents of PayPal transaction reports. Throughout the text, changed various instances of the phrase “for me or on my behalf” to “for me and/or on my behalf” for greater wording consistency.
    • June 25, 2021: In Comments, changed “or suspicious code; or if you posted …” to “and/or suspicious code; and/or if you posted …” and changed the phrase “certain types of HTML/PHP or other code” to “certain types of HTML and/or other code”. In Contact Forms, changed “or suspicious code” to “and/or suspicious code”; changed “flagged as spam or automatically deleted” to “flagged as spam and/or automatically deleted”; changed “contains HTML/PHP code” to “contains HTML and/or other code”; and changed “may be removed” to “may be automatically removed” for clarity. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to phpMyAdmin to add an additional trademark notice. Under the “Manufacturers of other electronic devices I may use” bullet point in the same list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers in that section, changed “various USB drives, memory cards, or drive enclosures” to “various USB flash drives, memory cards, hubs, and/or drive enclosures”. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “Other group and/or organization membership and/or affiliation information” (under “Professional or employment-related information”) to “Membership in and/or affiliation with other organizations and/or groups” for greater clarity.
    • June 23, 2021: In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection, clarified the “Research and publishing” bullet point by changing “as part of the research involved in creating and/or publishing …” to “in researching, creating, and/or publishing …” (This revision doesn’t reflect any substantive change in how or why I use information, just my ongoing efforts to properly describe it!) Also corrected a typographical error in that item (inadvertent duplication of the word “other” before “writing/editing/writing consulting work”). In the “Recruitment/hiring/employment or business partnerships” bullet point in that same list, changed both instances of the phrase “formal professional relationships” to just “professional relationships” (again, mainly for clarity and to better describe the intended scope). In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, amended the last sentence of the first paragraph to add the phrase “(but without limitation)” after “for example,” for greater emphasis.
    • June 21, 2021: Updated the Financial Transactions Policy to remove some redundant text from the Data Retention subsection (most of which is already stated nearly verbatim in the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection), moved the language about service agreements with payment processors and/or financial institutions to the earlier subsection (where it more logically belongs), and revised the remaining text of the Data Retention subsection to note that I generally must indefinitely retain records of my business-related transactions for bookkeeping and compliance purposes (as also explained in the subsequent Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties and Additional Information About Data Retention sections). In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to link shorteners to change “link shorteners and/or other hyperlink redirection services or tools” to “link shorteners and/or other hyperlink redirection services and/or tools” for completeness.
    • June 16, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the references to Google in the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers to fix a punctuation issue and incorrectly nested parentheses.
    • June 14, 2021: In Who I Am, changed “DreamHost’s Privacy Policy” to “the DreamHost Privacy Policy” (adjusting the anchor text accordingly). In Embedded Content, Information Captured by Service/Software/App/Device Telemetry, and Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, adjusted some references to Google to omit the possessive. Similarly adjusted references to Google in the Cookie Notice. Also similarly removed the possessive in the references to Twitter in Embedded Content and slightly adjusted the trademark notices in the bullet point on YouTube videos. Throughout the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “CCPA’s” to “CCPA” (which may be more precise, given the morass of regulations the law has spawned beyond the actual text of the statutes). In the Categories of Personal Information Collected of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the bullet point beginning “Other information about an individual or household’s use of and/or interactions with …” (under “Internet or similar network activity information”) to add “messages” to the enumerated examples. In the bullet point beginning “Publishing histories/bibliographies …” (under “Professional or employment-related information”, added “translators” to the enumerated examples.
    • May 30, 2021: In the “Other types of service providers” bullet point under Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “other applicable telephony services and/or email providers” to “other applicable telephony and/or email services”. Also added HandBrake and MakeMKV to the list of examples in the “Other providers of software, apps, tools, and/or services …” bullet point in that section. (Amended shortly after initial publication to correct capitalization.)
    • May 28, 2021: In the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers in Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “film and/or photo development, film and/or photo processing, video conversion, and/or other processing services for audiovisual materials” to “processing, conversion, and/or duplication services for photos, film, video, audio recordings, other audiovisual materials, and/or other such content, such as (without limitation) film and/or photo development and/or processing, photo printing, video and/or audio conversion, and/or videodisc and/or phonorecord production”.
    • May 26, 2021: In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection (and the equivalent list in the version of the Collection Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice), renamed the Security, troubleshooting, quality control, and technical improvement bullet point “Security, troubleshooting, quality control, and service improvement” and changed the phrase “troubleshoot and resolve technical problems” to “troubleshoot and/or resolve technical problems”. Made the former change to the “Purpose(s)” bullet points throughout this page for consistency. In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs, changed “troubleshooting, and/or technical improvement purposes and/or for legal reasons” to “troubleshooting, and/or service improvement purposes, and/or for legal reasons,” also for consistency. In Security Scans, changed “for ongoing security, troubleshooting, and/or technical improvement purposes and/or for legal reasons, and/or if it pertains …” to “for ongoing security, troubleshooting, and/or service improvement purposes; for legal reasons; and/or if it pertains …” for consistency and better grammar. In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, updated the last paragraph to change “for service improvement purposes” to “to troubleshoot and/or resolve technical problems, and/or for service improvement purposes” (something that was already indicated by the Purpose(s) bullet at the beginning of this section, but which I realized was inadvertently omitted from the narrative list). In Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties, changed “for service improvement and/or troubleshooting purposes” to “to troubleshoot and/or resolve technical problems, and/or for service improvement purposes” for internal consistency.
    • May 25, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to gitg to correct the capitalization of Git and add appropriate trademark notices.
    • May 21, 2021: In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, updated the sentence beginning “From time to time, I may also receive additional security-related information from …” to add three clauses (set off with semicolons) to the existing list: “other web hosts and/or email services; online services and/or online accounts; other vendors and/or service providers”.
    • May 18, 2021: In the Transaction-Related Information Gathering subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy section, added a sentence to the paragraph beginning “If you make a payment …”: “The receipts, payment confirmations, and/or other transaction-related notices I receive when I make payments and/or purchases via that service may contain personal information similar to that found in the transaction reports for payments I receive via PayPal.” In the last paragraph of that subsection, changed “process and complete your transaction(s)” to “process and/or complete the applicable transaction(s)” and added a new clause to the last sentence after “a particular business or commercial decision,” set off with a comma: “and/or describing my experience with a specific transaction as part of a review of the applicable vendor(s).” Fixed a typo in Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties, changing “a fulfillment service might me us” to “a fulfillment service might warn me”.
    • May 16, 2021: In Definitions, simplified and clarified the definition of “Errors and suspicious activity.” In Security Scans, revised the paragraph beginning “In addition, my web host also hosts the email servers for many of my email addresses …” for greater clarity. In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy section, changed “and/or for my legal protection” to “for legal compliance and/or audit purposes, and/or for my legal protection” (set off with a comma) for greater clarity. (I’ve always intended the latter phrase to encompass the former, as well as other legal situations that might not be as clear cut, but this hopefully makes the intent clearer.) Later in that same section, changed “or if I have received a subpoena …” to “and/or if I have received a subpoena …”
    • May 14, 2021: In the Refunds and Returns subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “pertaining directly to aaronseverson.com” to “that pertain directly to the aaronseverson.com website” and added a paragraph after the bullet-pointed list to clarify that payments shall be eligible for refunds and/or returns to the extent required by the policies of the applicable payment processor(s) and/or financial institution(s) or as otherwise required by law. In the Collection Sources subsection of the of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, amended the “Nonpublic documents, records, collections, and/or archives” bullet to change “unreleased scripts, outtakes, and/or other materials from film, television, radio, and/or other media projects” to “unreleased versions, outtakes, scripts, and/or other materials from film, television, radio, and/or other media projects” and change “internal business records, reports, and/or documents” to “internal business and/or organizational records, reports, memoranda, documents, and/or other materials”.
    • May 12, 2021: As a global change, changed the spelling of “non-public” to “nonpublic” throughout (except for past entries in this Recent Revisions list). In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed various instances of the phrase “public and/or private” to “public and/or nonpublic” for greater clarity. In Data Related to Recruitment/Hiring/Employment or Business Partnerships, changed “background check services” to “fingerprinting and/or background check services”; changed “professional references or information about previous clients and/or business ventures” to “professional references and/or information about current and/or previous clients, customers, and/or business ventures”; and changed “professional references or previous clients …” to “current and/or past colleagues and/or coworkers, current and/or past clients and/or customers, current and/or past business partners, professional references, current and/or past instructors and/or students …” In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers to similarly change “background check services” to “fingerprinting and/or background check services” for completeness. (For the record, I’ve heretofore never used fingerprinting services in the course of my business, but I can envision a number of scenarios in which I conceivably might, hence the addition.) In the Categories of Personal Information Collected of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the “Education information” bullet point to change “information about instructors, coursework, readings, academic projects, and/or theses” to “information about instructors, students, coursework, readings, academic projects, and/or theses”. In the Collection Sources subsection, updated the bullet point beginning “Subject matter experts …” to change “possibly including (again without limitation) other members of a given household and/or family” to “such as (again without limitation) friends, current and/or past colleagues and/or coworkers, current and/or past clients and/or customers, current and/or past business partners, professional references, current and/or past instructors and/or students, and/or other members of a given household and/or family”. Added a bullet point to that list: “Nonpublic documents, records, collections, and/or archives (e.g., unpublished correspondence, manuscripts, and/or interviews; unreleased scripts, outtakes, and/or other materials from film, television, radio, and/or other media projects; internal business records, reports, and/or documents; school transcripts)”. (Tinkered a bit with the precise wording of these changes after initial publication.)
    • May 11, 2021: In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, further adjusted the references to EFF to remove the duplicate policy link and again reorder the trademark notice. In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, updated the paragraph beginning “From time to time, site visitors …” to change “site visitors or personal and/or professional acquaintances” to “site visitors and/or personal and/or professional acquaintances” (since site visitors and acquaintances are obviously not mutually exclusive!). In the Collection Sources subsection of the of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, briefly revised the bullet point beginning “Subject matter experts …” to change “(which in some cases may include (without limitation) personal and/or professional acquaintances, possibly including (again without limitation) other members of a given household and/or family)” to “(which in some cases may include (without limitation) personal and/or professional acquaintances and/or other members of a given household and/or family),” but then reconsidered and restored the original wording after initial publication. In the last bullet point in that same list, changed “publishers or other third parties” to “publishers and/or other third parties” (mostly for internal consistency).
    • May 10, 2021: In the Taxes subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “VAT, or other tax” to “VAT, GST, and/or other taxes”. In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “Privacy Badger and/or other browser add-ons or privacy tools Electronic Frontier Foundation” to “Privacy Badger® and/or other browser add-ons or privacy tools offered by the Electronic Frontier Foundation® (EFF®)”; added a parenthetical note that those add-ons and/or tools may incorporate and/or otherwise use information and/or rules sets provided by other third parties; and updated the trademark notice to place the listed marks in a more consistent order. In the Taxes subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “VAT, or other tax” to “VAT, GST, In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, added some additional examples to the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers: “photography, videography, and/or filming services and/or studios”; “recording, editing, and/or mixing services for audio, video, and/or audiovisual content”; “sound and/or lighting technical and/or engineering services”; and “convention centers, conference centers, meeting rooms, exhibit and/or exhibition halls, concert halls, stadiums, arenas, places of worship, and/or other such venues, and/or ticket brokers and/or other vendors who sell or otherwise provide tickets for and/or admission to such venues (for purposes of attending, obtaining tickets for and/or admission to, arranging, organizing, and/or otherwise accessing and/or utilizing conventions, conferences, meetings, exhibitions, screenings, public performances, athletic events, ceremonies, services, and/or other such events, and/or the facilities therefor); event planning, management, and/or organization services; private security services”. Also changed “photo development, photo processing” to “film and/or photo development, film and/or photo processing”; updated the references to Logitech to change “… and Website Privacy Statement” to “and/or their Website Privacy Statement”; added a registered trademark symbol to the reference to the Electronic Frontier Foundation, added “(EFF®)” parenthetically after it, and updated the trademark notice to put the listed marks in consistent order; updated the reference to Epic Privacy Browser to change “integrated proxy/VPN service” to “encrypted proxy/VPN service browser extension; and added a trademark notice for ImgBurn. Updated the Cookie Notice to clarify that there may be multiple versions of certain administrative and login and/or password-protected posts cookies. Also made a couple of minor punctuation adjustments.
    • May 9, 2021: In Information You Provide to Me, changed “financial or legal matters” to “financial and/or legal matters”. In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy section, changed “accountant/bookkeeper, tax preparer, and/or tax attorney” to “accountant/bookkeeper(s), tax preparer(s), and/or tax attorney(s)” (mostly for wording consistency with the rest of that list). In the Categories of Personal Information Collected of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, revised the “Records of financial transactions” bullet point (under “Additional categories of personal information”) to change “including, as applicable, but without limitation, transaction ID numbers, tax-related information, and/or check/bank account information” to “including, where applicable, but without limitation, transaction ID numbers, tax-related information, billing addresses, full and/or partial card information, check information, bank account information, and/or other account details”. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection, changed “tax preparer and/or other financial or legal professionals for administrative and compliance purposes” to “tax preparer(s) and/or other financial and/or legal professionals for administrative and/or compliance purposes” for internal consistency.
    • May 8, 2021: In the Disclosure of Personally Information, updated the reference to LiveJournal in the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers to also refer to the archiving tool I’ve used with that service.
    • May 5, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, added “cryptographic key servers and/or other encryption key management services and/or tools” to the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers.
    • May 3, 2021: In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, added a sentence to the paragraph beginning, “As explained in the …”: “I (and/or my applicable service providers) may also perform other types of automated tests on messages I receive — for example (but without limitation), I may automatically filter, flag, and/or categorize certain types of messages to help me better organize and manage my inbox(es).” In the Categories of Personal Information Collected of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, added a bullet point under “Other types of personal information”: “Information about social class, rank, position, title, and/or investiture, of whatever type(s) and/or source(s)”.
    • May 2, 2021: In the Financial Transactions Policy, added “research and publishing” to the Purposes bullet point; rearranged the Transaction-Related Information Gathering section to put certain text in more logical order (making some minor text edits to suit the revised structure); and added additional language regarding other uses of transaction-related data, particularly aggregated data such as total sales and/or revenue. Also added similar language to Transaction-Related Information I Receive from Third Parties and added “research and publishing” to the Purposes bullet point of that section for consistency. (These revisions don’t represent any substantive change in how or why I collect and/or use information in these contexts; the changes are intended for clarification and to spell out certain things I had previously assumed would be reasonably self-evident.)
    • April 30, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers to change “other search engines and/or other research tools” to “other search engines and/or other research and/or reference tools, services, facilities, and/or resources” for completeness. Later in that list, also updated the trademark notice for Microsoft Bing Search to include Bing Maps and updated the trademark notice for the International DOI Foundation marks to add an additional registered trademark symbol. Also changed “ride-share” to “rideshare” (since the latter is now generally accepted as a word) and changed “travel via such means and/or arrange such transportation for someone” to “use and/or arrange such transportation” for clarity and conciseness. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point beginning “Authorship, other credits, and/or rights holder information” (under “Professional or employment-related information”) to add “choreography” to the parenthetical examples.
    • April 26, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the reference to museum, libraries, archives, and/or databases in the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers to change “their computers, catalogs, databases …” to “their collections, holdings, catalogs, databases, computers …” and changed “librarians, archivists, and/or other staff” to “librarians, archivists, docents, guides, other staff, workers, and/or volunteers, as applicable” for the avoidance of doubt. (Hopefully, this was all already reasonably self-evident!).
    • April 25, 2021: In the Taxes subsection of the Financial Transaction Policy, changed “such as sales or use tax” to “e.g., sales or use tax”; changed “or other tax” to “and/or other tax”; changed the word “collect” to “collect and/or withhold” throughout that subsection; and changed “are your sole responsibility” to “are your sole responsibility, as are any tax returns and/or other documents you may be required to submit to the applicable tax agency or agencies in connection with such transactions.” In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, changed “or in connection with audits …” to “and/or in connection with audits …” In the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers under Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “restaurants, meal delivery, and/or food/grocery delivery services” to “restaurants, caterers and/or other food preparation services, meal delivery services, and/or food and/or grocery delivery services” for completeness. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, added a bullet point under “Professional or employment-related information”: “Information about professional clients, clientele, customers, users, advertisers, vendors, suppliers, contractors, subcontractors, and/or service providers”. In the bullet point about other professional relationships, changed “including, but not limited to” to “such as, without limitation” and changed “and/or partnerships” to “endorsement deals, contractor and/or subcontractor relationships, colleagues, coworkers, mentor/mentee relationships, professional collaborations, joint ventures, and/or partnerships” for more thorough illustration.
    • April 24, 2021: In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, updated the second bullet point to change “common carrier, or shipping agency” to “common carrier(s), and/or shipping agency (or agencies)” and change “in the event I must mail, ship, or deliver anything in connection with your transaction” to “for purposes of sending, receiving, and/or tracking the status of transaction-related correspondence, shipments, and/or deliveries” for greater clarity and completeness. In the subsequent bullet point, changed “the applicable third party or parties” to “the applicable person(s) or entity” and changed “made as a gift for someone” to “you make as a gift for someone else” for greater clarity. In Additional Information About Data Retention, changed “SMS/MMS text messages” to “text messages” (since not all modern text messages use the SMS or MMS protocols, and it makes little sense to try to enumerate different text message protocols in this policy). In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, added “data recovery services” to the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers and changed “data and/or document destruction/shredding services” to “data and/or document destruction and/or shredding services” for greater clarity. Amended the April 8, 2021 and April 10, 2021 items in this Recent Revisions list to change erroneous references to the “Disclosure of Personal Information” section to “Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information” (the correct name of the applicable section).
    • April 21, 2021: In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, updated the paragraph beginning “In some cases, I may perform WHOIS, RDAP …” to change “on visitors’ IP addresses and/or domain names” to “on certain IP addresses and/or domain names” and change “directed at the website or at me” to “directed at and/or otherwise involving this website and/or me.” In the next sentence, changed “or” to “and/or”. In the following sentence, changed “to which my devices connect or try to connect” to “to which my devices and/or systems connect or attempt to connect (and/or that connect or attempt to connect to my devices and/or systems).” In the last sentence of that paragraph, changed “make or attempt to make” to “make and/or attempt to make”. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, changed “WHOIS and/or RDAP (Registration Data Access Protocol) lookup providers” to “WHOIS, RDAP (Registration Data Access Protocol), and/or similar lookup providers” and changed “an IP address or a domain registration” to “IP addresses and/or domain registrations” for internal consistency. Elsewhere in that section, amended the bullet point beginning “If the information is contained in and/or otherwise incorporated …” to change “or a useful article” to “a useful article, or some other object”; change “to such work(s), copies, or article(s)” to “to such work, copy, article, or object”; change “without damaging the item or article in question” to “without damage and/or defacement”; and change “those items or articles” to “that work, copy, article, or object.” In the text following the bullet-pointed list in that section, changed “and/or useful article(s)” to “useful article(s), and/or other object(s)” and changed “and/or such useful article(s)” to “and/or such article(s) and/or object(s)” for consistency. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, similarly revised the bullet point beginning “If the information is contained in and/or otherwise incorporated …” and, in the subsequent paragraph beginning “As noted in …” changed “and/or useful article(s)” to “useful article(s), and/or other object(s)” for consistency. (These are just clarifications, taking into account that some objects these provisions would reasonably encompass wouldn’t necessarily qualify as “useful articles.”)
    • April 17, 2021: In Definitions, updated the “Domain name” definition to change “of the Internet service provider or mobile carrier” to “of the Internet service provider, mobile carrier, or server” (which is more correct). In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, rearranged the order of several bullet points under “Other types of personal information” to change “Information about membership in and/or affiliation with other types of groups and/or clubs” to “Information about membership in and/or affiliation with clubs, societies, fraternal orders, and/or other types of groups” for greater clarity and illustration. (I tinkered with this revised wording after initial publication.)
    • April 14, 2021: In Definitions, revised the definition of user agent information to clarify that web browsers, email clients, and search engine crawlers are just examples of user agents, not an exclusive list, and change “access web content” to “access and/or retrieve online content” (which is more accurate). Also changed “At a minimum, a browser’s user agent information typically reveals …” to “The information that may be revealed in this way naturally varies depending on the specific user agent involved. A web browser’s user agent information typically reveals, at a minimum, …” for clarity and changed “their specific combination of browser characteristics” to “their specific combination of user agent characteristics” (which is a bit more precise). In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the recently added bullet point regarding landlord(s) to add the parenthetical phrase “(and/or their respective employees, contractors, and/or agents)” for the avoidance of doubt.
    • April 12, 2021: In the Refunds and Returns subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, amended the “Other Purchases” bullet point to note that for services that I have partly performed, but not yet wholly completed, I reserve the right (except as otherwise required by law or the applicable payment processor(s) and/or financial institution(s)) to calculate refunds on a pro rata basis, depending on the nature of the service and the percentage or proportion already performed or otherwise completed. (I initially said “partially performed,” but changed it to “partly performed” and made some minor punctuation changes after initial publication.) Rearranged the language of that bullet point for clarity with this addition. Also amended the final sentence of each bullet point in that subsection to clarify that I may refund purchases or transactions in whole or in part, and to add a comma before “at my sole discretion” where there wasn’t one already. In the final bullet point in that subsection, also changed “any individual transaction” or “any individual transaction or transactions” for consistency. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, added “copying and/or facsimile services” to the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers (in the “Other types of service providers” bullet point). Elsewhere in that list, changed “encyclopedias and/or dictionaries, calculators and/or unit conversion tools …” to “encyclopedias and/or dictionaries, almanacs, calculators and/or unit conversion tools …”
    • April 10, 2021: In Definitions, changed “videos” to “films and/or other videos”. In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “films or other videos” to “films and/or other videos” and changed “videos, audio interviews, and/or podcasts” to “films and/or other videos, audio interviews, and/or podcasts” (mostly for the avoidance of doubt). In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, added “icon generators” and “font and/or typeface providers and/or repositories” to the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers; changed “other retailers or vendors” to “other retailers, vendors, distributors, and/or providers”; and changed “search for and/or purchase materials …” to “search for, purchase, and/or otherwise obtain and/or access materials …” Also added a bullet point to that list pertaining to my landlord(s). In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the bullet point beginning “Information about art, books …” (under “Commercial information”) to change “films, videos” to “films and/or other videos”; updated the bullet point about real property (also under “Commercial information”) to change “real property and/or lodgings” to “real property, residence(s), and/or lodgings” and change “particular lodgings and/or …” to “particular lodgings; a particular residence; and/or …” (mostly for clarification — “lodgings” was always intended to encompass residential accommodations as well as short-term lodgings); updated the bullet point on “Audio, electronic, visual, thermal, olfactory, or similar information” to change “videos” to “films and/or other videos”; and updated the bullet point beginning “Authorship, other credits …” (under “Professional or employment-related information”) to change “videos” to “films and/or other videos” for consistency. In the Collection Sources subsection, updated the bullet point beginning “Published and/or publicly available sources to change “film, videos television programs” to “films and/or other videos, television programs” for consistency and to fix a punctuation error. In the Information Shared for Business or Commercial Purposes subsection, updated the list following the sentence beginning “Actions like the following …” to change “names, photographs, videos, or biographical information” to “names, images depicting recognizable individuals, and/or biographical information” for clarity.
    • April 9, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers to change “search for and/or purchase materials” to “search for and/or purchase materials, equipment, software, and/or supplies” for completeness. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the last bullet point under “Internet or similar network activity information” to change “applications, devices” to “applications, software, devices” for the avoidance of doubt. Corrected the March 5, 2021 entry in this Recent Revisions list to remove an erroneous reference to the Your California Privacy Rights page (since this website doesn’t currently have a separate page for that).
    • April 8, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, added “sanitation, waste disposal, trash disposal, waste reclamation, and/or recycling services” to the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers (in the “Other types of service providers” bullet point).
    • April 7, 2021: In Categories of Information and Purposes for Collection, updated the “Research and publishing” bullet point to change “creating and publishing my content” to “creating and/or publishing (and/or performing, broadcasting, exhibiting, and/or otherwise disseminating, as applicable) my content” and change “to create and/or publish” to “to create and/or publish (and/or perform, broadcast, exhibit, and/or otherwise disseminate)” to better align with the current language elsewhere in this policy. (These changes don’t reflect any actual change in how or why I collect and use information!) In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, changed “may be published or disclosed in that context” to “may be published and/or otherwise disclosed in that context”. In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “is intended for eventual publication (and/or public performance, exhibition, and/or broadcast, as applicable)” to “is intended for eventual publication (and/or public performance, broadcast, and/or exhibition, as applicable)” and changed “may be published and/or disclosed” to “may be published and/or otherwise disclosed” for wording consistency. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the second-to-last bullet point under “Internet or similar network activity information” to change “electronic devices, files, and/or data” to “electronic devices, files, messages, communications, and/or data” for completeness.
    • April 6, 2021: In Other Inquiries, Messages, and Support Requests, updated the paragraph referencing the Security Scans section to change “messages I send or receive via text or email …” to just “messages I send or receive …” and change “forwarded to me via email or text message” to “forwarded to me via some other means.” In the Information Sharing subsection of the Financial Transactions Policy, made a similar change in the paragraph referencing the Security Scans section, changing “send or receive via email or text” to “send or receive” for consistency. In those two sections and the Website Server, Error, and Security Logs; Comments; and Contact Forms sections, also changed “scanned for spam and/or malware” to “scanned for suspected spam, malware, and/or other suspicious activity” for wording consistency. In Data in Submitted Images, changed “When the image or media file is published …” to “If the image or media file is published …”
    • April 5, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the trademark notice for Apple Inc. in the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers. Also made a number of minor wording changes to the bullet point on photos, images, and/or other media (changing “associate the photos and/or other media in which they appear” to “associate photos, images, and/or other media in which they appear” and changing “in a photo or other media” to “in a photo, image, or other media”) for consistency. In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, further updated the examples in the list beginning “subject matter experts …” to add “publicists and/or promoters, public relations representatives and/or other press contacts” to the enumerated examples (after “other media creators”). In the Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, made the same addition to the bullet point beginning “Subject matter experts …” for internal consistency.
    • April 4, 2021: In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “subject matter experts, other writers, historians, biographers, researchers, instructors and/or coaches, academics, scientists and/or engineers, journalists, critics, reviewers, enthusiasts, collectors, librarians and/or other library staff, archivists, photographers, videographers, filmmakers, illustrators, podcasters, other media creators, observers, eyewitnesses, and/or other knowledgeable parties …” to “subject matter experts, other writers, historians, biographers, researchers, instructors and/or coaches, academics, scientists and/or engineers, journalists, critics, reviewers, enthusiasts, collectors, librarians and/or other library staff, archivists, translators, photographers, videographers, filmmakers, illustrators, podcasters, other media creators, observers, eyewitnesses, and/or other knowledgeable parties …” In the Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, made the same change in the bullet point beginning “Subject matter experts …” for internal consistency.
    • April 2, 2021: Made a clarification to the April 1, 2021 entry in this Recent Revisions list. In Comments, changed “The email address you entered in the “Email” field will not be published, nor will your IP address, although any contact information you may have included in the “Comment” field will be, as will any images and/or other media files you include …” to “The email address you enter in the “Email” field will not be published with your comment, nor will your IP address, although any contact information you include in the “Comment” field may be, as may any images and/or other media files you include …” and revised the last sentence to change “I may disclose non-public information related to user comments …” to “Except as otherwise indicated above, I may disclose personal information I receive through and/or in connection with user comments …” In Contact Forms, similarly amended the last sentence to change “may disclose information” to “may disclose personal information” for consistency.
    • April 1, 2021: In Definitions, updated the definition of domain name to change “sometimes also record a domain name in connection with that IP address; this is typically the domain name of …” to “may also record a domain name, sometimes called a hostname, along with the IP address; this hostname is typically a domain name of …” for greater clarity. (Generally, the website’s server logs don’t collect such information (although there are exceptions, e.g., search engine bots that have a feedback email address included in their user agent information), but some administrative or security logs may — for example, in connection with administrative user logins.) In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers to change “transcription and/or translation services, automated or otherwise” to “transcription, captioning, subtitling, and/or translation services, automated or otherwise” for completeness. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, updated the “Education information” bullet point to change “degrees and/or credentials” to “degrees, certifications, and/or credentials” and change “information about academic projects and/or theses” to “information about instructors, coursework, readings, academic projects, and/or theses” (again for completeness).
    • March 31, 2021: In Website Server, Error, and Security Logs, changed “may retain certain specific information from the website’s logs if it is still needed for ongoing security, troubleshooting, and/or technical improvement purposes” to “may retain certain specific information from the website’s logs for longer periods if it is still needed for ongoing security, troubleshooting, and/or technical improvement purposes and/or for legal reasons” for greater clarity. In Security Scans, added “names*” to the categories of information gathered and updated the paragraph on data retention to add “although I may retain certain information for longer periods if it is still needed for ongoing security, troubleshooting, and/or technical improvement purposes and/or for legal reasons, and/or if it pertains to administrative resources or controls that are normally off-limits except to authorized administrative users” (set off with a comma) after “… is typically retained for 30 days or less” for consistency and to reiterate the point. In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the bullet point on independent contractors/employees/agents/business partners to change “confidentiality policies” to “confidentiality policies and/or confidentiality agreements” (mostly for the avoidance of doubt — obviously, a confidentiality policy may be established by agreement as well as by unilateral decision, so I’ve always regarded these terms as essentially synonymous for the purposes of this provision); added “educational and/or instructional resources and/or services, tutorials and/or other training resources and/or services” to the list of examples of third-party vendors and service providers (in the search engine and/or research tool bullet); and changed “teachers, instructors, trainers, tutors, and/or other educators” (in the other types of service providers bullet) to “teachers, instructors, trainers, tutors, coaches and/or other educators” for completeness.
    • March 30, 2021: In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “instructors and/or academics …” to “instructors and/or coaches, academics …” In the Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, made the same change in the bullet point beginning “Subject matter experts …” for internal consistency. Made a correction in the March 29, 2021 entry in this revisions list (an inadvertent use of “We” rather than “I”).
    • March 29, 2021: In Information I Receive from Third Parties for Security Purposes, changed “other Google services” to “other Google products and/or services” (since not all their products are necessarily services). In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “through their employees, independent contractors, agents, business partners, vendors, and/or service providers” to “through their employees, independent contractors, agents or other authorized representatives, business partners, vendors, and/or service providers” for greater consistency within that paragraph. In the Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “and/or through your employees, agents, representatives, vendors, and/or service providers (as applicable)” to “and/or through your employees, independent contractors, agents or other authorized representatives, business partners, vendors, and/or service providers” to match the current language in Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources. In that same bullet point, also changed “through your direct interactions” to “through your interactions” and changed “through other public disclosures you’ve made” to “through public disclosures you make” for greater clarity and better grammar. In the Categories of Personal Information Collected subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, added a bullet point under “Commercial information” about “Information about food, groceries, meals, recipes, and/or cuisine(s) an individual or household purchases, otherwise receives and/or obtains, prepares, consumes, prefers, and/or disdains” and updated the “Information about specific vehicles” bullet point (under “Other types of personal information”) to change “… and/or other identifying characteristics …” to “… vehicle position(s) and/or location(s); and/or other identifying characteristics …” set off with a semicolon rather than a comma. Fixed a typographical error in the March 28, 2021 entry below (“In Collection Sources section” was supposed to be “In the Collection Sources subsection”); removed an erroneous reference to the Your California Privacy Rights page (since this website doesn’t currently have a separate page for that); removed an extra space in the February 3, 2021 entry.
    • March 28, 2021: In the Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice, changed “and/or through your employees, agents, representatives, and/or service providers (as applicable)” to “and/or through your employees, agents, representatives, vendors, and/or service providers (as applicable)” for internal consistency. (The Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources section already referred to information that might be provided by vendors and/or service providers, so this is just a matter of better aligning the wording.)
    • March 27, 2021: In Disclosure of Personally Identifying Information, updated the list of examples of third-party vendors and/or service providers to change “and/or audiovisual streaming services or platforms” to “online and/or satellite radio and/or television services, and/or streaming services or platforms (of whatever type)” (mostly for greater clarity). (I initially said “radio and/or television stations,” but changed “stations” to “services” later in the day.) In that section, also corrected some minor punctuation errors in the reference to Epic Privacy Browser; changed “and associated” to “associated”; added the words “search extension” after “EpicSearch.in” for clarity; and added “and/or other extensions and/or themes” after that. In Other Information I Receive from Third-Party Sources, changed “other automotive writers or historians …” to “other writers, historians …” and added “photographers, videographers, filmmakers, illustrators, podcasters, other media creators” to the listed examples. Made the same changes in Collection Sources subsection of the CCPA Information Collection and Sharing Notice for consistency. In the latter section, also delet